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COMETHING entirely now in the line ^ of a life preserver has been recently discovered by a German scientist. It is made in the form of a lining to bathing suits and possesses the peculiar quality of floating the wearer upon the surface of the water. The material and process of manufacture is probably a secret one as no information seems to be available as to its character. It possesses, however, fully as useful qualities as the bullet-proof-cloth that has been much experimented with as a lining for army uniforms. The buoyant qualities do not interfere in any respect with the persons performing all the customary feats of swimming, but should any injury befall the swimmer the material supports the wearer in the water until someone can come to his aid. Bathing suits of this material are also of particular advantage to beginners at swimming schools, it being impossible for them to go under water.



FARMERS in the lower Rio Grande A Valley of Texas are finding alfalfa a very profitable crop. Near Mercedes, one of the new towns in that rapidly developing region, is a field of alfalfa that was planted December 20, 1910, and within a period of twelve months after


Bathing Suits As Like Preservers.
A new idea that has appeared in Germany.

the seed was sown it yielded nine cuttings. Each cutting averaged one ton per acre or nine tons per acre for the twelve months. It is stated that alfalfa always produces a larger yield after the first year. The wonderful results that are being obtained from this and other fields of alfalfa in that section are attributed to the ready manner in which the roots of the plants take hold in the soil and the attention that is given by the farmers in irrigating the growing crops. The success of the alfalfa industry is causing considerable attention to be given to raising hogs by these farmers. It is proven to be an ideal feed for the animals and they quickly fatten on it.

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0^ late years the house-fly has been recognized as a carrier of disease, and consequently any invention which will check its pernicious activities is of importance. The western invention illustrated herewith is a cylindrical trap of wire netting, which is attached to a window pane by means of a vacuum rubber support. Below the cylinder is a semicircle of metal arranged in such a way that flies walking on the pane will be led to the entrance of the trap and, once in, they are unable to find their way out. This ingenious little device is really built on scientific principles as the inventor has evidently studied the habit of flies on the glass and has noted the propensity to follow any obstacle they meet instead of turning back.



/"\UR photograph well depicts to what lengths the London manufacturer will go in search of novelty. The vehicle shown below, which is half motor car and half cycle, is striving to attain popularity amongst that intermediate cla.->s of people who are not rich enough to buy a motor car, but who want something more than a motor cycle.



A ITOMOBILE tires have a way of ** collecting a great many articles more or less detrimental to the life of the tire. The wit's definition of a puncture—a hole in the tire where all the pleasure of motoring goes out—must have been felt by the owner of the car whose tire picked up the rather unusual souvenir shown in the illustration. Automobile tires in order to increase their usefulness and life should not be run when in a soft condition. This was the cause of the railroad spike attaching itself to the tire in such an unusual way. It is a well known fact among the makers of automobile tires that a hard tire is able to resist picking up objects along its path much more readily than when not properly inflated. NEW SUB-IRRIGATION

AN entirely new type of irrigating tile overcomes the difficulties met with in other pipe and tile system of irrigation. It is claimed that it solves the problem of sub-irrigation. This tile is of cement construction. One-half of the tile is cast of pebbles, which have been thinly coated with cement. This leaves that part of the structure porous and permits the water to flow freely into the ground. At the same time, the pores or openings through the gravel wind about in such tortuous courses that it is an effective protection against them being obstructed by roots or dirt, it is claimed.



7THE southern part of the United * States is awakening to the possibilities of water power, and one of the greatest projects along this line is the construction of a power plant near Macon, Ga. The dam is ninety feet high and will hold back approximately a billion gallons of water when the sluice gates are closed.

Electricity will be generated and transmitted to Macon and Atlanta at a pressure of 100,000 volts, the amount of current generated being sufficient to light both cities and run local street and interurban cars as well.



TTHE new traveling crane which is A shown by the accompanying photograph is in operation in a large factory in a suburb of Paris. It is a rolling bridge composed of a large, movable horizontal iron beam placed at a certain height above the ground, which carries the crane proper. This beam turns about a fixed pivot, placed at one extremity, while the other extermity is placed on a rolling circular aerial road supported by posts. The crane, which is operated by an electric motor, can be moved the entire length of the beam.

By the rolling, aerial circular track, material may be carried to any place in the vicinity of the shops, even though they are placed irregularly.

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IN the accompanying photograph is depicted the typical sign and cabin which is to be found around .the English Coast at such places where submarine cables "come to land." Inside the cabin is contained the transmitter, etc., with spare supplies which can be drawn upon in time of necessity. The cabin shown here stands near Dover, England, and is the sea terminus of one of the Paris-London cables.


IN some of the churches and monasteries of Rome there are chambers decorated with human skulls and bones obtained by the monks from the catacombs. The latter are rightly regarded as one of the sights of the world. Although they do not extend beyond three miles from the city walls, the total length of the galleries is estimated to be about 600 miles, and the number of graves at some two million. The galleries are usually about eight feet high and from three to five feet wide, and the graves are niches cut in the walls. It was in the catacombs, too, that the early Christians held services and hid during the time of the persecution. To

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Skulls of Christians who lived in the days of the Roman Empire,,

CUTTING A SECTION OF HENRY CLAY'S MONUMENT IN STONE. Sculptor's mode! is in background.

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HTHE historic monument to Henry Clay * standing one hundred and thirty feet high over the tomb of the great Commoner at Lexington, Kentucky, is now undergoing its second restoration,after having been twice struck by lightning. When it was first shattered by the elements about two years ago, the Kentucky legislature appropriated $10,000 for its replacement or the execution of a new statue and this work had been completed only a few months, when lightning again selected the famous memorial for its target and tore a large section out of its side. Sculptor Charles J. Mulligan of Chicago has been again called to the work of restoring it, which it is expected will not necessitate such heroic efforts as did the first course of repairs.

When the appropriation was made for the repairing of the statue after its first stroke, the committee in charge was in doubt as to whether the historic memorial could be saved at all, and the committee was empowered to contract for a new statue if it was thought advisable. They accordingly instituted a competition among sculptors and architects for suggestions. The plans of Mr. Mulligan met with the most favor.

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