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NEW SUB-IRRIGATION AN entirely new type of irrigating tile n overcomes the difficulties met with in other pipe and tile system of irrigation. It is claimed that it solves the problem of sub-irrigation. This tile is of cement construction. One-half of the tile is cast of pebbles, which have been thinly coated with cement. This leaves that part of the structure porous and permits the water to flow freely into the ground. At the same time, the pores or openings through the gravel wind about in such tortuous courses that it is an effective protection against them being obstructed by roots or dirt, it is claimed.
GEORGIA WATER POWER THE southern part of the United
States is awakening to the possibilities of water power, and one of the greatest projects along this line is the construction of a power plant near Macon, Ga. The dam is ninety feet high and will hold back approximately a billion gallons of water when the sluice gates are closed.
Electricity will be generated and transmitted to Macon and Atlanta at a pressure of 100,000 volts, the amount of current generated being sufficient to light both cities and run local street and interurban cars as well.
NEW TRAVELING CRANE THE new traveling crane which is
shown by the accompanying photograph is in operation in a large factory in a suburb of Paris. It is a rolling bridge composed of a large, movable horizontal iron beam placed at a certain height above the ground, which carries the crane proper. This beam turns about a fixed pivot, placed at one extremity, while the other extermity is placed on a rolling circular aerial road supported by posts. The crane, which is operated by an electric motor, can be moved the entire length of the beam.
By the rolling, aerial circular track, material may be carried to any place in the vicinity of the shops, even though they are placed irregularly.
WHERE THE CABLE LANDS IN the accompanying photograph is de
picted the typical sign and cabin which is to be found around the English Coast at such places where submarine cables "come to land.” Inside the cabin is contained the transmitter, etc., with spare supplies which can be drawn upon in time of necessity. The cabin shown here stands near Dover, England, and is the sea terminus of one of the Paris-London cables.
A GRUESOME CHAMBER
of Rome there are chambers decorated with human skulls and bones obtained by the monks from the catacombs. The latter are rightly regarded as one of the sights of the world. Although they do not extend beyond three miles from the city walls, the total length of the galleries is estimated to be about 600 miles, and the number of graves at some two million. The galleries are usually about eight feet high and from three to five feet wide, and the graves are niches cut in the walls. It was in the catacombs, too, that the early Christians held services and hid during the time of the persecution. To
day nothing is to be seen in the graves, the skulls and bones having been re
A CHAMBER OF HORRORS IN ONE OF ITALY'S RELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS.
Skulls of Christians who lived in the days of the Roman Empire,
moved, but in a number of religious institutions in Italy may be seen chambers full of these skulls of the early Christians as depicted in the accompanying photograph.
RESTORING HENRY CLAY
MONUMENT THE historic monument to Henry Clay
standing one hundred and thirty feet high over the tomb of the great Commoner at Lexington, Kentucky, is now undergoing its second restoration, after having been twice struck by lightning. When it was first shattered by the elements about two years ago, the Kentucky legislature appropriated $10,000 for its replacement or the execution of a new statue and this work had been completed only a few months, when lightning again selected the famous memorial for its target and tore a large section out of its side. Sculptor Charles J. Mulligan of Chicago has been again called to the work of restoring it, which it is expected will not necessitate such heroic efforts as did the first course of repairs.
When the appropriation was made for the repairing of the statue after its first stroke, the committee in charge was in doubt as to whether the historic memorial could be saved at all, and the committee was empowered to contract for a new statue if it was thought advisable. They accordingly instituted a competition among sculptors and architects for suggestions. The plans of Mr. Mulligan met with the most favor.
NEW BOY WONDER A BOY chess “phenom" is astonishing n the veteran players of Philadelphia. E. M. Edwards, the new wonder, is a thirteen-year-old schoolboy. He can be seen almost every day playing the cracks of the Mercantile Literary Chess Club, and compelling many of the best players of that ancient organization to admit de
REPTILE A VICTIM OF RABBIT TRAP. feat. Recently Edwards played a simultaneous game against six opponents at
SNAKE CAUGHT IN TRAP the Norristown Chess Club. He played, in all, eleven games, winning six, losing IT is seldom indeed that the wily snake one and drawing four. Young Edwards - is caught in such a homely contrivance has tried his skill unsuccessfully against as a wire rabbit trap, but this fine speciDr. Laskar, the world's champion. He men of a grass snake was recently recently played a game with Capablanca, caught in a Suffolk-England—field. It the Cuban prodigy, and lost by a narrow is interesting to notice too how commargin. With years he should develop pletely his body has been enfolded in the into one of the famous chess players of trap, in fact his body is bent and caught the world.
twice between the teeth of the wires.
A HOBO OF THE DARK CONTINENT.
AFRICAN “WEARY WILLY" AFRICA has her tramp problem just
as we have and the eccentric costume worn by this "son of rest” in Basutoland is one of the picturesque features of the village of Mesari. As he absolutely refuses to work the villagers feed him and clothe him in the strange assortment of rags and tatters shown in the photo
THE HAMMER-HEAD ONE of the oddest catches on record
in southern California is the weird looking sea monster shown herewith, a variety of shark known as the hammerhead. It will be seen that its head is really shaped like a mallet with one eye at each end, a broad, shovel-like snout and under it a formidable array of teeth. This is one of the fiercest members of the shark family, and its large size makes it a pretty ugly customer to handle, as it often attains to the length of twelve feet or so. This one was caught in Long Beach after a desperate struggle with the angler, who is—and quite properly