Page images
[graphic][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed]

METHOD OF HEATING COMPLETE SET OF TIRES AT ONE TIME WITH CRUDE OIL BURNER. This is the new method. Formerly a piece of red-hot gas pipe was placed around the tire

to expand it. It was a slower process.

ran out of work she had to go to the liver them quickly and properly to the pile and pull over the bolts until she girls." found one of the kind upon which she The five-dollar man

was put in the was operating. All the girls did this place and the change resulted in a great and it wasted their time.

saving to the factory. “I want a five-dollar man to take the place of Trucker O'Brien," said the efficiency man to the superintendent.

"What !” cried that offcial, aghast at the request. "A five dollar man to do trucking?"

"That's exactly what I want," said the expert, in a matter-of-fact way. "The intelligence of everybody in the room is subjected to the O'Brien intel. ligence. We need a fivedollar intelligence that can


The gang that has the highest score or lowest unit of cost in bricklaying

flies its country's flag.

[graphic][ocr errors]



“I think I have found the reason for result. For instance, you have a printing the very great inefficiency that exists press and a poor operator on it on black in American plants," said Harrington work turning out 800 good sheets out of Emerson, who since leaving the Santa a possible thousand and the other 200 Fé has been working to reduce cost and are spoiled. Now if you had a poor improve labor conditions in several in- press capable of turning out only 800 dustrial concerns. “It is the cumulative sheets and that man was working on it, effect of small inefficiencies on an end the combination of poor man and poor

machine would run the result down to 600 good sheets. Then if you should invite in a scientific manager he would say: 'You have to improve your press and train that man so that he will know how to operate it, and get 900 good sheets out of his thousand.' After you have done this, say that you put your press on color work and have to print each sheet four times to get four colors. You get


of each impression and the end result is that you have only 640 sheets out of the thousand. So that while the individual element for each impression represented by that ninety per cent. is very high the end would be only sixty-four per cent.”


Mr. Emerson's point was that in this case the efficiency of the man and the machine should be still further increased.

Prejudice against innovation, the fixed habit and desire of master minds to do the same thing in the same old way, is the great


IN A CORNER, est obstacle to the introduction of efficiency. Charles B. Going, who gave such valuable testi- twenty-one and a half miles a day. To mony before the Interstate Commerce "prove" his point Mr. Ramsey quoted as Commission at its rate hearing, pointed a typical case the coal shipments passing this out when he referred to the testi- through St. Louis, in which it regularly mony of Joseph Ramsey, Jr., justifying took thirteen days to move a car seventythe extremely low average made by five miles—proof, one would think, of freight cars in the United States, appallingly wasteful methods.



efficiency engineer would be if it took this time something must be wrong.

And of course something CAN

was wrong. But railroad men of settled views are hard to convince and so are the heads of many industrial plants. They see nothing in the new system but "theory" and are against it because of that and because it does not provide a means for driving men. And the old-timer who thinks he is

sufficiently successful is THE NON-STOOPING SCAFFOLD.

nearly always a man-driver. The low-priced man lifts the bricks two feet, so that the high-priced man does not have to waste time in bending

But these hard heads are to pick them up.

being won over and every

day adds to the list of "Mr Ramsey's argument," said Mr. big activities in which the new science Going," was, that as it took this time this of business and industrial efficiency is time was necessary. The argument of the being introduced.

[graphic][merged small]

When in disgrace with fortune and men's eyes,

I all alone beweep my outcast state,
And trouble deaf heaven with my bootless cries,

And look upon myself and curse my fate,
Wishing me like to one more rich in hope,

Featur'd like him, like him with friends possess'd,
Desiring this man's art and that man's scope,

With what I most enjoy contented least;
Yet in these thoughts myself almost despising,

Haply I think on thee and then my state,
Like to the lark at break of day arising,

From sullen earth, sings hymns at heaven's gate ;
For thy sweet love remember'd such wealth brings
That then I scorn to change my state with kings.



Am I

by F. C. Walsh, M.D.

Are you always sure of your own identity? What is one's self, anyway? Everybody has two personalities, -a first and second in command, so to speak. In our waking hours, the first is on watch: the second appears only in our dreams, or, in abnormal states, the result of disease or injury. There are individuals who, even in their waking hours, are influenced by this "second personality," which, in reality, has become the first in command. The instances here shown are dramatic pictures of this elusive condition. Johns Hopkins Medical School, of Baltimore, has recently established a department for the study and treatment of such cases.

NQUIRY failed to throw any light balanced as the result of hardship and on his history. Nobody seemed to the stupendous stories of gold-discovery care whether he had one. Yet he which made the sole topic of conversaseemed to fill in with the ebb and tion. There was an uncanny glint of

flow of the daily shifting life of the mystery in his eyes, an elusive sometidewater city of Seattle. It was not thing in his own inability to place his very long after the first rush of the name and identity, which caused many gold-seekers to the Klondyke, and he to shudder at his approach. Who was was looked upon by the old-timers of he? The question, one of idle curiosity

the city as a strange atom in the flotsam to most, was soon to find a curious and jetsam which the back-flow had left answer. stranded on the lonely shore of failure. He was talking excitedly one night in To the new-comer, his story carried the a certain hotel-lobby, to a group of conviction of reality; and even the ex- Eastern men fascinated with the glowing perienced did not doubt that he had at accounts of the new country. One of least been to the North in that mad rush the party, who happened to be a surgeon, for the metal which represents the became especially interested, and after world's standard. The one element of some moments' thought, asked permisjustifiable doubt was his own admission sion to feel of the other's head; then that he couldn't remember the exact passing his fingers over the unknown's location of his discovery, the richness of skull, like a phrenologist feeling for which, if his story could be believed, bumps, the doctor turned to the others would place the possessor beyond the with a jubilant smile, and told them he wildest dreams of avarice, at a time and had discovered something. The group place when dreams, especially golden was interested; a talk was held amongst ones, required something very substan- them, with the result that they agreed tial to satisfy. With his Irish humor then and there to do what they could to and dashing spirit of narrative, he would help him. As a consequence, the unhold his auditors spell-bound. It was known was taken to an adjoining town, only after questioning him that they placed in a hospital, and operated on for imagined they had been victimized to the an old fracture of the skull, due, in all extent of the price of a drink. Finally, probability, to some unknown injury. like all oft-repeated tales, this one be- When he recovered consciousness, he came so boresome that all who met him seemed to be an entirely different perset him down in their minds as a mono- sonality. His memory returned sound maniac, whose reason had become un- and clear; and he was able, for the first

« PreviousContinue »