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land lines are exposed to the storms of every season, to landslides, to snowslides, to freshets and to forest fires. Over their safety the sentinel chain of Signal Service Corps men keeps watch day and night. Repair parties are ready to start at any moment from any station when word or sign of trouble comes. It is necessary frequently in the heart of the Alaskan winter for the men to make long sledge journeys while the mercury in the thermometer keeps company with the buib.

The officers and enlisted men on Alaskan duty keep Washington in touch with Nome, and if communication is broken experience has told the headquarters authorities that at the first signal of trouble a detachment is starting on its way over the mountain or through the valley or down the ice of the river to make the repairs which will put the Cap

STRINGING A WIRE, ital once more in touch with the remotest point of the military line far flung there was no butcher shop on the con

through the wilder- venient corner. The government officials ness.

do curious things occasionally. It is One detachment of hard when stationed on Pennsylvania Signal Corps men Avenue to realize that a man cannot get stationed far in the all the food and any kind of food that he interior of Alaska wants anywhere in the world. The extra lived eleven months allowance of milk, syrup and butter was without tasting fresh allowed, but the condition was made that meat. One man de- it should not be issued at any Alaska post veloped scurvy, and where more than three men were stato prevent an epi- tioned. So it was that where four men demic of the trouble were gathered together bent on doing the government was their duty the scurvy wolf was at the asked for an extra door, but where three men were assemallowance of butter, bled they sent him hungry away by feedsyrup and condensed ing themselves with the milk and the milk for the rations butter and the syrup which a discrimof the men stationed inating government said was good for where game was three, but not for four. scarce and where It was said in one of the opening para

graphs of this article that, "no American soldier would wait thirty minutes thirty seconds for an order to save life.” Congress recently gave to Sergeant Roy F. Cox of the Signal Service certificate of merit for not waiting on orders to go on an errand of mercy.

A few words

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geant did to secure Congressional recog- to Fairbanks. He arrived there with the nition. His certificate of merit was prospector still living and he lives today, granted “for highly meritorious service altough it was necessary to amputate in traveling thirty miles in a severe bliz- both his legs. Sergeant Cox was an inzard, rescuing a civilian from freezing mate of a hospital for a long time, beand dragging him by sled sixty-five miles cause of illuess due to exposure, but he to Fairbanks."

recovered and the experience in no wise Word came in to a little detachment weakened his love for the service. He of the Signal Corps that a prospector, a is a Signal Corps man today and he has man seventy years old, was perishing in his certificate of merit, a thing which is his hut at a point thirty miles distant. prized above all other things by the The cold was as severe as any that the American soldier, for it is the equivalent Alaskan winter knows, and a blizzard of the English Victoria Cross which is was raging. The conditions were such given only "For Valor."

. · that no one was asked to volunteer to go Sergeant James E. Hogan did a deed to the rescue, for it was thought certain which was almost the counterpart of that that death awaited the man who would of Sergeant Cox. He also won his certry to hit the trail that day. In fact tificate of merit. The records of telethere was no trail. Sergeant Cox said graph line construction and maintenance he was going and he went. He made in the Alaskan territory contain many the thirty miles with a dog sled and stories of courage and of self-sacrifice found the prospector apparently almost of the officers, commissioned and nonat the point of death. He gave him food commissioned, and by the privates of the and medicine and then knowing that the Signal Corps of the United States Army. services of a surgeon were necessary at In appreciation of the service in once if the man's life was to be saved, he Alaska of the men of the Signal Corps started on the journey of sixty-five miles of the United States Army it does not

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TYPICAL ALASKA TELEGRAPH STATION AND SIGNAL CORPS DETACHMENT QUARTERS.

WITH STOREHOUSE FOR SUPPLIES.

seem that one can do better than to use the words of an official “who has seen and who knows." He says:

"These soldiers stand ready at all times 'to hit the trail the instant that a wire goes down or a call for help comes. They are willing. They risk life and

limb, asking no questions and doubting
nothing. The extreme conditions of the
service and the necessity of the continued
maintenance of communication have
demonstrated the spirit of the American
soldier who has sacrificed himself to the
work.”

Decision

Once to every man and nation comes the moment to decide,

In the strife of Truth with Falsehood, for the good or evil side ;
Some great cause, God's new Messiah, offering each the bloom or blight,

Parts the goats upon the left hand, and the sheep upon the right;
And the choice goes by forever, 'twixt that darkness and that light.

-LOWELL

CENSUS OF THE SALMON

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RENÉ BACHE

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O count the salmon in Alaskan periment to determine the possibility and

rivers would seem to be a merit of the plan.
task not merely stupendous The stream in question is the Wood
but impossible. Yet it is being River, which, for the purpose of census-

accomplished in a very sys- taking, was closed for the time being to tematic way by the government Fisheries the commercial fishery. There was no Bureau, and for a purpose of utmost trouble about arranging this, because the practical importance to the future of the Fisheries Bureau, under authority becommercial salmon fishery in that part stowed upon it by Congress, has absolute of the world.

control over all the salmon streams of So far is this true, indeed, that the cost Alaska. It tells the canning concerns of taking the salmon census is being de- where and when they may catch fish, and frayed, up to date, by two of the biggest when and where they will not be allowed canning companies—the Fisheries Bu- to catch them. If it chose, it could susreau having no funds to meet the expense pend the salmon fishery altogether for involved, which amounts to about $6,000 an indefinite period in Uncle Sam's a year. This, however, it should be Arctic province. understood, covers the cost only of What it wants to do, however, is to counting of salmon in one large river, keep the fishery going, and to make sure which was picked out for an initial ex- that the supply of salmon shall be main

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LOOKING DOWN ON THE GATES THROUGH WHICH THE SALMON PASS TO BE COUNTED.

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RACK ACROSS WOOD RIVER, TO ASSIST IN COUNTING THE SALMON.

tained. Hence the undertaking here de- 402,000 salmon went through the gates, scribed, which, as will presently be seen, on their way up, and the total count for has a direct bearing upon the commercial the season was 2,603,651. Reckoning problem. Thus, for example, now that was only made, however, of the red, or it has been ascertained how many salmon "sockeye” salmon, this being by far the run up Wood River to spawn, the ex- most important species commercially. perts are able to judge with accuracy of Now, it should be explained that each the number of fish required to maintain salmon river has what is called a "value" the supply in that particular stream. of so many fish per annum—which

Suppose that the requirement for means simply that it can produce just Wood River is 500,000 spawning salmon about that number, and no more. The per annum. The Fisheries Bureau, then, number is always limited, each stream will prohibit fishing in that stream each having a definite capacity, which depends season until the necessary half million upon its area of suitable spawning have passed up the river to the spawning grounds and the amount of food availgrounds--this matter being easily deter- able for the young "fry.' mined by extending a species of barri- To make this clear, it is necessary to cade, called a “rack," across the stream, explain that no river produces salmon allowing the fishes to pass only through unless it takes its rise in lakes. For the narrow gates, and counting them as they fish go up to the lakes to lay their eggs go by. When the 500,000 breeding sal- —though, as a matter of fact, they do mon are thus assured of safety, the can- not deposit their spawn in the lakes, but ning companies will be told to go ahead in small streams flowing into the latter. and catch all the salmon they choose in When they are big enough to take care the waters below the "rack.”

of themselves, the young fishes find their The rack and gate method is the one way into the lakes. But, if there are too that has been employed by the govern- many young ones, there will not be inent agents to count the salmon in Wood enough food to go around, and they will River. Tally was kept of them as they perish in multitudes. passed through with the aid of an auto- It will be seen that in this way the matic click counter, held in the hand. number of salmon in any river regulates Such contrivances are sometimes used itself—or did so before greedy man apnowadays to make a record of the num- peared on the scene, to interfere with ber of people who visit a museum or things. Recent study of the subject has other public building. On July 14 over proved that salmon, though their proper

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