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The propelier has a diameter of six engineer so as to get the benefit of the feet and is driven by a twenty-six horse- lifting power of the atmosphere, like power automobile engine. It is esti- the planes of an air craft. mated that the engine can drive the pro- It is estimated that this system can peller at the rate of 1,500 revolutions per be operated very economically and that minute and by actual test it has produced its construction cost would be low, about one thousand revolutions a minute. Al- $2,000 per mile to build while the cars though the one-hundred-and-fifty-foot could be built for about $1,500 each. track has made it impossible to test the When completed, the car will have a car for speed, it is believed it will be propeller at each end and will be furcapable of one hundred miles an hour nished with a removable cover or sheaf and as work is progressing on a large of aluminum, with celluloid windows. circular track the speed capacity of the In experimental runs, about forty people new invention will soon be known. have been carried at one time without

By an ingenious device for raising and any accident. The carrying capacity is lowering the car, the inventor expects estimated at ten tons. to take on passengers or freight from It has been suggested that the aerial any level, thus doing away with the trolley be thoroughly tried out at some necessity of elevated stations. He pleasure resort, and with the practical claims that there are many advantages in knowledge thus gained, it could be perthis system of transportation. It would fected for transportation purposes on an do · away with grade crossings, as the extensive scale. cars could run through the country fifteen or twenty feet above the ground. If used in the cities, it would not disfigure the streets as does an ordinary elevated road; in fact, its appearance would not differ greatly from the ordinary trolley poles and wires and would not shut out sunlight nor drop oil or clinkers on the street, as do elevated steam roads.

The danger from collisions would be minimized, and yet it would be possible to attain greater speed than on an ordinary surface road. As the inventor's theory is, that the great momentum would lessen the weight of the car as it flew through space, a system of tilting planes under the car is arranged for. These planes would be adjusted by the




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ALIFORNIA boasts of pos- Mountains, is the famous Sylmar Olive
sessing the largest olive Ranch, comprising 2,000 acres, planted
groves in all the world, and to over 150,000 trees. This beautiful
this immense property be- little valley is sheltered by the lofty

longs to the Los Angeles range—serving as a climate barrier, and Olive Growers' Association whose head- also as a picturesque background. quarters are located in Los Angeles.

The Sicily olive trees obtain the height One so associates the growth of the that elms usually do in England, and olive with the south of Europe and Ori- there are many quite one hundred feet ental lands, that it comes as a curious high, and measuring twenty feet in cirsurprise to find the greatest olive grove cumference at the base. However, the in the world is located at Sylmar in the trees at the Sylmar grove do not present Golden State.

such formidable dimensions and the vast Out in the San Fernando Valley, groves of the Los Angeles Olive Growtwenty-three miles north from Los An- ers' Association, through scientific prungeles, stretching over a broad expanse at ing and careful cultivation, are of the the base of the towering Sierra Madre convenient and uniform height of about

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twenty feet. Thus science makes con- quickly reduce the fruit to a purple venient the harvesting of the olives. mass.

The olives are plucked at the Sylmar The pulp thus obtained is next subgroves late in the summer and early in jected to the power of hydraulic presses. the fall months—weeks being required to Passing through the canvas-covered laycomplete the work of harvesting. The ers of pulp, the oil, mixed with the water gathering is done in a very systematic

of the olives, runs down from the press manner—the many gangs of pickers in dark-colored, sluggish streams; the

, being under the personal supervision of water and sediment settle, leaving the bosses—and so the work progresses rap- turbid oil to be drawn off and filtered idly.

through cotton and gravel, after which Much care is observed in gathering it is turned into glass-lined cement tanks, the fruit from which the oil is to be ex- where it is left to settle and mature. tracted. A canvas is placed beneath a A final filtering leaves the oil clear and tree and with two pickers to a tree, one brilliant for bottling. Within two months mounted on a ladder, and one standing from the time the olives are gathered, the on the ground, the fruit is stripped from oil extracted therefrom is fit for table the branches, being allowed to drop from use; however, the oil improves, like wine, the hands of the pickers to the canvas. with age, and may be kept for almost any

In boxes the olives are carried to the reasonable length of time, if hermetically factory, and, after being weighed and sealed and stored in a very cool place. run through a fanning machine, to free From three hundred to five hundred them from leaves and dust that are al- gallons of pure olive oil, per day, are ways necessarily present, they extracted at the great Sylmar Ranch dumped into crushers where huge wheels factory during the active harvest season.






The oil and preserving factory may be seen in the distance.

As to irrigation, these immense San olive trees are not thirsty souls, as, durFernando Valley groves receive no other ing some seasons, rains do not fall once irrigation than the winter rains since they in three months. Yet the thrifty conwere planted some years ago. The soil dition of the trees and the yield of fruit of the ranch is composed of the wash of not noticeably affected by dry the Sierra Madres, and is of exhaustless weather. The climatic and soil conrichness and fertility. Evidently the ditions of San Fernando Valley are

peculiarly favorable to success of the olive industry.

San Fernando is the center of the great olive industry of California, though there are many large olive orchards in other sections of the state. There are the oldest olive trees in California, having been planted by the Spanish padres more than a century ago.

The olive industry has been, and is constantly increasing in California since its first introduction by the early Spanish mission fathers; and the olive culture can never be overdone in that state since the olive fornia, New Mexico and Arizona, with groves of the Mount or Olives in the profitable success.


central and southern Calibrick.


Holy Land, near Jerusalem, there are The olive wood is also very highly olive trees still flourishing that scientists prized by cabinet workers as the grain is declare are not less than 3,000 years old. exceedingly. fine and hard and susceptible The Los Angeles Olive Growers' Asof receiving an elegant finish.

sociation have found their investment a Italian olive orchardists look upon an decidedly profitable one-constantly inolive ranch as a perpetual source of creasing. The quality of the output of wealth, as the older the trees grow, the the Sylmar groves are equal to any in greater bearers they become. The trees the Old World, and have won the grand are supposed to attain a great age—as prizes at more than one world's exposihigh as 4,000 years.

In the sacred tion.


NE of the most singular ideas ever After bracing the house, first one sec-

involved in the moving of houses tion and then another was moved to the was recently put into practice in West new location with jackscrews and rollers. Somerville, Massachusetts, where a large On bringing the two reunited divorced three-story dwelling was cut in two and portions together they dovetailed into moved from an eminence ten feet above such a perfect fit that the separating cut the street level and set up a mile distant was impossible to discern. As each of from its former resting place. It was the sections was 35 by 20 feet at the base found impossible to move the house in its and almost forty feet in height, they were entirety. The cut was made squarely liable to topple over. This was prevented through the center and as the house was by tearing down the chimneys and founbuilt in a very symmetrical manner each dations and loading the first floor of each part was an exact counterpart of the section to a considerable depth with other.




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