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CHICKEN FARMING IN A NUTSHELL
HIS is the by twenty-four feet, in the rear of the
story of a girl house. The yard was subdivided into who ma de three pens of ten hens and one cock each, money
from the space allowed each family being hens. It is forty by eight feet. At the north end of not an adver- these yards, facing south, were the coops tising plot, built with every regard to economy. Any although the man handy with tools could duplicate girl's father them with a few boards, nails, tar paper is in the and muslin. The whole cost was less poultry busi- than thirty dollars, and they were far ness, but just better at that than was required. the facts June twentieth was then fixed as the
show i ng limit of the test. The chickens were fed what she did, how she did it, and the three times a day on table scraps only, figures to prove the result. Not every with occasionally a little hot meal mash girl can do so well but the example is in winter. In cold weather they had worth trying to emulate and ought to warm water morning and night and encourage some who have not been so precautions were taken to see that this successful.
water never froze over. This was reIn September last Miss Grace Keller- garded as an important point. The botstrasse of Kansas City chose thirty prize- toms of the coops were kept filled with winning hens from her father's flocks clean straw or hay, a pretext for much and put them in a wire netted yard forty exercise on cold or stormy days.
Miss Kellerstrass's principal idea was to promote the laying of fertile eggs in cold weather and this was accomplished by means of the table scraps which contained bits of meat, and the warmth of the coops. In the summer chickens get bugs and other insects which are stimulus to egg production, but in the winter when this supply is cut off the meat, raw or cooked, is the best possible substitute.
Now for the figures: In the test term Miss Kellerstrass's hens—thirty in number—laid 4,033 eggs, or about 140 eggs to the bird. Of these 1,024 were sold in settings. In addition, 418 chickens were hatched from some remaining eggs and sold. There were others but they were used on the farm and were not included in the record. Miss Kellerstrass received a fancy price for her settingsthirty dollars, or about two dollars an COUNTING CHICKENS AFTER THEY'RE HATCHED. egg, with a total income from this source of $2,048. The 418 chickens hatched ing $50 off from the total receipts for under the hens and sold brought an aver- feed and deterioration the earning caage of five dollars apiece as pullets and pacity of a hen would still remain at cockerels. They were, of course, sold to about $5 for ten months. fanciers. This netted Miss Kellerstrass Almost everyone who owns a home another $2,090. The total income was, with a back yard has the chicken fever therefore, $4,138. From this sum the at one time or another, or his wife or girl had to deduct roughly $518 for children have it. Many and many a coops, yards, grain feed, advertising, family has tried it only to fail, but in shipping charges, etc., leaving a profit of every instance the failure has been $3,600 from thirty hens in ten months. proved to have been the inevitable result
But, says the amateur—and Miss Kel- of no system or of carelessness, and lerstrass is an amateur, too—few could either will kill pretty nearly any business do so well. Very good. Consider the eggs adventure. To these two drawbacks in another way. If produced by ordinary should be added ignorance. Two kinds chickens in the fall, winter and spring of persons fail in the chicken business: the 4,033 eggs would have brought an The man who buys a few chickens at average market price of thirty cents the corner grocery or gets a setting of a dozen. At that figure the 32574 ordinary eggs from some nondescript dozens would have brought $100.5772. brood in the neighborhood; and the city Suppose the producer had sold only one- man with a little money and a suburban half his eggs, or fifty dollars' worth, and place. This last named man usually had, raised 500 chickens from the remain- goes into the chicken business on a grand ing two thousand eggs. Even the green- scale the first year, builds an expensive est chicken man ought to rear that many plant from designs taken from someone's to marketable age. If sold at only thirty manual, buys many expensive birds and cents each—and you can't get them that high-priced eggs and at the end of the cheaply—these chickens would have net- season has nothing except experience. ted $150, making a total profit of $200 He failed because he knew nothing about from chickens and eggs. And he would chickens. He would fail as quickly in still have his original thirty hens and Wall Street if he knew as little about the surplus stock reserved from the stocks or bonds. hatchings of late eggs. Also he would Another thing: The average amateur have his coops and other fixings. Count- doesn't know that fresh store eggs are
It won't cost much to make the yard tight and it will save scenes with the neighbors.
Be certain you know the source of the eggs you buy. Don't buy cheap eggs; you'll regret it. Any good setting will cost from five dollars up to twenty or thirty dollars-usually the five dollar kind are good enough; buy a good brood
hen or a pen of the best A COMMON SENSE. SANITARY, AND CHEAP CHICKEN HOUSE.
chickens you can afford.
Feed your chickens three seldom good for hatching purposes. times a day, a well-ordered ration and People in the business of egg, producing change it from time to time.
Keep for market do not keep roosters; the clean, fresh water always at hand. Be chanticler isn't needed in that hennery; sure the food is clean. Keep the yard just as many eggs are laid without his dry and drained. Dampness causes ninepresence and they are better eggs—for ty-nine per cent of all chicken maladies. market purposes.
Give your chickens a chance to dust It will pay, too, to remember that peo- for mites and lice. Mix in a box about ple do not send hens to market nowadays one-half its capacity of road dust and that are any good as layers; so don't six ounces of powdered sulphur and six buy such poultry expecting to start a ounces of naphthaline. If your chickens chicken ranch. If you feel that life will are white substitute flour for road dust. be a blank unless you have hens and Keep this box where it will be dry and raise chicks and good eggs and get into where the chickens can always use it. the game generally put down these Give the chickens plenty of air and fundamental rules:
exercise. Never shut them up in a tight Clean out the old shed or barn and barn. Cut windows and cover them with make it vermin-proof with tin, stone or netting. Keep the chicks warm and cement.
away from dampness. Make all chickens Fence the yard with chicken netting. scratch for their food.
ELECTRIC AUTO AS
By CHARLES GLEASON
N interesting experiment in wire
less telegraphy was tried re-
This feat is of more than passing interest as it demonstrated the possibility of rapid communication by wireless from an electric motor equipped with portable
supply power for flashing mes- mast, etc.
sages from a portable wireless station. The experiment was planned and carThe little car was run up the steep grade ried out by Mr. W. B. Kerrick, an elecof Lookout Mountain in the outskirts of tric engineer, who wished to clinch his the city, and a thirty-foot steel mast was argument that you could run most anyspeedily erected and rigged with the where in an electric car and still keep in necessary guys and wires. Then the op- touch with home by wireless. crator took his place at the keyboard and sent out a call which brought responses from amateur stations in various parts of the city and from Point Loma station more than one hundred miles away.. These answers were disregarded, however, as operator Ryan was trying for the United Wireless station in the center of the city, which answered within a short time. Then the following message directed to Mayor Alexander of Los Angeles was flashed: “Have pleasure of sending you the first message ever transmitted by portable wireless station using electric automobile via United Wireless from Lookout Mountain."
SENDING THE MESSAGE,
R. J. H. HALE of Georgia mixture of the usefulness of which Mr. and Connecticut, the great Scott was then pretty well convinced. est grower of peaches in Experiments on small plats had been the world, commanding made in 1907 and 1908. While the great
over 1,000 acres of or- plant of the Hale company had had the chard, paid his respects to the brown-rot best of care and was otherwise in good in the following terms: “The brown- condition, it had in recent years become rot is so great a factor for evil in the so infected with brown-rot that in 1908 raising of peaches for the market that in the crop was largely lost. a few years more it would have accom- Two other enemies of the peach were plished the complete failure of my allied with the rot to encompass the ruin orchard plant in the state of Georgia. of the orchard, namely, the scab and the We can master or control every other plum curculio.
plum curculio. The former is also a enemy of the peach by up-to-date meth- fungus but of not so malignant a type ods and precautions but until now we as the brown-rot. It serves as an achave had no weapon that would touch complice to the latter by cracking and the brown-rot fungus.” And then he spotting the fruit thus giving the deadlier continued to say that, “The use of the fungus an easy entrance. The curculio self-boiled lime-sulphur spray, as a foli- beetle damages the peach by puncturing age treatment for the peach-tree, recently the fruit for the purpose of laying its discovered by Mr. W. M. Scott of the eggs within the skin. It is a troublesome U. S. Department of Agriculture, alone creature but its rate of speed as a worker would swing the future status of my of destruction is to that of the brownfortune from failure to success."
rot as a slow-match to a prairie fire. In the spring of 1909 Mr. Hale offered Its worst crime is in making the punctthe orchard of the Hale Georgia Orchard ures that give the rot free entree. Co. at Fort Valley, Ga., as a demon- Mr. Scott and his chief assistant, Mr. stration and proving ground of this spray Willard Ayres, conducted the spraying