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WORLD'S LARGEST OLIVE ORCHARD
fornia, New Mexico and Arizona, with groves of the Mount or Olives in the profitable success.
Holy Land, near Jerusalem, there are The olive wood is also very highly olive trees still flourishing that scientists prized by cabinet workers as the grain is declare are not less than 3,000 years old. exceedingly, fine and hard and susceptible The Los Angeles Olive Growers’ Asof receiving an elegant finish.
sociation have found their investment a Italian olive orchardists look upon an decidedly profitable one-constantly inolive ranch as a perpetual source of creasing. The quality of the output of wealth, as the older the trees grow, the the Sylmar groves are equal to any in greater bearers they become. The trees the Old World, and have won the grand are supposed to attain a great age—as prizes at more than one world's exposihigh as 4,000 years. In the sacred tion.
HOUSE MOVED IN TWO PIECES
involved in the moving of houses tion and then another was moved to the was recently put into practice in West new location with jackscrews and rollers. Somerville, Massachusetts, where a large On bringing the two reunited divorced three-story dwelling was cut in two and portions together they dovetailed into moved from an eminence ten feet above such a perfect fit that the separating cut the street level and set up a mile distant was impossible to discern. As each of from its former resting place. It was the sections was 35 by 20 feet at the base found impossible to move the house in its and almost forty feet in height, they were entirety. The cut was made squarely liable to topple over. This was prevented through the center and as the house was by tearing down the chimneys and founbuilt in a very symmetrical manner each dations and loading the first floor of each part was an exact counterpart of the section to a considerable depth with other.
First HALF OF THE "SECTIONAL" HOUSE AFTER
CHICKEN FARMING IN A NUTSHELL
HIS is the by twenty-four feet, in the rear of the
story of a girl house. The yard was subdivided into who ma de three pens of ten hens and one cock each, money from
the space allowed each family being hens. It is forty by eight feet. At the north end of not an adver- these yards, facing south, were the coops tising plot, built with every regard to economy. Any although the man handy with tools could duplicate girl's father
them with a few boards, nails, tar paper is in the and muslin. The whole cost was less poultry busi- than thirty dollars, and they were far ness, but just better at that than was required. the facts June twentieth was then fixed as the
s h o w in g limit of the test. The chickens were fed what she did, how she did it, and the three times a day on table scraps only, figures to prove the result. Not every with occasionally a little hot meal mash girl can do so well but the example is in winter. In cold weather they had worth trying to emulate and ought to warm water morning and night and encourage some who have not been so precautions were taken to see that this successful.
water never froze over. This was reIn September last Miss Grace Keller- garded as an important point. The botstrasse of Kansas City chose thirty prize- toms of the coops were kept filled with winning hens from her father's flocks clean straw or hay, a pretext for much and put them in a wire netted yard forty exercise on cold or stormy days.
CHICKEN FARMING IN A NUTSHELL
Miss Kellerstrass's principal idea was to promote the laying of fertile eggs in cold weather and this was accomplished by means of the table scraps which contained bits of meat, and the warmth of the coops. In the summer chickens get bugs and other insects which are stimulus to egg production, but in the winter when this supply is cut off the meat, raw or cooked, is the best possible substitute.
Now for the figures: In the test term Miss Kellerstrass's hens—thirty in number—laid 4,033 eggs, or about 140 eggs to the bird. Of these 1,024 were sold in settings. In addition, 418 chickens were hatched from some remaining eggs and sold. There were others but they were used on the farm and were not included in the record. Miss Kellerstrass received a fancy price for her settingsthirty dollars, or about two dollars an COUNTING CHICKENS AFTER THEY'RE HATCHED. egg, with a total income from this source of $2,048. The 418 chickens hatched ing $50 off from the total receipts for under the hens and sold brought an aver- feed and deterioration the earning caage of five dollars apiece as pullets and pacity of a hen would still remain at cockerels. They were, of course, sold to about $5 for ten months. fanciers. This netted Miss Kellerstrass Almost everyone who owns a home another $2.090. The total income was, with a back yard has the chicken fever therefore, $4,138. From this sum the at one time or another, or his wife or girl had to deduct roughly $518 for children have it. Many and many a coops, yards, grain feed, advertising, family has tried it only' to fail, but in shipping charges, etc., leaving a profit of every instance the failure has been $3,600 from thirty hens in ten months. proved to have been the inevitable result
But, says the amateur—and Miss Kel- of no system or of carelessness, and lerstrass is an amateur, too—few could either will kill pretty nearly any business do so well. Very good. Consider the eggs adventure. To these two drawbacks in another way. If produced by ordinary should be added ignorance. Two kinds chickens in the fall, winter and spring of persons fail in the chicken business: the 4,033 eggs would have brought an The man who buys a few chickens at average market price of thirty cents the corner grocery or gets a setting of a dozen. At that figure the 32574 ordinary eggs from some nondescript dozens would have brought $100.571/2. brood in the neighborhood; and the city Suppose the producer had sold only one- man with a little money and a suburban half his eggs, or fifty dollars' worth, and place. This last named man usually had, raised 500 chickens from the remain- goes into the chicken business on a grand ing two thousand eggs. Even the green- scale the first year, builds an expensive est chicken man ought to rear that many plant from designs taken from someone's to marketable age. If sold at only thirty manual, buys many expensive birds and cents each—and you can't get them that high-priced eggs and at the end of the cheaply—these chickens would have net- season has nothing except experience. ted $150, making a total profit of $200 He failed because he knew nothing about from chickens and eggs. And he would chickens. He would fail as quickly in still have his original thirty hens and Wall Street if he knew as little about the surplus stock reserved from the
from the stocks or bonds. hatchings of late eggs. Also he would Another thing: The average amateur have his coops and other fixings. Count- doesn't know that fresh store eggs are
It won't cost much to make the yard tight and it will save scenes with the neighbors.
Be certain you know the source of the eggs you buy. Don't buy cheap eggs; you'll regret it. Any good setting will cost from five dollars up to twenty or thirty dollars-usually the five dollar kind are good enough; buy a good brood
hen or a pen of the best A COMMON-SENSE. SANITARY, AND CHEAP CHICKEN HOUSE.
chickens you can afford.
Feed your chickens three seldom good for hatching purposes. times a day, a well-ordered ration and People in the business of egg, producing change it from time to time. Keep for market do not keep roosters; the clean, fresh water always at hand. Be chanticler isn't needed in that hennery; sure the food is clean. Keep the yard just as many eggs are laid without his dry and drained. Dampness causes ninepresence and they are better eggs—for ty-nine per cent of all chicken maladies. market purposes.
Give your chickens a chance to dust It will pay, too, to remember that peo- for mites and lice. Mix in a box about ple do not send hens to market nowadays one-half its capacity of road dust and that are any good as layers; so don't six ounces of powdered sulphur and six buy such poultry expecting to start a ounces of naphthaline. If your chickens chicken ranch. If you feel that life will are white substitute flour for road dust. be a blank unless you have hens and Keep this box where it will be dry and raise chicks and good eggs and get into where the chickens can always use it. the game generally put down these Give the chickens plenty of air and fundamental rules:
exercise. Never shut them up in a tight Clean out the old shed or barn and barn. Cut windows and cover them with make it vermin-proof with tin, stone or netting. Keep the chicks warm and cement.
away from dampness. Make all chickens Fence the yard with chicken netting. scratch for their food.
ELECTRIC AUTO AS
By CHARLES GLEASON
N interesting experiment in wire- This feat is of more than passing in
less telegraphy was tried re- terest as it demonstrated the possibility cently in Los Angeles when an of rapid communication by wireless from electric automobile was used to an electric motor equipped with portable
supply power for flashing mes- mast, etc. sages from a portable wireless station. The experiment was planned and carThe little car was run up the steep grade ried out by Mr. W. B. Kerrick, an elecof Lookout Mountain in the outskirts of tric engineer, who wished to clinch his the city, and a thirty-foot steel mast was argument that you could run most anyspeedily erected and rigged with the where in an electric car and still keep in necessary guys and wires. Then the op- touch with home by wireless. erator took his place at the keyboard and sent out a call which brought responses from amateur stations in various parts of the city and from Point Loma station more than one hundred miles away.. These answers were disregarded, however, as operator Ryan was trying for the United Wireless station in the center of the city, which answered within a short time. Then the following message directed to Mayor Alexander of Los Angeles was flashed: "Have pleasure of sending you the first message ever transmitted by portable wireless station using electric automobile via United Wireless from Lookout Mountain."
SENDING THE MESSAGE,