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commission men paid approximately the St. Louis market price. Two days after this agreement was entered into, the commission men raised their offer from forty-three to fifty cents per bushel, within two cents of the St. Louis price, and Mr. Miller and his associates accepted the offer and disposed of their 10,000 bushels at an increase of $700 for this one instance of the organization.
Mr. Miller confessed, however, that his tentative efforts to better the farmers'
condition and to raise the THE SUCCESSFUL FARMER LIVES IN A MODERN, "CITY. LOOKING"
price of corn fell flat because of the farmers withdrawing from their agreement. It had been decided to pool their corn again and 15,000 bushels were put into the pool. Before a price for the entire lot could be arranged, however, several of the farmers who had agreed to stand together individually sold their corn for fifty and one-quarter cents per bushel, making an increased profit of only twenty-five cents per hundred bushels
and disarranging the pool Such FARM HOMES AS THIS ARE COMPARATIVELY RARE NOWADAYS.
and violating their agree
ment. Mr. Miller admitted frailty of human nature. One of the that all efforts to organize and co-operate most practical addresses delivered before would fail as this plan failed if the farmthe St. Louis convention of the Farmers ers would not resolve to stand by their Union was that of John A. Miller, presi- contracts and to sink or swim together. dent of the Missouri State Union, who All these things, and more, too, are narrated his experiences in organizing necessary if the highest efficiency posthe farmers of his community. He stated sible on the farm is to be achieved. The that when corn was selling on the St. farmer who fails to realize that he must Louis market at fifty-two cents per discard the ways of his fathers, study bushel, the commission men in his home day and night and adopt every system town offered but forty-three cents per and scheme for making every penny, bushel. Mr. Miller believed that if the every stroke and every seed count is farmers would co-operate, they could dropping behind in the procession. Mark name their own price and materially Twain once declared that he was the benefit themselves. To this end he only farmer in Connecticut who could secured the agreement of half a dozen make two blades of grass grow where farmers to withhold from the market three had grown before. Over against 10,000 bushels of corn until the local him is the efficient farmer who is mak
ing three blades of grass, three ears of will go on forever. David Rankin passed corn, grow where but one had grown away, but other men are making fortunes before. Efficiency is the thing that is carrying out his plans. These men are making the farmer the autombile buyer, the prophets of agricultural efficiency modernizing his farm home, sending his whose works are opening the eyes of the son and daughter to college and increas- world, with the result that system is suping his bank account. Men may come planting luck and continued prosperity is and men may go but the efficient system taking the place of haphazard livelihood.
Dinner Pail Philosophy
G He means well—is an obituary.
NEW PICK-UP FOR MAIL POUCHES
B y H. M. MERTON
F you have ever watched the process ment was impossible, and has now demof catching the mail by the present onstrated to their satisfaction that his method at a station in a small town mail exchange system is a success. you have probably noticed that the The following parts.comprise the com
mail clerk on the train has an iron plete system: Two receiving arms, one hook fastened to the side of the car with on either side of the mail car attached which he grasps the pouch in passing to the side of the door through which If the hook fails to catch the pouch, as the mail is received; a truck for carrying it often does, the pouch is ground to the mail, operating between the car pieces beneath the wheels of the train doors, so as to deliver its contents on A traveling salesman by the name of either side of the track; three tripping Albert Hupp has found a better way. devices, which start the mechanism as He was quite incredulous when the gov- the train approaches the station and ernment officials told him that improve leaves it; and station cranes provided
with spring clamp arms to hold the pouches.
At the point where the mail is to be delivered a guard rail twelve inches high is placed along the track to prevent pouches, once dropped, being drawn by suction beneath the wheels of passing trains.
The mechanism upon the car operates as follows: A worm gear attached to the middle of the axle of the mail car runs a driving shaft which operates a counter shaft provided with a clutch. This clutch throws the mechanism into gear when the car comes into contact with one of the trips located at the track side. The mechanism makes one revolution and then throws itself out of gear automatically. The first quarter turn rings a gong in the car to notify the mail clerks that the exchange is about to be made, and opens the car door ; the second quarter turn pushes out the delivery truck until it dumps the mail and opens the receiving arm; the third quarter holds the truck in position, while it dumps, and the receiving arm in position until the station cranes are passed and the mail upon them conducted into the car; the fourth quarter pulls the delivery truck back into the car, folds the receiving arms, and closes the door. This completes the operation and the mechanism remains out of gear until tripped at another station.
THE STRONGEST PIPE
IN THE WORLD
TF you ever go to Colorado Springs only the great benefits which result from
to see Pike's Peak, you will notice the development of a water power but a long yellow scar running from top also the dangers which attend such an to bottom of one of the foot hills, undertaking. The history of the under
and if you have any curiosity as to taking is a succession of misfortunes its cause, you will be told that it contains which were overcome only by endless the strongest steel pipe ever made for the perseverance and unlimited confidence daily conveyance of water. Further in- in the final success of the enterprise on quiry will develop the information that the part of George W. Taff, organizer this pipe contains city water for Colorado of the company. Springs, and that the water is used to light The project was conceived in failure the city, operate the street railways, and carried out only after overcoming print the newspapers, and perform a uncounted legal and engineering obhundred other duties before it is finally stacles. The fight made for its existence, used to quench the thirst of tourists and the attempts to invalidate the franchise, common people.
the ludicrous effort on the part of ColoThis piece of pipe holds more world's rado Springs to force the company to records than any other pipe in the world, replace its street lamps with obsolete arcs and is the property of the Pike's Peak because the franchise specified the old Hydro Electric Company. It shows not style lamp—these are interesting phases of the company's development, but they not had his mettle tried as in this job. pale into insignificance in comparison No tunnel had ever been built under with the endless fight against Nature such circumstances, and it is not surwhich demanded every resource of the prising that the contract price failed to most ingenious engineers of the country. cover the cost of construction. Long
In the beginning—some eleven or before the tunnel was completed the twelve years ago—there was no thought money for the purpose was used up. of turning the water which tumbled Jackson could have thrown up his condown the sides of Pike's Peak into tract, and ended this story right here had power. At that time Colorado Springs he wished. But he was a man to see found its water supply—fed from the money in impossibilities. It seemed melting snows of the mountains-grow- visionary, it might never amount to anying short. The water laws of Colorado thing—the chances were that way, and are peculiar and are based on the theory he looked down upon a railroad right of of "first come, first served.” For ex- way along the foothills which had never ample, the great Roby Ranch, just below seen a rail, and never would, on account Colorado Springs, has the oldest water of over ambitious dreaming—but he rights in the state, and has a right to its agreed to complete the tunnel if the city sixty cubic feet a second before the city would give him the right to use the can touch the water.
water which came through the tunnel All the water rights on the east slope for the purpose of generating power. of the mountains were taken up, but on There was much haggling, and the the west side untold quantities were council dreamed impossibilities too, but going to waste. The city secured rights finally gave Jackson the right for twentyfor this water, and then was confronted five years provided there should be no with the problem of getting it across the pollution or waste of water, the city to Peak. A tunnel had to be dug through be the sole judge of both. And so the the Peak, and the contract was let to tunnel was finished. George W. Jackson and associates, of Starting almost two and a half miles Chicago.
above sea level, the tunnel burrowed a Then trouble began. Famous the world mile and a third through solid granite. over as a tunnel builder, Jackson had There were no roads, so roads—or more
properly trails, for there was no room for roadswere built. The only means of transportation was by burro-back. A camp had to be established on the mountain top. The workmen had to be bundled up in fur lined clothes and ear muffs, and their labor thereby delayed. The average temperature was four degrees above zero. Water dripped from the tunnel roof and froze on the workmen's clothes. The alternation of hard and soft spots in the granite was to be expected and the broken drills and wrecked compressors which resulted were merely a part of the day's work.
Then Jackson began to
plan for the big power ENGINEERS AND SOME OF THE WORKMEN WHO WERE INSTRUMENTAL IN CONSTRUCTING THE "STRONGEST PIPE.
project he had in mind.