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FTER having their existence en- age from frost. Three pickings from veloped in much
much mythical Mr. Farmer's strawberry beds since uncertainty, fall strawberries August 15 averaged more than 600 have at last become an accom- quarts to the acre. A ready market at plished fact.
twenty-five cents a quart was found. They were first tried out in Iowa. Ordinary berries produce but one crop After a preliminary test, Mr. Lawrence in two years. This variety of strawberJ. Farmer of Pulaski, New_York, pur- ries produces a crop in the fall following chased five hundred plants. These plants the spring in which they are planted. The differ from other varieties only in the next crop is the following June and then single particular that they blossom stead again in the autumn, or two in one year. ily from June until November. A large An exhibit of strawberries in middle crop is obtained by pinching off the blos- September is a most unusual spectacle. soms three weeks prior to the time that Just as the plants may be seen late in fruit is desired. if berries are desired spring, resplendent in their fragrant by September first this may be secured blossoms, green fruit and ripe berries, if the blossoms be pinched or cut off in so were they last fall in Mr. Farmer's the first week of August.
garden. At his farm near Pulaski, New York, Those of the chosen few who partook Mr. Farmer last year had a fine crop of of the luxury declared that the fruit posberries both fully ripe and green. The sessed a flavor fully equal to the berry beds were covered so as to prevent dam- raised in June.
HEN the population fig- munity and state rivalry and it is as hard
were announced, to prove superiority in any other way as
Centreville was shown to to prove that the Cubs had the best baseV V by about one thousand pionship to the Athletics.
be larger than Pinetown ball team after losing the world's chamsouls. Centreville papers had a good Naturally enough the competition for deal to say about it and Centreville citi- population comes chiefly from towns, zens with friends in Pinetown sent them where a close community of interest postal cards on which the population makes team work possible and develops figures of the two towns were shown municipal pride. Rival towns result, each together with such cutting messages as one trying to increase its population at they could think of on the spur of the the expense of the other. The game goes moment. Pinetown residents passed the on all the time. Every ten years the thing off as well as was possible under score is called; in one town there is rethe circumstances and are absolutely cer- joicing; in the other much talk of the tain that when the next census is taken inefficiency of the census. Baseball is not their town will be leading instead of the only game in which the umpire altrailing behind Centreville.
ways gets the blame. These two towns are only ten miles It is not alone town pride that brings apart and therefore the competition for about this competition. There is a new population between them is keen. Of idea in town and city government which course each is distinguished for things is that all residents of a town are joint entirely apart from population. Centre- stockholders in a business enterprise, that ville is known over the state for its enterprise being the town itself. When schools and for the fact that it is a beau- the town grows the profits of the stocktiful and well planned city. Pinetown is holders grow. The bootblack has more a railroad and manufacturing center and shoes to shine, the banker has larger with only half the population of Centre- deposits and more money out at interest. ville would be far ahead in business As the scheme of government in Ameriterests. But population figures are the can cities does not provide for the execuscores in the big game of town and com- tion of this new idea, hundreds of commercial clubs and similar organizations The city partnership idea encourages have come into existence, supplementing town rivalry and when rivalry begins the work of the regular city administra- towns begin to improve. Build a town tion. Theoretically, the city administra- in the middle of an island where there tion provides a good city in which to live, is no competition from a rival and it will and the commercial club, corresponding attain a large size before the advantages to the sales department of a factory, of parks and paved streets and good advertises this fact to the world.
water systems are thought of very seriThe commission form of government, ously. Start a rival town and the old which has grown rapidly in popularity, one wakes up. It was that way at Smiths is a concession to this new idea. Under Corner, which was the county seat of its provisions a city is governed by a Irving County. Smiths Corner had just small board of commissioners in much grown up, acquired the court house and the same way that a bank is managed by county jail, built a flour mill and was a board of directors. Some people be- vastly contented with itself. One day a lieve that in a short time the new idea geologist went pottering around corn of city partnership will be further recog- fields and creek bottoms and came back nized by the addition to the board of with the announcement that he had discommissioners of a Commissioner of covered coal. A coal mine followed, with Promotion, whose duty it shall be to a little town twelve miles distant. It was advertise the advantages of the city to appropriately called Carbondale, because outsiders. In many western towns the the mine and the town were in a little mayor now does this work and seeks re- valley. Smiths Corner folks used to go election on a record of new factory over to the mine and look at it and carry smokestacks brought to the town through back symmetrical lumps of coal as his efforts.
souvenirs and some of the boys went to
work in the mines. There was no animosity, no competition. Carbondale was a coal mine. Smiths Corner was a town, with all of the dignity and importance given it by the possession of the court house, the residence of the county officers and the occasional sessions
of the circuit court. A govE
ernor had made a speech there; a bishop had preached the high school baccalaureate sermon; the richest citizen was known to have money invested in railroads and lead mines. Carbondale was but a bunch of houses cluttering up what had been a well ordered corn field.
This went on for years until one Sunday morning the pastor of the First Baptist Church of Smiths Corner announced to his flock that he had been called to COMPETING FOR POPULATION
the pastorate of the CarAMONG THE RECORD SMASHERS.
bondale Church. It was Oklahoma City now has a population of 64.000, a gain of over 539 per cent, learned that the Carbondale
people, though not much addicted to religion, had offered him a larger salary. That was the blow that awakened Smiths Corner. The Baptists employed another pastor at a larger salary and filled up the mudhole in front of the church. A Ladies? Civic League was formed for the purpose of inducing residents to keep their front yards mowed and their front gates on hinges. Civic pride rolled up its municipal sleeves and started in to show the young and impudent Carbondale how a town should be run. Someone said Carbondale eyed the brick court house enviously. Smiths Corner began to build sidewalks, pave streets and paint the houses. A wagon factory and a Methodist school were added to
This City Also Grew. the town. Now there are Main street of Fort Worth, Texas, whose population increased 173 per two very prosperous towns in Irving County each one keeping an eye on the population of the eral years behind.
eral years behind. Everyone of these other. Neither one dares sleep out of towns, as soon as it achieved a populafear that the other may be awake and tion of two hundred was afflicted with each one keeps growing.
the court house fever. Indeed, for an When the Indians began dying out ambitious town a month old and possessrapidly in the Southwest, and venture- ing a population of two hundred wansome capitalists started building rail- dering and skittish souls, a court house roads, new towns were projected so fast is the surest anchor. It secures not only that the map makers were always sev- more permanent location but also an in
cent. in ten years.
crease in population. Each new town court house fight became a great laundry watched the population of the old county center. Cowboys and railroad laborers, seat and as soon as victory was sure an who were alike disdainful of the privelection was called and the court house ileges of suffrage and the joys of clean moved. Then the old county seat watched linen, were bribed to give up their soiled its chance and worked to secure the shirts and receive clean ones in return county majority. This accomplished, an- and after a primary course in sanitation other, election was called and the court and politics voted with great skill and house moved again, taking a lot of popu- frequency. When the legislature met it lation with it.
always had to waste a good deal of time Vagaries of the Texas election law in locating the new county seats. One sesits definition of a voter aided the frontier sion grew so peevish over it that a law town builders in their work. One sec- was passed making it a felony, or a mistion of the law said that a voter's resi- demeanor, or something of the kind, to dence was maintained at the place where move a court house in less than five
years his washing was done. Resourceful town after its establishment. Since then compromoters soon saw the opportunity in petition for population between Texas this, and every town preparing for a towns has been compelled to develop in