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Articles of a treaty made at the City of Washington, between 1838.

Joel R. Poinsett, thereto specially authorized by the President Treaty with the of the United States, and certain chiefs and braves of the Sioux Bouanation of nation of Indians.

29th Sept. 1837.

ceded.

considera tion, the U. 8. agree,

be applied to the payment of debts.

ARTICLE 1st. The chiefs and braves representing the parties Land east of, having an interest therein, cede to the United States all their land, the Mississippi, east of the Mississippi river, and all their islands in the said river.

ARTICLE 2d. In consideration of the cession contained in the In preceding article, the United States agree to the following stipulations on their part.

First. To invest the sum of $300,000 (three hundred thousand on That $300; dollars) in such safe and profitable State stocks as the President in safe and profit may direct, and to pay to the chiefs and braves as aforesaid, to pay annually, annually, forever, an income of not less than five per cent. Corte vet noen less thereon ; a portion of said interest, not exceeding one-third, to be than 5 per cent. applied in such manner as the President may direct, and the resi- be applied. due to be paid in specie, or in such other manner, and for such objects, as the proper authorities of the tribe may designate.

Second. To pay to the relatives and friends of the chiefs and 2. That $110,braves, as aforesaid, having not less than one-quarter of Sioux friends and relablood, $110,000. (one hundred and ten thousand dollars,) to be boereras de esco distributed by the proper authorities of the tribe, upon principles to be determined by the chiefs and braves signing this treaty, and the War Department.

Third. To apply the sum of $90,000 (ninety thousand dollars) 3. That $90,000 to the payment of just debts of the Sioux Indians, interested in the lands herewith ceded.

Fourth. To pay to the chiefs and braves, as aforesaid an annuity for twenty years of $10,000 (ten thousand dollars) in yeurs of $10,000 goods, to be purchased under the direction of the President, and in goods. delivered at the expense of the United States.

· Fifth. To expend annually for twenty years, for the benefit of 5. To expend Sioux Indians, parties to this treaty, the sum of $8,250 (eight for 20 years, in thousand two hundred and fifty dollars) in the purchase of medi-medicines inglecines, agricultural implements and stock, and for the support of a ments, &c. physician, farmers, and blacksmiths, and for other beneficial objects.

Sixth. In order to enable the Indians aforesaid to break up and 6. To supply improve their lands, the United States will supply, as soon as practicable, after the ratification of this treaty, agricultural Indians to im implements, mechanics tools, cattle, and such other articles as may be useful to them, to an amount not exceeding $10,000, (ten thousand dollars.)

Seventh. To expend annually, for twenty years, the sum of to expend $5,500 (five thousand five hundred dollars) in the purchase of for 20 years, in provisions, to be delivered at the expense of the United States. provisions.

Eighth. To deliver to the chiefs and braves signing this treaty, .. To deliver upon their arrival at St. Louis, $6,000 (six thousand dollars) in $6,000 in goodis. goods.

Ninth. To pay to Scott Campbell, the interpreter accompany; stricken out, se ing the delegation, in consideration of valuable services rendered amendment

4. To pay an annuity for 20

$10,000 for arti. cles to enable the

prove their lands.

in the ratification.

1838. by him to the Sioux, the sum of $450 (four hundred and fifty

dollars) annually for twenty years. (This article ARTICLE 3d. It is further stipulated and agreed that the said strickun out, bec Scott Campbell shall be secured in the quiet possession of the the ratification.] tract of land on the west side of the Mississippi, about one mile

and a half below Fort Snelling, supposed to contain about five

hundred acres, and upon which he now resides. Treaty to be ARTICLE 4th. This treaty shall be binding on the contracting binies when ta' parties as soon as it shall be ratified by the United States.

In testimony whereof, the said Joel R. Poinsett, and the undersigned chiefs and braves of the Sioux nation, have hereunto se their hands, at the City of Washington, this 29th day of September A. D. 1837.

J. R. POINSETT.

MEDAWAKANTONS.
Tah-tape-saah, The Upsetting Wind, his x mark.
Wah-keah-tun-kah, Big Thunder,

his x mark. Mah-zah-hoh-tah, Grey Iron,

his x mark. Tautunga-munne, Walking Buffalo, his x mark. Tah-chunk-wash-taa, Good Road,

his x mark. Mare-pu-ah-nasiah, Standing Cloud, his x mark. Koi-moko, Afloat,

his x mark. Mau-pu-wee-chastah, White Man,

his x mark. Mau-pu-ah-mah-zah, Iron Cloud,

his x mark. Eu-hah-kaakow, He that comes last

his x mark. Mah-kuah-pah, he that shakes the Earth, his x mark. Tah-mah-zah-hoh-wash-taa, The Iron of handsome voice,

his x mark. Watt-chu-dah, The Dancer,

his x mark. Mah-zah-tunkah, The Big Iron,

his x mark. Mau-po-koah-munnee, He that runs after the clouds,

his x mark. Tah-chunek-oh-dutah, The Red Road, his x mark. Wasson-wee-chastish-nee, The Bad Hail, his x mark. Hoe-yah-pah, the Eagle Head,

his x mark. Annon-ge-nasiah, He that Stands on Both Sides,

his x mark. Chaudus-kah-mumee, the Walking Circle, his x mark. Tee-oh-du-tah, the Red Lodge,

his x mark. In presence of

Chauncey Bush, Sec'ty.
Mahlon Dickerson, Sec'y. of the Navy.
W: J. Worth, Lt. Colo.
Geo. '7. Jones, of Wis'n.
Lau. Taliaferro, U. S. agent at St. Peters.
Wm. Hawley.
C. A. Harris, Com. Ind. Aff'rs.
S. Cooper, Ch'f. clk. W. Dep.
D. Kurtz, Ch'f. clk. Ind. Office.
Charles Calvert.
S. Cainpbell, Interpreter.

15th June 1838, with the following

Now, therefore, be it known, that I, Martin Van BUREN, Pre- 1838. sident of the United States of America, having seen and consi- Ratified dered the said treaty, do, in pursuance of the advice and consent of the Senate, as expressed in their resolution of the eleventh amendment. day of June, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-eight, accept, ratify, and confirm the same, with the following amendment, viz:

“ Strike out the ninth clause of the second article and the third Amendment. article in the following words:

Ninth. To pay to Scott Campbell, the Interpreter accompanying the delegation, in consideration of valuable services rendered by him to the Sioux, the sum of $450 four hundred and fifty dollars annually, for twenty years."

« ARTICLE 3d. It is further stipulated and agreed that the said Scott Campbell shall be secured in the quiet possession of the tract of land on the west side of the Mississippi, about one mile and a half below Fort Snelling, supposed to contain about five hundred acres, and upon which he now resides."

In testimony whereof, I have caused the seal of the United States to be hereunto affixed, having signed the same with my hand. Done at the City of Washington, this fifteenth day of June,

one thousand eight hundred and thirty-eight, and of [l. s.] the Independence of the United States the sixtysecond.

M. VAN BUREN. By the President :

JOHN FORSYTH, Secretary of State.

MARTIN VAN BUREN,

PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,

To all and singular to whom these presents shall come, greeting :

WHEREAS, a treaty was made and concluded at Detroit, in the State of Michigan, on the fourteenth day of January, in the year of our Lord, eighteen hundred and thirty-seven, between the United States of America, by their commissioner, Henry R. Schoolcraft, and the Saganaw tribe of the Chippewa nation of Indians, by their chiefs and delegates, assembled in council; which treaty is in the following words, to wit:

concluded 14th Ja.

Articles of a treaty made and concluded at Detroit

, in the State of Treaty with the Michigan, on the fourteenth day of January, in the year of our Sammen beibe Lord, eighteen hundred and thirty-seven, between the United Indians States of America by their commissioner, Henry R. Schoolcraft nuary 1837. and the Saganaw tribe of the Chippewa nation, by their chiefs and delegates, assembled in council.

Art. 1st. The said tribe cede to the United States the follow- the following ing tracts of land, lying within the boundaries of Michigan; the U.S.

Indians cede

tracts of land to

1838. namely; One tract of eight thousand acres, on the river Au Sable.

One tract of two thousand acres, on the Misho-wusk or Rifle river. One tract of six thousand acres, on the north side of the river Karokauling. One tract of five thousand, seven hundred and sixty acres upon Flint river. including the site of Reaums village, and a place, called Kishkavbawee. One tract of eight thousand acres on the head of the Cass (formerly Huron) river, at the village of Otusson. One island in the Saganaw bay, estimated at one thousand acres, being the island, called Shaing-waukokaug

, on which Mukokoosh formerly lived. One tract of two thousand acres at Nababish, on the Saganaw river. One tract of one thousand acres, on the east side of the Saganaw river. One tract of six hundred and forty acres, at Great Bend, on Cass river. One tract of two thousand acres at the mouth of Point Augrais river. One tract of one thousand acres, on the Cass river at Menoquet's village. One tract of ten thousand acres on the Shiawassee river at Ketchewaundaugumink or Big Lick. One tract of six thousand acres at the Little Forks, on the Tetabura. sing river. One tract of six thousand acres at the Black-Birds town, on the Tetabwasing river. One tract of forty thousand acres, on the west side of the Saganaw river. The whole containing, one hundred, and two thousand, four hundred acres, be

the same, more or less. Indians to have Art. 2d. The said Indians, shall have the right of living upon ing on the tracts the tracts, at the river Augrais, and Mushowusk or Rifle rivers

on the west side of Saganaw bay, for the term of five years, the term of five during which time, no white man shall be allowed to settle on

said fracts, under a penalty of five hundred dollars, to be recovered, at the suit of the informer; one-half to the benefit of said informer, the other half, to the benefit of the Indians.

Art. 3rd. The United States, agree to pay to the said Indians

in consideration of the lands above ceded, the net proceeds of the ceded, the net sales thereof, after deducting the expense of survey and sale, toge

at Augrais and Kifle rivers, for

years, &c.

for

U.S. agree to pay the Indians :

the lands proceeds of the sales thereof.

ther with the incidental expenses of this treaty. The lands shall to be surveyed be surveyed in the usual manner, and offered for sale, as other and offered for public lands, at the land offices of the proper districts, as soon as

A special ac. practicable, after the ratification of this treaty. A special account to be kept at the of the sales, shall be kept at the Treasury, indicating the receipts

from this source, and after deducting therefrom, the sums hereinafter set apart, for specified objects, together with all other sums, justly chargeable to the fund, the balance shall be invested, under the direction of the President, in some public stock, and the interest thereof shall be annually paid to the said tribe, in the same manner, and with the same precautions, that annuities are paid

. Provided, That, if the said Indians, shall, at the expiration of twenty years, or at any time thereafter, require the said stock to be sold, and the proceeds thereof distributed, among the whole tribe, or applied to the advancement of agriculture, education, or any other useful object, the same may be done, with the consent

of the President and Senate. Surs sct apart Art. 4th. The said Indians hereby set apart, out of the fund

, by the Indians. created by the sale of these lands, the following sums, namelv:

The lands how

Treasury, &c.

Proviso.

clauses abro. gated by art. 4th of Treaty of 20th Dec'ri

principal chiefs

schools

stroyed $10,000.

For payment of claims in sche.

For vaccine maiter, &c. $100 per annum for 5 years. $200 per annum for 5 years.

1838. For the purchase of goods and provisions, to be delivered to them, as soon as practicable after the ratification of this treaty, [These tzDO forty thousand dollars.

For distribution among the heads of families, to be paid to them, as an annuity in 1837, ten thousand dollars.

1837.) For a special payment to each of the principal chiefs, agree For special pay. ably to a schedule annexed, five thousand dollars.

For the support of schools, among their children, ten thousand $5.00 dollars.

$10,000. For the payment of their just debts, accruing since the treaty For payment of Ghent, and before the signing of the treaty, forty thousand of debts $10,0). dollars.

For compensating American citizens, upon whose property this Por compensa. tribe committed depredations after the surrender of Detroit in for property de1812, ten thousand dollars.

For meeting the payment of claims which have been considered and allowed by the chiefs and delegates in council, as perdule B$12,21375 schedule B hereunto annexed, twelve thousand, two hundred and forty-three dollars, and seventy-five cents.

For vaccine matter, and the services of a physician, one hundred dollars per annum for five years.

For the purchase of tobacco to be delivered to them, two hun. For tobacco dred dollars per annum for five years.

The whole of these sums shall be expended under the direction. All these sums of the President, and the following principles shall govern the under direction application. The goods and provisions shall be purchased by an and the follow agent, or officer of the Government, on contract, and delivered ing principles to to them, at their expense, as early as practicable, after the ratification. cation of the treaty. The annuity of ten thousand dollars, shall goods and provibe divided among the heads of families, agreeably to a census, to sions: be taken for the purpose. The school fund shall be put at interest, the $10,000. by investment in stocks, and the interest applied annually to the the school fund object, commencing in the year 1840, but the principal shall constitute a permanent fund for twenty years, nor shall the stock be sold, nor the proceeds diverted, at that period, without the consent of the President and Senate.

The moneys set apart for the liquidation of their debts, and for Payment of the depredations, committed by them, shall be paid, under such pre- for debts and de: cautions for ascertaining the justice of the indebtedness or claim, predations. as the President may direct, but no payment shall be made, under either head, which is not supported by satisfactory proof, and sanctioned by the Indians: and if any balance of either sum remains, it shall be immediately divided by the disbursing officer, among the Indians. The other items of expenditure, mentioned The other items in this article, shall be disbursed, under the usual regulations of under the usual the Indian Department, for insuring faithfulness and accounta- regulations of bility in the application of the money.

Art. 5th. The United States, will advance the amount set apart U.States to ad: in the preceding article for the purchase of goods and provisions, set upart in the and the payment of debts, and depredations by the Indians, also preceding article. the several sums stipulated to be paid to the chiefs, and distri- {See article 3d, buted to the Indians as an annuity in 1837, and the amount set 1837.)

govern the appli.

Distribution of

of

Dep'l.

Treaty 20th Duc.

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