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C. M. Butt, Viroqua, Wis.; William Munro, West Superior, Wis.; L. C. Tidball, Sheridan, Wyo.; Earl Hoffer, Sundance, Wyo.; Peter Esperson, Cheyenne, Wyo.; W. O. O'Neill, Prescott, Ariz.; Dr. A. H. Noon, Oro Blanco, Ariz.; Kean St. Charles, Kingman, Ariz.; M. T. Stamm, Albuquerque, N. M.; T. B. Mills, Las Vegas, N. M.; Thomas F. Kelcher, Albuquerque, N. M.; J. S. Soule, Guthrie, O. T.; R. E. Bray, Enid, O. T.; W. H. French, Chandler, O. T.; J. H. Turner, Washington, D. C.; Rev. E. Kent, Washington, D. C.; H. B. Martin, Washington, D. C.; W. H. Watkins, Indian Territory; G. W. Payne, Indian Territory; A. B. Weakley, Indian Territory.
NATIONAL SILVER PARTY NATIONAL COMMITTEE.
Chairman, Charles D. Lane, Angel's Camp, Cal.; Vice-Chairman, Isaac N. Stevens, Denver, Col.; Treasurer, William P. St. John, New York, N. Y.; Secretary, R. E. Difenderfer, Philadelphia, Pa.; William H. Harvey, Chicago, Ill.; George P. Keeney, San Francisco, Cal.; Curtis J. Hillyer, Washington, D. C.; George S. Nixon, Winnemucca, Nev.; Benjamin A. Flower, Boston, Mass.
Remaining Members of National Committee.
R. H. Walker, Athens, Ala.; Dr. J. J. White (of Arizona), Washington, D. C.; G. W. Baker, San Francisco, Cal.; Alexander Troup, New Haven, Conn.; G. G. Harvey, Florida; Judge Clagget, Boise City, Idaho; Dr. G. M. Emerick, Chicago, Ill.; Anson Walcott, Walcott P. O., Ind.; Amos Steckel, Bloomfield, Ia.; R. W. Turner, Mankato, Kas.; J. P. Hendrick, Flemingsburg, Ky.; C. R. Darby, Sellman, Md.; E. B. Newhall, Lynn, Mass.; E. E. Jarvis, Benton Harbor, Mich.; J. W. Griffin, Minneapolis, Minn.; J. D. Clarkson, St. Louis, Mo.; C. G. Bradshaw, Butte, Mont.; G. L. Laws, Lincoln, Neb.; Thomas Wrenn, Eureka, Nev.; S. W. Reese, Westfield, N. J.; B. F. Keith, Wilmington, N. C.; W. H. Standish, Grand Forks, N. D.; H. T. Niles, Toledo, O.; A. Hofer, Salem, Ore.; J. W. Bowden, Denver P. O., S. C.; F. Kehler, Galveston, Tex.; Richard Mackintosh, Salt Lake, Utah; Joseph Battell, Middlebury, Vt.; Alexander J. Wedderburn (of Virginia), Washington, D. C.; G. W. Thompson, Tacoma, Wash.; I. C. Ralfsnyder, Fairmount, W. Va.; Rublee A. Cole, Milwaukee, Wis.; Richard Lewis, Alaska; M. M. Edmonston, Vinita, Indian Territory.
The Democratic committee opened headquarters at Chicago, but for awhile had a branch office at Washington, D. C. The National
Silver party and the People's party had their headquarters at Washington, the former with a branch at Chicago. The three national committees deserve great credit for the manner in which they conducted the campaign. They were very much embarrassed by lack of funds, but utilized, for the circulation of literature, all the money they could obtain. The Democratic committee sent out a great many speeches and arranged for a large number of public meetings. Hon. D. McConnville of Springfield, O., was in charge of the speaker's bureau. Senator A. P. Gorman of Maryland, was in charge of the campaign in the Eastern States. The Democratic committee received great aid from the Democratic Congressional Committee, of which Senator Charles J. Faulkner of West Virginia was chairman, and from the National Association of Democratic Clubs, of which Hon. Chauncey F. Black, of York, Pa., was president and Hon. Lawrence Gardner of the District of Columbia, secretary.
On the 22d of August, Chairman Jones issued the following appeal:
Appeal for Funds.
To the People of the United States: The Democratic party in the present contest is engaged in the defense of the plain people against the encroachments of the favored classes. This is purely an economic issue. In its importance, however, it overshadows every question which has occupied public attention since the tragic campaign of 1860. It presents an alternative at once imperative and terrible; it is imperative because delay may take from us the possibility of choice, and terrible because of the dire consequences which must follow failure.
Is the American Union big enough, strong enough and patriotic enough to have its own financial policy? If not, then we are the serfs of the money changers of Europe and their agents in this country, and are doomed to a vassalage more ignominious and more degrading than that against which our fathers fought a century ago. Our manhood, our freedom, the fruits of our industry, the integrity of our homes, everything that enlightened men hold dear-all these are the playthings of aliens and the prey of usurers.
The American people are not ready to surrender the liberties for which their forefathers shed their blood. We believe that liberty and self-government are destined to remain the heritage of this splendid nation; that we shall not be fated to become a living lie, a nation of slaves, callous and degraded enough to wear only the mask of freedom.
We have allied against us in this contest not only the financial forces of Europe, but the subsidized press and all the monopolies and trusts here at home, who are determined, if possible, to fix forever their relentless yoke upon labor of all kinds.
To oppose them we must rely upon the patriotism and heroic manliness of the plain people-the toilers who create the wealth which speculators absorb. With unlimited money in their hands, our enimies are printing and distributing
misleading and untruthfull statements; hired speakers and paid emissaries are everywhere attempting to mislead and delude the people.
To meet and counteract this we must distribute documents for the dissemination of the truth; we must expose their fallacies, their misstatements and their utter selfishness.
To do so we need money at once, and can only hope for help from the plain people. We ask only for the necessary means to conduct a vigorous and aggressive campaign. No matter in how small sums, no matter by what humble contributions, let the friends of liberty and national honor contribute all they can to the good cause. To the overflowing treasury of the money power we will oppose the accumulated offerings of the masses, fighting to be free, and ask the Ruler of the Universe for His blessing.
Wherever there is a bank or money order office remittances can easily be made to William P. St. John, treasurer of the National Democratic Committee, Bartholdi Hotel, New York City. A receipt will be returned in every instance.
When victory is achieved over the unscrupulous combinations which are endeavoring to thrust William McKinley into the presidential office the recorded list of the contributors to this good cause will be a roll of honor of which any one may well be proud.
James K. Jones, Chairman National Democratic Committee.
As a result of this appeal a considerable sum was realized, most of it being subscribed in small amounts. Many newspapers called for subscriptions and the money raised by them was of material assistance. The New York Journal raised the largest fund, turning over to the National Committee $40,901.20. Of this sum $15,000 was subscribed by the Journal itself.
Mr. Stevens was in charge of the headquarters of the National Silver party and his committee circulated some eight million documents. One million copies of Archbishop Walsh's pamphlet on bimetallism were distributed, one half being printed in English and one. half in German. This committee circulated 125,000 copies of Coin's Financial School and also organized about five thousand silver clubs, composed largely of persons who had been Republicans.
In addition to this, the committee was instrumental in organizing the Women's National Silver League, with Mrs. Lillie Duncanson as president. The headquarters of this league were established at Chicago and branch leagues organized in various parts of the country.
The Executive Committee of the People's party co-operated with the Democratic party in securing fusion upon electors in as many States as possible. The address published below was issued just before the close of the campaign and was both a justification of the course pursued by the committee and an appeal to the members of the Populist party to support the fusion electors.
Address Issued by Populist Convention.
To the People's Party Voters of the United States: Your national committee indulged the hope that the patriotic action of the People's party in national convention in subordinating the interests of party to the success of the vital issues involved in this campaign would be met by equally unselfish devotion to a common interest on the part of the Democratic party, and that all the friends of silver could present a solid front against the minions of greed by supporting one ticket, the truly co-operative ticket, Bryan and Watson. But this hope being disappointed, there were but two courses left, one of which must be adopted.
First. To run a straight Bryan and Watson electoral ticket in every State, which, on account of the failure of the Democratic party to support this ticket, would have effected the same result in this campaign that would have followed the nomination of a straight Populist ticket at St. Louis, namely, the election of McKinley and the triumph of the gold standard.
It is true that the Democratic party would be responsible even to a greater extent than ourselves for such a result, but to permit evil to triumph on such grounds would convict us as well as them of a lack of patriotism and narrow partisanship that would deservedly forfeit to us the confidence of the American people. Remember that two wrongs never make a right.
When our devotion to the welfare of the people falters because of any failure on the part of the Democratic or any other party, then indeed will we have lowered our standard and proven ourselves false to our own teachings and repudiated our own motto of country first, and men and parties second. The brave, enlightened voters who constitute the rank and file of the People's party are incapable of such base betrayal of their country as would result from a division in the ranks of those opposing the machinations of the confederated money power of the two continents against the homes and liberties of the American people, and would repudiate any action on the part of their leaders opposed to united effort at this time, as they repudiated the old parties for treachery to their interests.
The other course left open to your committee that was consistent with the action of the convention in nominating Mr. Bryan was to do everything in its power to unite the voters of the country against McKinley, and to overcome the obstacles and embarrassments which, if the Democratic party had put the cause first and party second, we would not have encountered.
This could be accomplished only by arranging for a division of the electoral vote in every State possible, securing so many electors for Bryan and Watson and conceding so many to Bryan and Sewall. At the opening of the campaign this, under the circumstances, seemed the wisest course for your committee, and it is clearer today than ever that it was the only safe and wise course if our votes were to be cast and made effective for the relief of an oppressed and outraged people. Following this line of policy your committee has arranged electoral tickets in three-fourths of the States and will do all in its power to make the same arrangements in all of the States.
By perfecting this arrangement, and every sincere opponent of the gold standard giving loyal support to these joint electoral tickets, the People's party will not only secure in the electoral college for Bryan and Watson several
times as many votes as we could have possibly secured by making a straight fight, but we will secure the defeat of McKinley and the gold standard, which should now be the greatest desire of every citizen who believes in the principles of true Democracy as taught by Jefferson, and of true Republicanism as represented by Abraham Lincoln.
By this arrangement we can unite a large majority of the voters of America on our joint electoral tickets; therefore the only hope of the money power and trust is divide and conquer. The Republican managers and their gold Democratic allies realize this, and are putting forth every effort to accomplish this end. They have had their emissaries on hand everywhere trying to prevent joint electoral tickets from being arranged; failing in this, they try to find Populists and silver Democrats who can be induced, on one pretext or another, to rebel against the joint electoral tickets. They either have secured, or will secure, the services of every man that money can command, to breed dissensions and divisions.
The danger lies in the possibility of a certain portion of the rank and file of the People's party being misled by so-called leaders, who, for reasons best known to themselves, or for want of reason, are advising voters to rebel against the joint electoral tickets and put up separate electoral tickets, or to withhold their support from the joint electoral tickets.
Some of the Democrats of the revenue stripe, who are not yet weaned from the fleshpots of Egypt, but are sticklers for regularity, and are nominally supporting Mr. Bryan, while secretly and in every underhanded way are trying to accomplish his defeat, are advising against the joint electoral tickets, and failing in this they advise Democrats to scratch People's party electors, and already a few so-called Populist leaders are advising the rank and file of our party to strike back by refusing to support the Democratic electors on the joint electoral tickets. This is a trap set by the goldbugs, who are rejoicing that a few honest men have fallen into it. These reports today are the only ones that buoy up the hopes of the Republican managers, and the Democrats and Populists who are thus engaged are doing just what the gold men most desire. Therefore we appeal to every Populist, who may have been misled by such mistaken or false pleas of pretended loyalty to the People's party into refusing support to such joint electoral tickets, to stop and consider the results of such conduct, and refuse to be influenced by either misguided or corrupt men.
There are but two sides in the conflict that is being waged in this country today. On the one side are the allied hosts of monopolies, the money power, great trusts, and railway corporations, who seek the enactment of laws to benefit them and impoverish the people. On the other side are the farmers, laborers, merchants, and all others who produce wealth and bear the burden of taxation. The one represents the wealthy and powerful classes who want the control of the Government to plunder the people. The other represents the people, contending for equality before the law and the rights of man. Between these two there is no middle ground.
The one and only hope of the Republican party to win in this campaign and fasten the gold standard upon the country is the corrupt use of an unlimited supply of money for bribery, corruption, and intimidation. The patriotic action of the People's party in forming and supporting these joint electoral tickets has