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easy to supply many painful samples of most sinful tempers from this source; but I deem it most prudent to cover with charity this multitude of

sins.

41. Without any breach of this charity, however, I trust I may be allowed to express a regret at the ill-natured treatment which mother church' has received of late years from some who surely knew better. The late cabals and divisions, on the one hand, and the disclosures and wrong tempered attacks in various publications, (and in particular the misentitled 'Church members' Guide '1) on the other, might well quiet the scruples of any one who is exercised with misgivings about her defects, and draw him more closely to her interests. Were such person, in a fit of dissatisfaction, to secede, a question or two would naturally arise, 'What sect shall I join?' 'Where shall I find more toleration to think, speak and act, and less exercise of temper?' Having thus looked right and left, he may then look back to the post he has forsaken; and now, for the first time, feel a strong conviction that Mother Church, with all her faults, is not the sort of dame he took her to be: and may possibly regret the step he has taken, as many have done before. It is amazing to me that the talented and respectable author of the Church Members' Guide' did not foresee the very natural conclusions which would unavoidably result from such a performance. His own community will have told him ere this that it is a serious disservice to their cause. I blame not men nor sects, but measures and tempers. I will not conceal the fact,

1 See the first edition, with Cawood's Review.-Seeley's.

that, during many years, I felt considerable dissatisfaction, and was resolved, I may say tempted, to secede ; but the fore-named publication perfectly set me at rest and I shall ever bless God that he preserved me from blind precipitancy.

42. To return to brotherly love: It has been an antiquated saying, that brothers and sisters hardly ever agree. I believe there is too much truth in the assertion. Numerous exceptions, however, have been found, and brethren have dwelt together in unity. Where this takes place, it affords a pleasing scene, peculiarly gratifying to the parents, every way beneficial to the children themselves, and productive of good to mankind at large.'1

43. What inexpressible delight when brothers and sisters of one family live together in all the harmony of friendship and good esteem, naturally delighted and charmed with each other's presence and society! Peace dwells in their bosom, and transport beats in their heart. They know how to alleviate each other's troubles and difficulties; they know how to impart and double each other's felicity and pleasure.' 2

44. It would be an endless task to adduce and illustrate all the scriptures bearing upon temper: I will only add a few unconnected passages.

Psalm xxxii. 8. "Leave off wrath, and let go displeasure."

Proverbs xiv. 17. "He that is soon angry dealeth foolishly."

Proverbs xvi. 18. “Pride goeth before destruction, and a haughty spirit before a fall." verse 28.

1 Rev. C. Buck. 2 Dr. Dodd,-See his Beauties of History.

"A froward man soweth strife; and a whisperer separateth chief friends." Verse 32. "He that is slow to anger is better than the mighty; and he that ruleth his spirit than he that taketh a city."

Proverbs xvii. 14. "The beginning of strike is as when one letteth out water; therefore leave off contention before it be meddleth with." Verse 20. "He that hath a froward heart findeth no good: and he that hath a perverse tongue falleth into mischief."

Proverbs xxi. 24. "Proud and haughty scorner is his name, who dealeth in proud wrath." [the wrath of pride. Marg.]

Proverbs xxii. 10. "Cast out the scorner, and contention shall go out; yea, strife and reproach shall cease. Make no friendship with an angry man; and with a furious man thou shalt not go: lest thou learn his ways, and get a snare to thy soul."

1 Tim. vi. 11. "Follow love, patience, meekness." Titus i. 7. "A bishop," or any other Christian minister, "must be blameless, as the steward of God; not self-willed, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker."

CHAPTER IV.

ON THE TEMPER OF JESUS CHRIST.

1. THIS stands pre-eminent and unrivalled. It is the opinion of all sensible men; yea, of many infidels too, that the moral character of Christ is unequalled. Some parts far exceed the reach of our imitation, yet in all that is imitable the Christian is enjoined to copy him. "I have given you an example," said Jesus, "that ye should do as I have done." "Follow me.' "2 "Learn of me, for I am meek and lowly in heart." St. Peter saith, "Christ suffered for us, leaving us an example that ye should follow his steps." 4 St. John writes, "He that abideth in Him ought himself also to walk even as he walked."

"3

The twelfth of the Hebrews is to the same effect, exhorting us to look unto Jesus under all our trials; considering how meekly and patiently he bore the cross, despised the shame, and endured the contradiction of sinners against himself.

2. As Christians, we are followers of Christ; 3 Matt. xi. 29.

1 John xiii. 15.
4 1 Peter ii. 21.

2 xxi. 22.
5 1 John ii. 6.

and therefore bound to imitate Him, and copy after that most excellent pattern he hath set us, who hath left us an example that we should follow his steps, to see that the holy temper be in us which was in him; and to discover it in the same manner he did, and upon like occasions. To this he calls us, and no man is any further a Christian than he is a follower of Christ, aiming at a more perfect conformity to that most perfect example which he hath set us.'1

3. The impossibility of attaining the perfection of the rule is no argument against our endeavouring to approach it as nearly as possible. And I believe that, by the divine strength, it is far more imitable than is commonly supposed. Were it not so, the imperative injunctions,-" Follow me," "Learn of me,"-" Do as I have done," &c. would be inappropriate, because utterly impracticable.

4. Let any one attentively examine the character of Christ as to temper in particular, and he cannot fail to be surprised and charmed at his meekness and patience, under aggravations, insults, indignities, buffetings and oppositions. On several occasions he manifested a holy indignation at the wilful hardness and unreasonable conduct of the scribes and pharisees; but when, it is said, he looked on them with anger, it can no more be supposed that it was the ebullition of such sinful anger as we are subject to, than that God is chargeable with sin, when it is said that he is angry with the wicked every day.' The amiableness of his character is enhanced by the consideration, that, having in his human capacity, kindred feelings

1 Mason.

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