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of reason discover more than others, either a and rugged disposition, or a hastiness of tem or some such disagreeable bias, which grow with them to men. And though this may be siderably abated by a good education, and e cially is much rectified by the grace of Go good men; yet, where it is the constituti bent, it usually finds people more work for and watchfulness all their days, than it do others. If we turn our view the other way, ti is early visible in some an easiness and gentle. of disposition, an inclination to humanity tenderness, or the like engaging turn of mind. 9. Now in this sense, it would be the wis of every man to know what spirit he is of, to st his own temper, which way that most natur and readily carries him. For according to tendencies of our constitution, if we caref observe them, we may discover what temptati in the ordinary course of life, need most to provided against, and in what way we are n likely to be useful. Those sins most easily be men, and are hardest to be overcome, which h constitution strongly on their side: a man n justly esteem them to be eminently his own quity. And as every sort of natural temper 1 its particular disadvantages and dangers, so sort is without some advantages, which, if ca fully attended to and improved, may contribute our serviceableness in life. Those of a sangu make, are more exposed to the temptations levity and sensuality, and therefore have m occasion to be more on their guard; but t they are better prepared for a cheerful activity doing good, if they be right set. The heavy a

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CHAPTER VII.

STUDY TO KEEP COOL AND COLLECTED.

1. SOME people take fire in an instant, like powder, and speak or strike in a fury. Unprepared for any emergency, they are quite in a flutter, and in haste to revenge; and often feel so hot for the moment, that they would willingly murder the offending party. What cutting, bitter things have been spoken in such heats,-things that have caused painful regret at leisure. What rashness has been committed at such times: fury has burst forth like lightning, and death has followed in its train like restive horses, they plunge, and tear, and foam, without a moment's consideration,

2. The bad effect of such hasty passion is well shewn in the fable of the farmer and his dog:→ He went into his field to mend a gap, leaving his child asleep in the cradle. On his return he found the cradle upside down, the clothes all bloody, and his dog in the same place, besmeared with blood. Convinced by the sight that the dog had destroyed the child, he instantly dashed out its brains with.

his hatchet: then turning up the cradle, he found the child unhurt, and an enormous serpent lying dead on the floor, killed by that faithful dog which he had put to death in blind passion.

3. Herod, the tetrarch of Judea, had so little command over his passion, that upon every slight occasion his anger would transport him into absolute madness. In such a desperate fit he killed Josippus. Sometimes he would be sorry, and repent of the folly and injuries he had done when anger had clouded his understanding, and soon after commit the same outrages; so that none about him were sure of their lives for a moment.

4. Two gentlemen were riding together, one of whom, who was very choleric, happened to be mounted on a high-mettled horse. The animal becoming a little troublesome, the rider commenced whipping and spurring with great fury. The horse, almost as wrong-headed as his rider, returned his treatment with kicking and plunging. The companion, concerned for the danger, and ashamed for the folly of his friend, said to him coolly-" Be quiet, and show yourself the wiser creature of the two.'

-15. The Duke of Marlborough possessed great command of temper, and never permitted it to be ruffled by little things, in which even the greatest men have occasionally been found unguarded. As he was one day riding with Commissary Marriot, it began to rain, and he called to his servant for his cloak. The servant not bringing it immediately, he called for it again; but being embarrassed with straps and buckles, he did not come up to him. It raining very hard, the duke called to him again, and asked what he was about, that

The did not bring the cloak." "You must stay, sir (grumbles the fellow), if it rains cats and dogs, till I can get it." The duke, turning round to Marriot, said, very coolly, "Now, I would not be of that fellow's temper for all the world." 16. "Let nothing, says one, be done too suddenly or angrily let us be men of thought. It was the habit of more than one holy man, not to give a reply to any important query before he had made a pause, and put up a silent ejaculation; and a steady person used to stop another inconsiderately hasty, with 'Pray stay a little, and we shall have 'done the sooner. '1

7. The Rev. Mr. Clark, of Frome, was a man of a remarkably cool and peaceful temper. He was one day asked by a friend-how he kept himself from being involved in quarrels ? He answered, "by letting the angry person always have the quarrel to himself." If this maxim were followed it would be a vast saving of expense, and would conduce to the comfort and honour of thousands.

8. "One of the most distinguishing qualities of Socrates was a tranquillity of soul, that no accident, no loss, no injury, no ill-treatment, could ever alter. Some have believed that he was by nature hasty and passionate, and that the moderation to which he had attained was the effect of his reflections, and of the efforts he had made to subdue and correct himself, which would still add to his merit. Seneca tells us that he had desired his friends to apprise him whenever they saw him ready to fall into a passion, and that he had given them that privilege over him, which he took him

'Rev. C. Buck.

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