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their loving husbands rigidly exact the full tale of that part of the marriage vow which enjoins them to OBEY,-and many gentlemen, both noble and ignoble, have likewise respectfully represented the hardships on their side, to wit, that their loving wives do as rigidly exact the fulfilment of that part of the mar riage bond which enjoins them to HONOUR the wife :And whereas many children and minors have earnestly sued for some relaxation of those unnatural laws which exact an implicit deference to parents and guardians, contrary to their own free mind, to wit, particularly those parts which interfere with naturally conceived right to marry whom they please and when they please, which interference, they affirm, has always proved detrimental to the peace and good temper of the juvenile community, as well male as female:

And whereas many servants, labourers and artificers, have, with singular humility, represented the very grievous hardships of being viewed as inferior to their masters and employers, and of being required to answer to their bell, wear their livery, and obey their commands, on pain of remonstrance or expulsion} and that contrary to their own enlightened notions of equality among a free people,-in consequence whereof the said very numerous and most intelligent body of complainants very truly allege that their patience is painfully tried, and their tempers, otherwise excellent, incessantly exasperated :

And whereas in consequence of the forementioned inequalities of station, and the manifold defects of our laws and customs which time and inadvertence have suffered to gain ground, great differences, jarrings, sparrings, warrings, quarrellings, bickerings, duels, and such like unmannerly exercises of tem per do perpetually arise among Her Majesty's loving subjects;→→ And whereas the fore-mentioned evils have attained such predominancy, that, in opposition to all law, human and divine, to every principle of reason, and the serious detriment of social and domestic order, as also to the just freedom of Her Majesty's dutiful subjects,-sundry, that is to say, very many evil-natured persons, as well married as single, as well gentle as simple, as well learned as ignorant, as well clerical as laical, as well papist as protestant, as well christian as infidel, think proper, without any assignable cause, licence, or due notice, to fly into fits of anger, passion, frenzy, and madness, and strike, or otherwise maltreat and disturb the more peaceably disposed members of the community;

And whereas it is made evident, as well by the testimony aforesaid, as by a small volume, recently published by a Staffordshire Curate, entitled, A Treatise on the Use and Abuse of Temper,' very learnedly and intelligibly exhibiting temper as it' is, what it should be, and how to mend it:And whereas many expedients, -as bleeding and blistering, dieting and purging, shaving and ducking, reasoning and com.

manding, punishing and enduring, have been tried to no sanable purpose:WE, Her Majesty's most dutiful Lords and Commons, ever ready to forward Her Majesty's good designs,-taking these several premises into our deliberate consideration, to wit, these manifold disorders and perversions, these inequalities aud wrongs, these violent and unseemly tempers, and these defects of law and custom,-together with the weighty and irrefutable evidence respectfully submitted in proof of the same,-and feeling assuredly convinced by the clearest deductions of reason, as well as by the united opinions of the many wise and learned men, ancient and modern, heathen and christian, adduced by the Staffordshire Curate aforesaid,-that the removal of the said evils and disorders of temper would materially contribute to the establishing of unity, peace, and concord, as well as the just rights, honour, happiness and prosperity, of all Her Majesty's loving subjects,-deem it expedient to amend the laws touching the said grievances :-Be it therefore enacted by the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty, by and with, &c. &c.

This hasty sketch, or rough draft, may give an idea of what should follow; but I have deemed it proper to réserve the sections and schedules for the present, hoping that a hint will prove sufficient to the wise.

18. Now if my fellow-subjects desire to obviate the necessity of such a Reform Bill, I advise them to allow the pre-eminent faculty of reflection to exercise its legitimate, functions. Let us reflect, who and what are we? Why all this self-importance, this rage and imperiousness? and what cause for it? Are not others of the same flesh and blood? Is it just, or seemly, or creditable, to exercise such lordly and revolting tempers— such domineering consequence? Does it conduce to our welfare, or the welfare of others? And will persons of such irregular tempers esteem themselves to be good or godly? or can they persuade themselves that such angry and vindictive. feelings and conduct are not offensive in the

sight of God? or that they can enter with such unholy dispositions into the eternal state of peace, love, and glory? Let us act then as reasonable and reflecting men. Let considerations govern us: 'Death is an awful consideration with me,' said the excellent Mr. Cecil. Did people reflect upon the true end of their being, or did they act upon the golden principle of doing and saying to others just such things as they would have them do and say to themselves, it would go far to reform the whole world.




1. NEXT to reflection, the faculty of speech is God's best gift to man for of what practical use would be the former without the latter? and vice versa. The organs of speech are as remarkable for their utility as they are wonderful in construction. Speech is of vast compass for good or evil. If used aright, it is an ornament indeed; but if otherwise, it is rather a curse than a blessing, and occasions every imaginable disturbance. Hence, both the sacred writings, and those of good and wise men, abound with directions and injunctions for the proper government of the tongue.

2. What a babel world is this! Could a man elevate himself over any town or city, and hear at once all the talk of the inhabitants-what a babbling, querulous, and confused din it would be! What a theatre, then, is the world at large, and what an admonitory consideration, that the great God hears all, and marks and remembers it!1

1 Matt. xii. 36. Jude 15.

3. The word of God is very express upon this subject. St. James's description of the tongue is as striking as it is true: "The tongue is a little member, but boasteth great things; it is a fire, and setteth on fire the course of nature, and it is set on fire of hell; it is a world of iniquity, and defileth the whole body; it is an unruly evil, and full of deadly poison; it is untameable, and requires to be held in with bit and bridle, and to be guided as the helm of a ship." Every reader must frequently have seen the truth of that scripture verified to the life,“ Grievous words stir up anger." 2 In every family and every community, we have repeated exemplifications of this text. What extensive unhappiness has resulted from grievous words! what alienations, litigations, and warfare. "Whoso keepeth his mouth and his tongue, keepeth his soul from troubles."

to them.

4. It is truly said that "the mouth of the wicked speaketh frowardness: this evil habit is natural But even good men are sometimes overcome with indiscretion of speech: the meek Moses spake unadvisedly with his lips. 'Saints are not always so meek as they ought to be.' "God shall smite thee, thou whited wall," said the apostle to the high priest. But as they draw nearer to heaven, their tempers are generally more heavenly: "Lord, lay not this sin to this charge," said the dying Stephen.

5. The following precepts should ever be remembered: "Keep thy tongue from evil, and thy lips from speaking guile:"5 "Be not rash with thy mouth-let thy words be few: "6" Let your

1 Chap. iii.

Rev. S. Wilks.

2 Prov. xv. 1.
5 Psalm xxxiv. 13.

3 Prov. xxi. 23.
6 Eccles. y. 2.

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