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how can the owner of denuded lands with no net the demand for 6 million acres for State forests. income in sight from them for a period of from Again in an article in the February, 1910, FOREST 50 to 75 years be expected to undertake it? The LEAVES, Hon. S. B. Elliott states : “ It is possible private individual and corporation will never solve that the State can secure say 2,000,000 acres, the problem of our devastated 7 million acres ! perhaps more, but she should possess not less than The considerable privately owned forest in Ger- 6,000,000 to meet the demands of her own citimany is often quoted, but students of German zens, and it is not probable that so much can be forestry point out that private forestry in that obtained ; and that would be only about 21 per country is the least efficient, and is as good as it cent. of her total area while Germany's forests is only through strict supervision by government cover 26 per cent. of the Empire's domain, and foresters supported by compulsory laws ! Com- she imports one-third of the forest products conpulsory laws are much harder to obtain in the sumed by her people, and her forests are far more United States than government ownership of productive than ours.” He might have added forest land. In fact if compulsory reforestation that the Germans practice the economy born of were to be resorted to by the State, the forest necessity in addition ! The opinion of the presowner who receives the income from the mature ent and former Commissioners of Forestry are too crop, should be reached. But in Pennsylvania well known to this Association to require quotathis is impossible, and the idea becomes at once tion. In fact the opinion of all in a position to impracticable.
judge coincides on approximately 6 million acres It is pointed out that here and there an individ as the future maximum State holdings for forest ual or a corporation are actually reforesting. This maintenance and replacement. can readily be granted but are not those individ How are we progressing toward this goal ? The uals usually practicing forestry through a feeling first State land was purchased in 1898 during of philanthropy? Will their heirs see the matter Governor Hastings' administration, and included in the same light? Can you depend on them for 19,804 acres. During Governor Stone's adminthe constant policy for a century that forestry re istration, 1899-1903, over 500,000 acres were quires ? Where is George Vanderbilt's Pisgah added. By the end of 1904 the area totalled 549, Forest now but in the lands of the Federal gov- 565 acres. By January 1, 1909, the area rose to ernment. What would have happened without a 827,725, and January 1, 1912, to 966,229 and government agency to continue it? Set aside i November 1, 1914, to 1,001,125 acres. Surely million acres of the 7 million left (beyond the this is a magnificent showing in results for an 18farmers' woodlots) for the private individual, who year period. Yet when viewed from the standis philanthropic enough and unselfish enough to point of the 6-million acre requirement we must look beyond present personal profit, and to the not pause too long for congratulation, but press the specialized corporations who may be driven to it policy for a more rapid advance. The State is by need of raw material. May the heirs of the developing a trained organization that may beformer inherit the same spirit of philanthropy to come top-heavy if it fails to move forward. The the second and third generations so that the forest State forests should increase at not less than 100,may become self-sustaining! May the succeeding ooo acres per year so that in 10 years there would directors of the latter continue the forest invest- be 2 million acres. The training school is ment with a promise of 3 to 6 per cent. return able to meet this modest program with trained rather than dispose of the capital stock to the un men. I.et us not lose ourselves in the technical suspecting public in order to move into some problems of fire-protection, reforestation, road other enterprise yielding 7 to 10 per cent, return! building, etc., coming up with our present hold
There are still 6 million acres to invite action ings (weighty though they are), and overlook the on! Municipalities should be induced to build i need of a large and comprehensive policy-and up watershed forests at least, but the State alone especially a constant policy, so that there will not remains as the logical agency able to seriously be temporary lapses requiring part of a trained undertake the huge problem.
force to leave its profession, and make a new venGovernor Stuart said in an address on May 19, ture. The last three or four years have seen some 1908, at Bethlehem, “It is hoped the State will “letting down” in the progressive forest policy. ultimately own at least 6 million acres of forest The State at present is giving to Forestry whatreservations." Also the voice of our late honored ever appropriation it can easily spare. When a association President, John Birkinbine (whose re cut seems necessary forestry is the one to be more moval by an inscrutable Providence we shall never heavily cut. Is this a policy of statecraft ? The cease to lament), in an address in 1908 at the problem is too large a one for such treatment. If Association Meeting at Chambersburg, still echoes current funds are not available for an aggressive
and statesmanlike policy then the purchase of The Pennsylvania State College
State Forests is as worthy of a bond issue as good
FOUR YEAR COURSE sufficient to warrant the immediate extension of
IN FORESTRY. State holdings. In spite of the fact that the present State holdings contain by far the greatest fire hazards, during 1914 the loss on State lands was A thorough and practical undergraduate only 23 to 42 of that on privately owned lands. In other words the more efficient fire protection
course in technical forestry—preparing men of the State forest service extended over all the
for all lines of professional and applied mountain forests outside the farm woodlots would have saved over $230,000 worth of burned forest forestry. in the one year. And the protective organization is becoming more efficient each year.
Special attention is paid to practical field In spite of the fact that farm lands have been work in surveying, mapping and forest abandoned in quantities during the last thirty years, land values have been on the increase. The
measurements. One of the largest of the 1910 Census reports the average farm land in Pennsylvania to be valued at $33.92 per acre,
State Forest Reserves is within a short walk while in 1900 it was $29.70, an increase of over
of the College. For information regarding 14 per cent. in 10 years, so that the average farm owner received 1.4 per cent. per year on his land entrance requirements, expenses, etc., address value in capital increment in addition to crop return. Some forest areas purchased by the State DEPARTMENT OF FORESTRY, have already more than quintupled in value. One lumberman with tremendous holdings in
STATE COLLEGE, PA. the Pacific North West is reported to have said that he never lost a dollar on timber except on the timber he did not buy. Pennsylvania will CHESTNUT HILL ACADEMY, never lose a dollar on forest land except on the forest land she does not buy. To put the forest policy back into its stride
CHESTNUT HILL, PHILA. again we must return to elementals—viz.: popular education.
E. A. ZIEGLER.
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70 5th Ave., Cor. 13th St., NEW YORK. Office of FRANKLIN H. HOUGH, Esq., 900 F St. N. W., Suite 519-521, WASHINGTON, D. C. You are cordially invited to call and inspect the one most convenient to you or to write for particulars and samples to
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