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Dr. H. B. Lemere, of Omaha, has been called to the service and is located at Camp Meade, Annapolis Junction, Md.

Dr. Wm. A. Shelton, Kansas City, has received his commission as captain M. R. C., and orders to proceed to Camp Oglethrorpe, Ga.

Mount Sinai Unit at the French Front-This Unit, known as United States Base Hospital No. 3, has been established in a monastery near the front. On its staff are 26 officers, 65 nurses, 150 enlisted men, and several untrained women. The hospital has accommodation for about 1,500 patients. The surgical supplies are provided by Mount Sinai Hospital and the American Red Cross. The chief officers of the hospital are: Major Michael A. Dailey, commanding; Major George Baehr, Major Howard Lilienthal, Major Herbert L. Celler, Major Edwin Beer, and Major Walter M. Brickner.

Major L. N. Milne, of Kansas City, is now in command of Hospital Unit No. 28, in France, succeeding Col. Bannister, who resigned on account of ill health.

Dr. Frank P. Norbury, Springfield, Ill., has been called to New York as acting Medical Director of the National Committee for Mental Hygiene in war work.

Dr. A. F. Jonas, Omaha, a member of the Medical Reserve Corps, has been detailed for active duty as Aide to the Governor and he is now acting in that capacity.

Dr. George H. Hoxie, of Kansas City, chief of Medical Service Hospital Unit No. 28, in active duty somewhere in France, has been commissioned Major M. R. C.

Mr. James Ketner, of Kansas City, proprietor of the Densmore Hotel, has been appointed food administrator of Jackson County, to succeed Mr. F. J. Dean, who has been assigned to duty at Camp Pike.

Dr. George F. Butler has resigned as Medical Director of Mudlavia, and accepted a position as Medical Director of the North Shore Health Resort at Winnetka, bl. He will begin his active duties there September first.

The Medical Association of the Southwest will hold its annual meeting at Dallas, Texas, October 15, 16, 17, under the presdency of Dr. E. H. Martin, of Hot Springs, Ark. Maj. F. H. Clark, secretary; - Dr. M. M. Smith, Dallas, chairman arrangement committee.

Maj. Eugene Wilson Caldwell, United States Medical Reserve Corps, died recently in New York, a victim of x-ray burns. Every daily newspaper thought his career of sufficient importance to merit the use of big headlines. To the East he was a great scientist, who literally had given his life for humanity. The West is no less proud of his achievements, and it is able to recall, too, the romance of his life. Gene Caldwell was born in Savannah, Mo., and reared in Concordia, Kans. He was only 16 or 17 years old when he entered the University of Kansas, but, youthful as he was, he was even then looked upon as a wizard. In his school days Caldwell's inclinations were entirely in the field of electricity. He paid little attention to studies foreign to that science, but if his grades in other branches were not the highest he more than made amends by his achievements in his chosen line. Even in those days the young student's genius was recognized and his assistance was sought by scientists and inventors of acknowledged standing. Summer after summer the late Prof. Lucien 1. Blake, then of the K. U. faculty, took Caldwell East with him to aid in the experiments in wireless telephony in which the elder man was then engaged. Together the Kansas pair finally solved the secret of talking to ships thousands of miles out at sea. When the first mesage was transmitted, Caldwell, instead of rushing to the New York papers, wired the news of the triumph from Sandy Hook to Dr. Francis H. Snow, the chancellor of K. U., and the word reached the outside world by way of Lawrence. Blake got the lion's share of the credit, but the professor himself, as well as many scientific observers, ungrudgingly gave Caldwell credit for invaluable assistance. When the use of x-rays first became known he devoted himself to their study, and eventually became one of the world's greatest experts and authorities on the subject. But in the beginning he was without money or backing, and it is interesting now to recall that the first x-ray apparatus which he ever owned was a second-hand affair which he purchased with money borrowed from the man at whose house he was then rooming in New York. His brilliant successes and the recognition which came to him from the leading scientists of America and Europe never turned Caldwell's head. He remained to the end the modest, almost shrinking little man whom White and Funston and the rest of them knew at Lawrence thirty years ago. For several years he had suffered from burns received in some of his experiments and he died a martyr to the science to which he had contributed so much.

Maj. Fred H. Clark, Secretary Medical Association of the Southwest, who has been in charge of Base Hospital No. 15, at Corpus Christi, Tex., for four months past, has just received orders to report for duty at Fort Logan H. Roots, near Little Rock, Ark.

Dr. Leon Charles Lewis-probably you'll remember him as “Kid" Lewis — has been commissioned a captain in the Medical Reserve Corps and is awaiting an assignment. Dr. Lewis in the old days of the Kansas City Medics was a whang of a big bustin' football player. Oh, boy, how “Kid" Lewis could hit that line and bust that interference. Playing halfback and end on the Medics of 1896-7-8-9 the “Kid" grew a reputation that stretched from Texas to Chicago and from Colorado to Illinois. In 1900 and 1901 he coached the Medics, and in 1904-5 he played og Martin Delaney's K. C. A. C. teams. He was a buster. Doctor Lewis is now

a surgeon with the Cudahy Packing Company. He was a sergeant in Hale's Zouaves in the Spanish-American war.-(This item was written by the sporting editor of the Kansas City Star.)

Dr. George F. Nicolai, formerly professor of pathology at the Berlin University and the author of a book denouncing Prussian Militarism for which he was punished by imprisonment, escaped from Germany in an airplane and landed safely in Denmark on June 24.

Dr. H. Herbert Lanier has been appointed by the Surgeon General President of a board of examiners for the Medical Reserve Corps, and for the time being its only member. Physicians wishing to enter the M. R. C. can now be examined by Dr. Lanier in Texarkana.

Dr. John H. Sutfin, age 83 years, died Monday night at his home, 3320 Virginia Ave., Kansas City, Mo. Dr. Sutfin was born in Monroe county, Indiana, August 25, 1835. Was a practicing physician in Kansas City for thirty-three years. Served three years in the Civil War, in Company D, 36th Regiment Iowa Volunteers.

Dr. Dominick M. Nigro, and Miss Edena May Riley, of Omaha, were married at the bride's home, on Wednesday, July 31. The honeymoon will be spent in Colorado. Miss Riley is a graduate of Eden Hall, Philadelphia, and of the Chevy Chase school for girls in Washington. After finishing her education, she returned to Omaha and entered the training school for nurses at the Omaha general hospital, with the hope of graduating and becoming a Red Cross nurse. Dr. Nigro attended the Kearney military college, Notre Dame university and Northwestern university, taking his medical degree at the latter institution. After leaving Omaha he enlisted in the medical officers' reserve corps, and, while awaiting call, has been serving in the general hospital, Kansas City, Mo. The Herald extends hearty congratulations.

COLOR BLINDNESS The United States Public Health Service has issued recently a pamphlet on “Color Blindness Among U. S. Seamen," a report of the Public Health Service giving valuable data. It says:

The importance of differentiating between those who are dangerously color blind—that is, unable at all times to distinguish between red and green-and those who are only slightly color blind, is brought out in a recent study conducted by the U. S. Public Health Service and reported in Public Health Bulletin No. 92.

The following classes are regarded as dangerously color blind and therefore to be excluded from positions in which they would be required to read colored signal lights: (1 those who are able to see but three or less colors in the spectrum (the normal person sees six or seven); (2) those who see more than three colors in the spectrum, but who have the red end so shortened as to prevent the recognition og a red light at a distance of two miles; and (3) those with a central scotoma (that is, a blind or partially blind area in the field of vision) for red and green.

It was concluded that this class of persons could be distinguished from those harmlessly color blind by the use of the Edrigo-Green color lantern, which was found preferable to color yarns. The theories on which the color lantern is based are given in detail in the publication.

Another feature of the investigation was the study of the prevalence of color blindness. Excluding those able to distinguish five colors in the spectrum, it was found that color blindness occurs in about 8.6 per cent of men and 2.2 per cent of women. Color blindness of a degree dangerous in occupations requiring the recognition of colored signal lights was found to occur in about 3.1 of men and 0.7 per cent of women. Among refractive conditions of the eye, color blindness or curs least frequently in eyes apparently without de monstrable refractive error, it occurs most frequently in eyes showing mixed astigmatism.

The examinations were made as a part of other studies of the effect of illumination on vision, conducted as a part of an illumination survey of the federal department buildings in Washington, D. C. One thousand persons were tested with the Edridge Green lantern to determine both the value of the lantern and the effect, if any, of refractive conditions, lesions, and anomalies of the eye, and also of ser upon different degrees of color perception.

A special study of the Jennings self-recording worsted test was also made, 50 persons being tested with this and other tests. The results with the Jennings test were found to be too inaccurate for most work, although it was found to be superior to other tests in certain lines of work where great accuracy and the classification of color defects were not es sential.

P, IL

Dr. Chas. C. Allison, of Omaha, passed away on June 19, 1918. His death removes from the medical profession of the state one of its foremost figures. He was born in Kansas in 1865, was educated at St. Mary's College, St. Mary, Kansas, after which he was a student in medicine at Louisville Medical College, Louisville, Kentucky, graduating in 1888. After graduation he served a term as ship's surgeon, coming to Omaha in 1891. For a time he was associated in the practice of surgery with Dr. John E. Summers, later opening an office of his own and continuing in the practice of surgery until his death. As a physician he was ever ready to minister to the wants of the physicially ill and gave much of his time and means to charitable service. He held the position of the Professor of Principles and Practice of Surgery and Clinical Surgery at Creighton Medical College for many years. Dr. Allison was a member of the Medical Society of the Missouri Valley since 1894; a fel. low of the American Medical Association and a member of his county and state societies; he was a frequent contributor to medical literature.

THE DOCTOR REJOICES
Fare thee well,
Fare thee well,
Fare thee well, my former lay;

For I'm on to something better

Than cirrhosis, nerves or tetterSinging poliomyelitis all the day!

F. A. Turner (Ill. Med. Jour.) says that the chief predisposing cause of hemorrhoids is the upright position of man and the absence of valves in the rectal veins. An enlightened prophylaxis would point to the wisdom of retaining the recumbent position as long as possible, at least until the fire was lit and the morning chores were done. How about the wife? Well, women like to be ailing anyway, and it might as well be piles as anything else. Besides we are a specialist in homology and take no account of aught outside of our chosen field.

Among men it is generally conceded that the ones who have to be handled with gloves should really be handled with an ax to save time, but it is quite the exception to find a woman who does not need to be handled with gloves.-R. T. Morris, "Drs. vs. Folks."

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Fox Hills Base Hospital Completed–The United States Base Hospital at Fox Hills, Staten Island, comprising eighty-six buildings, was completed, June 25, the entire plant having been constructed in 100 days. The hospital is now prepared to care for 3,000 patients. The staff consists of a personnel of 650 including physicians, nurses and attendants. There are three large wards containing 1,000 beds each. The hospital is one of the largest in the world. Col. William Rutherford, U. S. Army, M. C., will be in charge. In connection with the hospital, the American Red Cross has completed a theater for the patients which will seat 7,200 persons. Fifteen acres of land adjoining the hospital have been purchased by the government so that the capacity of the hospital may be doubled at any time.

New State Officers-At the meeting of the North Dakota State Medical Association in Fargo, a service nag bearing 125 stars was dedicated, and the folowing officers were elected: president, Dr. Edgar A. Pray, Valley City; vice presidents, Drs. William P. Baldwin Casselton; Fred E. Ewing, Kenmare, and Harley E. French, Grand Forks; 'secretary, Dr. Hezekiah J. Rowe, Casselton (reelected); treasurer, Dr. William F. Sihler, Devils Lake; councilors, Drs. Edvard M. Ranson, Minot; Frederick L. Wicks, Valley City; Le Roy G. Smith, Medina, and Charles MacLachlan, New Rockford; delegate to the A. M. A., Dr. Charles MacLachlan, New Rockford, and alterate, Dr. Frank W. MacManus, Williston. Next meetnig in Grand Forks.

men; the foremost American scientists are its stars, and during the short period it has been in operation it has produced some of the most remarkable pictures ever registered on film. It is known as “Gorgas Film Company." The Surgeon General has gone into the moving picture business, and the whole army medical department has gone in with him. With the help of various officers and privates who formerly owned, operated and worked for large moving picture companies, a moving picture plant has been installed in a building near the army medical headquarters, a government film agency has been established, and films at the rate of 158,000 feet a week are being produced for the entertainment and education of the army. Before they are shipped to the cantonments, the films are tried out in a long, dark and badly ventilated room that has all the atmosphere of a com ercial moving picture theater. Here medical officers, the heads of government departments, congressional committees, and even the secretary of war, occasionally drop in and ask to see the pictures. The "animated cartoonist” of the army medical corps is Sergeant Paul Terry, who formerly ran the “Animated Weekly” and built the camera for the Bray cartoons. When he first entered the army he had no medical knowledge whatsoever, but he attracted the attention of the medical officers by the accurate sketches he was able to make of their operations. Colonel William Owen, in charge of the army movie plant under Surgeon General Gorgas, believing that the young man possessed unusual ability, decided to send him to Johns Hopkins university to study under Max Brodel. Now the Terry surgical cartoons are one of the most important products of the army medical corps, and so expert has the artist become that he can place his hand inside a wound and draw an accurate picture of its interior. In cases where a patient cannot be photographed under X-ray, Terry is always called into consultation. The "Gorgas Film Company" does not confine itself to surgical films, however. Many scenarios are written for the sole benefit of the soldier, and are teaching lessons that the finest vocal eloquence has failed to "get over." One of these, entitled, “Fit to Fight," deals with the physological aspects of venereal disease. Another film shows the soldier how to take care of his feet-how avoid having flat feet and trench foot, and the correct motion in walking. It comprises, as one lieutenant put it, two thousand feet of foot.

Osteopaths Not Admitted to the Medical ServiceAt a meeting of the American Osteopathic Association in Boston, the president made a vigorous protest against the report made by the Surgeon General to the Military Affairs Committee of Congress adverse to the acceptance of drugless healers in the Medical Corps of the army. He quoted from this report as follows: "The admission of osteopath physicians as such, and without the degree of doctor of medicine, to the Medical Corps would have practically unanimous opposition of the medical profession of this country and of all allied countries; would be regarded, and justly so, as lowering the standards, educational and professional, of our Medical Corps, and would have a discouraging and det. rimental effect upon efforts to secure physicians for the corps, both now and in future, and upon the general morale of the corps.” It certainly is difficult to imagine how an osteopathic practitioner, who is forbidden by the license law to give drugs, could treat the wounded at the front or those ill with trench fever, or the like.-N. Y, Med. Record.

Military Movies—A new and unique moving picture concern has recently been organized in Washngton, D. C. some of the most important men in he moving picture industry are working as its camera

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Taking No Such Chances! Jones: “I see Germany is accusing the U. S. of sending its aviators across in hospital ships."

Smith: "Do not think for a minute that Uncle Sam would be so foolish. Our aviators are far too precious a cargo to risk on a hospital boat."

Not a Sure Cure Another one of the unfortunate coincidences of life was on last Saturday night. While Dr. Frank W. Blackmar was lecturing on “War as a Cure for Crime,” three murderers and five holdups were being committed in Kansas City.-K. C. Star.

Thrifty to the Eend "Vell, doctor, uf I got to die, I die contentet. My life insurance is ten t'ousand tollars."

"I think, with the aid of stimulants, I can keep you alive for a week longer."

"Don't do it, doctor. Der premium comes. due der day after tomorrow."-Sunshine.

Stick to Your Last A physician took it into his head to go hunting, and started out bright and early on a beautiful Octo ber morning, fully armed for game. About 4 o'clock in the afternoon he returned tired out and empty handed, telling his wife he had not killed a thing, whereupon she remarķed triumphantly: "I told you so," adding, in the next breath: “If you had stayed at home and attended to your legitimate business you might have been more successful."

Properly Placed The old soldier was telling of his thrilling adven tures on the field of battle to a party of young fellows one or two of whom were skeptical as to his veracity

"Then,” he said, "the surgeons took me up and laid be on the ammunition wagon and"

"Look here,” interrupted one of the doubtful listeners, "you don't mean the ammunition wagon. You mean the ambulance wagon."

"No," he insisted. "I was so full of bullets thal they decided I ought to go in the ammunition wagon

Those Paper Suits When we come to wearing paper clothes, news paper suits will be fashionable for light summer attire, and will be issued in editions. Thus, if you board the street car in a 6 o'clock suit, while all the other passengers are wearing nothing later than o'clocks, you will be'the center of attraction all the way home. Women's morning suits will be fear tured with bargain sales on the skirt, while men's suits will carry the war news on the lapels and the box scores on the sleeves.-K. C. Star.

We fear newspaper suits will not become popular with the women while the publishers use such flims) paper.

| An incompatible prescription-Sleep in a quiet, dark room with the windows open.-Critic and Guide. | High blood pressure should not necessarily be reduced. In most cases it is compensatory.--Eggleston, Lancet-Clinic. 1 White clothes are cool in the sun; in the shade light weight serges are preferable; with silk unders, sox and shirts. | Wet compresses of sodium hyposulphite, a dram to the ounce, are very useful in plant poisoning.-Ur. and Cutan. Review. 1 Synthetic camphor may be as good as the real thing, but the latter is so much cheaper that the artificial has no chance.

| Treatment of renal maladies by renal extracts is being urged, mainly by French authorities. Sounds like a crude homeopathy.

Magnesium salts show inhibition as the dominant action. Calcium and magnesium salts are biologically antagonistic.-Med Council.

| A long walk in the open air is Nature's best cure for a grouch, and besides is a splendid tonic for both body and mind.-Bull. Chi. S. S. I. | Between the work of the orthopedic surgeon and that of the chiropodist is a vast field of neglected foot distortions.-Cross, Med. Council. 9 Hot Weather Hint-If weak, dizzy and exhausted, seek the shade, lie down and wet the head; drink buttermilk and lemonade.-John Dill Robertson. 1 A few cases of obesity treated by palladium hydroxide, with strenuous dieting and vigorous exercise, have given only fair results.--Rosenthal, Amer. Med. | There are several causes of sudden death. One is gluttony. Hewers of wood can't afford highly sophisticated diet and they don't die suddenly.--Med. Summary.

A very reliable indication for bryonia is that pressure over the inflamed part induces soreness, and that the patient dislikes to be moved.—Ellingwood, Med. World. | Of course the flock pressing after the bell-wethers must hunt for a serum for purpura, when a single dose of atropine will stop the hemorrhagic part instanter. I Wilms' treatment of sublimate poisoning consists of the intravenous use of calx sulphurata, grain for grain of the poison taken; the solution used containing a grain to the ounce.-Ohio S. M. J. | Nature, that primeval deity antedating grouchy old Saturn, intended her human offspring to begin each day with a long draught from the babbling spring. Possibly she had an object in dissolving it in a pinch of mineral salts.-Am. J. Clin. Med.

| The Medical Council asserts that it still sticks to the salicylates from “true oil of wintergreen." A precious lot of that gets into the market! Say oil of birch, and you will come closer. But the really pure artificial salicylate is purer and better than that from the oil.

Typhoid, diphtheria and pneumonia, possibly mening gitis, poliomyelitis and streptococcic sore throat, eru transmitted by human carriers. In every case these the physician should determine whether his pas tient is cured and free of bacteria.—Public Health.

THE BUCHANAN COUNTY MEDICAL SOCIETY

(Organized April 14, 1903) OFFICERS FOR 1918

COMMITTEES FOR 1918 President

.Daniel Morton

· Executive-J. J. Bansbach, J. M. Doyle, W. M.

Minton. First Vice-President.

.L. J. Dandurant

Public Health and Legislation-Floyd Spencer, J. F. Second Vice-President.

.G. R. Stevenson

Owens, W. C. Proud.

Program-H. S. Conrad, A. B. McGlothlan, G. R. Secretary

W. F. Goetze

Stevenson.

Library-C. R. Woodson, Jno. Wisser, B. W. TadTreasurer

...J. M. Bell

lock. Censors-P. I. Leonard, 1918; J. B. Reynolds, 1918

Medical Service-Daniel Morton, 1918; L. J. Dandu1919; J. I. Byrne, 1918-1919-1920.

rant, 1918-1919; Wm. Minton, 1918-1919-1920.

Membership-Louis Bauman, Fred Ladd, W. W. Delegates-H. S. Forgrave, 1918; J. F. Owens, 1918

Gray. 1919.

Tuberculosis - Horace Carle, Porter Williams, Alternates-_J. J. Bansbach, 1918; Floyd Spencer,

Charles Geiger. 1918-1919.

Laboratory-Clarence Good, Paul Forgrave, Caryl

Potter, P. I. Leonard, A. L. Gray, E. B. Kessler, Council-C. R. Woodson, expires 1920.

G. A. Lau.

Wednesday evening.

Scientific meeting of the Society held by invitation at the State Hospital No. 2. 72 members present, Dr. Daniel Morton in the chair.

This meeting consisted of a very enjoyable dinner tendered through the courtesy of Dr. Porter E. Williams, one of our members, who entertained the Society with some very graceful remarks, which were followed by the regular program of the evening, consisting of a clinic by Dr. C. R. Woodson, and a paper by Dr. C. H. Wallace, entitled "Some remarks upon acute perforative Appendicitis with report on one unusual case with pathological specimen,” after the reading of which the Society adjourned until next Wednesday evening, June 26, to finish up the remaining business for the season.

Paul Forgrave, was adopted by a standing vote of 20 in favor, 8 opposed:

“Resolved, that the report of the Committee on the three items suggested be adopted, but that an additional re-arrangement of the entire Fee Bill be made on a basis of 25% increase on maximum and minimum charges as shown on the Fee Bill now in effect, and a copy of the revised Fee Bill be sent each member of the Society."

It was furthermore resolved that the above prices, go into effect July 1st.

Following this session Film No. 111, subject, "Operation for Cholecystitis, Appendectomy, Gastroenterostomy" by Dr. John F. Erdmann was shown.

W. F. GOETZE, Secretary.

Medical Society Calendar 1918

NATIONAL

Wednesday evening, June 26, Dr. Daniel Morton in the chair.

Adjourned meeting of the Society held at the Library Building, 31 members present.

Minutes of the previous meeting were read and with a slight change suggested by Dr. Morton were approved.

The applications of Drs. J. T. Stamey and W. T. Elam for membership received second reading and the Doctors elected as members.

The application of Dr. Wm. H. Bailey for membership was withdrawn at the request of Dr. Bailey.

The following bills were presented and a warrant rdered drawn on the Treasurer to pay same: Lon. Hardman.....

$13.95 Multi Letter Company.

9.93 Secretary for postage on Bulle

tin and 1,000 envelopes...... 6.15 The Secretary was instructed to pay the State lues for which Dr. Chas. Greenberg is in arrears. Committee on Economy made the following report:

"To the President of the Buchanan County Medcal Society: In view of the increased expense of oing business and the universal raise in prices, the ommittee of Fees wishes to make the following uggestions that the Society raise a day call to 1.00, a night call to $4.00, obstetrical cases to $25.00 nd up. Respectively submitted,

P. I. Leonard,
C. R. Woodson,
J. F. Owens,

Committee."
After discussion the following resolution intro-
uced by Dr. Caryl Potter, and seconded by Dr.

American Assn. of Electro-Therapeutics

Boston, Sept. 10-12 American Assn. of Obstetricians. .Detroit, Sept. 23-25 American Assn. of R. R. Surgerons. Chicago, Oct. 16-18 American Roentgen-Ray Society.....

Ft. Oglethorpe, Ga., Sept. 4-6 American Public Health Assn.... Chicago, Oct. 14-17 Clinical Congress of the American College of

Surgeons, New York City... ...Oct. 21-26, 1918 Med. Society Missouri Valley......Omaha, Sept. 19-20 Med. Association Southwest. Dallas, Tex., Oct. 15-16-17 Mississippi Valley Med. Ass. Louisville, Ky., Oct. 15-17 Southern Surgical Assn.... Baltimore, Md., Dec. 17-19 Southern Medical Assn.... Asheville, N. C., Nov. 11-14

Secretaries of societies are requested to send us dates of their meetings.

If Germany Moved Into Texas Despite the volumes and the miles of columns that have been printed about everything pertaining to the war, how many Americans realize that the whole empire of Germany could be put away inside of a single American State? Texas could contain all of Germany and have room enough left over to accommodate New York and New Jersey.

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