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The Medical Herald
When the human being becomes a bird he
finds himself in an entirely new environment. Incorporating the kansas City Medical Inder-Lancet
In the experiment which Surgeon Anderson had
carried out himself when he was taken up in an Vol. XXXVII. SEPTEMBER, 1918 No. 9 aeroplane blindfolded, he states that he was able CHAS. WOOD FASSETT, Managing Editor
to describe the position in space at various
times, that is, he was able to do this during the 713 Lathrop Building, Kansas City, Mo.
climbing and flying with the right wing, and ASSOCIATE EDITORS
with the first spiral downward to the right! It P. I. LEONARD, St. Joseph.
was done by the internal ear mechanism.
He was blindfolded all the time.
A series of examinations of the functional
activities of the labyrinths of whirling dancers, H. ELLIOTT BATES, New York. JOE BECTON, Greenville, Texas.
head balancers, equilibrists, tight and slack wire HERMAN J. BOLDT, New York.
performers, and various other circus and vaudeA. L. BLESH, Oklahoma City. G. HENRI BOGART, Paris, Ill.
ville stunt performers has been made by nuST. CLOUD COOPER, Fort Smith, Ark. merous observers, and findings in these exW. T. ELAM, St. Joseph.
aminations are on record in the U. S. Medical JACOB GEIGER, St. Joseph. S. S. GLASSCOCK, Kansas City, Kan.
Research Laboratory. Apropos is the quotaH. R. HARROWER, Los Angeles, Cal.
tion from the letter of an American aviator in JAS. W. HEDDENS, St. Joseph. VIRGINIA B. LE ROY, Streator, III.
France: "While in the air at about 700 meters, DONALD MACRAE, Council Bluffs.
some low hanging clouds blew down, envelopL. HARRISON METTLER, Chicago. DANIEL MORTON, St. Joseph.
ing me completely. For a half hour I wandered D. A. MYERS, Lawton, Okla.
around vainly trying to get my bearings—when JOHN PUNTON, Kansas City. W. T. WOOTTON, Hot Springs, Ark.
you get into very thick clouds it is impossible to HUGH H. YOUNG, Baltimore.
tell'whether you are in ligne de vol, that is, flyGarnitu rom. Gunnammmmmmmmmmmmmmoon, Gummmmm
ing level, for there is no horizon visible to gauge
by. Frequently, an aviator will come out into The Editors' Forum
clear space and find himself on the verge of a wing slip.”
This man was certainly deprived of any useful information coming along his visual tract during the time that he was utterly unable to se anything on account of the cloud. Yet he could not see, taste, smell or hear, or by touch feel where he was, and he avoided disaster.
According to the official blank, the equilib
rium tests are made thus : peace that she has treasured. God helping her, she can do no other."
(a) Nystagmus-First of all, a spontaneous WOODROW WILSON.
nystagmus must be looked for. It is noted
whether there is any twitching of the eyes when Tests for
gazing straight ahead, or looking either to the Aviation
extreme right, the extreme left, up or down.
With the head forward 30 degrees, the candidate Young men who wish to join the aviation is turned to the right, eyes closed, ten turns in corps frequently ask for information in regard twenty seconds. The instant the chair is stopped to the physical requirement. The tests for the the stop-watch is clicked; the candidate opens equilibrium of the body have proven that the his eyes and looks straight ahead at some distant internal ear must be normal. Ear specialists point. There should occur a horizontal nystaghave proven that the sea sickness only occurs in mus to the left of twenty-six seconds' duration. those who have a normal ear. The ear is adapted The candidate then closes his eyes and is turned for sensing motion and secondarily, position, and to the left; there should occur a horizontal nyscontains nature's “spirit levels" allowing the tagmus to the right, of twenty-six seconds' duraaviator to keep his machine on even keel when tion. A variation of ten seconds is allowable flying in darkness or when earthly landmarks (either as low as sixteen seconds or as high as are invisible. Every movement of the body thirty-six seconds). necessitates a movement of the fluid in the semi- (b) Pointing-1. The candidate closes his circular canals of the ear. A drunken man reels eyes, sitting in a chair facing the examiner, because his brain centers are deadened to the touches the examiner's finger held in front of stimuli sent in by these “spirit levels” and the him, raises his arm to the perpendicular position, muscular adjustments are only clumsily and lowers the arm, and attempts to find the examtardily made.
iner's finger. This is done first with the right
"THE DAY has come when America is privileged
to spend her blood and her might for the principles that gave her birth and happiness, and the
and then with the left arm. The normal person ulty of McGill University. He was training for is always able to find the finger.
the profession of medicine and surgery at the 2. The pointing test is repeated after turn time the South African trouble began and he ing to the right, ten turns in ten seconds. During served through the Boer War as a subaltern in the last turn, the stop-pedal is released, and as the Royal Canadian Artillery. . the chair comes into position, it becomes locked. At the outbreak of the present war he volunThe right arm is tested, then the left, then the teered his services and as a Major he joined the right, then the left, until candidate ceases to First Artillery Brigade C. F. A. in August, 1914. past-point. The absolutely normal will past. With this unit, he served as medical officer, point to the right three times with each arm, if through all the early engagements in which the needless delay is avoided. (However, one past. First Canadian Division took part. It is a point pointing to the right of each arm qualifies, if of interest to note that the commanding officer the nystagmus and falling are normal.)
of this brigade was Lieut. Col. E. W. B. Mor3. The past-pointing is repeated after turn rison, D. S. O., a fellow subaltern in the same ing to the left. (Similarly one past-pointing of battery in South Africa. The latter is now a each arm to the left qualfies, if the nystagmus major general and in command of the artillery of and falling are normal.)
the Canadian Corps. (c) Falling—The candidate's head is inclined After the battle of Festubert Major Macrea 90 degrees forward. He is turned to the right was promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel five turns in ten seconds. On stopping, the and was given charge of the McGill University candidate quietly sits up, eyes closed, and should Base Hospital. Arduous work and continued exfall to the right. This tests the vertical semi- posure brought him down with pneumonia. He circular canals. He is turned to the left, the head died, a patient in his own hospital, a short time forward 90 degrees; on stopping, he again sits aferwards. up, and should fall to the left.
"In Flanders' Fields” has evoked many responses. The best is that written by Senator
H. E. Negley of Indianapolis, and by him preAmerica's Answer to
sented to the British and Canadian Recruiting “In Flanders Fields"
Mission. It is reproduced below: In last month's issue we published the beauti
We heed the call of Britain's dead ful poem “In Flanders Fields" from the pen of On Flanders' fields, where allies bled, the late Dr. John Macrea. The beauty and sig
And died the death of soldiers brave.
The sacrifice supreme they gave nificance of this poetic gem, which has been
There ran their blood like poppies red, translated into many languages on account of its
In Flanders' fields. ringing patriotism, will be more fully appreciated after reading the circumstances inspiring its
America now comes with all production. In the August issue of the "English
Her manhood's flower, prepared to fall Speaking World," a magazine published in Ruth
If need be, to avenge the toll
Ye gave amid the battle's roll, erford, N. J., we find the following:
In Flanders' fields. “In Flanders Fields” was written by Lieut. Col. John Macrea, of the Canadian Army Medical
For you we grasp the torch that came Corps while he sat in his dugout on the banks of
Back from your dead; and with its flame
We light our nation's beacons bright; the Yser Canal during those awful days in April,
In God We Trust. Our cause is right, 1915, when the dauntless First Canadian Division
If we break faith, then be our shame outnumbered almost ten to one, held the foe in
In Flanders' fields. check at Langemarck, St. Julien and Ypres and Note--Copies of both these poem's may be obtained barred the way to Calais. Its inspiration is thus by addressing the editor of the Medical Herald. explained by an officer who was serving in the same unit, the First Artillery Brigade.
Mrs. D. C. Bryant, wife of Dr. D. C. Bryant, “On the Flanders front in the early Spring of died July 25, 1918, at Claremont, California. 1915, two of the most noticeable features of the Doctor “Daddy’ Bryant is an ex-president of field were, first, the luxuriant growth of red our State Medical Association. He is well and poppies appearing among the graves of the favorably known as a teacher and practitioner of fallen soldiers, and second, that only one species medicine. Many physicians in Nebraska and the of bird remained on the field during the fighting middle west were his students in the class room, —the larks—who, as soon as the cannonading and at the bedside, imbibing knowledge from his ceased, would at once rise in the air, singing." example and precept. The entire medical pro
Lieutenant Col. Macrea, the author, was a fession in Nebraska extend condolence to our bewidely known Canadian surgeon, who at the out- loved Dr. D. C. Bryant in his bereavement.-Neb. break of war was a member of the medical fac- State Journal.
influence in medical circles, was probably greater tion, unpopular as it was in many places, into the than any other Iowa medical practitioner. His issue. It was fortunate that he was spared to physical vigor and endurance; his great energy witness the final success of a great work that has in medical organization, had placed him where we placed American Medical Colleges in the highest had ceased to think of him in terms of death and ranks. His activities in medical society organizawhen the announcement came that Dr. Littig was tions was unequaled. Dr. Littig was uncomprodead, it produced a profound shock. Dr. Littig mising in his warfare against fraud and pretense
in his own ranks, and he abhored quackery in bachelor of arts, and two years later received all its forms. His sense of honor was of the the degree of master of arts. highest, and he never allowed his name to be used He entered the medical college of the Iowa in any questionable manner. The writer had the University in 1880 graduating therefrom in 1883. good fortune to be intimately associated with Dr. In the fall of the same year he entered the mediLittig, in many activities.
cal department of the University of PennsylMany years ago when serving as chairman of vania graduating from that institution in May, the Section of Medicine of the State Medical So- 1884. ciety we invited Dr. Middleton of Davenport, to After a competitive examination he next beprepare a paper for the section, but was re- came resident physician of the Philadelphia ferred to a young physician who had but recently Blockley hopital, an institution of 1000 beds. At located in Davenport, filled with the most recent the expiration of his term as resident physician medical knowledge from the universities of Eu- Dr. Littig returned to Davenport where he was rope—Dr. Littig was the man—and strange as it at once elected county physician. Resigning this may seem, the paper was on “Infections," from position at the end of nine months he went to which the gifted man at last himself fell a victim. Europe, where he spent some two and one-half
Dr. Littig was a man of wide general informa years in the hospitals of Vienna and Berlin. Durtion. A master of English and possessed of a
ing this time he made several trips to London, reading and speaking knowledge of French, Ger- passed the necessary examinations, and in Octoman and Italian languages.
ber, 1887, received the qualification, "Member of Ten years ago he suffered from a serious in
Royal College of Surgeons” (M. R. C. S.), which
entitles him to practice in Great Britain. fection while treating an accident case which led to an attack of myositis which threatened a
Subsequently Dr. Littig made three visits to permanent crippling of his limbs. At this time he
Europe, spending the entire time in the Royal spent a winter in Rome, and while there formed
hospital of Vienna, an institution of 4000 beds. a close friendship with Professor Bastianelli, the
Dr. Littig was made professor of anatomy in
the University of Iowa in 1889 and was subsefamous Italian surgeon—who is now serving as Chief Surgeon of the Italian Army. It was dur
quently promoted to the chair of theory and prac
tice of medicine and clinical medicine. He was ing the winter in Rome that Dr. Littig took up seriously, the study of Italian literature and since
secretary of the county medical associations at then he always carried in his pocket a small vol
this time and an honored member of the Ameriume of Italian romance, to which he devoted
can Medical Association, the Medical Society of hours on trains and at stations. He saw much
the Missouri Valley, and many other organiza
tions. beauty in the old Italian romances of love and intrigue. There were many phases of Dr. Littig's
“The Staycharacter which were but little understood, even by his closest friends. Many were only able to
at-Homes" see his rugged exterior, little dreaming of the
Dr. I. N. Pickett, of Nebraska, has a most exwarm heart dwelling within. He almost feared cellent scheme for taking care of those who have that expressions of sympathy were evidences of sacrificed their practice, and gone to serve their weakness and when torn with anxiety over the country: welfare of his desperately sick patient, and de- In the Nebraska State Medical Journal Dr. voting every ounce of energy to the cure, he was Pickett says: often thought indifferent. Dr. Littig was in no
“The proposition which I believe worthy of sense of the word a "good mixer.” He recog consideration, is that each Stay-at-Home in nized this fact. painfully, and realized the handi- active practice contribute to this War Gift Fund cap, but he knew that nature had denied him this the sum of $20 per month during the war, and important faculty to success, and that artificial
for 60 days after peace treaties are signed by the attempts at sweetness would quickly betraybelligerents. This fund so accumulated to be him, therefore he trusted to honesty and loyalty prorated regardless of rank and paid over to all of purpose for whatever he could accomplish.
physicians of the state holding commissions, or
to their legal representatives. The fund to be Dr. L. W. Littig was a native son of lowa, placed in the hands of someone to be designated having been born in Davenport July 20, 1858,
by the Board of Councilors, of the Nebraska his father John Littig was a native of France State Medical Association, who should be reand a farmer by occupation.
quired to keep a just and accurate account of He acquired his early education in the public same.” schools of Davenport where his parents lived for Why not adopt a similar plan in Missouri: the greater part of their lives. He was graduated from St. Vincent's college of Cape Girar- A man told us today that belief in success deau, Missouri, in 1880 with the degree of makes success. Belief in failure makes failure.
Organized at Council Bluffs, Iowa, September 27, 1888. Objects: "The objects of this society shall be to foster, advance and disseminate medical knowledge; to uphold and maintain the dignity of the profession; and to encourage social and harmonious relations within its ranks.”—Constitution.
* 65 Service Stars * * *
THE MEDICAL SOCIETY OF
"Keep the Home Fires Burning"
"Follow the Flag"
pital 110 Sanitary Train, 35th Div., U. S.
..... St. Joseph
A., Somewhere in France.
CHAS. WOOD FASSETT.... Kansas City
JNO. E. SUMMERS................ Omaha
Chairman Arr. Committee.
"Carry On" the work of the Society
“Keep the Home
Banister, of Omaha, has been designated as the Fires Burning"
representative of this department at your meetThe “Carry On” Meeting of this society at
ing. Your interest in the medical department,
as shown by recent editorials in the Medical Omaha gives promise of being the best medi
Herald, is deeply appreciated.” cal gathering of the year in the Middle West. Every mail brings the secretary inquiries and
*Preliminary Program requests for programs. The list of papers, while
"What Medical Science Owes to the Military Surnot so large as usual, contains a variety of topics geon,” Col. J. M. Banister (U. S. A., retired), Omaha. that should interest every man in practice,
“Present Status of the Tuberculosis Problem," Dr. whether he be specialist, internist or surgeon. Francis M. Pottenger, Monrovia, Cal. (president Mis
While it is conceded that military surgery, sissippi Valley Medical Association.) shock and war wound treatment are just now “Radium and X-Ray in the Treatment of Cancer," being accorded the center of the stage, we must Dr. Frank H. Blackmarr, Chicago. bear in mind that there is abundant work for
“Unusual and Interesting Fractures and Disloca
tions," illustrated by lantern slides, Dr. C. W. Hop the "Home Guard" while our brothers are car
kins, Chicago (chief surgeon C. & N. W. R. R.) ing for the valliant fighters on the other side.
“Influence of War Upon the Medical Profession We shall, therefore, have with us representatives
and Upon the People," Maj. Jno. P. Lord, U. S. A. Hos. of the U. S. army, navy, Medical Reserve Corps,
pital, Fort Des Moines, Iowa. Department of Public Health, Red Cross and the
“Conjugated Family Syphilis of the Nervous SygDepartment of Reconstruction. A series of mov- +
tem,” Dr. S. Grover Burnett, Kansas City. ing pictures will be shown on Thursday evening.
"Medical Treatment of Goitre," Dr. Granville illustrating the treatment of war wounds, trans Ryan, Des Moines. plantation of tendons, correction of paralytic club “Multiple Infections and Their Interrelationship,” foot, femoral hernia, Dr. Carrel at work in a Dr. W. W. Duke, Kansas City, French hospital, the Carrel-Dakin war wound
“Varieties of Dementia Illustrated,” Dr. Greshom
H. Hill, Des Moines. treatment.
“Chorea,” Dr. Arthur L. Smith, Lincoln. On Thursday evening, Sept. 19, a “patriotic
“Consideration of Special Therapy in Asthma, dinner" will be given at Hotel Fontenelle at 6
Hydrocephalus, Aortic Sclerosis," A. Sophian, Kansas o'clock. Speakers of national reputation will be ent Ladies are especially invited to at- "Side Lights on Carcinoma," 0. C. Morrison, Car
roll, Iowa. The Omaha Chamber of Commerce will en “Paranoia, With Special Reference to the Paratertain at luncheon on Thursday noon, in their noid Tendencies of the kaiser," Tom Bentley Throck
morton, Des Moines. club rooms. Ladies are invited to this luncheon.
"Fat Embolism," Dr. A. R. Mitchell, Lincoln. Additional entertainment will be provided by the
"Some Diagnostic Advantages in Spinal Fluid ladies' committee.
Analyses,” Dr. H. J. Lenhoff, Lincoln. In response to a letter from the secretary to the Surgeon General of the army, Gen. Gorgas
“McKinnon's Jejunostomy," Dr. C. E. Emerson,
Lincoln. replied that “It is the policy of this office to en Note-Complete program is now in press, and will be
mailed to all members. Additional copies will be furcourage the attendance of medical officers at the
nished upon application to the secretary. All papers listed meetings of medical societies, and Col. J. M.
above will be published in the Medical Herald.