Page images
PDF
EPUB

Registered at the New York Postoffice as Second-class Matter.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][graphic][subsumed][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

25 Cents a Copy; $2.00 a Year,

[graphic]
[ocr errors]

ECLIPSES. During the year 1892 there will be to fit eclipses, two of the Sun and two of the Moon. I.-A total eclipse of the Sun, April 26, in visible in the United States.

east II.-A partial eclipse of the Moon, May 11, visible in the United States of Cincinnati, the Moon rising with the earth's shadow upon

it. The eclipse ends at New-York 7:41 p. m., Washington 7:29 p. m. and Boston 7:53 p. m. III.-A partial eclipse of the Sun, visible as follows: Place. Eclipse Eclipse

Place.

Eclipse Eclipse begins. ends.

begins.

ends. Albany, N. Y.. 0:08 p. m.

3:09 p. m.
Philadelphia ... 0:06 p. m.

3:03 p. m. Boston

0:24 p. m.

3:21 p. m. Portland, Ore..... 8:48 a. m. 9:50 a. m. Chicago ..11:04 a. m. 1:48 p. m. St. Louis. 10:55 a. m.

1:37 p. m. Cincinnati ...11:19 a.m. 2:14 p. m. Washington ...11:56 a. m. 2:56 p. m. New York

0:12 p. m.

3:09 p. m. The eclipse will be visible over nearly the whole of North America and the West Indies. Greatest size of the eclipse, 10.9 digits.

IV.-A total eclipse of the Moon, November 4, invisible in the United States, but seen in Asia and Europe.

THE FOUR SEASONS. Spring begins March 19, 10h. 22m. p. m. Autumn begins September 22, 8h. 59m. Summer begins June 20, 6h. 24m. p. m.

a. m. Winter begins December 21, 3h. 19m. a. m.

[blocks in formation]

PLANETS BRIGHTEST.
Mercury, January 22, May 20 and Septem Venus, June 2 and August 15.

ber 14, rising before the sun; also March Mars, August 4.
28, July 26 and November 20, setting Jupiter, October 12.
after the sun.

Saturn, March 16.

CHURCH DAYS AND CYCLES OF TIME. Septuagesima Sunday

Feb. 14 Whit Sunday (Pentecost). S xa esim. Sundav

Feb, 21 Trin ty Sunday. Qui .quag sina Sunday.

..Feb. 28

Corpus Christi. Ash Wednesday...

March 2 Ady nt Sunda Quadragesima Sundy

March 6 Dominic al L tvers.. Md-Lent Sunday.

March 27 Epact Palm Sunday..

April 10 Golden Numer. Go‘d Friday

April 16

Solar Cycle... Easter Sun'ay..

April 17 Roman Indiction. Low Sunday.

April 24 Julian Period.. Rogation Sunday

May 22 Dionysian Period. Ascension Day

May 26 | Jewish Lurar (ye e..

June 5 .. June 12 ... June 16 Nov. 27

C. B.

12 25

6,605 221

9

March
June

EMBER DAYS:
9, 11, 12 September
8, 10, 11 December

.21, 23, 24 .14, 16, 17

66

66

66

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

i 633"

440 « 358

TABLE OF MERIDIAN PASSAGE, RISING AND SETTING OF PLANETS

FOR WASHINGTON. D. C., IN 1892.
VENUS.

MAKS.
JUPITER.

SATURN.
Meridian.

Meridian

1

Sets, i Passage. I

Meridian

Rises.
Passage.

. Sets,

Meridiar
Passage

Rises.
h. m.
h. in.
h. in.
h. m.
h. Ni.

h. m. Jan. 1..

h. m.
1 55 p.m.
6 46 p.m.

h. m. 8 09 a.m.

3 01 a.m. 4 17 p.m 953p.m! 522a.m/1112p.m 11.. 25

7 8
7 55
2 53

344 21..) 2 15

92265

443 4
7 33
7 41

10336 2 45

3 12 Feb. 1..2 21

853 "

4 3
7 58
7 26

952 66 1 2 36

2 37

820"
11.. 2 20

319 66
8 22
7 13

98 65 | 228

2 6

753 " 21.. 2 30

238 66 8 41

826 7 0 1218

1 35 Mar. 1..

725 6
2 34

1 56 65
90
646

744 " 1 7

7 0 11.. 1 2 38

119 66

7 4 9 20 6 35 1 57 0 37

0366 21.. 2 43 9 36

622 € 6 22 1 44 0 6

6 7 " Apr. 1.. 250 110 3

11 50p.m! 538 1 29

111 33 am risesa.m 11 46 sets. a.m 11.. 2 56 10 21

5 52
1 112 11 2

4 59" (1022"
21..
3 3
10 36

5 36
1 0 55
10 32

425 May 1.. 3 7

10 41
6 19
0 36 110 1

351 66 11.. 3 9 10 43

319" 4 59 0 13 9 29

316 " 21.. | 3 5 (10 37

239 4 12 11 50 p.m. 8 58 242" June 1.. 2 52

15966 10 17 4 15 11 22

8 23

2 6" 11.. | 2 28

6564 946

116 66 3 19 (10 54

7 47 127 "

617 21..) 1 49

037 .. 8 58 3 13 110 24

7 17 | 0556

5396

111 54p.m July 1..1 0 55 7 58

2 45
9 52

6 42
1018

5 2 " 1117 " 11..)11 50 a.m. rises a.m. 2 7

9 15

6 38 1141p.m 425 " 110 38 " 21..10 28

3 51
1 22
8 35

5 22

11 36 348 “ 110 O " Aug. 1.. | 9 58

3 1
0.29
7 45
4 52 1022"

919 6 11.. 9 27 2 29 11 34 p.m. 1 6 59

4 13
943 "

842 "
21.. 99
2 31 10 46 sets. a.m. 3 34

9 3 157 8 4 * Sept. 1.: 8 59 2 1 9 55 2 37 2 49

819" 11.. | 8 56

724 "
1 59
9 20
2 1
2 7

7 29"
044 "

648 « 21.. 8 56

2 6
8 16
1 33
1 24
656"

09“ Oct. 1.. 8 58

2 15
8 18
1 9
( 40

614 " |1134a.m rises a.m
11..
9 1
2 29
7 23

0 52 11 56 p.m/se's. a m 11 0 6 5 0“ 21.. 95

2 43
7 31
0 36
11 7

530" Nov. 1..

(1025 16 99

427 "
3 3
7 9
0 22 10 19

4 41 "
946 "

349 " 11.. 9 14

3
6 50
0 10

9 36
21.. 919

340
6 32
0 1
8 53 313 " 835 16

2 41 * Dec. 1.. 9 26

4 2

6 15
11 52 p.m.
8 12 2 41 "

2 54
11.. | 9 34
4 23 15 59 11 44

7 33
142

130"
21..! 9 45
4 46 | 5 42 111 36

6 54
114 "

052“

940 " 859 81966 739 «

[ocr errors]

66

66

65

66

66

3 9"
233

65

119 €

[ocr errors]

66

66

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

THE NEW STANDARD OF TIME. The dates given in this al manac, with the exception of those for the rising and setting of the sun, moon and planets and the times of high tide, are in accordance with the railroad standards of time.

The Eastern standard meridian. for the eastern part of the United States passes very nearly through Ogdensburg, N. Y.

The Central standard meridian passes through New Orleans, La., and a little west of Chicago.

The Mountain meridian passes through the Rocky Mountains very near Pike's Peak, Col.

The Pacific standard meridian is near the Pacific Coast, San Francisco being about nine and a half minutes of time west of it.

For the several standard meridians themselves the dates of the almanac will be correct.

For any place east of any of these standard meridians, and within 749 of it, the times of the rising or setting of any heavenly body, expressed in standard time, may be derived from those given in the almanac by subtracting from the almanac dates one minute of time for every quarter of a degree of longitude that he place is distant fiom that standard meridian, or four minutes of time for each degree.

For a place west of any standard meridian, and within 712of it, add to the almanac dates one minute of time for each quarter of a degree, or four minutes of time for each degree of distance from that standard.

PERPETUAL CALENDAR.

(See page 4.) SHOWING THE DAY OF THE WEEK OF ANY DATE, OLD STYLE ON NEW,

BEFORE OR AFTER CHRIST. EXPLANATION.-Under or over each month will be found the names or abbreviations for the days of the week, arranged in seven different orders or sequences, reading from left to right.

These are marked as sequence A, sequence B, and so on. At the right or left of each sequence is given the centurial year of the century, for which that sequence may be used-old style dates, or reckonings under the Julian Calendar, marked at the left; new style dates, according to the Gregorian Calendar, at the right; thus 16 aŭ left of se

comes

quence D shows that this sequence is to be used for all old style dates from 1600 to 1699, as the date of landing of l’ilgrims, Dec. 11, 0. S., 1620. At the right of sequence F, 16 shows that this is the sequence for all new style dates in the same period, as the landing of Pilgrims, Dec. 21, 1620. The 18 at right of sequence D indicates this as the one to use for the present century, 1800 to 1899.

Above or beneath those sequences are given, for each month, the odd years of the century, from 00 to 99, reading from left to right and so arranged that all the years of a century in which the first of the nicnth falls on a certain day of the week are in the same colunun. Thus, take the table for January and the sequence for the present century, D, all the years in the first column, 4, 9, 15, 26, etc., are orer Sunday in the sequence named; so the 1st of January in all these years is Sunday. In the second column are all the years in which the 1st falls on Monday, and so on. If we bear in mind that the 8th, 15th, 220 and 29th of any month will come on the same day of the week as the 1st, this arrangement gives at once the day of the week of five dates in any month, and from these the day of any other date in that menth can casily be found.

Now with a given date to find the day of the week, as Aug. 23, 1841. In the table for August find the given year 41; take thc sequence in line with the cen. turial year 18, D, and in this sequence alove 41 we find Sunday. The August 1 in that year was Sunday, and the 8th, 15th and 22d must have fallen on Sunday also ; and if the 22d was Sunday the 23d was Monday. What day of the week was Dec. 11, 0. S., 1620? Use sequence D for 1600s 0. S. and in this atve 20 in December find Friday. Then the 1st and the 8th came on Friday, and the 11th must have been Monday,

Take the same date as given, new style, Dec. 21, 1620. Use sequence for the 1600s N. S. and above 20 und Tuesday, which was the 1st and the 22d, and the 21st was Monday. Then the Pilgrims landed on Monday.

If the last Thursday in November, 1885, be Thanksgiving Day, what will be the date ? We find tha“, in 1885 the 1st and therefore the 29th of November Sunday; then the preceding Thursday, or Nov. 26th, is the last Thursday, or Thanks. giving Day.

This arrangement in volves no comparison or distinction further than this: For the months of January and February of centesimal leap years only, as 1600, 2000, etc., by the Gregorian Calendar, the heavy-faced 00s in the first column are to be used, but for centesimal years not leap years the 00s in the second column are required. By the Julian Calendar every centesimal ycar was leap year; by the Gregorian Caler dar cnly every fourth centesimal year is a leap year. 1700 0. S. then should be regarded us a leap year, while 1700 N. S. is not.

As to the intervals between the times when a given day of the month falls on a certain week-day, as Jan. 1st on Saturday, this occurred in 1803-14-20-25-31,

and so

at intervals of 11, 6, 5 and 6 years, which intervals are repeated and would continue without intorruption but for the cmission of leap year in 1900, which will case irregularity of 12 years, cither in one period, or in two intervals of 6 years each, or in cne of and another of 5 years, after which the regular intervals will be successively repeated again. But novice the difference in the grouping of the years under Jan. uary and February, and that of the other ten months. Take the years in the coluinn in which we find 3 under any other month, and the calendar for those months repeats as fol!ows: 3, 8, 14, 25, 31, showing that the order for an entire year recurs less frequently, as in 3, 14, 25, 31. The order for any leap year is repeated at intervals of 28 years ; chus the calendar for 1856 corresponds with that for 1884, and this order would obtain again in 1912 but for the omission of leap year in 1900, by which the interval is extended 12 years and the 29th of February will not fall on Friday again until 1924. The order for any year next succeeding a leap year will be repeated in 6 years, while the orders for the second and third years folltwing a leap year will be repeated in 11 years. Then the calendar for 181 will be repeated in '87; the order that obtained in 82 vill occur again in '93, and that for '83 corresponds with :91.

What has been shown as to leay year dates, as Feb. 29th, recurring on the same day of the week, is of course true of Inauguration Day, March 4th, of every fourth year. This came on Sunday in 1821, 1819 and 1877, and if 1900 were a leap year it would occur again in 1905, but owing to that omission it will not

recur until 1917. The irregular interval caused by the omission of leap year is sometimes 40 and sometimes 12 days. Under the Julian Calendar established 46 B. C. by Julius Caesar, the calendar for an entire century was repeated every 700 years, and therefor: the sequence of days given here for 1700 0. s., G., answers also for the time 700 years earlier, i. e., the century 1000 to 1099; also for the years 300 to 399. In this way the sequences given may cover the time back to the beginning of the Christian Era. Under tho Gregorian Calendar the orders are repeated every 400 years and only four of the sequences are required, viz., C, D, E and F; F serving alike for 1600 and 2000, E for 1700 and 2100, etc.

Pope Gregory XIII in 1582 undertook to reform the Julian Calendar. Το correct the errors that had accumulated and to guard against future inaccuracies, pressed ten days and provided for the omission of leap year every centesimai year. oxcepting every fourth centesimal year. Under the Gregorian Calendar 1700, 1800 and 1900 are not counted as leap years, but 1600 and 2000 are. This Calendar was adopted by Germany in 1700 and by Eng'and not until 1752, by which time, as 1700 had passed as leap year, the difference arouted to 11 days, and Parliament rectified the error by suppressing 11 days in September of that year. The Julian Calendar stil: prevails in Russia, arid as 1800 has passed with them as leap year, the ditference between their reckoning and ours is 12 days, so that August 7 in Russia is the same as August 19 with us.

on

an

he sup

« PreviousContinue »