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CONTENTS.

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Page.

1-4

5-14
15-28
29-60

148, 149

VI. PUBLIC SALES AND PRIVATE ENTRIES

150–173

VII. PRE-EMPTIONS

174-211

VIII. HOMESTEADS....

212-255

IX. TIMBER AND TIMBER CULTURE.

256–286

X. TOWN SITES AND COUNTY SEATS...

287–306

XI. BOUNTY-LAND WARRANTS AND SCRIP...

307-351

XII. GENERAL GRANTS TO STATES AND TERRITORIES... 352–385

XIII. MINERAL LANDS

386-421

XIV. WATER RIGHTS

422-425

XV. DONATIONS

XVI. DESERT LANDS..

426-428

XVII. REPAYMENTS OF PURCHASE MONEY

429-433

XVIII. RESERVATIONS..

434-439

XIX. EASEMENTS.....

440-461

XX. PRIVATE LAND CLAIMS

462-465

XXI. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS.....

466-486

61

62-67
68–79
80-94
95-106
107-113
114-128
129–141
142-158
159-161

161

162, 163

164, 165

166, 167

168–173

174-176
177-183

...000

PREFACE.

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This volume was prepared by the codification committee of the Public Land Commission, which was created by an act of Congress approved March 3, 1879 (Statutes at Large, Vol. 20, p. 394), and continued by an act of Congress approved June 16, 1880 (Statutes at Large, Vol. 21, p. 245).

It contains the existing legislation of Congress of a general and permanent nature concerning the disposition and survey of the public domain. The present laws have been compiled in an orderly manner, but without changing either their substance or text. Each general subject of legislation is collated in a separate chapter, but the sections are, for convenient reference, numbered consecutively throughout the volume. Under each section complete references are given to the antecedent legislation upon the same subject and out of which said section has grown. Copious citations are also made under each section of all decisions construing the same in any manner, and embracing decisions by the Federal courts, the supreme courts of the several public land States and Territories, the Department of Justice, the Secretary of the Interior, and the Commissioner of the General Land Office.

All legislation of a local or temporary character has been omitted from this volume. The same appears in a second volume, wherein the entire chain of Congressional land acts is arranged chronologically for each State and Territory, and properly connected. It contains a table of authorities, wherein all judicial and executive decisions bearing upon each subject-matter are cited.

J. A. WILLIAMSON,
OLARENCE KING,
J. W. POWELL,
THOMAS DONALDSON,
A. T. BRITTON,

Commissioners. WASHINGTON, December 1, 1880.

CHAPTER ONE.

SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR.

Seo.

Sec. 1. Supervisory authority of Secretary. 17. Location of land warrants free of ex2. Power to grant military bounty-land pense. warrants.

18. May authorize issue of patents on lost 3. Exemplifications of papers.

land warrants. 4. Authority to take bonds of surveyors- 19. May issue new land warrants in lieu general.

of those lost. 5. Shall require public land surveys to 20. May issue patents to the heirs of warbe completed.

rantees. 6. Power to discontinue land offices. 21. Board of equitable adjudication. 7. Power to make allowances for office 22. Shall have control of Yellowstone rent and clerk hire.

Park. 8. Repayment of purchase money, &c. 23. Duties relative to swamp lands. 9. Remedial authority under treaty of 24. Shall approve accounts of indemnity 1854.

for swamp lands. 10. Correction of erroneous land entries. 25. To give notice of completion of sur11. Appraisement and sale of town-site veys in Minnesota and Oregon. reservations.

26. Required to sign requisitions on Treas12. Authority to survey and plat a city or ury for moneys. town.

27. To prescribe the duties of Assistant 13. Authority to vary subdivisional sur- Secretary. veys in Nevada.

28. To designate and set apart agricul14. Geodetic surveys in Oregon and Cali

tural from mineral lands. fornia.

29. Shall prescribe regulations for subdi15. Departure from rectangular surveys

vision of fractional sections. in California.

30. Designation of newspapers for publi16. May pay surveyors by the day in Ore- cation of proclamations of sales of gon and California.

*lands.

SECTION 1. The Secretary of the Interior is charged with Supervisory authe supervision of public business relating to the following thority of Secresubjects:

*

Second. The public lands, including mines.
2 Stat. 716; 5 id. 107; 9 id. 395; R. S. 441. Wilcox v. Jackson,

13 Pet. 498; Maguire v. Tyler, 1 Black, 195; Snyder v. Sickles,
8 Otto, 203; Wolsey_v. Chapman, S. C., Oct. T., 1879, in manu-
script; Patterson v. Tatum, 3 Saw. C. C. 164. 3 Op. Att. Gen.
137; 12 id. 250. 2 Laws, Instructions and Opinions, 104; 1 Lester,

681. Hesters v. Brennan, 50 Cal. 211. SEC, 2. He shall grant warrants to parties entitled to land Power to grant heretofore or hereafter given by the United States for mili- military bountytary services.

2 Stat. 717 ; R. S. 456. SEC. 3. Copies of papers filed in the Interior Department. Exemplifica

tions. and remaining therein shall be authenticated under the hand of the Secretary and the seal of the General Land Office.

3 Stat. 721; 5 id. 111; R. S. 460.

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