Page images

EXHIBIT NO. 3- Continued


No. 4089

Question: "Why did they rebel against you?"

Answer: "I executed the reactionary line."

Question: "Didn't you support the 'San Hsin' and the 2nd Headquarters?"

Answer: "I only said it."

Question: "Who cried out 'Long Live Ch'en Tsai-tao's administration'?"

[blocks in formation]

Question: "They cried this before you. Why didn't you know who they were?"

Answer: "I dared not even hear it."

Question: "Chairman Mao teaches us: 'In the world there is no love or hate without reason.' Can you tell us why the 'Million Heroic Troops' love you so?"

Answer: "I do not need their love."

Question: "The questions we have asked you concern your deeds against Chairman Mao and the Party Central Committee. Is that right?"

Answer: "Yes."

The fourth count on which Ch'en Tsai-tao was tried concerned the kidnapping, attack and beating up of Comrade Wang Li by the Independent Division. Ch'en Tsai-tao flatly denied his crime and refused to tell how the incident happened. At the same time, the representatives of the revolutionary rebel groups of the three services specially questioned Niu Huai-lung, Commander of the Independent Division. One of the representatives disclosed the facts: "After Comrade Wang Li had been kidnapped, Premier Chou telephoned Ch'en Isai-tao, telling him to bring back Comrade Wang Li. But Ch'en Tsai-teo replied that there should not be any fear of the masses. At the same time, he went with his wife to spend their time at the East Lake." Ch'en Tsei-tao dared not admit these facts and, instead, denied them obstinately. The comrades flew into a rage: "You old rascal. You simply want to go into your coffin with your stony head!" Ch'en Tsai-tao said protestingly: "Let me go into my coffin.

[ocr errors]

Asked who transmitted Premier Chou's directive to the Wuhan armed forces, Ch'en Tsal-teo replied: "It was Ts'ai Ping-ch'en." Question: Who

gave him permission to transmit this directive?" Answer: "I don't know."

Question: "You neglect your duties while taking your pay."

Answer: "That is correct."

Ch'en Tsai-tao, an old dog, flatly denied the crucial problems. But unhesitatingly adinitted this problem, thinking that admission of his negligence of duty worla "only bring hin the punislument for bureaucratism and not e death sectence. He attempted to find au exit ani flee. But, this sly fox. could never

[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

flee, no matter what trick he might play and what disguise be night put on. The revolutionary rebels would tear off his mask and refute, topple and discredit him.

Inmediately after that, the representatives of the revolutionary rebel groups of the three services tried Ch'en Tsai-teo on the fifth problem.

Question: "You held a meeting in the morning of July 10. What did you say at the meeting?"

Answer: "I talked about the highly favorable situation of the great cultural revolution in Wuhan area.

[ocr errors]

Question: "Why was the situation favorable? Have you not killed enough people?"

Answer: "It was said in the newspapers: Highly favorable situation, excellent situation!"

Question: "And what else did you say?"

Answer: "The 'San Hsin' and the 2nd Headquarters are revolutionary rebel groups. They have made mistakes. We must unite with them, struggle against them and make them change for the better. we also have to depend on them in the future."

Question: "You said 'The San Hsin and the 2nd Headquarters beat our. fighters every day. What sort of a revolution is that?' Did you say this?"

Answer: "No."

At that moment, the revolutionary rebels brought up Ts'ai Ping-ch'en for trial.

[ocr errors]

Question: "What did Ch'en Tsai-tao say about the 'San Hsin' and the 2nd Headquarters?"

Ts'ai Ping-cb'en answered: "In the morning of July 10, they (referring to Ch'en Tsai-tao and others) called a meeting attended by cadres at and above the division level of the Wuhan armed forces. Niu Huai-lung passed me this news. Ch'en Tsai-tao said first: We formerly supported the 'San Hsin', and the Second Headquarters. We have not said at preseat that we do not support them. . They disturb our units every day now. What sort of a revolutionary group is this?".

Ts'ai Ping-ch'en's answer proved Ch'en Tsai-tao had lied. a moment ago. The revolutionary rebels could not tolerate this. They came forward and sternly questioned Ca'en Tsai-tao: "Did he tell the truth?".

Ch'en Tsai-tao answered: "He has repeated what I said.".

Ch'en Tsai-tao was a counter-revolutionary fron head to toe! He dared deceive the revolutionary, rebels of the three services. He was so desperate Executing hiö could not appease the anger of the revolutionary rebels. The comrades shouted in anger: "Down with counter-revolutionary Ca'en Tsai-tao." "Send Ch'en Tsei-teo to perdition should he refuse to surrender!", "ch'en Tsai-tao should be shot!"

The representatives of revolutionary rebel groups continued to question Ch'en Tsai-tao: "What is your comment on the million Heroic Troops'?" Ch'en Tsai-tao beat around the bush and basically did not tell the truth.

[blocks in formation]

Question: "You said at the meeting: 'You say that the Million Heroic Troops are not good. But the masses turn toward them and the cadres side with them. The Million Heroic Troops take a correct main orientation.'. Did you say that?"

Answer: "Yes, I said that."

Question: "Which side do you take?"

Ch'en Tsai-tao said at one moment that he took Chairman Mao's revolutionary line and at other moment that he took the Liu-Teag reactionary line and at still some other moment that he took the middle road, but eventually could not but adnit that he sided with the "Million Heroic Troops. An egg is not harder than stone after all. Ch'en Tsai-tao was blind and yet he vainly attempted to play the counterrevolutionary double dealing before the revolutionary rebels of the three services. He really did not see the current situation. Eventually, he got a very shameful ending. "Lift the stone just to drop it on one's feet." By playing all tricks, Ch'en Tsai-tao was merely tying a rope around his own neck. He eventually will strangle himself to death.

The representatives went further to question Ch'en Tsai -tao: "You said that it was not a mistake to support the 'Million Heroic Troops.' Did you say that?":

It was no problema

Answer: "Yes, I said thet. They did the right thing.. that we supported them.'

Question: "You also said that 'their main orientation was correct and compatible with the spirit of the Party Central Committee,' Did you say that?"

Answer: inyes, I said that."

Question: "You said that the 'Million Heroic Troops' was a unique organization in the whole country and could not be better."

Ch'en Tsai-tao first said: "I didn't mean that." Later, hearing that Ts'ai Ping-ch'en would be brought up to tell the truth, he said: "Yes, I said that."

This acting of Ch'en Tsai-teo made us understand more deeply Chairman Mao's teaching: "Everything reactionary is the same; if you don't hit it, it won't fall.

Eventually, the five counter-revolutionaries Ch'en Tsai-tao, Chung Han-hua, Niu Hai-lung, Ts'ai Ping-ch'en and Pa Fang-t'ing were brought up together before the platform and a sentence was passed on these collectively. These several rascals stood there trembling. They were really a beap of rubbish disgracing mankdnd!

The representatives of the revolutionary rebel groups of the three services put forth three questions, ordering each of these five rascals to answer


1. On July 20, Vice Premier Hsieh and Comrade Wang Li, delegates sent by Chairman Mao, were kidnapped in Wuhan area. What was the nature of this incident?

Ch'en Tsai-tao answered: "It was a counter-revolutionary incident.".

It was

Chung Han-hua answered: "It was a counter-revolutionary rict. against the Party and Chairman Mao.

[blocks in formation]

Ts'ai Ping-ch'en answered: "This was a military coup d'etat. The spearhead was aimed at Vice Premier Hsieh, Comrade Wang Li and Comrade Yü Li Chin ( 1 E), delegates sent by Chairman Mao.

Niu Huai-lung answered: "It was a counter-revolutionary military coup d'etat."

Pa Fang-t'ing answered: "It was a counter-revolutionary riot."


What role did you, a handful of persons, play in this counterrevolutionary riot?

Ch'en Tsai-teo answered: "I was the manipulator. in this incident."

I was the arch criminal

Chung Han-hue answered: "I was the arch criminal."

Ts'ao Ping-ch'en answered: "I was the murderer.

Niu Huai-lung answered: "I played the role of accomplice and murderer."

Pa Fang-t'ing answered: "I played the role of accomp.lice to Ch'en and

[blocks in formation]

3. The July 20 incident was a big exposure of the persistent opposition of the handful of rascals like you against the Party Central Committee, Chairman Mao and Vice Chairman Lin Piao. The few of you belong to the same counter-revolutionary bleck lair. Is this true?

These five counter-revolutionary elements admitted that they belonged to the same black lair and separately gave & namelist of some other counterrevolutionary elements.

This fight lested for nearly ten hours. During this fight, the comrades were inspired by Chairran Mao's teaching, "be resolute, fear no sacrifice, surmount every difficulty to win victory." They fought spiritedly. The further they fought, the stronger and more fierce they became. They won a victory of their first fight.


(Wu Shu-jen testimony 7/10/73]

Survey of China Mainland Press, No. 4124, February 23, 1968

pleng Te-huai's Crimes in the "Resist-US and Aid-Korea" War

Canton Ta-p'i-g'an I 'ung-hsun [Mass Criticism and Repudiation Bulletin),

October 5, 1967)

The following article gives examples of p'eng Tehual's "crimes" in the Korean war. He is said to have credited himself with achievements in Koree to which he had contributed nothing, and to have malignantly attacked Meo and ignored Mao's instructions.--SCMP Eá.

Pleng Te-huai's crimes in the "Resist-US and Aid-Korea" War defy counting. Part of the information has now been compiled for use in criticizing and repudiating him:

[ocr errors]

1. When the Korean War started, pleng suggested "Let it be for two or three years.

During the war period, many major crucial problems, such as the decision on entry into Korea, the moving of armed forces and operational plans, were decided by Chairman Mao himself. P'eng stayed in Korea for no longer than a year, but he credited all the achievements to himself. He disobeyed Chairman Mao's instructions, refused to take the advice of others, but wanted to show himself in the limelight and gein personal fame. Subsequently, he committed a very big mistake in the 5th campaiga. After the 5th campaign, he was scared, knew not what to do and felt pessimistic. He made a "Left" turn after this right turn. He extended the frontline, ventured far loto enemy territory, and wanted to fight & 6th campaign. As a result, the rear suffered tremendo:is losses.

2. After the 5th cempaigo, Chairman Mao criticized pleng saying that he had opened his mouth too wide and had fought too far away and too hastily. P'eng retorted: "Comrade Mao Tse-tung makes allowances for possibilities of one sort and another in dealing with some questions. Therefore, he never makes & Listake. He overtly refused Chairman Mao's correct criticism and viciously attacked Chairman Mao.

3. D'eng Te-huai did not take part in the few major campaigas during the Korean War, such as the famous Campaign of Spagkunryung (in 1952) and the Campaign of the Sunnner Counter-Attack (io 1953, the last campaign before the truce, and it was in this campaign that the routing and annihilation of six divisions of the US-Rhee Army and the famous attack on the Tiger Regiment took place). He was then staying always in Peking. He was commander of the Volunteers in name only. He just hurried to Panmunjon to sign the truce agreement.

4. To make his name known, Pleng Te-huai wore a fur hat, thrusted forward his fat belly and beld big binoculars, posing for cameranen when he wanted his picture taken. "Commander Pleng at the front to direct operations. This picture was not taken at the front, but at the entrance of the Volunteers' Headquarters. It was widely circulated and its pernicious influence must be thoroughly eliminated.

5. In 1953, P'eng Te-huai boasted before X X-x that Kao Kang om z ) was e capable man. Actually, Kao Kang opposed the dispatch of armed forces to aid Korea. But, Pleng Te-buai said falsely that Kao Kans gave the only vote in support of Chairman Mao when the Korean War broke out. When Kao Kang was not dominated for the post of Chief of the General Staff of the PLA because he knew nothing about military science, Pleng said: "It does aot matter if he knows nothing about military science. He can be qualified after reading a couple of books on military science: He said that the war in aid of Kores could not bave been fought successfully if it had not been for Kao Keng's leadership in Northeast China, He even said that Kao Kang had rendered meritorious service in the war of resistirg US aggression and siding Kores and that he and Koo Kong sbould share equally the merit in Korea,

99-425 0 - 73 - 4

« PreviousContinue »