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6. P'eng Te-huai oftea complained about the poor logistics service. Returning from Korea in April 1951, he complained that the cloth of the army uniforms sent fron China to Korea wes poor in quality and that the soldiers suffered from diarrhoea after eating the fried rice given them. Taking advantage of this, he banged the table and scolded Premier Chou: "Are the Volunteers on the forefront not human beings? Are they pigs?" "Only you are patriotic!" "Those in the rear eat solid meals. Some of them should be executed.
7. Whenever a relatively responsible cadre came to Korea, Pleng always showed him the telegran sent by Stalin in praise of him. When the representatives of the Volunteers returned home in 1952, they brought with them a banner expressing their gratitude for the motherlend. But at the foot of the banner was written only the name of P'eng Te-huai.
8. P'eng said in Korea in 1952: "The political commissars had nothing to do. They only argued with the military cadres. They should do some concrete work for the political department."
9. In Korea, pleng once said: "You cry out slogans, wishing Chairman Nao a life of ten thousand years. Cen he really live as long as ten thousand yeers? He can't live even one hundred years! This is a cult of personality." When the revolutionary masses sang "East Is Red," he said: "This propagates the cult of personality and idealism.
At a meeting of representetives of railway troops and airmen, the representatives asked to see great leader Chairmen Mao. Hearing this, p'eng showed his ugly face and went away, grumbling: "He is already an old man. What good is it looking at him?"
Chairman Mao is the reddest sun in our hearts. We have boundless faith in and admiration for him. Bandit P'eng opposes Chairman Mao so audaciously. We shall resolutely smash him into smithereens!
10. p'eng made some 1ll-intentioned amendments to the preface to the “History of the Volunteers : From the phrase "under the leadership of the Chinese Concunist Party and Conrade Mao Tse-tung," he deleted the words end Comrade Mao Tse-tung." He put a question mark beside the phrase "the wise leadership of Comrade 120 Tse-tung." He altered the sentence "Premier Chou En-lai makes an announcement to read "the Chinese Government makes an announcement.
11. When the first draft of the "History of the Volunteers" was sent to him for scrutiny, pleng said: "You have exaggerated the role of Chairman Mao. How could he know some of those things which were even beyond my knowledge?" He deleted from the original preface the words "Chairman Mao's wise decision and the Chinese people's boldness in fighting US imperialism...
Down with P'eng Te-huai (Canton Ta-p'i-p'an T'ung-hsün (Mass Criticism and Repudiation Bulletin),
October 5, 1967)
At the Lushan Conference in 1959, Pleng Te-huai attacked Mao and his "three red banners" in a "Letter of Opinion" which he circulated among delegates to the conference:
Mao hit back in a 40-minute speech, in which he accused p'eng of opposing the general line and trying to sabotage the proletarian dictatorship and split the Communist Party.--SCIP Ed.
In 1959 when the whole Chinese people had won great victories io socialist construction under the brilliant radiance of the three red banners, namely, the general line, the big leap forward and the people's communes, of the Party and Chairman Mao, the imperialists, revisionists and reactionaries hated our three red banners to the bone-narrow and organized an anti-Chinese chorus. P'eng Tebusi, an old-time Right opportunist and anti-Party ambitionist, collaborated with China's Karushchev and unveiled his own features. At the Lushen Conference, he viciously abused our great leader Chairman Mao and attacked the three red banners. While the conference was in session, P'eng wrote a "Letter or Opinion"* in the night of July 13, 1959, and had it printed and distributed to the comrades in the conference on July 14, wildly attacking the Party.
Chairman Mao was the first to see through the criminal conspiracy of the class enemy. He pointed out sharply: "This struggle at the Lushan Conference is a class struggle. It is a continuation of the life-and-death struggle between the two antagonistic classes of the bourgeoisie and the proletariat during the October Revolution."
Chairman Mao received bandit p'eng's "Letter of Opicion" on July 17. On July 23, Chairman Mao made a speech lasting 45 minutes on the question of bandit P'eng, bitting at the vital parts of bandit P'eng. "P'eng T'e-huai's letter is of the bature of a program and opposes our general line. We must see not only Its superficial support for the people's cornnes.' "He describes the refining of steel by the millions upon millions of people as bourgeois fanaticism and says that the tendency to exaggerate things prevails in all departaests all over the country. He actually wants to abolish the people's communes. Chairaan kao pointed out: "p'eng Te-huaj is narrow-minded. We talk about gaias end losses, but he talks about losses and gains, putting losses in the first place.
Our great leader Chairman Mao clearly pointed out that P'eng Te-buai was an "ambitionist" and "hypocrite" attempting to "recruit personal troops". and to "sabotage the dictatorship of the proletariat, split the Communist Party, organize factions in the Party, spread their influence, demoralize the vanguards of the proletariat and build another cpportunist party of their own." He also pointed out that "the principal elements of this clique were formerly important members of the Kao Karg (
) anti-Party clique.".
*See SCM No. 4032, pp. 1-5.--SCMP Ed.
P'eng Te-huai's "Letter of Opinion" is a rare textbook by negative example. Let us hold high the red banner of the great thought of Mao Tse-tung end profoundly criticize, discredit and topple this anti-Party ambitionist and old-time Right opportunist, pleng Te-huai, and the drowning dog, China's Khrushchev, so thet they can never rise again!
Trial of piu An-hsiu (Pleng Te-buai's Wife)
(Canton Ta-p'l-p'ap m'ung-hsün (Mass Criticism and Repudiation Bulletin),
October 5, 1967)
Judge's Note: Pleag Te-bual and his wife p'u Ab-hsiu
) are birds of a feather. She was an able righter of p'eng's anti-Party clique. Aftet P'eng's dismissal from office, plu pretended to divorce p'eng in 1952, in order to draw a clear distinction between herself and P'eag and to make all-out efforts to shiela P'eng. Up to the present, she refuses to disclose the secrets of Pleng and attempts to offer resistance to the end. She also tries all possible means to whitewash
Excerpts from the record of p'u's trial are now published below for use in criticism and repudiation:
My name is Piu An-hsiu. In 1938 I was married to Pleng Te-huai in Yenan. I didn't understand and I didn't know what he did.
After 1953, I often beard hin (Pleng Te-buai) voice his discontent, saying: I am old. The Chairman doesn't like me. Neither does he hold me in esteem. The young men here come up. I am wanted no longer. I have defeated Chiang Kai-shek and imperialism. My wish has been fulfilled. I can go home and plow the land. I don't care whether he likes me or not.
Sometimes when the central leaders gathered to have a group picture taken, he was unwilling to go if Chairman Mao was also present. He was reluctant to attend any meeting of the Central Committee if it began in the afternoon.
There was a well-built place in the suburbs of Peking. It was a place where Chairman Mao and other Central leaders took rests, On Sundays, I suggested going there to take a rest. He was reluctant to go, saying: 'That's where the Chairman Lives. You may go there if you want to. I am not going. That place is too lavishly furnished.
In 1958, P'eng Te-buai went to Hunan to make an investigation. Returning to Peking, he said that he had not a single cooking pan at home and found inconvenience in preparing meals because the pans were used as scrap in the big-scale refining of steel. He was dissatisfied with the mass movement. He grumbled and sighed.
In 1958, p'eng Te-huai told me: "Chairman MAO stabbed me once and I also stabbed him once. If he can stab me, why can't I stab him?"
After the Lushan Conference in 1959, he said: "Now that I am out of office, I feel free!" He also said: "If I wanted to oppose Chairman Mao, I could do so in the past and could have succeeded. Why should I oppose him until after the liberation?" He added: "I worked for the democratic revolution. I can no
EXHIBIT NO. 5
[Wu Shu-jen testimony 7/10/73]
Survey of China Mainland Press, No. 4018, September 11, 1967
Liu-hiang-tung tinh) (Canton I Esh-Chen-peo (January 25 Combat Bulletin)* No. 5, April 3, 1967)
Tseng Saeng is scurrilously attacked in the Polloring article for being a 'new aristocrat" who lives & bourgeois, decadent life.--SCMP Ed.
Our respected and beloved leader Chairman o says: "You must put politics in cammand, go into the midst of the masses, and get together with them to carry out the great proletarian cultural revolution in a better way. But, Tseng Sheng, Mayor of Canton, has not acted accordingly. Since the beginning of the great proletarian cultural revolution, he has been scared and cannot sit or sleep in peace. He hides himself in the best possible way as soon as he bears that some Red Guards call on him. On one occasion, he was at home when he heard some Red Guards called on him. Finding no time to hide himself, he climbed the wall behind his house and ran away. To avoid the Red Guards, he dared not stay at home and asked his driver to clean up a dark chicken pen for him to live in. Why is Tseng Sheng so afraid of the Red Guards? This is not without cause. The reason is that he is ill at ease and is hiding some unpresentable, dirty things in the dark recesses of his soul.
This man, Tseng Sheng, looks like a veteran revolutionary, a good rayor ana a respectable man. But, when unmasked, he is actually a person in whom feuda lism, capitalism and revisionism are rolled in one. He wears the face of a man but has a heart of an animal. He is utterly corrupted.
An Inveterate Feudal Element
This mayor and overlord usually puts on the face of e progressive element and always exhorts other people to eliminate their feudal idea 8. But, he fills his mind with feudal ideas. He is an out-and-out inveterate feudal element. In 1952, his mother was very ill. He was so worried that be summoned Chang Shoujung ( ), director of the municipal administrative bureau, and Huang Mingta BADE), secretary of the municipal people's council,and told them to order"à good coffin. Yet, he did not quite trust then and went personally to supervise the making of the coffin. Later, his mother died. Hearing that a batch of excellent timber was available for the construction project of the Cultural Park,be gave up the coffin which had been made, and specially ordered another, so 26 to give his mother a well-decorated and comfortable house in Hades,
To show his filial piety., he ordered some people to adorn his dead mother with gold earrings, gold rings and dress her with new clothes. This filial son lighted joss sticks and candles, kneeled and kowtowed before the coffin containing his dead mother. He also prepared funeral arrangements to call home the sout of his mother and erected & monument in her honor. Still feeling that he had not repaid his mother sufficiently, he made all other members of his family, mer and women, old and young, visit the tomb of his mother during the Ch'ing-ming Festiva! every year, using the cars of his office for the purpose. He really had shown his filial piety to the utmost.
*A tabloid published by I-Erb-Wu Combat Sews of Capton Public Security Bureau. -SCMP Ed.
In 1964, under the pretext of visiting an old revolutionary base, be returned to his birth-place and visited the tomb of his father. He also bela ceremonies of offering sacrifice to his ancestors and said prayers. Who would think that a communist mayor was unforgetful of the "benevolence bestowed upon him by heaven and by his ancestors":
A New Aristocrat
when making a report to his Juniors, this mayor and overlord mentioned the extravagance practiced by the new aristocrats of the high-salary stratum in the Soviet Union and the corrupted life they led. He cried himself hoerse and was so excited that his spectacles dropped on the floor of the rostrum. Who would think that what this mayor and overlord nad said was a description o? hinself? Tseng Sheng's house was magnificently furnished. He had four wardrobes each worth over 800 yuan, three spring beds each worth over 600 zan, a desk worth over
a set of sofas worth several hundred yuan, two rugs worth over 3,000 yuar,
six electric fans, together with refrigerators and electric stoves. He also had two cameras, nine semi-conductor radios, one electrical phonogram, one tape-recorder, six wrist watches and other things which some foreigners gave him as "gifts" and which he took for his own. There was nothing different between him and a capitalist in the old society. He already had a beautiful western-type house, but he was not satisfied with it. He took possession of the whole of the fifteenth floor of the People's Building (Ai-ch'ün Building) and used it as his summer resort.
This new aristocrat loves sight-seeing and revels in eating and drinking. He does not miss such a chance at public expenditure. Op one occasion, taking the opportunity of receiving some returned overseas Chinese, he took his wife and children to Chanchiang. There he specially ordered a car, eng soo's the whole of his family on a tour to the Youth Reservoir. In the sumner of 1965, under the pretext of visiting a certain ambassador at Tsunghua Hot Spring, he again tcox his wife and children there for sight-seeing and heavy eating and drinking.
He often made excuses for giving feastɛ. Before each feast, he would examine the menu and select seasonal mutritious food and famous Canton dishes, such as braised turtle, stewed wild cat, braised turtle in earthen jar, stewed seal, roasted and stuffed rice bird, boiled wild duck with sliced chicken and soake, boiled fish glue with sliced chicken and drysanthemum, boiled pigeon, stewed beche-de-mer with oyster sauce, etc. He often gathered the famous cooks of several restaurants to prepare dishes for a single table. From 1964 to 1966, Peast expenses exceeding 7,000 yuan were entered into accounts at the reception office.
One day in 1963, he hurried from Chanchiang to Canton to attend a banquet. The airplane for that flight was a small one, and there were many passengers. He insistently asked the Civil Aviation Bureau to arrange a special airplane (a big one) for this flight instead. But, there were insufficient passengers, so that the airplane would roll seriously during the flight. Thereupon, he instructed the responsible official of Chanchiang municipality to find some passengers going to Canton and give them a free passage.
What is the difference between the life of this mayor and overlord and that of a new aristocrat of the Soviet revisionism?
Face of a Foreign Slave
This mayor and overlord is very much interested in the dissolute world of capitalisn. Early in 1962, under the pretext of going to the countryside "to inspect production," he came to a sentry post the bridgekead Shumchun to bave a look at Hong Kong. Not fully satisfied with this, he again came to Shatoukok, another border area, to dawdle away the whole day, feasting his eyes on the scenes of the capitalist : 2:10. Each time he returned from a visii abroad, he brought with him Isrze quantities vi foreign goods. It was no wonder that people bid almost all of Tseng Sher'; düily necessities were foreign made, including such swali articles as trotarussa, toothbrush and matches.