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Blood! The blood of our red rebels has reddened Peking Road. The stains of blood merk another atrocious crime committed by Canton's T'an and bis black fighters of the District Headquarters in brutally murdering the revolutionary rebels. Accounts of the new and old hatred and the debts of biood will one day be settled thoroughly with double interest! The revolutionary rebels will never die out: The fighters of the Red Police Headquarters definitely has not shed their blood in vain! A tooth for a tooth, and blood for blood! We pledge to chop off the heads of Canton's T'an and the handful of murderers of the District Headquarters, and avenge our victimized comrades-in-arms! Vengeance: Vengeance!
The spirit of martyrs who were killed on August 19 will last forever!
Hua-shih Hung-ch'i Reporter
EXHIBIT NO. 10
(Wu Shu-jen testimony 7/10/73]
Survey of China Mainland Press, No. 4044, October 19, 1967
Whoever Violates the Agreement Is a Chiang Kai-shek
(Joint Issue of Chiangkangshan and Kuang-tang Wen-i Chan-pao ("Chingkang Mountains
and Kvangtung Literary and Art Combat Bulletin), Nos. 7 & 8, Sept. 5, 1967)
Chou En-lai met 52 representatives of "revolutionary rebel" organizations and another 26 representatives of "proconservative", organizations from Canton on August 22 in Peking. As a result, an agreement was reached between the two sides to call a halt to violent struggle and put away all arms.
In the week following the signing of the agreement, mi Tsung, Doctrine Guards, and other "conservative" organizations attacked the "revolutionary rebels" with guns.
The article urges "revolutionary rebels" to take up arms again in self-defense against the conservatives."--SCMP Ed.
Early in the morning of August 22, Premier Chou En-lai received the representatives of both parties in Canton who had gone to Peking for negotiations. He suggested four emergency measures, demanding a stop to the seizing of arms and supplies from the Liberation Army, the keeping in bond of guns and a munition, a stop to violent struggle, and the release of detained persons. The 52 representatives of revolutionary rebel groups totally agreed to and firmly supported these measures. The 26 representatives of organizations biased in favor of the conservative also signed their consent.
When the news of the conclusion of this a greement was transmittec to Canton, the organizations of revolutionary rebel groups including the Red Allisace issued an order on the same day, calling upon the various units under them to keep their guns sealed, end set up supervisory groups in these units the next day. The Red Banner of Chungshan University, the Tungfanghung of Pearl River Film Studio, the Red Headquarters of Public Organs, etc., declared their resolute observance of this agreement. The Red Headquarters of Literature and Art and other literary and art units immediately created and rehearsed acts and vent into the streets to propagate this news to the masses.
me revolutionary rebels were a revolutionary army defending Chairman Mao's revolutionary line and were revolutionary pathbreakers who most obediently followed the instructions of Chairman Mao, the Party Central Comittee and its Cultural Revolution Group. After this agreement had been reached, the revolutionary rebels always behaved as models in strictly observing this agreement and demonstrated the proletarian revolutionary spirit of the revolutionary rebel groups.
Chairman Mao said in his article, "On the Chungking Negotiations": "The agreements already reached are still only on paper, Words on paper are not equivalent to reality." "The Kuomintang is negotiating with us on the one hand, and is vigorously attacking the Liberated Areas on the other hana.
EXHIBIT NO. 11
(Wu Shu-jen testimony 7/10/73]
Survey of China Mainland Press, No. 4080, December 14, 1967
(Canton (?) Tzu-liao Chuan-chi (Special Reference Material Supplement 3*,
Nov. 17, 1967)
The following is a talk by Chou En-lai to representatives of two rival factions from Canton. It is edited by one of the factions.
In his talk Chou urged the rival factions to form
Leaders also present at the reception: Li Hsien-nien, Ch'i Pen-yu,
Wu Fa-hsien, Li 180-8'eng and Huang Yung-sheng
Premier Chou: You people have always complained of holding small sessions but today's meeting is a quite big gathering.
The Canton trade fair will be held in two more days. The 12-point agreement concluded by your both sides has been submitted to Chairman Mao and Vice Chairman Lin; it has been approved by the Party center. The agreement reached by you people is excellent, particularly the grand alliance forged by the working class and a general meeting held by them. Tomorrow's Jen-min Jih-pao will carry the · news (applause).
A little storm over the question of carrying big bangers brewed at the meeting. Carrying banners is a fine thing. As the Chairman has said, forging an alliance does not mean pulling down the banners, Either the Combat Group or the Workers' Revolutionary Joint Committee (
ITE) will do. In the case of the mass movement, the people are always fond of carrying banners--a fluttering of red banners!
*Published jointly by Propaganda Department of Kung-ko-lien Lof
Canton and Red Flag of Kuang-chou Jih-pao. It was marked "Interog'i material, not for external circulation."--SCMP Ed.
Uniting the working class does not mean outright abolition of organizations. Quite a long time is required to forge a grand alliance into a unified organization. Even within one organization there are those who are aggressive, less age gressive, or on the conservative side. This is quite normal, involving problems Emong the people and the working class. When an alliance is formed, try to avoid fomenting antagonistic feelings. Once an alliance is forged struggle by force may be curbed and then greater attention may be devoted to the promotion of both revolution and production.
The workers of Canton have taken the lead in forging an alliance. We should follow up by encouraging peasants, cadres and students to form alliances too. It is quite all right putting off the forming of alliances of cadres and students at a later period provided systematic steps are teken.
In our last meeting I had the intention to urge you people to do some work in connection with the trade fair. This was delayed for several days. by discussions on some other problems. As the commodity Pair will be held soon, I suggest issuing a "Message to the People of Canton" in the name of different revolutionary organizations before the fair is to be held, calling upon the people to pledge themselves to hold the trade fair as scheduled in the course of carrying on the struggle between the two classes, two roads and two lines and in the excellent situation in the great proletarian cultural revolution. Don't you people think this is necessary? (Yes, it is necessary.)
Fine, let's begin with the "Message to the People of Canton."
There are still some outstanding problems concerning Canton that have to be tackled. First of all we have the question of youths in support of farming. This is
in Canton as well as in Shanghai, Nanking, Changsha, Wuhan... it is wrong to say that it is a black instruction to order educated urban youths to go to mountains and villages, This view lecks factual basis.
Chairman Mao has called upon young intellectuals to go to mountains and villages. urban youths should move to the countryside because city dwellers should not all de confined to cities. It is necessary to eliminate the three major gaps: The countryside is a broad realm where large numbers of young intellectuals are needed to help eliminate the gaps between workers and peasants!
It is Chairman ivao's idea that young intellectuals should go to mountains and villages. Why are they unwilling to go there? First of all this involves the question of ideology of those youths sent to villages in support of farming. Some are from families of the exploiting classes while some children of cadres and workers are not accustomed to rural life. This is particularly true of those who were residents of Canton and who kept their status as urban residents after they were sent to villages, This was started by T'ao Chu and it was wrong to do so, because they wanted to come back to Canton and be provided with food and jobs.
Those who are critical of what is called the "black instruction" are themselves reluctant to go to the countryside, due to the poisonous influence of both T'ao and Chao. Some of them have to be settled locally because of tige ogen arrangement made in such localities. Another cause of their reluctance to move fron town to country is because they lent you a hand when the struggle by force was going on. They came to the city because they were provided with food and accorumodation there and now they have become your burden. This is something which has happened to all factions. Therefore, stop blaming-each-other Kather, various factions should make self-criticism.
It is quite wrong for these people to be critical of the central directives calling upon them to go to mountains and villages and for some to call them "black instructions. Since the document was ratified by the Chairman, those who were critical of the directives are at least open to doubt on the question of stand.
Earlier more than 30 thousand young intellectuals who bad gone to mountains and villages returned to the city (or cities). After the central authorities issued a circular on October 8, the number dropped to a little over ten thousand in the city (or cities). Some people are ready to stage a "sit-down" (demonstration) at XXX on the 15th. This is very bad. What do these people want? Isn't this a deliberate attempt to undermine the prestige of a socialist country? If you have something in mind, why not discuss the matter with people of the military district command ? If they are instigated by bad people, this matter will be far from simple: If this does not involve the capitalist roaders, then bad people or secret agents and hooligans from Hong Kong could have something to do with it.
Another thing concerns the question of organizing labor forces--a vicious invention of Tiao Chu. He set up several factories in the vicinity of Canton employing five to six thousand workers recruited from those who were discharged from labor reform camps, those who had returned from Hong Kong and Macau and desperadoes as well as fugitives. Many more bad people were mingled with these recruits. They are ready to stage & "sit-down" (demonstration) at x x x. Behind these people are bad people following the black line, capitalist roaders, secret agents from Hong Kong and those trained by the US-Chiang group, Japanese and Soviet revisionists.
It is plain rubbish for some people to say they are learning from Shanghai. In that city cottage-type workshops produce parts and accessories, handling processing jobs when these are available and stopping operation when these jobs are not available. It is quite different in Canton where factories have been set up for the express purpose of carrying out profiteering activities--a trick of making a "short cut. You people should distinguish this sort of thing from another and draw a boundary line with it. This is something which contains bad elements.
The third category of people are those who have run away from X X, saying that they were not able to study Chairman Mao's writings there. This is only an excuse. Since X X was subjected to bombings by US imperialist planes, they actually fled that place for fear of being killed. We tried to stop them from coming back at the border but to no avail. Several hundred came to Canton, presumably with the intention of holding high the red banner of the thought of Mao Tse-tung. They even declared they would hold a meeting to repudiate X revisionism. There is revisionism in both X X and China and a campaign to repudiate revisionism is now going on. The major preoccupation of X X is fighting American imperialism. By fleeing that country at this moment, these people don't even have the least sense of internationalism.
Last year's trade fair was conducted very well and so was the one held in the first half of this year. The autumn commodity fair should be conducted in an even better way than the previous ones. More people are attending the forthcoming trade fair for both political and economic reasons. Since we have said that the situation in the great proletarian cultural revolution is excellent visitors to the trade fair want to have a look at things in general. Another group of visitors are coming with a political mission; they seek to sab age the fair.