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EXHIBIT NO. 15 – Continued
Distini uish Clearly butwoun Loto und Haio
Soms students, becau30 this ?rrust of their countor-r:volution?ry fathors, would bc riven to flat grief and could not beer to port with than. Such a feclin; js not nornal. If uno's father is a jetriotic citizün, it is n turo I that ono should Iovu hin, and this is ocnoficial. 3uch love will bring hppin..ss to thu hoilo, ani 7ko onu bottur 3erve thi futhorland. But if one's father is a countür-revolution:r; who has bitrayud tho fatherland, borno hotrod for the pooulo and undurtincd Soci? list constructicn, thon ono's icolini; for his would myan cruelty toward thu puople, and unfouiling towurd Socialist construction. mi potri.otic youth just love the poopic dearly, heto counter-rüvolutionarie3; nd 3cVur tics with counterrovolūtionary roletivos. Sumo students cru afraid that by dcing so thoy arg not standing right by their fat!crs. It is just thc. opposite. Sinco ha has bu coin counter-rcvolution.dry, he has frilud to stand right by the fatherland, and failod to stand right by his son. The breakdown in the feelings between inthor nd son his bean caused by his own criminal activitios, and the son has no rosponsibility.
Overcons Fusitation, Report and Doposc
Each youth sliðulders the responsibility for the protection of this fatherland, to report on counter-revolutionarius. But some students, as soon as they think of personal interests and family intorcsts, bogin' to hove nunorous arxiutius. 3ono ro afrid that the counter-revolutionary fathör will be dorrived of his futuroi This is not necessarily so. If ho parsists in buing counter-revolutionary and atto:ipts to docciyc th. couple, to tho.v.my end, then mturally hi is inviting düstruction. But If hu bows frankly boforo the colo, th:: Government will doel vith hihi marnrninously. He will becono a new cian, and thoro is no four of the lack of a futuro in thu nuw scciaty. Scric students iro afraid thụt they thisclves will not havc 1 futuro:. This is oven greater muddled thinking. Tho: future of youths is forėvor 'linkod togother with the future of the fatherland, tho futuro of Socialist construction. It i3 üntirely diffcrent from tho futuro for counter-ruvolutionarics. Tho Party and the Governmont show the utrost concorn. for thü younger generation. Thu alin thing is whether one can bo resolutely rid of tho influences of counturerovolution rics, Thero W.23 tho caso of_2 graduato of 4_senior riddlo...chool who had succeedod in the entrance cxerinition to the institution
of his first
choice. He was fraid that reportin; on his countur-revolutionary fathor would lead to thi nullfication in Chiances for llission to the university. But finally ho decided to place the interests of the fatherland-above ait others, and
was prepared to sacrifice the chance of intcring a university and carricd out: the report on his father. The rosult was out of his cxpoctation, for tho crganization uphold its docision to allow him to cntcr thu school of his croico.
Raisu Vigilance, 30 lary of Ir22
Ono student had a relative arrusted. ibinihat Latter 5. teknmyy hu nenacid to tell the stucicnt secretly, "If anybody locks nú up, tüll hin to go away quick, iníorn hin 0.2 mly arrust.". Tu student thought this was a snall matter which would do no nam. ind so hu stayed at the door. Furtunately a nuighbor: Ivarnid of this, and pointed out to him that such an act would be witching out for and comunicating with wuntur-revolutionary spocial 2gunts. Only tlius was hu stopped frou doing a wrong act.
EXHIBIT NO. 15 – Continued
It is nocessary to raise: high one's vigilanco in doing ith cuuntcr-ruvolutionarios. Th...! 2ro vury wlicions and cunning, and will. bi adept in the wyploit::tion of family rulationships to get one to surve thwi. ThatOvur they say, don't boligve thül. whatuver they wsk onu to do, don's do it, thus, to provont from falling into their trap.
col. On the Crynization, b.? LW2). end Honest
Loyalty to the fintherlud and honusty iro qualitios which should be possessed by a patriotic youth. Onu rust roport fully to one's own orguiziltinn.ll connuctions with rulativ: 5 who are countlerov.lutionaries, Further developments in the situation 2ffccüing th- should also bo reported from time to čino. Make the organization understand you better, assist you in ducaticn on th: bois of your actual conditions, and cnable you to correctly indirstand and dull with those problaus, Ifanc doos not röport the facts, thin one has not only be un dishenust toward the t'athirland, but is also srivarud politically, and this will load to the possibility of ono's boing duped by the counter-révolution rius and regied intc tho sua of sin.
EXHIBIT NO. 16
(Wu Shu-jen testimony 7/10/73]
Extracts from China Mainland Magazines, No. 28, March 19, 1956
(Chung Kuo Ching Nien (Youth of China) Issue No. 24, 1955)
My husband was a university student and Party member. For several years we were in the same organ doing the same kind of work. tie was more capable than I and also did more work. He took extremely good care of me and we loved each each very much. A year after we got married we had a child. The child was very lovely and we felt all the happier. I never thoạght there would be trouble in our marital lifo.
An unexpected thing suddenly happened. During the recent "suppression of counter-revolutionariesil movement, my husband was found to be a criminal counter-revolutionary with a record of much counter- . revolutionary work. When the organization announced his case, the news came like a bolt from the blue and I was dumb.ioundocl. "He also had serious political problem. Was it possible?" For the years I was with him I thought I understood him guite well. I have never had any suspicion about him. And he also read meny books on Marxism-Leninism. Not only did he know why one must be loyal and honest with the organization but he often taught others to be so. How could it be that he was disloyal and dishonest with the organization and concceled his political problem?
Yet a fact remains a fact. When the Party organization repeatedly told me that his political problem was serious and produced a mass of data to corroborate the charge, reason compelled me to believe the Party. organization. And this picrced my heart like a sharp knile. I felt a great pain, shed tears, knew no sleep, thinking of this problem whilo walking, cating and even dreaming. I blamed myself for my bad luck of having such a husband. Over 90 percent of those in the revolutionary. ranks were good men, and if with my eyes closed I picked onc, he would not be a counter-revolutionary. Unfortunately I myself picked a man whom I took as my ideal husband but who proved to be a counter-revolutionary. My lot is indeed miserables And I also felt disgraced. The thought that. others would call me "wife of a counter-revolutionary caused me to hold my head low. The poor child, you see, was as gay as usual, playing and laughing, not knowing her father was in trouble. I shared the bed with a counter-revolutionary several years without finding out what he was. Who would believe me? Can the Party and comrades still trust me? Happy life and beautiful future vanished like a soap bubble, For a time I nearly lacked the courage to live.
But I still had a little ray of hope. The Party, I thought, repeatedly announced the policy of "leniency to those who confess, and severity to those who conceal their crime". He was a sensible man and was educated by the Party several years. Maybe he would on his initiative, like a Party member, reveal all his problems to the organization, mend his ways and turn a new lcaf. If so, he would naturally be dealt with lenicntly. Even if he still had apprehensions, he would eventually be awakened under the help of the organization and comrades and with some of my efforts. I therefore startid to coʻnsel and lead him and to move him with affections, talking about the future, about the child, about the pain in my heart and my expectations of him. Unexpectedly, with knitted eye brows he insisted on saying he had no problem. He even retorted that I forced and insulted him. The organization had earnest conversations with him, advising him to reveal his problem, but he flatly refused to do so,
EXHIBIT NO. 16 – Continued
The orgenization was obliged to confront him with some data and told him the policy. Confronted with iron-clad evidence, he reluctantly admitted some facts. How happy I was when he began to real his problem. I was sure he would reveal all his problems.
I was after all too lethargic, not knowing that without a scrious struggle the enemy would not willingly admit his guilt and surrender. Shortly after he revealed his problem, he came to me in tears, saying that all his talk were false, The same afternoon he approached the organization and retracted his statement. He insisted on saying that his record was clearn. As to what he revialed a few days before, he said: "It was a fabrication made with an idea of pe.ssing over the difficult time. Now I realize it was wrong. I therefore wish to be honest". I was surprised and indignant at his attitude. I told him: "Is such an attitude you should take towards the Party? You should completely admit your orror, make self-examination and licnostly confess to the Party". I asked him further: "What is your apprehension after all?! He simply shook his head, saying he had no apprehçnsion of any sort. The organization wanted him to continue confessions and earnestly advised him:. "You are still young and should think of your future". But he took such advice as a matter of no concern. In his leisure hours he would either read stories or played with the child, .caring nothing for ideological struggle. He was still so calm and I began to wonder what was all this about. He often gave me the impression that he was wronged and told me the predicament in which he found himself, "If I confess, it is not a fact; if I don't confe88, the organization will not believe me." He further declared he would ask the organization to investigate the matter further and not to give credence to denunciations at will. On seeing his attitude, I felt that my confidence in him returned and I began to waver: probably he really had no problem; otherwise, why did he noi reveal it? He was not unaware that a problem could never be glossed over and that if he resisted further, his future would be completely ruined. In those days I was perplexed and very passive, I told myself: "I will not trouble myself with the matter any more. I will wait for the conclusion drawn by the organization before judging what he is."
On discovering something wrong with my sentiment, the Party organization sternly and earnestly pointed out that my wavering and passivity, were extremely erroneous. The Party organization told me: "He has been verified as a counter-revolutionary only after eareful investigations, and therefore the conclusion admits no doubt. That the enemy will put up resistance and will not admit guilty right away is the inevitable law of class struggle. For this reason, in the course of acute and complex struggle, you should stand the test, take a firm stand and draw a line of demarcation. At the same time, it is the solemn responsibility of a Communist Party member to exert his or her best during the struggle." After this conversation, for several days I went through violent ideological struggle. After celmly going over his past contradictory records I was surprised at my stupidity. My mind became more sober and I was ashamed of my dullness. I was seized with remorse for showing .. affections to a counter-revolutionary and taking the stand with him at such a grave juncture. I began to review his past carefully and lay bare all the information in my possession.
With the continual expansion of the "suppress-counter-revolution" struggle, the .organization obtained more and more information about him, thus testifying further to the serious character of his problem. In such a situation, I saw him through and hated him, My feelings about him underwent a fundamental change and I lost hope in him. What should I do? With the help of the organization and comrades, I dispassionately examined how dealt with the question of marriage and love in the past and made arrangements for my future life.
EXHIBIT NO. 16 – Continued
The first feeling I got was that any union with such a husband was by no means due to bad luck buat to carelessness. We fell in love during 1950 when I had just joined the revolution and my ideological training was poor and politically I was not ripe. I merely admired him as a university student, and a Communist Party member working "hard" and having a "high level" and good ability, so I loved him. As to his political quality and political records etc., I never made nay Bareful observation and study, nor did I even ask him such questions. Later I found out something wrong with his records but I did not question him penetratingly. When we were about to get married, the organization advised me to give the matter careful consideration for his political records were still not clear. Infatuated with his love I married him without the slightest hesitation. After we got married, I often heard that he and some Party dissindents criticizing the shortcomings of others, but I neither criticized him according to principle nor suspected something wrong with him. I looked only at the surface and not at the subætance. The trouble today was entirely due to my erroneous thinking, low political awareness and low revolutionary vigilance and had nothing tr. do with bad luck. Marriage and love should be treated with care and persistence in political principles is the fundamental condition for determining the happy life of an individual these words I heard often in the past, but only today do I genuinely realize that these words are not empty doctrines but immutable truth.
As to my future, I also turned it over and over in my mind. The conversation the Party organization had with me always went round in my mind. The Party organization told me: "Be firm. Your future is infinitely broad and great. You still have the right and obligation to work for the Party and the people, The abnormal affection of the past is not worth longing for. Your suffering is understandable but we believe you can heal your wound with your own strength". Yes, this thing is unfortunate for me. But on the other hand why should I torment myself with the suffering instead of congratulating myself when our combat ranks are made purer and firmer by ferreting out counter-revolutionaries? I lost my..h'ikband, but do I live for a husband alone? If my eyes look far and wide and if I dedicate my best more strenuously to the Communist cause, that will be the greatest happi.ness for me.
ks to my beloved child, I will certainly educate and train her well. unfortunate for her to have such a father, but it would be more unfortunate if her mother lost the revolutionary position. Come what may, I will live on bravely.
My love for counter-revolutionary was indicative of my poor political vigilance and was a mistakes. I also understand that whether the Party and comrades will still hold me in respect and trust me shall be determined not by what happened in the past but by whether I myself can learn lessons from my mistake, draw a demarcation line against the enemy and take courage to combat counter-revolutionaries. Moreover, the Party and the comrades, in fact, do not hold me in disregard but show great concern about me. When I could not deal properly with the question of my counter-revolutionary busband, they patiently helped me take a firm stand, and inspired me with confidence in progress. Whenever I raade a slight progress ideologically, they would instantly accord me welcome. Whenever I recalled the warmth of the Party in midnight I felt. I was full of strength. I think I should hold my head high, straighten my back and continue to forge ahead along the bright path. In those days I read over again the Soviet novel Courage. The woman engineer in the novel loves a counter-revolutionary but, upon discovering something wrong with him, denounces him and throws away the dishonorable love of the past. She sharpens her revolutionary vigilance in her work.