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into his story the elements which made it real and N the preceding department will be found reviews of

graphic, and he felt its meaning so intensely that it throbs

and thrills in his narrative and makes it a transcript of the articles on the tariff by Mr. A. Augustus Healey and Hon. W. J. Coombs ; " The Beginning of Man and the

actual life. What is remarkable in him as an historian is Age of the Race,” by Dr. D. G. Brinton ; “How to Deal

that this power to infuse his narratives with the passion with the Filibustering Minority,” by Mr. John B. Mc

and excitement of life without apparent effort is almost Master ; The Most Popular Novels in America," by Mr.

as prominent in his first volume as in the latest ; and yet Hamilton W. Mabie, and Mr. Woodrow Wilson's criticism

nearly half a century lies between them." of Mr. Goldwin Smith's “ History of the United States."

Mr. G. Stanley Hall contributes a paper, the purpose of THE CORRUPT USE OF PATRONAGE.

which is suggested by its title, “Child-Study, the Basis “Are Presidential Appointments for Sale ?” is the sub of Exact Education ” Mr. Hall glances hastily at a few of ject of the first article, the general tone and scope of the methods which have been employed in the study of which is suggested by the writer, Mr. William D. Foulke, children, and points out some of the most salient results in the following paragraph : “We have had to witness that have been accomplished. He concludes his paper a great many instances of the corrupt use of patronage. with the practical suggestion “that oue or two of the Offices, high and low, have been divided among party largest colleges should cause a well trained and tactful bosses, and services, often discreditable, rendered to man to devote his time to the study and improvement of political organizations, have been rewarded by public college life, calling freely upon others to co-operate. Abunplace and paid out of the treasury of the State. We have dant material for the study of the natural history of stuseen a code of morality which even in the army has be dents is afforded by the more than two hundred publicacome extinct revived in times of peace under re an tions in the country, the court, code of honor, fraternigovernment. Our political sensibilities have become so ties, etc., the tabulations of choice of study with reasons blunted that we have almost come to believe it right that therefor, essays, and now the daily themes at Harvard, the victor should carry off the spoils. In our municipali- religious life and needs of students and above all habitual ties, bargains are made and money buys the place and we acquaintance with students and personal friends on the pay little heed to it. Our State legislatures have been ball grounds--this suggests a new field and method which corrupted and men have won their way through the might be called the higher anthropology." power of the dollar even to the Senate of the United

HOW BETTER TO UTILIZE RICH MEN. States. But until very recent years we have had no reason to believe that the sanctuary of our Federal Ex

Why do we not make better use of our rich men is the ecutive had been invaded by the defiling influe: ce of gold.

subject discussed by Mr. Frederic Harrison. “We waste It is this last step which indicates only too clearly the

them,” he says, “ and let them run to seed, a burden to direction in which our political morality is moving. The

themselves and a nuisance to the public." He urges that appointments of Mr. Wanamaker and Mr. Van Alen are we ought “to utilize and make citizens of them, lifting two long steps downward and backward toward the abyss them from inaptitude and degradation to be respectable from which free government can never rise. The descent

citizens of the commonwealth.” He points out that the rich must be stopped before it is too late.”

men of the United States have taken the lead of the rest of

the civilized world in the matter of giving to the public FRANCIS PARKMAN.

splendid gifts of libraries and colleges. After urging the Reviewing the life of Francis Parkman and his work,

rich men of the Republic to continue the good work of enMr. Julius /. Ward thus sets forth the historian's won dowing institutions for the public, Mr. Harrison has a derful gift of historical imagination : “He dwelt so en

word to say for the artistic rather than the scientific or

educational form of endowments. There are, he says, tirely with his subject that he could feel it to his fingers'

certain forms of art that no State or locality can ever proends. It inspired and mastered him, and when he attempted to tell the story he made it as real to the reader

vide for itself out of its public revenue, and he appeals to as it was to himself. It caught hold of the roots of his

the rich men to supply these. mind, and it held him as he holds his readers. He wrote these narratives as the painter fills out his canvas. He

THE NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW. put feeling and color into the story, and gave it the lights and shades of actual life, lifting it, as all great literature

N another department are reviewed at length Gov

ernor Russell's article on “Political Causes of the is lifted, so that it reflects the changes of human conflict

Business Depression,” “ The Mission of the Populist as they are seen to-day. The result is that the story is

Party," by Senator Peffer ; “Parliamentary Manners," like Shakespeare's plays. It reproduces the past and has the touches of life in it. The history is enjoyed by the

by Hon. Justin McCarthy, and three articles on the

Hawaiian situation. young as much as by the scholar, and it enters by right of inheritance into the permanent literature of the country. It is work done in simplicity, with power, with an Captain W. T. Sampson, of the United States Navy, adequate sense of its value, and with a thoroughness that writes on the battle ship. His definition of a battle ship produces the best results. This historical imagination is is “ that fighting ship which combines in the highest possithe rarests of gifts, and it lifts the work of its possessor ble egree the powers of offense and defense." We have to the highest plane. Parkman had the power to throw cruisers, large and small, protected cruisers, armored







cruisers, commerce destroyers, gunboats, torpedo cruis five to sixteen times as dangerous to travel by rail in the ers, torpedo boats, etc., each of which has its character United States as in England, and attributes this to the facts istics in which speed, the number and size of guns, coal that England has per unit of railways lines more than ten endurance and maneuvring powers are made much of, time as much double tracking, eighteen times as much but none of them, or all of them together, could be ex block-signaling and ever so much more interlocking of pected to meet the battle ship in fair fight. “She mounts switches and much better single-tracking. heavy guns to pierce the armor of her enemies ; she mounts numerous guns of lighter calibre to enable her to meet similar fire from all sorts of craft and to destroy the

THE ARENA. quick-moving torpedo boats which would escape the slowworking, heavy guns ; she carries armor to protect her OHN DAVIS, M.C., writ:s an interesting account of self against any but the heaviest projectiles, and, so far " The Bank of Venice,” that famous institution, “the as possible, against even these ; she carries torpedoes to most perfect of its kind that was ever devised by the destroy an enemy who may, in the manœuvres of battle, mind of man," on which the “Queen of the Adriatic” laid come within her reach ; she carries such a supply of coal the foundations of her greatness and wealth during the and ammunition as will enable her to perform her duty

middle ages.

Deposits of specie were made in the instibetween the times when she can renew her supply. tution and used by the government in carrying on its wars Being essa ‘ally a fighting machine, she does not require and foreign relations, and credit was given the depositor high speel

enable her to escape from an enemy. When on the books of the bank. The specie was never returned war shal come between any of the great nations which and no promise was ever made to do so, but the credits, depend iï whole or in part upon their naval strength, it being exempt from taxation, were eagerly sought and will be the battle ship which will settle the issue. And finally rose to a value actually above that of the coin of such, in brief, is the battle ship of to-day."

the republic,-ten ducats in bank credits equaling twelve in gold. No notes were issued, but the credits were

everywhere accepted and neg tiable. With this system, Mr. W. E. Simonds, discussing our patent laws, sug.

there could be no hoarding, no contraction or inflation of gests that they should be amended in two particulars : 1,

the currency. The government held all the metal in the That no innocent user of a “manufacture

country. The author thinks the system applicable to the sition of matter” shall be sued for infringement so long as

United States with the modification that notes in place of the maker or seller can be reached ; and, 2, that a patent credits be allowed the depositor. shall begin to run not later than three years after the first application thereof.


“Can the United States restore the bimetallic standard Dr. Lewis Robinson sums up his article, “What Dreams of money ?” Dr. George C. Douglas thinks it can do so are Made of," as follows: “1, It would be seen that, owing by means of a discriminating tariff, practically closing our to the unceasing 'unconscious cerebration' which is a nec markets to countries like England and Germany, which essary concomitant of our powers of intellect, the brain are monometallic, while filling the place of their products is always in part awake, and is especially active in shift by the goods of America, France, Italy and Holland, and ing memorized matter ; 2, the cerebral centers connected by the enactment of a law providing for free bimetallic with the sense organs are (for some reason which we can coinage. He contends that our markets are too valuable not at present explain) continually and independently to England and Gemany to be sacrificed in the interests of employed in stimulating impressions from without; 3, their money-holding classes. certain of the senses (especially that of hearing) remain open to external influences during sleep and convey

THE WONDERS OF HINDOO MAGIC. actual vibrations to the brain ; 4, there exists an ever Craving for the marvelous and supernatural is part of a active and purely involuntary predisposition on the part human being's inheritance, and there is much food to of the mental apparatus to compare and collate all the

satisfy it in “ The Wonders of Hindoo Magic,” by Heinrich messages which come, or seem to come, from without,

Hensoldt, Ph.D. Commenting on the later tendency of through the sense channels ; and to collate these again scientists to accept with more credence the tales of Eastwith what is brought to the consciousness by involuntary ern travelers, he proceeds to offer some explanation of recollection ; 5, associated with this there is a tendency the wonder-working powers of the Hindoos. As the (also automatic) to combine the evidence (real or bogus)

Greeks were given to plastic art and the passion of so collected into a coherent whole, and to make the re Egypt was for stupendous buildings, so the ruling fancy sult either explain the more emphatic thoughts or im of the Hindoos from remote ages has been for a “specupressions, or else answer some questions which occupied lative philosophy” based on intuition, and Mr. Hensholdt the attention before sleep began ; 6, no voluntary power does not doubt that they have discovered some forces of exists during sleep to pick out from the jumble handed in which we are ignorant, and among the first of which was that which is relevant to the problem to be solved, or

hypnotism. The conjurers may be divided into several even to discern whether any piece of pseudo information classes ; the lower orders, Fakurs and Pundits, mere is appropriate or the reverse for sucb a purpose ; 7, just

street jugglers, plying their trade for a livelihood ; the as there is no power to discriminate real from false im

higher classes, Yoghis and Rislies, who, living in the pressions at the outset, so, throughout a dream, we are wilderness, are seen but seldom and whose miracles are completely oblivious to the most glaring fallacies and in

never used for gain, but as the Disciples used theirs, to consistencies.”

attract attention before telling the story of their faith, RAILWAY ACCIDENTS.

generally one of the “Birth-Tales" of Buddha. Mr. H. G. Prout, editor of the Railway Gazette, com “The Practical Application of Hypnotism in Modern pares the number of railway accidents in this country with Medicine" is illustrated by Dr. J. R. Cocke, by cases from that in England, concluding that it is anywhere from his private and hospital practice.

THE CONTEMPORARY REVIEW. HE December number of the Contemporary contains

B.C. He admits that from a strictly historical point of view it would be difficult to resist Mr. Darmesteter's criticism, but he brings forward strong philological arguments in support of the traditional date. Mr. Rendel Harris takes occasion from the recently discovered Diatessaron of Tatian to show that Bishop Lightfoot, whose defense of the Johannine authorship created a general revolution of opinion in its favor, has understated, rather than overstated, his case. Dr. Anthony Traill treats of the compulsory purchase of land in Ireland. He complains of the way in which the seller is now harassed by costs of proofs of title. He urges more freedom in the creation of perpetuities by the fining down of rents.


striking kind.

LORD COLERIDGE AND THE POET BROWNING. Lord Coleridge discusses the time-honored distinction between education and instruction, describing education as the drawing out of the powers of the mind. He urges that technical instruction, however valuable, requires, in order to heighten its value, more general culture. The authors which he would recommend for special study stand in this order-Shakespeare, Milton, Wordsworth, Gray and Wolfe. He omits Tennyson ; Browning he also omits, because, though admiring him, he has not always understood him. 'He tells how the poet used to send his volumes. "Soon after one had thus been given me, he asked me how I liked it. I replied that what I could understand I heartily admired, and that parts of it, I thought. ought to be immortal ; but that as to much of it I really could not tell whether I admired it or no, as I could not understand it. “Ah, well,' he said, “if a reader of your calibre understands ten per cent. of what I write I think he ought to be content.?

THE DEGRADATION OF THE LITTLE TOE. The controversy which has been proceeding in the Contemporary as to the possibility of the transmission of acquired character, in which Mr. Herbert Spencer has taken the affirmative and Professor Weismann the negative side, is continued this month in a rejoinder by the synthetic philosopher. Much of th article is fully intelligible only to biologists, but it opens with a reference to the curious and much debated degradation of the human little toe. It was in the first instance supposed that the progressive disappearance of his digit was due to the inherited and accumulated effects of boot pressure. Professor Weismann had pointed out that the same fusion of the phalanges was found among people who go bare-foot, and in Egyptian mummies. Mr. Spencer rejoins by carrying the explanation further back. He points out how the change from arboreal habits to terrestrial habits has led to the development of the great toe as being nearer the line of direction. The inner digits have increased by use, while the outer digits have decreased by disuse.

BLACKCOATS ON THE WARPATH. Mr. John Darfield does not understand why so much noise has been made about the parish charities which are claimed for the disposal of the new parish councils of England. He shows that “in the country at large £400,000 a year spread over fifty-two counties is all that is touchable by the bill.” “This gives an average of about £77,000 per county." He laments “the waste of energy that has taken place in the whole army of blackcoats going on the warpath for such a twopenny-halfpenny matter as this clause turns out to be. It is the more striking, because, while the thirteenth clause gave to the Parish Council so very little, the definition of ecclesiastical charity stamped as Church property what had never been the Church's before."

THE NINETEENTH CENTURY. FIFTEEN articles, for the most part bright, in

structive, suggestive and brief, make the Nineteenth Century stand out this month superior to the influences which seem to beset the fag-end of the magazine year. Mr. Michael Davitt leads off by tearing up what he calls “ Fabian Fustian.” Mr. A.'c. Swinburne's “Recollections of Professcr Jowett” do not give us the Master again quite as vividly as the work of many a humbler and more Boswellian writer. He describes him on his literary and æst'etic sides. Dr. Jowett was, he tells us, “perhaps the last of the Old Whigs." He greatly admired Dickens, and would have ranked him above Tennyson and Carlyle. Of C rlyle he spoke with distaste and severity, as a preacher of tyranny and apologist of cruelty. Voltaire elicited expressions of dainty distaste. He delighted in Scott. His favorite Shakespearian play was “ The Merry Wives of Windsor.” He showed his general admiration of Browning's genius along with a comparative depreciation of Browning's works.

THE ITALIAN SENATE. The Marchese F. Nobili-Vitelleschi describes the Italian Senate in the first of a series of articles on “Upper Houses in Modern States.” In Italy “the appointment of an unlimited number of life Senators is reserved to the king. But the royal prerogative of appointment is limited to twenty-one categories of persons past the age of forty. It is only among these that the king can choose his Senators.” The writer suggests that this method of selection from categories should be carried out by electoral colleges in each class. Dr. H. P. Dunn tells “ What London People Die of” in an article crammed full of fact and thought. London, he shows, is increasing in healthiness ; once, in 1881, its mortality fell below that of England as a whole. The most startling fact he brings out is that the deathrate for diseases of the nervous system in London is almost the lowest among all registration districts. The wear and tear of city life lead one to expect quite the opposite result.



M. Yves Guyot, late French Minister, laments as an Individualist over Socialism in France," that whereas it was once a movement for liberty, it now might be defined “The intervention of the State in contracts of labor, always directed against the employer and to the exclusive profit of the laborer," to result in "the seizure by the State of the whole economic activity of the country and the forcing of every man fit to work into the ranks of State functionaries."

Mr. W. B. Stevens recounts the singular diplomatic relations between “Queen Elizabeth and Ivan the Terrible” and their successors. Russia seems to have been spe

Mr. Crawford gives an interesting sketch of “McMahon and his Forebears." Professor Max Müller has been aroused by " a most alarming bombshell” thrown by Mr. James Darmesteter, who assigns the Gathas, the oldest portion of the “Zend-Avesta," to the first century A.D., whereas the generally adopted date is from 2000 to 1500




cially eager to form an English alliance. The execution

THE NATIONAL REVIEW. of Charles I so incensed the Czar that he straightway ex

CHE D. cember number rises distinctly above the genpelled all English merchants from Russia. Mr. Theodore Bent traces “the origin of the Mashona

eral high level of this review. Lord George Hamilland ruins" to builders well versed in geometry and stu

ton's admirable article, "Is England's Sea Power to be

Maintained ?" is noticed elswhere. diously observant of the heavens, probably of Semitis race and Arabian stock. Rev. Edward Miller, under the

MATTHEW ARNOLD'S WORKS. ironic heading “ Confessions of a Village Tyrant," retails

Mr. Leslie Stephen's study on Matthew Arnold is a feast his social service as village parson. Mr. H. D. Traill dis

of fat things. He attributes to Arnold's po-tr, “the cusses “the anonymous critic,” and decides in favor of

quality, if not of inevitableness, of adhesiveness.” The keeping him anonymous. Mr. W. Laird Clowes describes

“Scholar Gypsy” is selected as his masterpiece. “The the fortifications and accommodation of Toulon and tabu

function which he took for himself was to be a thorn in lates the strength of the French fleet, to show that in the

the side of the Philistine; to pierce the animal's thick Mediterranean France is both stronger and readier than

hide with taunts, delicate but barbed ; to invent nickEngland.

names which might reveal to the creature his own ab

surdity ; to fasten upon expressions characteristic of the THE FORTNIGHTLY REVIEW.

blatant arrogance and complacent ineffable self-conceit of

the vulgar John Bull, and repeat them till even Bull N common with most of the English December maga

might be induced to blush." zines the Fortnightly falls rather below the average. It contains much interesting matter, but hardly any ar

THE IRISH PROBLEM. ticle of the first rank. Mr. Lilly's curious invective The O'Conor Don reminds his Unionist readers of “The against popular notions of “Self-government,” “Nauti Unsolved frish Problem.” The Home Rule bill, “whatcus'" instructive essay on “History and Sea Power,” ever may have been it shortcomings, has been read a third Canon Barnett's methods with the Unemployed," and time. It has been passed by the democratic branch of “X.'s” satire on “the Rhetoricians” of “the Ireland of the legislature of the United Kingdom. It is idle even to day," have received notice elsewhere.

for the most extreme Unionist to shut his eyes to these

facts. The step taken can scarcely be retracted, and some LETTERS OF KEATS.

form of what is called self-government for Ireland will Mr. A. Forbes Sieveking contributes" some unedited haunt whatever Ministry may be in power.” What, then, letters of Keats," addressed to two sisters named Jeffreys, must be done ? Independence is out of the question ; the son of one of whom made them over to Mr. Richard Federation must certainly not begin with Ireland. The Archer Mr. Sieveking thinks that now for the first time thing to do is to hold the Imperial Parliament every three the family at Teignmouth, with whom Keats corre years in Dublin, in Edinburgh, and in London. Let there sponded, and about whose names he was very reticent, be also a royal residence in Ireland. This rotation of locacan be identified with these Jeffreys. In one letter Keats tion would meet the needs of the case. coins a convenient word, where he says, “Many interest

PRESBYTERIAN UNION. ing speeches have been demosthenized." A passage in another letter recalls Browning's “What porridge had

Rev. Dr. Story approaches the subject of "The Kirk John Keats ?” “One of the great reasons that the En

and Presbyterian Union ” from the standpoint of one who glish have produced the finest writers in the world is that

loves the auld kirk very much, but whose zeal for Union the Englis a world has ill-treated them during their lives

is rather tepid. “In oider to uuite with the Established and fostered them after their deaths. They have in gen

Church the Dissenters would have to surrender nothing.

The U. P.'s would still retain, in unimpaired vitality, both eral been trampled aside into the bye-paths of life and seen the festerings of Society."

the theory and the practice of Voluntaryism.” The Free

Church woul I simply revert to her vaunted “disruption MAORI SOCIALISM.

principles,” which include Establishment. The Church, Mr. Fred. J. Moss describes “A South Sea Island and

on the other hand, in accepting Disestablishment would its People :" “ In all their islands each Maori has some

make an enormous surrender. “Even were the sentiment share in the common possessions, and personal want in

of Union predominantly strong in the Established Church,

we could hardly expect it to gratify itself at such a sacrithe midst of public plenty is unknown.


fice. But, in point of fact, that sentiment is one which may possibly come, but cannot starve one without stary

evokes little enthusiasm among Churchmen.” ing all. Children bring with them no care, being provided for as soon as born. Work is made a pleasure, and the

SCHOOL CRISIS IN ENGLAND. poorest breathes as pure an air and is nearly as well fed Rev. Canon Hayman, D.D., discusses “The Voluntary and clothed as the ariki whom he reverently obeys. School Crisis " in language more vigorous than convincThere is not a lunatic, a jail, nor a consciously degraded per ing. He begins by describing Mr. Acland as the "modern son. The sovereign and the chiefs are in touch with the successor” of Julian the Apostate, “the demagoguepeople, and the people are in touch with one another. tyrant of a department, (who] is profiting by the august The Maori, in short, is a good deal of a Socialist.”. Mr.

precedent, and destroying religion by destroying religious Moss suggests the formation of a society to inquire into schools. That universal Board Schools mean the extincthe unseen biological causes of Maori decay

tion of vital religion from education is as certain as Mr. A. R. Wallace continues his discussion of the Ice symptoms of tendency can make any statement concern. Age and its work, and maintains, against the notion of ing human society." “ earth movements of various kinds," Sir A. Ramsay's He is deeply moved by the “official silence" of Anglican theory of the ice-erosion of the valley lakes of highly dignitaries at this crisis, and concludes by asking, “Will glaciated regions. A dialogue by the late Francis Adams not the verdict of posterity be that the English Church canvasses the idea of "a hunt for happiness " as the law in the crisis of her destiny counted many excellent of life.

bishops, but lacked an episcopate ?”


does not exist for the sole purpose of unifying British and American sentiment, and that the Governor-General of Canada is not here as an ambassador from Great Britain to the United States, but as a representative upon Canadian soil of the sovereign of our own Empire. The great interest so generously taken by Lord and Lady Aberdeen in the Chicago fair has led, in certain quarters, to this strange misconception of their duties."

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THE NEW REVIEW. "HE New Review contains several timely and attract

ive articles. Mr. Macdonald's “Problem of the Unemployed ” is noticed elsewhere.

Lady Knightley, of Fawsley, enumerates, in a most businesslike catalogue, the following “ New Employments for Educated Women :" Giving lectures and teaching to County Council Classes ; carving ; as sanitary inspectors, a class which ought to increase and include in their purview workhouses also ; horticulture, as learned at Swanley, Kent; as librarians-a calling likely to be overcrowded ; as University Extension Lady Lecturers ; house decoration ; plan tracing ; wood engraving ; painting on glass ; dispensing; as trained nurses in workhouse infirmaries ; as lady nurses for children of the upper classes; secretarial work ; care of insane patients; and rent collectors or managers under Miss Octavia Hill's scheme.

Mr. Frederick Boyle bewails “The Decay of Beauty,” and traces it to the artificially secured survival of the unfit, the “swaddling” of almost the entire body in woolens, the disuse of the bath, and other causes. Malle. Blaze de Bury gives a most interesting account of Charcot, as physician, professor, in his relations to hypnotism, and as head of the modern neuropathic school. Apparently a skeptic, he believes strongly in the personal faith of the patient in his doctor, adviser, and ultimate cure.

Prof. Max Müller contributes a beautifully picturesque sketch of “Constantinople in 1893.” He wonders why so many people go to Switzerland and Rome, when a few days more would bring them into an entirely new world, and into a climate in some seasons almost perfect. He has been much impressed with the Turks: “Whatever may have been said of the 'Sick Man,' there is many a sign that the Turk has recovered, and that he will prove a tough morsel to whomever wishes to swallow him. The pure Turk is strong and steady, and determined to fight to the bitter end before he surrenders what for over four hundred years he has called his own."

“ The Indictment of Dives” is Mr. W. S. Lilly's epitome of Socialism. Of the thousand volumes written by Socialists, "all bring the same charge, substantially, against Dives—that he is a thief ; that is the head and front of his offending; their first count in the indictment against him. “Property is theft.' Is this true ?"

Not of private property in the abstract, he replies : “The philosophical justification of private property is that it is necessary for the explication of personality in this work-a-day world." But as to property in the concrete, Mr. Lilly fears the charge is too true.”

THE CENTURY. 'HE December Century has a special cover in which

the holly leaves suggest Christmas in a cheery way, and the art papers and poems, as is the custom of the Century at this season, suggest the new year even more strongly in their portraits of those who made the first Christmas. Indeed, this is distinctly a holiday number and matters of more serious discussion are discarded for the time to give place to papers on the “Old Dutch Masters" by Mrs. Van Rensselaer, to an especial article for artist folk on Rembrandt by Timothy Cole, to "Chats with Famous Painters,” with very charming bits and studies reproduced by Wallace Wood, and to Mr. Hopkinson Smith's first article in the artist's adventure series.

The feature of the number so far as fiction is concerned is the beginning of Mark Twain's serial novel, “Puddin Head Wilson,” the scene of which is laid in Southwest Missouri thirty-five years ago. The first chapters give but small indication of that humor which made Mr. Clemens' fame. Curiously enough, the plot, if one may presume to prophesy from the first chapters, is going to center around the mixing up of two babies, one of whom is a white child and the other a mulatto with a slight strain of negro blood, the two being under the charge of the fond mulatto mother ; so that we may expect to find Mark Twain drawing some healthy moral concerning the race problem before we are through with “Pudd'n Head Wilson."

Apropos of the current discussion for and against football in the colleges, William Conant Church contributes

“Open Letter” to this number, in which he gives some striking facts to show that the football player is just as good and faithful a student as his less athletic fellow, and that the effect of the training upon the player himself is highly advantageous in its obligation to keep good hours, to preserve strict temperance in food and drink, to refrain from the use of tobacco, to eat only nourishing food and be systematic with cold baths, rubbing and healthy exercise. He thinks it even more important, perhaps, that it teaches the American youth what they find very hard to learn-that they must give prompt and direct obedience to instructions. Says Mr. Church :

“It is doubtful whether the percentage of accidents among undergraduates would lessen were football forbidden. Nature will exact her tribute in physical injuries for her bestowal of surplus energy upon the young, and I have known one young man to break an arm three times in jumping over horse-posts. The physical dangers, such as they are, could be greatly lessened by a proper regulation of the game. It should be recognized as a part of the college curriculum, to the extent at least of encouraging every student to participate in it, grading the players according to their several abilities. It is found that systematic training reduces the risk from injuries. If football is beneficial, as would appear to be the case, the benefit should be extended to all students alike. As it is now, those who most need the exercise are debarred from it by the natural disposition to exclude all



EV. HERBERT H. GOWEN contributes a good

article on salmon fiishing, in which he tells of the methods employed in netting and canning on the Fraser river. Into the small city of New Westminster alone this industry brings about a million and a half dollars each season. Every fourth year there is a tremendous glut of salmon, and in an average season of six or seven weeks a boat manned by two men, who have to wield a great net 300 feet long, will take from 6,000 to 11,000 fish, while an average cannery packs about 200,000 fish in a season.

In a paper on Lord and Lady Aberdeen, Mr. J. Castell Hopkins is outspoken in his efforts to correct any too fervid belief on the part of Americans that the new GovernorGeneral has any specific aims toward closer connection between Canada and the United States.

“Such utterances overlook the vital fact that Canada

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