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as Viceroy of her Majesty under the first Home Rule *House anything to do with the courtiers at the Castle. administration which had existed in Great Britain. On this occasion, however, a private communication

The situation in Dublin when Lord and Lady Aber was sent from the Castle to the Lord Mayor, Mr. T. deen began their viceroyalty was almost one of unex D. Sullivan, the poet, patriot and genial chief magisampled difficulty. Lord and Lady Carnarvon, who trate, to suggest the calling of a meeting in order to had been their predecessors in the Castle, had shown devise means for relieving the distress, and he retheir appreciation of the Irish character and disposi ceived a further intimation from the Castle to the tion by dispensing with the menacing machinery of effect that although his Excellency could not attend military escorts and had thrown themselves heart and as Lord Lieutenant he would be very glad to be soul into the work of promoting the material interests present in his capacity as a citizen resident in Dublin. of Ireland. Unfortunately, Lord Carnarvon's states Mr. Sullivan, one of the best hearted men in the manlike projects for the pacification of Ireland met world, who was acquainted with the high charwith but scant sympathy from Lord Salisbury. The sit- acter and sterling sincerity of the Viceroy, was very uation between the Castle and Downing street had been glad indeed to receive the intimation, but just a trifle aggravated by the reactionary policy of the Ministry anxious to know how the bhoys would take it. As until at last in despair Lord Carnarvon resigned, and there is no omelet without breaking of eggs, their when on his way to London received the news of the Excellencies carried it throngh. Every individual fall of the Ministry. Mr. Gladstone came in. With whom they consulted, including all the authorities, out the Home Rulers he had no majority in the opposed their action. They were warned that they House of Commons. He, however, declared himself would be hissed, that they would begin their vicein favor of Home Rule, hoping to make up on the Irish royalty with a slap in the face which they would vote the defections which he knew he would have never get over, and that the one thing which they to expect on the part of the Whigs and Radical should avoid above everything was the running of Unionists. The Irish, although delighted at the any risks. To all of which advice, although couched demonstration which this afforded of the power in the most diplomatic way and pressed upon them of their Parliamentary vote, were sullen and sus with the greatest authority, they turned a deaf ear. picious. They had had but too recent an experi It was an inspiration, and they did well to act upon it. ence of what they called the Grand Old Coercionist The news had got abroad that the Castle was going for them to trust Mr. Gladstone further than they to visit the Mansion House, and an immense crowd could see him. Most of the leaders of the men upo:2 was gathered in the neighborhood to see the vicewhose shoulders he was now returning to power had regal carriages. In Dublin the representative of Her been imprisoned by him during the administration of Majesty keeps up the tradition of royal state much more Mr. Foster or Lord Spencer. Men who have just than in the more democratic colonies. On this occacome out of jail are inclined to apply the maxim about sion the Viceroy drove through the streets of Dublin doubting the gift-bearing Greeks to their former jailer. to the chief magistrate of the city with the usual carMr. Morley's appointment as Chief Secretary, so far riage and four, with postilions and outriders. It was as it went, was accepted as a pledge of sincerity, a critical moment when the carriage drove up in front. but the Irish knew little of Lord Aberdeen and they of the door of the Lord Mayor's official residence, and knew a great deal about the Castle of which he the Viceroy and his wife, in their capacity of citizens, was the latest occupant. There was, therefore, no descended to attend a meeting summoned to consider popular demonstration when Lord and Lady Aber the distress in the west of Ireland. It seemed to those deen began their viceroyal duties. The popular who were present as if the crowd quivered and hesi. party in Ireland stood askance, boycotting the castle tated, not knowing whether to hiss or to cheer, when as they had boycotted it for years past; and as the suddenly one of the bhoys gave rein to the exuberLoyalists, so-called, regarded the new administration ance of his enthusiasm and broke out into a hearty as a band of traitors and renegades, the lot of the new cheer. Another second and all suspense was at an Viceroy was anything but a happy one.

end. Amid a roar of cheers, the like of which had Froin this position of isolation they were rescued never been heard behind a Viceroy in recent years, by a happy experience which turned the tide, and Lord Aberdeen made his way into the meeting was the first conspicuous act that notified to the Irish hall. The climax of the proceedings was reached people the change which had come over the spirit of when Lord Aberdeen requested to be introduce:) to their British rulers. There was in that year a great Michael Davitt. When the one-armed ex-Fenian condistress in the west of Ireland, and the Castle had, of vict grasped the hand of Lord Aberdeen there was a course, official intimation of the sufferings of the public pledge given and recognized of all men of the poorer cottagers on the Atlantic coast. The ordinary alliance of the Irish democracy and all that was best method by which relief is obtained is by a meeting in in the popular party in Britain. the Mansion House, called and presided over by the The Unionists, of course, were scandalized that a Lord Mayor. It has been the curse of the system in representative of the Queen should shake hands with Ireland that the Lord Mayor of Dublin and the Vice a man who had done his term of penal servitude in roy of the Queen at the Castle have held aloof from Portland prison, but all men, irrespective of party, each other. The Jews have no dealings with the who knew the high character and stainless life of Samaritans, neither have the patriots of the Mansion Michael Davitt rejoiced that such typical representa

tives of the two races should have publicly exchanged and his wife a national Irish farewell. As they drove the right hand of fellowship before the eyes of the from the Castle down to the station, through streets two nations. From that moment everything went filled with cheering and weeping crowds, it was eviwell with them in Dublin. A strange and what ap dent even to the most cynical observer that the popupeared to ost Irishmen an incredible thing took lar heart had been touched to its depths. Everywhere place. Dublin Castle, so long the symbol of an alien in the streets, banners were waving and flags flying, dominion, became the headquarters of the Nationalist and strangest of all, for the first time in recent years, movement. Lady Aberdeen, remembering her Irish the Irish National Band played “God Save the Queen.” descent from the O'Niells, threw herself heart and It was a great moment, and one which made the soul into developing the industries of Ireland. As a heart swell high with pride and gratitude that such rule, the Scotch get cn better with the Irish than the an outburst of popular sympathy had been brought English do. This is curious, as the Scotch are far about by the simple talisman of helpful sympathy more reserved than their Southern neighbors, but as and profound respect. For the Aberdeens had learned a matter of fact even the dourest Presbyterian Scot to love the Irish people with a whole-hearted devomanages to get along better with his Irish Catholic tion which touched that emotional and appreciative neighbor than an Englishman in the same circum people to the quick. They saw in Lady Aberdeen stances. Everything that Lord and Lady Carnarvon especially one who was more Irish than the Irish had tried to do the Aberdeens took up and did with themselves, and the enthusiasm and loyalty which the greater force and vigor that comes of conscious her presence elicited did inore to reveal possibilities reliance upon popular enthusiasm. The six months for the pacification of Ireland than all the adminiswhich they passed in Ireland were among the best in trations of all the politicians. When the cheerIrish history, a kind of glorious summer day out of ing crowds had shouted their last farewell and the due season, but heralding the sunshine to come. viceregal party were steaming towards Holyhead Over at Westminster the Home Rule bill, framed they had the consolation of feeling that even if the upon the fatally false foundation of excluding the ship had gone to the bottom they had not spent their Irish from the Imperial Parliament, staggered heavily lives in vain. But the ship did not go to the bottom, downward. Even at the eleventh hour the bill might: and the viceroyalty of Ireland may be said to have have been saved if the exclusion of the Irish mem been the entrance leading up to their future hisbers had been frankly abandoned, but Mr. Morley tory. They had arrived, and henceforth their position willed it otherwise, and the Government marched to among the first half dozen families in the Empire its doom. After the fatal decision was taken there

was clear. was a dissolution which resulted in the return of a

IV. THE COUNTESS OF ABERDEEN. large Unionist majority. Then the hour came when Dublin Castle had to give up its pleasant occupants In the foregoing pages repeated reference has been and the brief break in the long tradition of repres made to Lady Aberdeen. I must now deal for a. sion and distrust came to an end. It was not until brief space with one who might well afford a subthat day of leave taking that the Aberdeens them ject for a separate sketch. Lady Aberdeen is the selves or the public had any adequate conception of daughter of Sir Dudley Coutts Marjoribanks, since the degree of passionate personal enthusiasm and de created Lord Tweedmouth, of a staunch old Whig voted loyalty which they had succeeded in six short Border family, and who himself represented the “good months in creating in the capital of Ireland. The town of Berwick-on-Tweed” for thirty years as a whole of Dublin city turned out to give the Viceroy Liberal. The family seat is in Berwickshire, but

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little Ishbel's home was in Guisachan in Invernesshire. It was a wild and romantic spot. The country seat nestled at the head of a lovely mountain strath twenty-three miles from the nearest railroad station or telegraph office. In this mountain solitude the young girl grew up a strong and sturdy Scotch lassie, passionately fond of reading and of the vigorous outdoor life of the mountain child.

Her father, the son of the well-known Mr. Edward Marjoribanks (who up to the age of ninety-four transacted all the heavy duties falling to the lot of the senior partner of such a bank as Coutts'), combined with his hereditary, business instincts strong literary and artistic tastes and a passion for everything that pertained to sport and natural history. It was this which led him in early manhood to settle himself in the wilds of Invernesshire, and there to create a very paradise, in the midst of which he lives the life of an ancient patriarch amongst his retainers and his ghillies, to the great benefit of all the glen.

Lady Tweedmouth, a woman of great beauty and talent, was the daughter of Sir James Hogg, one of the mainstays of the old East India Council, and many members of her family can boast in recent years of having maintained in the service of their country in India the high traditions of their combined Scottish and Irish ancestry.

With such a host and hostess and in such surroundings “Guisachan” became renowned in all the North of Scotland for its wide hospitality, and every autumn found gathered beneath its roof prominent politicians of both parties, artists, literary men, sportsmen. Thus it naturally came about that between the annual six months' Parliamentary season in London and the circle of friends visiting her Highland home the little Ishbel was brought into contact with most of the leading men of the day, riding and walking in their company, listening to their stories and mutual reminiscences, and imbibing all unconsciously a strong Liberal bias, which presently blossomed into full force under the friendly influences of Mr. Gladstone.

Another result of her youthful surroundings was to accustom her to free intercourse with persons of


very various religious creeds. In her native glen the great majority of the people were Celtic, Roman Catholics, whilst the minority consisted of strong Free Church folk, with a sprinkling of adherents of the Auld Kirk, amongst which were her own family. She and her white pony were at home amongst them all, and many were the stories she heard and the sympathies that were evoked as she learned to spin or bake “cakes” by the side of the old Highland “ wifies," or to watch for the deer and the grouse with her father's gamekeepers. It is curious to note how these early experiences trained the young girl for her future connection with the Roman Catholic and Presbyterian populations of Ireland, and it is a strange coincidence that circumstances should have accustomed both Lord and Lady Aberdeen from childhood to follow the example of the Queen in being mem


bers of both Presbyterian and
Episcopalian churches, accord-
ing as they resided in Scotland
or in England.
God fanned her with His ripening

And heaven's rich instincts in

her grew As effortless as woodland nooks Send violets up and paint them

blue. This Scottish girl, with her Gaelic name, nursed on tradition, on romance, and surrounded from infancy with the sound of the stirring melodies of her native hills, was only eleven when she first saw her present husband. It chanced upon a day that a young man of twenty-one who had been

GUISACHAN HOUSE, LADY ABERDEEN'S ANCESTRAL HOME. riding across the country, lost his way and came over the hills with a footsore Parliamentary friend, the Earl of Aberdeen. He at pony to the entrance bridge of Guisachan. He was once gave a highland welcome to the belated traveler. little more than a boy. Slight of frame although of Ishbel, then a girl of elaven, saw the visitor and soon ordinary stature, with a frank, fearless look in his eye, after she fell in love with him, nor has she from that as he, after many apologies for trespassing, craved day to this ever wavered in the whole-hearted devotion permission to put his pony up for the night at the which exists between her and the man who after

wards became her husband. The portrait, reproduced by permission, of Ish bel Marjoribanks at the age when she first met Lord Aberdeen is copied from a beautiful colored miniature painting which is among the treasures of the family. The acquaintance thus auspiciously begun was continued in a friendship which was consummated and placed upon a more permanent foundation when in the year 1877 Ishbel Marjoribanks became Ishbel Aberdeen.

They passed their honeymoon in Egypt, where his father, Lord Haddo, had spent many happy months in the vain pursuit of health. It was while they were going up the Nile in their dahabeah that they had the good fortune to meet Gen. Gordon, then Governor-General of the Soudan. He was scouring up the river in his steamer, while they were slowly toiling up propelled by the sluggish stream. Not knowing how to attract the attention of the Governor-General, Lord Aberdeen hit upon the idea of firing signals of distress. This at once brought Gen. Gordon to their boat, and recognizing in his visitor the head of his clan, he extended him a hearty welcome and rendered him the fealty which is due from every Gordon to the head of his house. Gen. Gordon took to Lor) Aberdeen as if he had been his own brother, and before parting for the night he presented Lady Aberdeen with a beautiful set of little silver coffee cups as a token of their friendship. The dahabeah and the

steamer parted in the night and in the morning ISHBEL MARJORIBANKS.

they were out of sight. They met Gen. Gordon lodge so that he might the next day continue his jour- again at Cairo and dined with him in the spacious ney. Sir Dudley Marjoribanks, on inquiring for the palace which was placed at the disposal of the simple identity of the strange wayfarer, found that he was soldier by the Khedive. They had a long discussion named John Campbell Gordon, the son of an old with him as to the possibility of repressing the slave


trade. That it existed in Egypt they had the best opportunity of knowing, for hearing that boys were bought and sold as merchandise, they sent their man ashore at one of the villages stating that if they had any boys for sale they would be glad to see them. Without any delay a slave merchant brought four boys on board the ship and set forth with much detail their various advantages, and discoursed upon the benefits which would accrue to the purchaser who obtained such a desirable human article. The merchant then stated the price at which he was willing to part with them. Lord Aberdeen pointed to the British flag which was flying at the masthead and told the slave dealer that the four boys were slaves no longer, as wherever the British flag flew slavery ceased to exist. But in order not to create a hubbub he stated that he was willizg to take charge of the boys and give the slave dealer a present almost equivalent to the price which he had asked. They took the children up to Assiout and handed them over to a mission to be baptized and brought up. Then a difficulty arose. The missionaries refused to baptize them



unless their parents or adopted parents would take the responsibility of presenting them for baptism. Lord and Lady Aberdeen, having put their hands to the plough, did not turn back, but at once adopted the four boys as their own children and they were all baptized and placed in good keeping. Three of them afterwards died of consumption. The remaining one grew up and became an earnest Christian and is at the present moment a missionary in the Soudan. These were not the only adopted children the young couple possessed when they came back to England from their honeymoon. They had no fewer than five adopted children. Four of them were left at Assiout, but one was brought with them to England: This was an Egyptian lad who had become a Christian, but who had been tortured into recanting. He had run away from his tormentors and was more or less at a loss, and did not know what to do. Lord and Lady Aberdeen therefore enabled him to leave the country undetected in the character of one of their servants. On arriving home they put him to college at Edinburgh, and he is now a missionary in China.

In addition to their adopted children they have had five children, four of whom are living. The second daughter died in infancy. Lord Haddo, the Hon. Dudley and Hon. Archie are the boys, while Lady Marjorie, who is only thirteen years old, is the only surviving daughter. Lady Marjorie has the distinction of being the youngest editor in the world, and her little monthly, Wee Willie Winkie, is an alınost ideal specimen of what a child's paper should be. It is simple, natural, interesting, and I am glad to hear that it is likely to have an extended range of usefulness on the American continent. Lady Marjorie is an interesting child, somewhat tall for her age, but still a child at


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