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her lessons. She does her editing in the intervals of play time. Like all the rest of the family she is devoted to her mother, who is naturally very anxious that such a child should not be unduly forced into prominent activity. Lady Aberdeen possesses immense activity and energy, together with a capacity to do things and get them done. Her first training in the way of organization was the establishment of the Onward and Upward Society, an association which began on a small scale among the domestics and poor people on their estate in Aberdeenshire, and which has spread until they have about 9,000 members throughout the world. In connection with this
and in calling attention to and advertising the existence of Irish manufactures, which are quite worthy to take equal rank with any other nation in the world. Much of the Irish lace and other displays took a high place among the exhibits at the World's Fair, winning forty-seven medals. Thanks largely to the business capacity, untiring industry and constant vigilance of Mrs. White, the Irish Village at Chicago, with over one hundred Irish inmates, was a great success from every point of view, as an object lesson of what the Irish could do. It was a realistic reproduction of the actual conditions of life in the old country, which made a very handsome profit for the extension of the work
Lady Aberdeen edits a monthly review under the title of the association. They have now taken a place in Waof Onward and Upward. Dr. Lyman Abbott, writing bash avenue, Chicago, where the products of Irish inupon this association in the Outlook, says that it is a dustry are on sale. Similar depots will probably be escombination of the Y. W. C. A., Working Girls' tablished throughout the whole world in time. A large Club and the Chatauqua Literary and Scientific Asso measure of the expense for maintaining the machinciation. Another work with which her name is even
ery necessary to develop these industries into self-supmore prominently associated is the Irish Industries porting concerns has been supplied by Lord AberAssociation, which was brought more conspicuously deen, while the amount of labor which has been before the American public by Lady Aberdeen's devoted to the task by the Countess is almost inIrish Village, with its reproduction of Blarney Cas conceivable. She has her reward, however, in what tle, which stood at the entrance of the Midway Plais- promises to be a very thriving industry, or rather ance in Jackson Park. It is difficult to estimate the series of industries, which have begun already to constimulating influence of this association in promoting tribute not a little to the amelioration of the condithe development of the domestic industries of Ireland tion of life in old Ireland,
Perhaps the most important work on a wide scale provement of society. Time and again they have with which Lady Aberdeen has been connected was rendered invaluable service to the cause of moral and that which she undertook in the Woman's Liberal social reform, and nothing can be further from the Federation, a body of 80,000 women of which she is at mark than to confound such an association of enerthis moment President, although she will retire at the getic public-spirited women with a mere creature next general meeting. She was elected to this post in of the party whip. There are women in England succession to Mrs. Gladstone, and the very strongest who imagine that their only duty in politics is to canpossible pressure has been brought to bear upon her to vass for a candidate of their party, whoever he may induce her to reconsider her determination to resign an be, and they have formed a small caucus of their office the duties of which she cannot discharge from own, which is without numbers, without influence Ottawa. The Woman's Liberal Federation, it is well and without standing in the country. The Woman's to remark, is no mere party caucus.
There is no Liberal Federation is a national organization which doubt that it was originally started by some wire is growing in strength every year, and which insists pullers of the Liberal Party, who imagined that it on having a voice in the settlement of all national might be of good service to bring into existence a questions. As a means of education as well as an inLiberal counterpart to the Primrose League. The strument of political influence it fills a very useful Woman's Liberal Federation, however, no sooner part in our political economy. Lady Aberdeen has came into being than it developed an independent ac not been long in the Dominion of Canada, but she tivity of its own which led it to be regarded with the has already helped to organize a National Council liveliest feelings of resentment by the caucus mana of Women, the object being to form a body of women gers and wirepullers who had assisted in bringing it representing all phases of women's work in every into being. The association has had a great and bene center of population in the whole Dominion. It is ficial effect in stimulating women to take an intelli- hoped that such a body will promote unity and chargent interest in politics and to make their influence ity, both amongst religious, philanthropic and secufelt in all that relates to the moral and social im- lar associations, giving all a chance of knowing of
what is being done for the good of the world outside their own immediate sphere. It will also secure their joint consideration of public questions and their joint action when circumstances arise which will necessitate their practical intervention. Of course, like others who have taken any interest in the amelioration of the condition of life, Lady Aberdeen believes firmly in woman's suffrage. In her present position as wife of the Governor-General she is necessarily precluded from taking any part in questions that can by any pretense be alleged to belong to the domain of party politics. It ought not to be a question of party politics to affirm that a woman is a human being, nor should a Governor-General's wife be debarred from insisting upon the natural corollary of that fundamental truism. There is no doubt, however, that the National Council will tend to lead women more and more to take counsel together and see whether it is not possible for them to bring such influence to bear as to render it possible for the best men, truly the best men, to be returned to the Houses of Parliament.
HON. ARCHIE GORDON (As one of the Children's Guard of l'onor" in attendance upon the Queen on the occasion of the unveiling of Princess Louise's statue of Her Majesty in Kensington Gardens, June, 1893.)
V. GOVERNOR-GENERAL. During the whole of the Salisbury administration it was regarded as a matter of course that with the advent of a Home Rule administration Lord Aberdeen would go back to Dublin as Viceroy. The immense success which had attended his previous viceroyalty and the continued and continuously increasing interest which Lady Aberdeen took in all that concerned the material interests of the distressful country caused the ordinary man to take it as a matter of course that whatever appointments were in doubt, there could be no more question as to who would be the Irish Viceroy than there was as to who would be the Prime Minister. Mr. Gladstone him. self was believed to share this view, and great indeed was the astonishment of the country when on the gazetting of the appointments Lord Aberdeen's name did not appear on the list.
It is an open secret that the appointment of Lord Houghton to be Viceroy was due entirely to the initiative of Mr. Morley. Mr. Morley was and is a close friend of the Aberdeens, but he deemed it desirable in the interests of the new administration that England should have not two representatives in Ireland, but
LADY MARJORIE GORDON,
The thirteen-year-old editor of "Wee Willie Winkie."
one, and that one should be himself. No doubt from and because your Governor-General is in the service his own standpoint, however, he was abundantly of the Crown, he is, therefore, in a literal and absojustified ; and for the general interests of the Empire lute sense, in the service of Canada. In other words, we cannot but rejoice that Lord Aberdeen should aloof though he be from actual executive responsihave been provided with a sphere of in ence im bility, his attitude must be that of ceaseless and measurably more important than that which he would watchful readiness to take part, by whatever opporhave had as a Viceroy at Dublin.
tunity may be afforded to him, in the fostering of At first there seemed some doubt as to whether they every influence that will sweeten and elevate public would have gone to India or would accept the life ; to observe, study and join in making known the Governor-Generalship of Canıda. During the Con resources and development of the country ; to vindiservative administration he had traveled together with cate, if required, the rights of the people and the Lady Aberdeen over the whole of the British Empire, ordinances of the constitution, and, lastly, to promote including India. There is scarcely a colony or depend- by all means in his power, without reference to class ency which they did not visit. But apart from Ireland or creed, every movement and every institution calthere was no post in the Empire more congenial to culated to forward the social, moral and religLord and Lady Aberdeen than the Governor-General ious welfare of all the inhabitants of the Dominion. ship of the Dominion of Canada. Canada reminded Such, gentlemen, I venture to assure you is the aim them in many points of their own native land, and they and purpose which, in dependence on the one ever had been very much impressed with the future of the effectual source of help and strength, we desire to country. A few years ago they had established a pursue.” kind of country seat for themselves in the ranching There is in this brief speech the keynote of the lands of British Columbia. There they retired whole of Lord Aberdeen's life. He has succeeded, it from time to time away from the incessant round of is true, to a peerage and office of great usefulness and duties which occupied them at Dollis Hill and at of high position, but he has also succeeded to what Haddo House. They had repeatedly visited the he finely calls “the heritage of service.” As the country, and, as an eminent official said to me, they servant of the Crown he is also the servant of Canada. brought to the Governor-Generalship more personal It is the old principle which led the Pope, the most knowledge of Canada than most Governor-Generals highly placed of all mortals, to describe himself as are able to acquire in the course of their office.
servus servorum. There is no doubt but that Lord The term of office of Lord Stanley, the present Earl Aberdeen will find ample opportunity of proving himof Derby, did not expire till last midsummer. As self a servant in deed as well as in name. There is soon as he retired Lord Aberdeen was appointed. plenty to be done in Canada, and few men are so Lord Stanley as Governor-General was somewhat capable of doing it as is Lord Aberdeen. Traditioncolorless. Lord Stanley, although respectable and ally and personally a Protestant, he has always cultihonest, has left no definite impress upon his vated the most friendly terms with Catholics, and contemporaries either in London or in Canada. one of the first and most significant of his actions in But to Lord Stanley has succeeded a Governor the Dominion of Canada was to overcome by a little General of a very different stamp, and nothing kindly diplomacy the obstacles which have hitherto could have been inore auspicious than the welcome prevented the friendly meeting of the Governor-Genwith which he has been received in the Dominion. eral and the Cardinal of Quebec. It may pass the wit The post is one of considerable difficulty in difficult of man to invent any way by which the French times But when everything goes smoothly the only Canadian and the Orange Protestant can be prevailed difficulty is to reconcile the existence of an establish upon to recognize that each are brothers in Christ as ment so regal in a democracy so simple as that of the well as subjects of the Queen. If it could be done the Canadas. Lord Aberdeen, however, had hardly Aberdeens are the people to do it. Lady Aberdeen, landed upon Canadian shores before it became evi. as I happen to know of old time, was regarded with dent that he was much more than a mere Governor affection and esteem by the late Cardinal Manning. General. He was a living man with wide and cath “She is a good woman,” I remember he said to me, olic sympathies, who recognized that while it was with great emphasis, on one memorable occasion necessary to abide strictly within the constitutional when her kindly woman's heart was the means of limits in all political questions, in non-political ques getting him to stretch out a helping hand to save a tions, which after all occupy three-fourths of human poor soul that was tottering blindly on the verge of interest, he was in a position which placed upon him the abyss. and his family the obligation of exercising all the in Nor is it only in tending to assuage the rancor of fluence which any highly placed and cultured citizen contending creeds that the Aberdeens have plenty of is bound to exercise. On his landing, in reply to an work before them. As intimate friends with Proaddress of welcome, he sounded the keynote:
fessor Drummond, they are thoroughly in sympathy “ It is indeed an office of high honors, as well as of with the more liberal spirit which finds expression grave and serious responsibility. . But, gentlemen, in the higher and more Christian thought of the does the honor and dignity of it exclude the holder closing century. In that direction their influence from the common lot, the common heritage of serv can hardly tend but to sweeten the theological atmosice? Nay, it implies, it includes, it conveys this phere and to bring to those who are bowed down beprivilege, this grand principle and purpose of life. If neath the shadow of an austere and repellant faith
of power from Sir John Thompson to those of Mr. Laurier will be large, unless, of course, the tariff proposals of Mr. Wilson should lead to a great accession of strength to the advocates of a reformed tariff in the Dominion. It is by no means impossible that if the tariff bill is carried the advocates of reciprocity between Canada and the United States may be able to establish themselves in power at Ottawa, with instructions from the electors to minimize the curse of a custom house which impedes the free interchange of commodities between the United States and Canada. If such a contingency should arrive it is obvious that
there would be plenty of work MR. AND MRS. GLADSTONE BIDDING FAREWELL TO LORD AND LADY
for the Governor-General to do, ABERDEEN ON THE DAY OF THEIR DEPARTURE FOR CANADA.
and it is satisfactory to know (From a Kodak taken by Lady Aberdeen.)
that Lord Aberdeen is certain somewhat of the more genial and brighter joy of the to use all his influence in the direction of maintainlarger hope.
ing good relations between the Empire and the ReIn all questions connected with education and of public. the multiplication of opportunities of social enjoy There is another thing which it is impossible to pass ment and of humanized intercourse they have, in over entirely unnoticed, although it is unnecessary to England, been in the forefront, and their transfer to say more than a word about it. When I was going the New World will open up new fields to their untir- through Ottawa Jail Mr. McGreevy, a well known ing activity. Lord Aberdeen is president of the director and Member of Parliament, who had for Boys' Brigade, an admirable institution by which it years past been the friend and ally of the leading has been found that the interest of youths in the most ministers of the Dominion, was sent to jail for a year critical period can be excited by the substitution of a on the charge of corruption in the matter of contracts little discipline and drill for the usual methods of the which had got mixed up with election funds. The ganSunday school. Both Lord Aberdeen and his wife grene of corruption, which undoubtedly prevails to have taken a great part in the formation and main- . some extent among politicians in Canada, is one of tenance of the Parents' Educational Union. With those frauds against the commonwealth which call them, as with all those who really think, the family for the unceasing vigilance of the Governor-General. is the real unit with which all amelioration must In what way it may be possible for Lord Aberdeen to begin, and in emphasizing the responsibilities of take action in the matter it is impossible to say. Two parentage and in carrying on the propaganda in favor things, however, are certain : first, that he will loyally of more home training they have done and will do a abide within the limits of the constitution, but not great deal of good.
less certainly, if an opportunity arises by which he can To the directly political action which a Governor within these limits strike a blow at the malady which General can take it is not necessary to refer here. afflicts the commonweal, no personal considerations As Lord Dufferin remarked, when times are smooth will for a moment stand in the way of any action, and things go well there is little for a Governor which will be all the more resolute because it will be General to do beyond lubricating the machinery, but heralded by no flourish of trumpets or preliminary when storms arise and the machinery gets out of parade. gear there are plenty of opportunities for a Governor I have left myself but scant space in which to speak General to develop the higher qualities of statesman of the Aberdeens at hoine. It is a wide subject; for suip. In Canada there is a widespread conviction, not only have they many homes, but they are at home confined by no means to the Opposition, that we are everywhere, and they have the faculty of making on the verge of a transforniation of power from the everybody feel at home where they are. Whether it Conservatives who have succeeded to the heritage of is a ranch in British Columbia, at the family seat in Sir John Macdonald's prestige to the Grits or Lib Aberdeenshire, in Lord Shaftesbury's house in Grosveerals, who are confidently looking forward to gaining nor Square, which they rebuilt for their own use, a majority at the coming general election. It is not or at Dollis Hill, the suburban retreat which has so likely that the majority which will change the reins often afforded Mr. Gladstone a welcome oasis of leis