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which being interpreted is, God, east, went before them, until it voith us.

came and stood over where the 24 And Joseph rising up from child was. sleep, did as the angel of the Lord 10 And seeing the star, they rehad commanded him, and took joiced with exceeding great joy, unto him his wife.

11 And entering into the house, 25 And he knew her not till she they found the child with Mary his brought forth her first-born Son : mother, and falling down they and he called his name Jesus. adored him: and opening their CHAP. II.

treasures, they offered him gifts, The offerings of the wise men. gold, frankincense, and myrrh. Ne haben es us was born in 12 And having received an an

Bethlehem of Juda, in the swer in sleep that they should not days of King Herod, behold, there return to Herod, they went back came wise men from the east to Je- another way into their country. rusalem,

13 And after they were depart2 Saying, where is he that is ed, behold an angel of the Lord. born King of the Jews ? for we have appeared in sleep to Joseph, say; seen his star in the east, and are ing: Arise, and take the child and come to adore him.

his mother, and fly into Egypt, and 3 And King Herod hearing this, be there until I shall tell thee. was troubled, and all Jerusalem For it will come to pass that Herod with him.

will seek the child to destroy him. 4 And assembling together all 14 Who arose, and took the child the chief priests and the scribes of and his mother by night, and retithe people, he inquired of them red into Egypt: and he was there where Christ should be born. until the death of Herod :

5 But they said to him: In Beth 15 That it might be fulfilled lehem of Juda. For so it is writ- which the Lord spoke by the proten by the prophet:

phet, saying: Out of Égypt have 6 And thou Bethlehem the land 7 called my Son. of Juda art not the least among the 16 Then Herod perceiving that princes of Juda; for out of thee shall he was deluded by the wise

men, come forth the Ruler that shall rule was exceeding angry; and sending, my people Israel.

killed all the men-children that were 7 Then Herod, privately calling in Bethlehem, and in all the borders the wise men, learned diligently of thereof, from two years old and unthem the time of the star which ap- der, according to the time which peared to them;

he had diligently inquired of the 8. And sending them into Beth- wise men. lehem, said ; Go and diligently in 17 Then was fulfilled that which quire after the child : and when was spoken by Jeremias the prom you have found him, bring me word phet, saying: again, that I also may come and 18 A voice in Rama was heard, adore him.

lamentation and great mourning 9 Who having heard the king, Rachel bewailing her children, and went their way, and behold the would not be comforted because there star which they had seen in the are not.

Ver. 25. Till-first-born. This is a mode of speech common among the Hebrews; ansk only assures us that our blessed Lady was a virgin when she brought forth her son; whicke is the great point the Evangelist has here in view ; without alluding to any subsequent mal ter. But by apostolical tradition we are assured, that she always remained a virgin.

19 But when Herod was dead, 8 Bring forth therefore fruit wor behold, an angel of the Lord ap- thy of penance. peared in sleep to Joseph in 9 And think not to say within Egypt,

yourselves, we have Abraham for 20 Saying: Arise, and take the our father. For I tell you that God child and his mother, and go into is able of these stones to raise up the land of Israel. For they are children to Abraham. dead that sought the life of the 10 For now the axe is laid to the child.

root of the trees. Every tree there21 Who arose, and took the child fore that doth not yield good fruit and his mother, and came into the shall be cut down, and cast into the land of Israel.

fire. 22 But hearing that Archelaus 11 I indeed baptize you in wareigned in Judea in the room of ter unto penance, but he that shall Herod his father, he was afraid to come after me, is mightier than I, go thither: and being warned in whose shoes I am not worthy to sleep retired into the quarters of bear; he shall baptize you in the Galilee.

Holy Ghost and fire. 23. And coming hę dwelt in a 12 Whose fan is in his hand, and city called Nazareth: that it might he will throughly cleanse his floor, be fulfilled which was said by the and gather his wheat into the barn, prophets : That he shall be called a but the chaff he will burn with unNazarite.

quenchable fire. CHAP.-Ill.

13 Then cometh Jesus from Ga. The preaching of John. lilee to the Jordan unto John to be A peinthose days cometh

John baptized by him, the Baptist the 14 But John stayed him, saying; desart of Judea.

I ought to be baptized by thee, and 2 And saying: Do penance: for comest thou to me? the kingdom of Heaven is at hand. 15 And Jesus answering, said to

3 For this is he that was spoken him : Suffer it to be so now. For of by Isaias the prophet, saying: A so it becometh us to fulfil all jusvoice of one crying in the desert, tice. Then he suffered him. prepare ye the way of the Lord, 16 And Jesus being baptized, make straight his paths,

forth with came out of the water : 4 And the same John had his and lo, the Heavens were opened garment of camel's-hair, and a lea- to him : and he saw the spirit of thera girdle about his loins : and his God descending as a dove, and meat was locust and wild honey. coming upon him.

5 Then went out to him Jerusa 17 And behold a voice from lem and all Judea, and all the Heaven, saying: This is my belocountry about Jordan :

ved Son, in whom I am well plea6 And were baptized by him in sed. the Jordan, confessing their sins.

CHAP. IV. 7 And seeing many of the Phari Christ's fast of forty days, &c. sees and Sadducees coming to his THE

THEN JESUS was led by the baptism, he said to them: Ye brood Spirit into the desert, to be of vipers, who hath shewed

you to tempted by the devil. fee from the wrath to come ? 2 And when he had fasted forty

Ver. 2. Do penance. Pænitentiam agite uelavskite.-Which word, according to the use of the scriptures, and the holy fathers, does not only signify repentance and amendment of life, but also punishing past sins by fasting and such like penitential exercises

days and forty nights, he was after-ness, hath seen great light ; and to wards hungry.

them that sat in the region of the 3 And the tempter coming said shadow of death, light is sprung up. to him: If thou be the Son of God, 17 From that time Jesus began command that these stones be made to preach, and to say: Do penance, bread.

for the kingdom of heaven is at 4 Who answered and said : It hand. is written, Not in bread alone doth 18 And JESUS walking by the man live, but in every word that pro- sea of Galilee, saw two brethren, ceedeth from the mouth of God. Simon who is called Peter, and

5 Then the devil took him up Andrew his brother, casting a net into the holy city, and set him upon into the sea (for they were fishers,) the pinnacle of the temple,

19 And he saith to them: Come 6' And said to him : 'If thou be ye after me, and I will make you the Son of God, cast thyself down; to be fishers of men. for it is written: That he hath given 20 And they immediately leavhis Angels charge over thee, and in ing their nets, followed him.

their hands shall they bear thee up, 21 And going on from thence, he ·lest perhaps thou dash thy foot saw other two brethren, James the against a stone.

son of Zebedee, and John his bro7 Jesus said to him : It is writ- ther, in a ship with Zebedee their ten again, Thou shalt not tempt the father, mending their nets : and he Lord thy God.

called them. 8 Again the devil took him up 22 And they forthwith left their into a very high mountain, and nets and father, and followed him. shewed him all the kingdoms of 23 And JESUS went about all the world, and the glory of them. Galilee, teaching in their syna

9 And said to him: All these gogues, and preaching the Gospel will I give thee, if falling down, of the Kingdom: and healing all thou wilt adore me.

manner of sickness, and every

in10 Then Jesus saith to him : firmity among the people. Begone, Satan, for it is written, 24 And his fame went throughThe Lord thy God shalt thou adore, out all Syria, and they presented and him only shalt thou serve. to him all sick people that were

11 Then the devil left him: and taken with divers diseases and torbehold angels came and ministered ments, and such as were posses, to him.

sed by devils, and lunaticks, and 12 And when JESUS had heard those that had the palsy, and he that John was delivered up, he re- cured them : tired into Galilee :

25 And much people followed 13 And leaving the city Naza-him from Galilee, and'from Decareth, he came and dwelt in Caphar-polis, and from Jerusalem, and naum on the sea-coast, in the bor- from Judea, and from beyond the ders of Zabulon and of Nepthalim; Jordan. 14 That it might be fulfilled

CHAP. V. which was said by Isaias the pro- Christ's Sermon upon the Mount. phet:

went up into a mountain, and of Nepthalim, the way of the sea when he was set down, his disciples beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the came unto him, Gentiles :

2 And opening his mouth, he 16 The people that sat in dark-taught them, saying:

15 The land of Zabulon and land AND seeing the multitudes, The

8 Blessed are the poor in spirit: I am not come to destroy but to for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. fulfil. 4 Blessed are the meek: for they

18 For amen 1 say

unto you,

till shall possess the land.

heaven and earth pass, one jot, or 5 Blessed are they that mourn: one tittle shall not pass of the law, for they shall be comforted. till all be fulfilled.

6 Blessed are they that hunger 19 He therefore that shall break and thirst after justice : for they one of these least commandments, shall have their fill.

and shall so teach men, shall be 7 Blessed are the merciful : for called the least in the kingdom of they shall obtain mercy.

heaven. But he that shall do and 8 Blessed are the clean of heart: teach, he shall be called great in for they shall see God.

the kingdom of heaven. 9 Blessed are the peace-makers : 20 For I tell you, that unless for they shall be called the children your justice abound more than that of God.

of the scribes and pharisees, you 10 Blessed are they that suffer shall not enter into the kingdom of persecution for justice sake : for heaven. theirs is the kingdom of heaven. 21 You have heard that it was

11 Blessed are ye when they said to them of old: Thou shalt shall revile you, and persecute you, not kill. And whosoever shall kill, and speak all that is evil against shall be in danger of the judgment. you, untruly, for my sake ;

22 But I say to you, that who-12 Be glad and rejoice, for your soever is angry with his brother, reward is very great in heaven. shall be in danger of the judgment For so they persecuted the pro- And whosoever shall say to his brophets that were before you. ther, Raca, shall be in danger of

13 You are the salt of the earth. the council. And whosoever shall But if the salt lose its savour, say, Thou fool, shall be in danger wherewith shall it be salted ? It is of hell fire. good for nothing any more but to 23 If therefore thou offer thy be cast out, and to be trodden on gift at the altar, and there thou reby men.

member that thy brother hath any 14 You are the light of the world. thing against thee; A city seated on a mountain can 24 Leave there thy offering benot be hid.

fore the altar, and go first to be 15 Neither do men light a candle reconciled to thy brother: and then and put it under a bushel, but upon coming thou shalt offer thy gift. a candlestick, that it may shine to 25 Be at agreement with thy adall that are in the house.

versary betimes, whilst thou art in 16 So let your light shine before the way with him ; lest perhaps men; that they may see your good the adversary deliver thee to the works, and glorify your Father judge, and the judge deliver thee who is in heaven.

to the officer, and thou be cast in17 Do not think that I am come to prison. + to destroy the law, or the prophets. 26 Amen, I say to thee, thou

Ver. 21. In danger of the judgment, &c. i. e. Shall be liable to be brought before the lower court, amongst the Jews, which took cognizance of such crimes, whereas the council or sanhedrim was a higher court, and had greater authority.

Ver. 22. Raca. A word expressing great indignation or contempt.

Ver. 22. Thou fool. This was then looked upon as a heinous injury : and therefore is; bere so severely condemned.

shalt not go out from thence till thy head, because thou canst not thou repay

the last farthing. make one hair white or black. 27 You have heard that it was 37. But let your speech be yea, said to them of old : Thou shalt yea : no, no: and that which is not commit adultery.

over and above these, is of evil. 28 But I say to you, that who 38 You have heard that it hath soever shall look on a woman to been said, An eye for an eye, and lust after her, hath already com- a tooth for a tooth.. mitted adultery with her in his 39 But I say to you not to resist heart.

evil : but if one strike thee on thy 29 And if thy right eye scan- right cheek, turn to him also the dalize thee, pluck it out and cast it other : from thee. For it is expedient for 40 And if a man will contend with thee that one of thy members should thee in judgment, and take away perish, rather than thy whole body thy coat, let him have thy cloak be cast into hell.

also. 30 And if thy right hand scan 41 And whosoever will force dalize thee, cut it off, and cast itthee one mile, go with him other from thee : for it is expedient for two. thee that one of thy members should 42 Give to him that asketh of perish rather than that thy whole thee, and from him that would borbody go into hell.

row of thee turn not away. 31 And it hath been said, who 43 You have heard that it hath soever shall put away his wife, let been said, Thou shalt love thy him give her a bill of divorce. neighbour, and hate thy enemy.

32 But I say to you, that who 44 But 1 say to you, love your soever shall put away his wife, ex- enemies, do good to them that hate cepting for the cause of fornication, you ; and pray for them that permaketh her to commit adultery : secute and calumniate you : And he that shall marry her that is 45 That you may be the children put away, committeth adultery. of


Father who is in heaven, 33 Again you have heard that it who maketh his sun to rise upon was said to them of old, Thou the good and bad, and raineth upon shalt not forswear thyself: But the just and the unjust. thou shalt perform thy oaths to the 46 For if you love them that love Lord,

you, what reward shall you have ? 34 But I say to you not to swear do not even the publicans this? at all : neither by heaven, for it is 47 And if you salute your brethe throne of God :

thren only, what do you more ? do 35 Nor by the earth, for it is not also the heathens this? his footstool: nor by Jerusalem, 48 Be you therefore perfect, as for it is the city of the great king. also your heavenly Father is per

36 Neither shalt thou swear by fect.

Ver 29. Scandalize thee. That is, if it be a stumbling block, or occasion of sin to thee By which we are taught to fly the immediate occasions of sin, though they be as dear to us or as necessary as a hand or an eye.

Ver. 34. Not to swear at all.' 'Tis not forbid to swear in truth, justice, and judgment; to the honour of God, or our own or our neighbour's just defence ; but only to swear

rashly, or profanely, in common discourse, and without necessity.

Ver. 39. Not in resist evil, &c. What is here commanded, is a christian patience under injuries and affronts; and to be willing even to suffer still more, rather than to indulge the desiro of revenge: but what is further added does not strictly oblige according to the letter, for neither did Christ nor St. Paul turn the other cheek. St. John xviii. and Acts xxiii

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