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on you, but such as is human. And shambles; eat: asking no question God is faithful, who will not suffer for conscience sake. you to be tempted above that which 26 The earth is the Lord's, and you are able but will make also the fulness thereof. with temptation issue, that you may 27 If any of them that believe be able to bear it.

not, invite you, and you be willing 14 Wherefore, my dearly belo-to go; eat of any thing that is set ved, fly from the service of idols. before you, asking no question for

15 I speak as to wise men: judge conscience sake. ye yourselves what I say.

28 But if any man say: This has 16 The chalice of benediction, been sacrificed to idols; do not eai which we bless, is it not the commu- of it for his sake that told it, and nion of the blood of Christ? And the for conscience sake..' bread, which we break, is it not the 29. Conseience, 1 say, not thy partaking of the body of the Lord? own, but the other's. For why is my

17 For we being many are one liberty judged by another man's bread, one body, all that partake of conscience? One bread.

- 30 If I partake with thanksgiv18 Behold Israel according to ing; why am I evil spoken of for the flesh: are not they, that eat of that for which I give thanks ? the sacrifices, partakers ofthe altar? 81 Therefore whether you eat or

19 What then? Do I say, that drink, or whatsoever else you do ; what is offered in sacrifice to idols, do all to the glory of God. is any thing? Or that the idol is 82 Be without Offence to the any thing?

Jews and to the gentiles, and to 20 But the things which the hea- the church of God thens sacrifice, they sacrifice to: 33 As I also in all things please devils, and not to God. And I all men, not seeking that which is would not that you should be made profitable to myself, but to many ; partakers with devils.

that they may be saved. 21 You cannot drink the chalice of

CHAP. XI.. the Lord, and the chalice of devils : Women must have a covering over you cannot be partakers of the table

their heads.

E Do we provoke the Lord to am of Christ. jealousy? Are we stronger than he? 2 Now I praise you, brethren, All things are lawful for me, but all that in all things you are mindful things are not expedient. of me: and keep my ordinances as

23 All things are lawful for me, I have delivered them to you. but all things do not edify.

3 But I would have you know, 24 Let no man seek his own, that the head of every man is Christ: but that which is another's. and the head of the woman is the

25 Whatsoever is sold in the man: and the head of Christ is God.

of the bordar profile etable of decis. Benxofollowers of me, as I also

Ver. 16. Which we bless. Here the apostle puts them in mind of their partaking of the body and blood of Christ, in the sacred mysteries, and becoming thereby one mystical body with Christ. From whence he infers, ver. 21, that they who are made partakers with Christ, by the eucharistic sacrifice, and sacrament, must not be made partakers with devils, by eating of the meats sacrificed to them.

Ver. 17. One bread; or, as it may be rendered agreeably both to the Latin and Greek, because the bread is one, all we, being many, are ono body, who partake of that one bread. For His by our communicating with Christ, and with one another, in this blessed sacrament, that we are formed into one mystical body; and made, as it wero, one bread, compounded or many grains of corn, closely united together.

4 Every man praying or prophe-, sing you, that you come together sying with his head covered, dis- not for the better, but for the worse. graceth his head.

18 For first of all I hear that 5 But every woman praying or when you come together in the prophesying with her head not co- church, there are schisms among vered, disgraceth her head : for it you, and in part I believe it. is all one as if she were shaven. 19 For there must be also here

6 For if a woman be not cover- sies : that they also, who are aped ; let her be shorn. But if it be proved, may be made manifest a shame to a woman to be shorn among you. or made bald, let her cover her head. 20 When you come therefore 'to

* The man indeed ought not to gether into one place, it is not now cover his head, because he is the to eat the Lord's supper. image and glory of God; but the 21 For every one taketh before woman is the glory of the man. his own supper to eat. And one

8 For the man is not of the wo- indeed is hungry, and another is man, but the woman of the man. drunk.

9 For the man was not created 22 What, have you not houses for the woman, but the woman for to eat and to drink in? Or despise the man.

ye the church of God; and put thema 10 Therefore ought the woman to shame that have not? What to have a power over her head be- shall I say to you? Do I praise you? cause of the angels.

In this I praise you not. 11 But yet neither is the man 23 For I have received of the without the woman, nor the woman Lord that which also I delivered without the man, in the Lord. unto you, that the Lord Jesus, the

12 For as the woman is of the same night in which he was betray. man, so also is the man by the wo-ed, took bread, man ; but all things of God. 24 And giving thanks, broke,

13 You yourselves judge: doth and said: Take ye and eat: this is it become a woman, to pray unto my body which shall be delivered God, uncovered?

for you: this do for the commemo14 Doth not even nature itself ration of me. teach you, that a man indeed, if he 25 ln like manner also the chanourish his hair, it is a shame unto lice, after he had supped, saying: him?

This chalice is the new testament 15 But if a woman nourish her in my blood : this do ye, as often hair, it is a glory to her, for her hair as you shall drink, for the commeis given to her for a covering. moration of me.

16 But if any man seem to be 26 For as often as you shall eat 'contentious, we have no such cus- this bread, and drink the chalice, tom, nor the church of God.

you shall shew the death of the 17 Now this I ordain: not prai- Lord, until he come. Ver. 10. A power. That is, a veil or covering, as a sign that she is under the power her husband ; and this, as the apostle adds, because of the Angels, who are present in the assemblies of the faithful

Ver. 19. There must he heresies, by reason of the pride and perversity of man's heart ; not by God's will or appointment ; who nevertheless draws good out of this evil, mani. festing by that occasion, who are the good and firm Christians, and making their faith more remarkable.

Ver. 20. The Lord's supper. So the apostle here calls the charity feasts observed by the primitive Christians : and reprehends the abuses of the Corinthians, on these occasions: which were the more criminal, because these feasts were accompanied with the celebrating the eucharistic sacrifice and sacrament

27. Therefore whosoever shall 5 And there are diversities of mieat this bread, or drink the chalice nisteries, but the same Lord. of the Lord unworthily, shall be 6 And there are diversities of guilty of the body and of the blood operations, but the same God, who of the Lord.

worketh all in all. 28 But let a man prove himself: 7 And the manifestation of the and so let him eat of that bread, Spirit is given to every man unto and drink of the chalice.

profit. ‘s 29 For he that eateth and drink 8 To one indeed, by the Spirit, eth unworthily, eateth and drinketh is given the word of wisdom : and judgment to himself, not discerning to another, the word of knowledge, the body of the Lord.

according to the same Spirit : 30 Therefore are there many in 9 To another, faith in the same firm and weak among you, and Spirit: to another, the grace of many sleep.

healing in one Spirit: 31 But if we would judge our 10 To another, the working of selves, we should not be judged. miracles: to another, prophecy : to

3. But whilst we are judged, we another, the discerning of spirits: to are chastised by the Lord ; that we another, diverse kinds of tongues: to be not condemned with this world. another, interpretation of speeches.

33 Wherefore, my brethren, when 11 But all these things one and you come together to eat, wait for the same Spirit worketh, dividing one another.

to every one according as he will. 34 If any man be hungry, let 12 For as the body is one, and him eat at home'; that you come hath many members; and all the not together unto judgment. And members of the body, whereas they the rest I will set in order, when I are many, yet are one body; so

also is Christ. CHAP. XII.'

13 For

d into OW concerning spiritual Jews, or gentiles, whether bond, or

things, my brethren, I would free: and in one Spirit we have all not have you ignorant.

been made to drink. 2 You know that, when you 14 For the body also is not one were heathens, you went to dumb member, but many. idols, according as you were led. 15. If the foot should say, because

3 Wherefore I give you to un- I am not the hand, I am not of the derstand, that no man, speaking body: is it therefore notofthe body? by the spirit of God, saith anathe 16 And if the ear should say, bema to Jesus. And no man can say, cause I am not the eye, I am not of the Lord Jesus, but by the Holy the body: is it therefore not of the Ghost.

body? 4 Now there are diversities of 17 If the whole body were the graces, but the same Spirit.

eye: where would be the hearing ?


of the diversity of spiritual girs. baptized in one Spirit were we all N on

Ver. 27. Or drink. Here the Protestant testament is corrupted, by putting and drink (contrary to the original u nien) instead of or drink.

Ver. 27, 29. Guilty of the body, &c. not discerning the body, &c. This demonstrates the real presence of the body and blood of Christ, even to the unworthy communicant ; ho otherwise could not be guilty of the body and blood of Christ, or justly condemned for not discerning the Lord's body.

Ver. 28. Drink of the chalice. This is not said by way of command, but by way of allowance, viz. where and when it is agreeable to the practice and discipline of the church

If the whole were hearing : where gifts. And I'shew unto you yet a would be the smelling?

more excellent way. 18 But now God hath set the

CHAP. XIII. members every one of them in the Charity preferred before other gifts. body as it hath pleased him.


F I speak with the tongues of 19 And if they all were one mem men, and of angels, and have ber, where would be the body? not charity, I am become as sound

20 But now there are many mem-ing brass or a tinkling symbal. bers indeed, yet one body.

2 And if I should have prophesy, 21 And the eye cannot say to the and should know all mysteries, and hand : I need not thy help ; nor all knowledge, and if I should have again the head to the feet: I have all faith, so that I could remove no need of you.

mountains, and have not charity, I 22 Yea much more those that am nothing. seem to be the more feeble members 3 And if I should distribute al} of the body, are more necessary; my goods to feed the poor, and if I

23 And such as we think to be should deliver my body to be burn the less honourable members of the ed, and have not charity, it profit body, about these we put more eth me nothing. abundant honour : and those that 4 Charity is patient, is kind : are our uncomely parts, have more Charity envieth not, dealeth not abundant comeliness.

perversely: is not puffed up, 24 But our comely parts have 5 Is not ambitious, seeketh not no need : but God hath tempered her own, is not provoked to anger .the body together, giving to that thinketh no evil, which wanted, the more abundant 6 Rejoiceth not in iniquity, bal honour,

rejoiceth with the truth : - 25 That there might be no schism 7. Beareth all things, believeth all in the body, but the members might things, hopeth all things, endureth be mutually careful one for ano- all things. ther.

8 Charity never falleth away: 126. And if one member suffer any whether prophecies shall be made thing, all the members suffer with void, or tongues shall cease, or

if one member glory, all the knowledge shall be destroyed. members rejoice with it.

9 For we know in part, and we 27 Now you are the body of prophesy in part. Christ, and members of member. 10 But when that which is per

28 And God indeed hath set fect is come, that which is in past some in the church, first apostles, shall be done away. secondly prophets, thirdly doctors, 11 When I was a child, I spoke after that miracles, then the graces as a child, I understood as a child, of healings, helps, governments, I thought as a child. But when I kinds of tongues, interpretations of became a man, I put away the speeches.

things of a child. 29 Are all apostles ? Are all 12 We see now through a glass prophets ? Are all doctors ? in a dark manner: but then face to

30 Are all workers of miracles ? face. Now I know in part: but then Have all the grace of healing ? Do I shall know even as I am known. all speak with tongues ? Do all in 13 And now there remain, faith,

hope, charity, these three: but the 31 But be zealous for the better greater of these is charity.



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you shall be speaking into the air. The gift of prophesying to be pre 10 There are (for example) so ferred.

many kinds of tongues in this world: TOLLOW after charity, be zea. and none is without voice.

11 If then I know not the power rather that you may prophesy.

of the voice, I shall be to him, to 2 For we tha: speaketh in a whom I speak, a barbarian, and he tongue, speaketh not unto men, but that speaketh, a barbarian to me. unto God : for no man heareth. 12 So you also, forasmuch as you Yet by the spirit he speaketh mys- are zealous of spirits, seek to abound teries.

unto the edifying of the church. 3 But he that prophesieth, speak 13 And therefore he that speaketh eth to men unto edification and ex- by a tongue, let him pray that he hortation and comfort.

may interpret. 4 He that speaketh in a tongue, 14 For if I pray in a tongue, my edifieth himself; but he that pro- spirit prayeth, but my understandphesieth, edifieth the church. ing is without fruit.

5 And I would have you all to 15 What is it then ? I will pray speak with tongues, but rather to with the spirit, I will pray also with prophesy. For greater is he that the understanding: l'will sing with prophesieth, than he that speaketh the spirit, I will sing also with the with tongues : unless perhaps he understanding. interpret, that the church may re 16 Else if thou shalt bless with ceive edification.

the spirit, how shall he that hold6 But now, brethren, if I come to eth the place of the unlearned say, you, speaking with tongues, what Amen, to thy blessing ? because he shall I profit you, unless 1 speak to knoweth not what thou sayest. you either in revelation, or in know 17 For thou indeed givest thanks ledge, or in prophecy, orin doctrine. well, but the other is not edified.

7 Even things without life that 18 I thank my God I speak with give sound, whether pipe or harp, all your tongues. except they give a distinction of 19 But in the church I had rather sounds, how shall it be known what speak five words with my underis piped or harped ?

standing, that I may instruct others 8 For if the trumpet give an un- also ; than ten thousand words in a certain sound who shall prepare tongue. himself to the battle ?

20 Brethren, do not become 9 So likewise you, except you ut- children in sense, but in malice be ter by the tongue plain speech, how children, and in sense be perfect. shall it be known what is said ? For 21 In the law it is written : In

Ver. 1. Prophesy. That is, to declare or expound the mysteries of faith.
Ver. 2. Not unto men. So as to be heard, that is, so as to be understood by them.
Ver. 12. Of spirits. of spiritual girls.

Ver. 14. My spirit prayeth, &c. When the tongue is not known in which I pray, though my spirit may ihen be elevated to God, such a prayer is not so instructive to myself or others, as when the words are understood.

Ver, 16. Amen. The unlearned not knowing that you are then blessing, will not be qualified to join with you by saying Amen to your blessing. The use or abuse of strange tongues, of which the apostle here speaks, does not regard the public liturgy of the church (in which strange tongues were never used) but certain conferences of the faithful, ver. 26, &c. in which, meeting together, they discovered to one another their various miraculous gins of the Spirit, common in those primitive times ; amongst which the apostle prefers that of prophesying before that of speaking strange tongues, because it was more to ihe public edi. ication. Where also note, that the Latin, used in our liturgy, is so far from being a strange or unknown tongue, that it is perhaps the best known tongue in the world.

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