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1. OF ST. JOHN. last days there shall come deceitful things are to be dissolved, what scoffers, walking after their own manner of people ought you to be lusts,

in holy conversation and godliness, 4 Saying: Where is his promise 12 Looking for, and hastening, or his coming ? for since the time unto the coming of the day of the that the fathers slept, all things Lord, by which the heavens being continue as they were from the be- on fire shall be dissolved, and the ginning of the creation.

elements shall melt with the burn5. For this they are wilfully ig- ing heat ? norant of, that the heavens were 13 But we look for new heavens before, and the earth, out of water, and a new earth according to his and through water, consisting by promises, in which justice dwelleth. the word of God.

14 Wherefore, dearly beloved. 6 Whereby the world that then seeing that you look for these was, being overflowed with water, things, be diligent that ye may be perished.

found undefiled and unspotted to 7 But the heavens and the earth him in peace : which are now, by the same word 15 And account the long sufferare kept in store, reserved unto fire ing of our Lord salvation, as also against the day of judgment and our most dear brother Paul, accordperdition of the ungodly men. ing to the wisdom given him, hath

8 But of this one thing be not written to you: ignorant, my beloved, that one day 16 As also in all his epistles, with the Lord is as a thousand speaking in them of these things ; years, and a thousand years as one in which are certain things hard to day.

be understood, which the unlearn, The Lord delayeth not his pro-ed and unstable wrest, as they do mise, as some imagine: but dealeth also the other scriptures to their patiently for your sake, not willing own destruction. that any should perish, but that 17 You therefore, brethren, all should return to penance, knowing these things before, take

10 But the day of the Lord shall heed, lest being led aside by the come as a thief, in which the hea- error of the unwise, you fall from vens shall pass away with great your own steadfastness. violence, and the elements shall be 18 But grow. in grace, and in the melted with heat, and the earth knowledge of our Lord and Saviand the works which are in it shall our Jesus Christ. To him be glory

both now and unto the day of eter-, 11 Seeing then that all these Inity. Amen. The first EPISTLE of St. JOHN the Apostle. CHAP. I.

land we have seen, and do bear witSt. John is ordered to write to the ness, and declare unto you the life

seven churches in Asia. eternal which was with the Father, NHAT which was from the be- and hath appeared to us:

ginning, which we have heard, 3 That wbich we have seen and which we have seen with our eyes, have heard, we declare unto you, which we have looked upon, and that you also may have fellowship our hands have handled, of the with us, and our fellowsoip may be word of the life.:

with the Father, and with his Son 2. For tho life was manifested: Jesus Christ.

be burnt up.



4 And these things we write to new commandment to you, but an you, that you may rejoice, and old commandment which you had your joy may be full,

from the beginning. The old com5 And this is the declaration mandment is the word which you which we have heard from him, have heard. and declare unto you: That God is 8 Again a new commandment I light, and in him there is no dark- write unto you, which thing is true

both in him and in you: because 6 If we say that we have fellow- the darkness is passed and the true ship with him, and walk in dark- light now shineth. ness, we lie, and do not the truth. 9 He that saith he is in the light,

7 But if we walk in the light, as and hateth his brother, is in darkhe also is in the light; we have fel- ness even until now. lowship one with another, and the 10 He that loveth his brother, blood of Jesus Christ his Son abideth in the light, and there is no cleanseth us from all sin.

scandal in him. 8 If we say that we have no sin; 11 But he that hateth his brother, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is in darkness, and walketh in is not in us.

darkness, and knoweth not whither 9 If we confess our sins; he is he goeth: because the darkness faithful and just, to forgive us our hath blinded his eyes. sins, and to cleanse ys from all ini 12 I write unto you, little chilquity.

dren, because your sins are forgiven 10 If we say that we have not you for his name's sake. sinned; we make him a liar, and 13 I write unto you, fathers, behis word is not in us.

cause you have known him, who is CHAP. Il.

from the beginning. I write unto Directions what to write to the an- you, young men, because you have

gels or bishops of Ephesus, &c. overcome the wicked one. MY I write tornou thathiyaa cause you have known'the Father: may not sin. But if any man sin, I write unto you, young men, bewe have an advocate with the Fa- cause you are strong, and the word ther, Jesus Christ the just : of God abideth in


you · 2 And he is the propitiation for have overcome the wicked one. our sins: and not for ours only, but 15 Love not the world, nor the also for those of the whole world. the things that are in the world. If

3 And by this we know that we any man love the world, the chahave known him, if we keep his rity of the Father is not in him. commandments,

16 For all that is in the world, 4. He who saith that he knoweth is the concupiscence of the flesh, him, and keepeth not his command- and the concupiscence of the eyes, ments, is a liar, and the truth is not and the pride of life, which is not in him :

of the Father, but is of the world. 5 But he that keepeth his word, 17 And the world passeth away, in him in very deed the charity of and the concupiscence thereof. God is perfected: and by this we But he that doth the will of God, know that we are in him.

abideth for ever. 6 He that saith he abideth in him, 18 Little children, it is the lası ought himself also to walk, even hour: and as you have heard that as he walked.

Antichrist cometh: even now there 7 Dearly beloved, I write not alare become many Antichrists

the , Bei


1. OF BT. JOHN. whereby we know that it is the last abide in him : that when he shall hour.

appear, we may have confidence, 19 They went out from us; but and not be confounded by him at they were not of us. For if they his coming. had been of us, they would no 29 If you know, that he is just, doubt' have remained with us: but know ye, that every one also, who that they may be manifest, that doth justice, is born of him. they are not all of us.

CHAP. III. 20 But you have the unction from Of the love of God to us.

EHOLD what manner of cha21 I have not written to you as rity the Father hath bestowed to them that know not the truth, upon us, that we should be called, but as to them that know it: and and should be the sons of God. that no lie is of the truth.

Therefore the world knoweth not 22 Who is a liar, but he who de- us, because it knew not him.' nieth that JESUS is the Christ ?

2 Dearly beloved, we are now This is Antichrist, who denieth the the sons of God; and it hath not Father and the Son.

yet appeared what” we shall be. 23 Whosoever denieth the Son, We know, that, when he shall apthe same hath not the Father. He pear, we shall be like to him : bethat confesseth the Son, hath the cause we shall see him as he is. Father also.

3 And every one that hath this : 24 As for you, let that which hope in him, sanctifieth himself, as you have heard from the beginning, he also is holy. abide in you. If that abide in you, 4 Whosoever committeth sin, which

you have heard from the be- committeth also iniquity: and sin ginning, you also shall abide in the is iniquity. Son and in the Father.

5 And you know that he appear25 And this is the promise which led to take away our sins: and in he hath promised us, life everlast-1 him there is no sin. ing.

6 Whosoever abideth in him, 26 These things have I written to sinneth not: and whosoever sinneth you, concerning them that seduce hath not seen him, nor known him. you.

7. Little children, let no man de27 And as for you, let the unc-ceive you. He that doth justice, is tion, which


have received from just : even as he is just: him, abide in you. And you have 8 He that committeth sin, is ot no need that any man teach you: the devil: for the devil sinneth from but as his unction' teacheth you the beginning. For this purpose,the of all things, and is truth, and is Son of God appeared, that he might no lie. And as it hath taught you, destroy the works ofahe devil. abide in him,

9 Whosoever is born of God com28 And now, little children; mitteth not sin : for his seed abi.

Ver 20. Know all things. The true children of God's church, remaining in unity, under the guidance of their lawful pastors, partake of the unction of the Holy Ghost, promised to the church and her pastors; and meet here with all necessary knowledge and instruction, so as to have no need to seek it elsewhere, since it can be only found in that society of which they are members,

Ver. 4. Iniquity dvoula, transgression of the law. Ver. 6. Sinneth not, viz. mortally. See chap. i. 8. p. 285. Ver. 9. Committeth not sin, &c. That is, as long as he keepeth in himself this seed of grace and this divine generation, by which he is born of God. But then he may fall from this happy state, by the abuse of his free-will, as appears trom Rom, xi. 20, 21, 22. 1 Cor. ix. 37. chap. x. 12. Philip ii. 12, Revel. iii. 11.

doth in him, and he cannot sin, be- God is greater than our heart, and cause he is born of God.

knoweth all things. 10 In this the children of God 21 Dearly beloved, if our heart are manifest, and the children of do not reprehend us, we have conthe devil. Whosoever is not just, fidence towards God. is not of God, nor he that loveth 22 And whatsoever we shall ask, not his brother.

we shall receive of him : because 11 For this is the declaration, we keep his commandments, and which you have heard from the be- do those things which are pleasing ginning, that you should love one in his sight. another.

23 And this is his commandment, 12 Not as Cain, who was of the that we should believe in the name wicked one, and killed his brother. of his Son Jesus Christ : and love And wherefore did he kill him ? Be- one another, as he hath given comcause his own works were wicked: mandment unto us. and his brother's just.

24 And he that keepeth his com13 Wonder not, brethren, if the mandments, abideth in him, and world hate you.

he in him. And in this we know 14 We know that we have passed that he abideth in us, by the Spirit from death to life, because we love which he hath given us. the brethren/ He that loveth not,

CHAP. IV. abideth in death.

15 Whosoever hateth his brother, What spirits are of God, and what is a murderer. And you know that

not. no murderer hath eternal life abi- DE

EARLY beloved, believe not ding

every spirit, but try the spirits 16 In this we have known the if they be of God: because many charity of God, because he hath | false prophets are gone out into laid down his life for us : and we the world. ought to lay down our lives for the 2 By this is the spirit of God brethren.

known. Every spirit, which con. 17 He that hath the substance of fesseth that Jesus Christ is come this world, and shall see his brother in the flesh, is of God: in need, and shall put up his bow 3 And every spirit, that dissolels from him : how doth the charity veth Jesus, is not of God : and this of God abide in him ?

is Antichrist, of whom you have 18 My little children, let us not heard that he cometh, and he is love in word, nor in tongue, but in now already in the world. deed, and in truth.

4 You are of God, little children, 19 In this we know that we are and have overcome him. Because the truth : and in his sight shall greater is he that is in you, than he persuade our hearts.

that is in the world. 20 For if our heart reprehend us, 5 They are of the world: there

Ver. 1. Try the spirits, viz. by examining whether their teaching be agreeable to the rule of the Catholic faith, and the doctrine of the church. For as he says, v. 6. He that knoweth God heareth us (the pastors of the church.) By this we know the spirit of truth, and the spirit of error.

Ver. 2. Every spirit which confesseth, &c. Not that the confession of this point of faith alone, is, at all times, and in all cases, sufficient : but that with relation to that time, and for that part of the Christian doctrine, which was then particularly to be confessed, taught, and maintained, against the heretics of those days: this was the most proper token, by which truo teachers might be distnguishod from the time.



I. Or ST. JOHN. fore of the world they speak, and abideth in God, and God in him. the world heareth them.

17 In this is the charity of God 6. We are of God. He that perfected with us, that we may knoweth God, heareth us. He have confidence in the day of judga that is not of God, heareth us not. ment: because as he is, we also By this we know the spirit of are in this world. truth, and the spirit of error. 18 Fear is not in charity : but

7 Dearly beloved, let us love one perfect charity casteth out fear, beanother : for charity is of God. And cause fear hath pain. And he that every one that loveth, is born of feareth, is not perfected in charity. God, and knoweth God.

19 Let us iherefore Jove God, 8 He that loveth not, knoweth because God first hath loved us. not God: for God is charity. 20 If any man say, 1. love God,

9 By this hath the charity of God and hateth his brother; he is a appeared towards us, because God liar. For he that loveth not his hath sent his only begotten Son in-brother, whom he seeth, how can to the world, that we may live by he love God whom he seeth not ? him.

21 And this commandment, we 10 In this is charity not as have from God, that he who loveth though we had loved God, but be- God, love also his brother. cause he hath first loved us, and

CHAP. Va sent his Son to be a propitiation of them that are born of God and of for our sins.

true charity. 11 My dearest, if God hath so HOSOEVER believeth that loved us ; we also ought to love Jesus is the Christ, is born one another.

of God. And every one that loveth. 12 No man hath seen God at him who begot, loveth him also who any time. If we love one another, is born of him. Gód abideth in us, and his charity 2 In this we know that we love is perfected in us.

the children of God: when we love 13 In this we know that we abide God,and keep his commandments. in him, and he in us; because he 3 For this is the charity of God, hath given us of his spirit. that we keep his commandments :

14°And we have seen, and do and his commandments are not testify, thát the Father hath sent his heavy. Son to be the Saviour of the world. 4 For whatsoever is born of God,

15 Whosoever shall confess that overcometh the world : And this is Jesus is the Son of God, God abid- the victory which overcometh the eth in him, and he in God. world, our faith.

16 And we have known, and 5 Who is he that overcometh the have believed the charity, which world, but he that believeth that God hath to us. God is charity : Jesus is the Son of God? and he that abideth in charity,I 6 This is he that came by water

Ver. 18. Fear is not in charity, &c. Perfect charity, or love, banishesh human fear, that 'Is, the fear of men; as also all perplexing fear, which makes men mistrust or despair of of God's mercy; and that kind of servile fear, which makes them fear the punishment of sin more than the offence of God. But it no ways excludes the wholesome fear of God's judgments, so often recommended in holy writ ; nor that fear and trembling, with which we are told to work out our salvation. Philip ii. 12.

Ver. 1. Is born of God. That is, is justified and become a child of God. Not that the bare belief of this one article is of itself sufficient : but so as to take along with it its proper attendants, viz. the faith of all revealed truths, love, repentance, and obedience to God's law.

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