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cessfully keep them, attest the recognized high standing of the school.

The Normal forgets not her student children. That she may keep in touch with their school work and know of the practical worth of the principles she inculcates, a correspondence bureau has been established by Mr. French, for the interchange of ideas and suggestions. It is believed that both the graduates and the Normal School will be benefited by this course.

The need of formulating a systematic basis for the operation of country schools has long been felt;- to make them parts of an educational whole, not so many disjointed bits with nothing but the State series of text-books in common. It is hoped that this correspondence bureau may be instrumental in establishing a systematic course of study and a series of general rules that shall unite in thought and action the country schools of Northern California; to upbuild, enlighten and enlarge their sphere of action.

There has been a large demand for institute instructors this fall, to meet which will draw heavily upon the teaching force of the faculty. The country schools seem to be awakening somewhat to their needs, and the instruction given at these institutes will thus be the more profitable.

E. A. W'.

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SACRAMENTO, September 15, 1895. To SUPERINTENDENTS AND BOARDS OF EDUCATION :

Your attention is respectfully called to the following resolution adopted by the State Board of Education, at a meeting held August 16, 1895.

Respectfully,

SAMUEL T. BLACK, Supt. of Public Instruction, and ex-officio Sec’y State Board of Education.

WHERLAS, At almost every nieeting of this Board there are several applications for diplomas and normal documents that do not comply with the requirements of the Political Code relative to the granting of the same, or with the rules adopted by the Board ; therefore, be it

Resolved, that the following information be sent to the various City and County Superintendents and Boards of Education throughout the State, for their guidance in recommending teachers for State credentials.

Resolved, that the Secretary is hereby directed to return all applications that do not fully comply with the requirements of law and the rules of the State Board of Education.

(1) Section 1521 of the Political Code requires that applicants for educational diplomas must have taught successfully a part of each year for five years, and that applicants for life diplomas must have taught successfully for a part of each year for ten years. The years need not be consecutive, but the aggregate experienc must be at least thirty-five and seventy-five months, respectively. That is, applicants must comply with both of these time conditions. The minimum number of years must be five and ten, respectively, and the minimum number of months must be thirty-five and seventy, respectively.

(2) The certificate accompanying the application must be a valid onegranted under the provisions of Sections 1771, 1772, 1773, 1774 and 1775—in full force and effect, and the applicant must have held the same for at least one year.

(3) If the certificate has been renewed, it ought to show the date of renewal (not the date at which such renewal will expire—the law fixes that). A renewal, being the act of the Board of Education, and not of the County Superintendent, ought to be attested by the seal of the Board, just as the original is attested.

(4) The rules of the State Board of Education require that all applicants for high school diplomas must show a successful experience of eight months in the California State University, a California State Normal school, or a high school established under the laws of this State, when applying for a high school educational diploma, and a similar experience of twenty-four months when applying for a high school life diploma.

In all cases, according to Section 1521 of the Political Code, there must have been a successful experience of at least twenty-one months in the public schools of California.

(5) The two years' successful experience mentioned in subdivision third of Section 1503 of the Political Code is construed by this Board to mean twenty months.

OUR LIBRARY TABLE.

BOOKS.

The American Book Company has issued an attractive pamphlet describing standard text books on the subjects of Astronomy, Botany, Chemistry and Laboratory Study, Geology, Natural History, Zoology, Physiology, Physics, Geography, and General Science. Interspersed among the descriptions of these books is much entertaining and useful informatiou. The pamphlet is sure to be welcomed by teachers, to whom it is sent free on request.

PROFESSOR SAYCE, of Oxford University, says that the "Standard Dictionary,” published by Funk & Wagpalls, is truly magnificent, and worthy of the great continent which produced it. It is more than complete, and the amount of labor that has been bestowed upon it, and more especially upon the settlement of the pronunciation, must have been enormous. It is certain to supersede all other existing dictionaries of the English language.

“SCHOOL ENGLISH," a manual for use in connection with the written English work of secondary schools. Published by the American Book Co. A comprehensive, practical manual, based on the principle of learning to do by doing. The lessons are illustrated.

GINN & Co. have published “Odyssey, Book VI.” Edited by Prof. Charles W. Bain. This edition is intended to meet the wants of pupils just beginning Homer. The notes are copious, and all passages likely to present any difficulty are fully explained. Full information is aimed at upon all matters touching archæology, mythology, and literature, and parallel passages from other authors are freely cited. The vocabulary is carefully prepared.

C. W. BARDEEN, Syracuse, N. Y., has published " A System of Physical Cul. ture,” prepared for public school work by Louise Preece and Louise Gilman Kiehle, instructor in physical culture iu the University of Minnesota. Illustrated with over 200 cuts. This book is one of the best of its class, and teachers will be pleased with the arrangement and with the practical value of the numerous llustrations. Price, $2.00.

A BOOK containing much valuable information that is difficult to find elsewhere is "State Education for the People,” published by C. W. Bardeen, Syracuse, N. Y. Studeuts of comparative education will appreciate the results of the labors of the painstaking editor who has brought together the interesting matter embodied in the twelve chapters of this book. The price is $1.25.

PROF. JOHN HENRY COMSTOCK, of Stanford University, has published “A Manual for the Study of Insects.” The work has nearly 700 pages, over 800 eugravings and full-page plates, and is written especially as an aid and guide to students, amateurs, and horticulturalists interested in knowing something about insect life. The book is a model one in all its details, and is destined to rank at once as a standard in entomological literature. No greater praise of its merits is needed, and the learned author and his accomplished wife, who executed the fine drawings and evgravings that add so much to the value and attractiveness of the book, have rendered to students of entomology everywhere inestimable service. The volume is published by the Comstock Publishing Company, Ithaca, N. Y.

HENRY 0. HOUGHTON, senior member of the distinguished publishing house of Houghton, Mifflin & Co., died recently at the age of seventy-three. Mr. Houghton was a man of superior business ability, and the character of the nu. merous publications of the Riverside Press attest his high purpose.

CACH, SHEWELL & SANBORN, Boston, New York and go have published in The Student's Series of Latin Classics Cicero's “De Oratore.” Prof. W. B. Owen, of Lafayette College, has edited the work, and it has been ably done. The basis of this edition is the critical edition of Dr. Sorof. The introduction, notes and a valuable critical appendix will commend the book to students,

D. C. Heath & Co. have added to their excellent Modern Language Series Zola's “La Débacle,” 292 pp., introduction price, 80 cents ; also Fontaine's “Fleurs de France," 154 pages, price, 60 cents. In "La Débacle the student will find more perhaps of the living French of to-day than in a widely-extended course in the conventional classics. The original work has, of course, been materially reduced by judicious pruning, to adapt the present text to its purpose.

CHARLES SCRIBNER'S Sons have published "Herbart and the Herbartians," by Charles De Garmo, 268 pages, price $1. It aims to give a rapid general view of the doctrines of the Herbartian school. The first part is devoted to an account of Herbart, his psychology, his ethics and his pedagogy. The view is necessarily general, avoiding technicalities and adhering to a general outline. The second part is devoted to the successors of Herbart in Germany, and their expansions and applications of his doctrines. The men presented are Ziller, Stoy, Rein, Lange and Frick, and the account of them is most interesting and important. Herbartian ideas in America deals with the work of the Herbart club and their efforts to develop a plan for the coördination of studies. The book is a very interesting one, and the American student has placed before him a clear, simple, connected account of the theories and work of the Herbartians. We heartily commend the volume.

The "MottoES AND COMMENTARIES OF FRIEDRICH FROEBEL'S MOTHER PLAY," the new version by Miss Susan E. Blow, has just been published by D. Appleton & Co. as Volume 31 of the International Education Series. This is to be followed by another volume. “The Songs and Music," to complete the work. As Froebel's “Mutter-und Koselieder" is regarded as the key to the philosophy of the kindergarten and the manual of its practice, an English version that presents the original ideas of Froebel in a thoronghly rational and practical form is a great desideratum.

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION SERIES, edited by William T. Harris, A. M., LL. D., United States Commissioner of Education. "Friedrich Froebel's Pedagogics of the Kindergarten ; or his ideas concerning the play and playthings of the child.” Translated by Josephine Jarvis. New York : D. Appleton & Co., 337 pages, 74 by 478. Price, $1.50. The kindergarten has become so generally a part of public school work that anything concerning the subject will be read with interest, more especially anything from the great master of the subject. There are many who are simply groping their way in kindergarten work; others are experimenting blindly and recklessly. To these this book will bring light on the true meaning of the kindergarten. Those who aim to be kindergarten teachers should understand that there is symething much deeper and vastly more important in the kindergarten than paper folding, clapping of hands, etc. Principles should be studied ; and no better book can be found for this purpose than that now before us.

WILLIAM R. JENKINS, New York, has published Lectures faciles Pour L'Étude du Français. By Paul Bercy. 12mo, cloth. 256 pp. $1.0). This book contains short, interesting, carefully chosen, and simply told stories, by modern authors. Each story is followed by grammatical notes and rules. The most difficult phrases have been translated into English, and at the end of the book a complete list of the irregular verbs in use and a model of each conjugation is to be

MA."

found. “PARTIR A TIEMPO” Comedia en un acto, por Dun Mariano José de Larra. Edited and annotated. 12mo, papier. No. 2 Teatro Espanol. 35 cents. Don José de Larra's works are marked by an elevated style, acuteness of observation, vivid imagination, and rare skill in characterization. “EL FINAL DE NOR

Por Pedro A. de Alaccón. 12mo. paper. No. I, Novelas Escogidas,', 297 pp., 75 cents. This is one of the best of modern Spanish romances. The annotations by Professor Cortina are numerous and carefully arranged.

“WEBSTER'S DICTIONARY" is the guide and never-failing counselor of the student and the man of letters as well as the educational world. Other works may contain inore words; may be more profusely illustrated, and have brighter colors used in the printing, but Noah Webster, like George Washington, is first in the hearts of his countrymen as an educational guide and source of useful knowledge. There is more kernel and less shell and husk in Webster than in any other dictionary published. It is the compass used alike by the orator, the statesman, the student, the minister, writer, and the mass of mankind. It completely fills the bill-meets every requirement.

CALIFORNIA SCHOOL NOTES.

The Hollister High School will open this month.
The Merced county institute will be held October 22, 23, 24.

LEctures in the Medical Department of the University of California begin Monday, October 7th.

D. A. CURRY, formerly of Ogden, Utah, is the new principal of the Redwood City Union High School.

BONDS have been issued for the purpose of erecting a new $10,000 school. house in Guadalupe, Santa Barbara county.

SUPT. LE ROY D. Brown is the principal of the San Luis Obispo High School, and has been such since its organization.

MRS. BERNARD Marks, one of the pioneer teachers of San Francisco, died recently at her home in Dos Palos, aged 69 years.

E. M. Price, principal of the Sutter Creek school last year, has again taken charge of the school at his old home, West Point.

The Board of Supervisors of Merced county has advertised for plans and specifications for a county high school building to cost $12.000.

Prof. A. G. WARNER, of Stanford, has been awarded by Johns Hopkins University the Marshal prize for his book on "American Charities."

Dr. JOHN FRYER has been appointed to the chair of Oriental Languages in the State University, and Prof. William Getchell to the chair of Botany.

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