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OF THE

Essex AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY,

IN MASSACHUSETTS,

FOR THE YEAR

1 8 6 5.

WITH THE

ANNUAL ADDRESS

BY

NEHEMIAH CLEAVELAND.

PUBLISHED BY ORDER OF TIIE SOCIETY.

ی

SOUTH DANVERS :
PRINTED BY CII ARLES D. HOW ARD,

SUTTON BUILDING,

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ADDRESS.

As I present myself at a farmers' festival, to address an assembly of husbandmen, my position reminds me of a story, familiar to all school-boys in those less-enlightened, but not less happy days, when Rollin and Goldsmith were held to be good authority in matters of Grecian history. The Spartans so ran the tale—at a certain period in their career, seemed to have lost the prowess and prestige which had so long made them to be dreaded as the fighting game-cocks of Greece, having suffered repeated defeat at the hands of the great Messenian, Aristomenes. In this emergency, they so far humbled themselves as to beg their great hereditary rival to send them a general who might once more lead them to victory. At first, they must have regarded the prompt response of Athens, as nothing more nor less than a grim, practical joke ;—for she sent them not a Themistocles - not, as in later days, a Kimon—but only a poor, limping schoolmaster. Tyrtæus, however, was more than a mere pedagogue—and it was not long before the men of the Eurotas, roused by his inspiring words, and marching to his patriotic melodies, with the

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