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No stronger proof, perhaps, of the immense advantage resulting from a highly improved agriculture can be given, than is found in the fact that many of these tenant farmers, after spending upon land not their own, from ten thousand to twenty thousand dollars, for lime, guano, drainage and costly farm implements, and, after paying (no slight matter there) all the taxes, are still able to lay by something for themselves.
But these successful cases, though there are many of them, must still be regarded as exceptions, and, when considered as arguments for the general arrangement under which they exist, are about as conclusive as the old plea for slavery on the ground that so many of the slaves appeared to be perfectly contented. To us it seems simply impossible, that a disparity so vast as that which now strikes every eye—and a condition so barren of comfort and of hope, as the present condition of the lower classes in England, can remain unchanged a great
GRASS. [See page 25.] The superlative loveliness of a perfect, well-kept, ornamental lawn, is but just beginning to be seen and felt among us. The teachings of the New YORK CENTRAL PARK, in this respect, will not be lost. Fine examples, on a smaller scale, may be found around several of the NORTH RIVER Villas. The lawn will come in time. But, do we appreciate, as we ought, what we already have? The green covering of the varied, undulating ground? The verdant beauty of the hillside pasture-of the luxuriant field, and the low-lying meadow?
Ask any intelligent, Essex County man, who, within the last two years, has traversed in weary marches, the grass
less plains of the CAROLINAS, whether he did not often sigh for the refreshing verdure of his native hills and vales. Here is something which a great English author has written concerning this simple, but inestimable gift—the grass :
“ Consider what we owe merely to the meadow-grass, to the covering of the dark ground by that glorious enamel, by the companies of those soft and countless, and peaceful spears. The fields ! Follow forth but for a little time the thoughts that we ought to recognize in those words. All spring and summer is in them—the walks by silent, scented paths—the rest in noonday heat—the joy of herds and flocks—the power of all shepherd life and meditation—the life of sunlight upon the world, falling in emerald streaks, and falling in soft, blue shadows where else it would have struck upon the dark mould of scorching dust-pastures beside the pacing brooks—soft banks and knolls of lowly hills—thymy slopes of down overlooked by the blue line of lifted sea-crisp lawns all dim with early dew, or smooth in evening warmth of barred sunshine, dinted by happy feet, and softening in their fall the sound of loving voices—all these are summed up in these simple words; and these are not all. * * There are also several lessons symbolically connected with this subject which we must not allow to esca pe us.
Observe the peculiar characters of the grass, which adapt it especially for the service of men, are its apparent humility and cheerfulness. Its humility in that it seems created only for lowest service-appointed to be trod upon and fed up
Its cheerfulness, in that it seems to exult under all kinds of violence and suffering. You roll it, and it is stronger the next day; you mow it, and it multiplies its shoots, as if they were grateful; you tread upon it, and it only sends up richer perfumes. Spring comes, and it rejoices with all earth-glowing with variegated flame of flowers—waving in soft depth of fruitful strength.”-Ruskin.
An Ode written for the Society and sung at its anniversary, Sept. 26, 1865.
Thank God! for rest, where none molest,
And none can make afraid, -
Beneath the homestead shade!
Bring pike and gun, the sword's red scourge,
To ploughshares for our plains.
Alike henceforth our hills of snow,
And vales where cotton flowers;
Are Freedom's motive-powers.
Henceforth to Labor's chivalry
Be knightly honors paid;
The sickle's accolade.
Build up an altar to the Lord,
O grateful hearts of ours !
That ever drank the showers.
Lay all the bloom of gardens there,
And there the orchard's fruits ;
Bring golden grain from sun and air,
From earth her goodly roots.
There let our banners droop and flow,
The stars uprise and fall;
Let sighing breezes call.
Their names let hands of horn and tan
And rough-shod feet applaud, Who died to make the slave a man,
And give to toil reward.
There let the common heart keep time
To such an anthem sung,
Or thrilled on singer's tongue.
A song of burden and relief,
and long annoy; The passion of our mighty grief
And our exceeding joy !
A song of praise to Him who filled
The harvests sown in tears ;
To feed our battle-years !
A song of faith that He will end
The work so well begun, Break
every cord of caste, and blend Our peoples into one !
The Cattle Show and Exhibition was held at Lawrence,
Tuesday and Wednesday, September 26th and 27th.
PLOUGHING-WITH DOUBLE TEAMS.
The Committee are unanimous in recommending the award of the first premium of $10 to J. L. & B. H. Farnham, of North Andover.
The second premium of $9 to R. T. Jaques & Moses Colman, of Newbury.
The third premium of $8 to Herman Phelps, of Andover.
The fourth premium of $7 to Charles 0. Cummings, of Andover.
Edmund Smith, Luther Noyes, Preston Newhall, Nicolas M. Quin, Randal Andrews, Committee.
PLOUGHING WITH SINGLE TEAMS.
The Committee on Ploughing, with single teams, make the following awards: