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The first premium of $7, to J. H. Reynolds, of North Andover.
The second premium of $6, to Nathan Little, of Newbury.
J. L. Newhall, Paul D. Patch, Charles Dustin, Nathan Gage, Committee.
PLOUGHING-SIDE HILL PLOUGH.
The Committee on Ploughing, with Side Hill Plough, report:
That but one entry was made, and award the second premium of $8, to William Foster, of North Andover.
Calvin Rogers, Azor D. Lord, Richard T. Jaques, John P. Foster, James Nayson, Committee.
PLOUGHING - WITH HORSES.
The Committee on Ploughing, with Horses, respectfully report, that, of five teams entered, there appeared but one upon the field. The ploughing was not considered of the first quality, partly on account of the dry state of the land, and also it being very stony. They, however, decided to award the second premium of $6, to Richard H. Kent, of Lawrence.
Benjamin P. Ware, Benjamin Rogers, John Danforth, Jr., J. L. Hubbard, James D. White, Committee.
The Committee on Fat Cattle were very much pleased to find so many cattle, and of such superior quality, offered for their inspection, which, considering the condition of our pas
tures, owing to the severe drought,—was certainly very remarkable. After a careful examination, the Committee were unanimous in awarding the first premium of $10, to Daniel G. Todd, of Rowley, for his off ox. Annexed is a full account of the manner and cost of keeping, showing facts that are important to the cause of agriculture; and it is hoped that Mr. Todd's example of rendering a minute statement in writing, will be followed more fully by others in the future.
The second premium of $8, is awarded to Mrs. Charles Harriman, of Groveland, for her nigh ox. This ox has had no extra feeding, except hay and grass, for the last year, and presents beef of superior quality.
John P. Foster, of North Andover, and Joseph S. How, also offer fat cattle of excellent quality, and the Committee regret that more premiums were not at their disposal.
Benjamin P. Ware, George Dane, Paul Titcomb, Joseph Goodridge, Paul D. Patch, Committee.
STATEMENT OF DANIEL G. TODD.
I offer for premium one pair of fat cattle, full blood, Durham Sort Horn oxen, 4 years and 3 months old.
Their feed, from the 20th of last February, has been threefourths English, one-fourth Salt or Black Grass Hay, with four quarts of Cob Meal each, to the 20th of last May; from the 20th of May to the present time, two quarts of clear meal, with a very short, dry pasture ; corn fodder from the 1st of August to this date.
On the 20th of last February their weight was 3,830 lbs. ; girt, 7 feet 6, and 7 feet 7 inches. On the 20th of September their weight was 4,230 lbs.; girt, 7 feet 10 and 11 inches. Gain in seven months, four hundred pounds; in girt, 8 inches.
The expense of keeping for the first three months was $32 per month ; for four months, $10.33 per month.
Rowley, September 25th, 1865.
The Committee award the first premium of $6, to Joseph S. Howe, of Methuen, for his three year olds.
Second premium of $5, to George B. Loring, of Salem, for his three year old Ayrshire (twin) Steers.
Charles Rogers, James P. King, Jonathan Berry, Samuel Merrill, Richard S. Bray, Committee.
Your Committee are well aware that their awards will not be satisfactory to some of the competitors. In attempting to decide which is the best animal, when the Short Horns, the Alderneys and Ayrshires come in competition, the preferences of different members of the Committee for a particular breed, will make it difficult to institute a fair comparison. If one member of the Committee has come to the conclusion that the Ayrshire is the best cow for this county, it will not be easy for him award the first premium to an Alderney heifer, however promising she may be. We will not attempt to say how the offers of premiums for heifers should be changed ; but we think the duty of the Committee would be much more pleasant to themselves, and satisfactory to the public, if they were only to decide which is the best animal of a particular breed, instead of saying which is the best of all the different breeds exhibited.
Here the question naturally arises, how far the Society should direct its efforts and funds to the encouragement of raising our dairy stock? If it can be shown that we can buy our Milch Cows cheaper than we can raise them, this fact alone does not prove that it would not be better for the community for us to give more attention to stock raising. The
inquiry should not be, which will at first give us the most dollars ? but which will have the best influence upon our family? The boy who regularly feeds and cares for his pet calf is acquiring those habits of attention to the wants of our domestic animals, which he can not so well learn in any other way; those habits of care and regularity will fit him to discharge better the duties of life. The fact that so many of the leading men in all our cities came from those districts where stock-raising formed a large part of the business, shows that the raising of calves has a tendency to elevate men, or to prepare them for a high position. Where all the stock is raised upon the farm there is a kind of mutual attachment existing between the family and the animals, that is not found where the stock is bought. The boy upon a farm where stock is raised has an opportunity to learn how to judge of the age of an animal, better than he can where there is an uncertainty about their ages.
We often hear the remark made, that most of the boys are leaving the farm for some other occupation. We think that more attention to stock-raising will have a tendency to attach them more strongly to their homes.
We award A. C. Rollins, of Methuen, for his 3 year old heifer, the second premium of $6.
To George B. Loring, of Salem, the first premium of $5, for his 2 year old Ayrshire heifer.
To William Vanston, of Lawrence, the second premium of Harris' book on Insects.
They award to Varnum Tyler, of Methuen, the first premium of $5, for his yearling heifer.
To George B. Loring, of Salem, the second premium of $3, for his Ayrshire yearling heifer.
They would make honorable mention of the fine Alderney heifers exhibited by F. C. Drew, of Lawrence, and also of two good Grade Short Horn heifers, exhibited by Ben : Perley Poore, of West Newbury.
WILLIAM R. PUTNAM, for the Committee.
The Committee on Milch Cows report :
There were nine cows offered for the Society's premiums. All of these cows appeared to be good ones, and it might have been difficult to determine who should receive the premiums, if the competitors had conformed to the rules of the Society
Perhaps this lack of detail may be accounted for by supposing that the owners of these cows thought them good enough to obtain the premium without a full statement; that if they were on exhibition, that was sufficient. The Committee, however, are of a different opinion.
What the Committee require to arrive at a just award, is a full compliance with the regulations of the Society with regard to all such statements as the Society have made it imperative for the owner to furnish, and this not only for the help of the Committee, but all who would be benefitted by an award being made, must know about the feed, care, etc., etc., in detail. We had thought the Society's premium of twentyfive dollars enough to pay for the trouble of furnishing such a statement, but if this is not so, then we hope it will be increased.
The Committee think that no cow offered is entitled to the first premium ; that Benaiah Titcomb, of Haverhill, is entitled to the second premium of ten dollars—and they recommend that a gratuity of ten dollars be awarded to Horatio Bodge, of South Danvers.
Francis Dodge, Eben King, J. Vincent Browne, W. B. Carlton, John W. Raymond, Committee.
STATEMENT OF BENAIAH TITCOMB.
I enter for premium, one Durham and Ayrshire Cow, nine years old. She calved November 8th, 1864, and is with calf