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know in what degree to estimate men who, by official position, have been able to produce great results; but here is a man at twenty-two years of age, invalided, without physical strength to discharge the ordinary duties of life, a prisoner on board a British man-of-war, looking at the flag which domineered the seas of the world—here is a sick man, a prisoner, a youth who without friends or capital, without any adventitious aid, by his own inventive genius, created a power that rules the commerce of the world. The cities which have sprung up around us are his monument. Other nations have copied his machinery, and now to-day the world gives to the city that was the result of his genius and his enterprise. the credit of having devised the most perfect development of industrial means that history has known. That is not alone. The shoe interest is another of the same character. Shoes have been made from time immemorial, but the genius and enterprize of Essex County monopolizes the manufacture and makes every part of the country subsidiary either to its products or the processes which it has invented. In my own town this characteristic is more prominent than perhaps any other. The watch, which is as perfect a time-keeper as can be suggested, is made from the roughly-shaped materials given to boys and girls in the morning, to come out from the manufactory a perfect time-keeper and measurer of the days of men. All this is done by a new process of manufacture invented here, which is filling the world with its products. Everywhere I see the evidences of this genius and power.Let the men who are learned in the world's history; let the men who have studied the various periods of civilization ; let the men who know about these matters
in France, or Germany, or any other country; let the men who know the history of the United States ; let them who know as well as his Excellency the Governor the capacity and power within the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, point me to an exhibition of such success and such genius, such power and such far-reaching influence as can be seen in the manufactories of Essex and Middlesex counties. We have every reason to rejoice at the success which attends us in this contest of the nations of the world. We have every reason to be proud of that success which has been achieved by our fathers, and to rejoice in the prosperity which their genius has given to us; but it belongs to us to remember that our duty is of the future, and not of the present or of the past; that our pride must be, not in what our fathers have done, but in that which we shall do. Let us remember the field in which we are called to labor, as yet far wider, far more expansive; that we are placed, as it were, on the threshold of seven hundred millions of the people of Asia ; that we contend foot to foot with the hundreds of millions of Europe, and that wherever we are, we are put upon an equality, and that the great contest is for the superiority. Many years ago I spoke in this room.
I am naturally affected by the associations of the time and place; and although this is no occasion for political suggestions, yet I trespass upon your good nature to say that I trust the day is not far distant when all the disturbing elements of our social and political organization will be removed, and that, with the power to be a free government, the American people, with a genius like that of Essex and Middlesex, will hew its way through the thick ruins of the despotic traditions of the old world, and by their genius and success impart
to other nations an idea of what a people left to themselves can do. There was one thing that I wish we should exhibit more extensively in the Paris Exhibition than we do, and that is our people. I regret not that so many of our people went abroad; I only regret that there were not five, or ten, or twenty millions of them to show themselves to the European nations. They know but little of us across the water. A cultivated European told me that Mr. Chambers of Edinburgh, the celebrated publisher, ten of whose works are sold in America to one in Great Britain, said to him only a few years ago, that he was surprised that a man of such decent appearance should live in such a country as America. I remember, too, that the Ilonilow in Paris published the fact that the Speaker of the ilouse of Representatives, some years ago, was a negro. Perhaps he believes it now, and may be that he foreshadowed the time that is to come. But the fact shows that in the capital of France they knew very little of Americans, or of America, at that time. It is not the fault of European nations, but our own.
Ladies and gentlemen, I ain delighted with the opportunity of being here. If you are as much pleased to see me as I am to look upon your faces, you are in a comfortable condition. I regret I have not been here in the discharge of public duties; but I have been absent for some time, and have been living a sort of checkered life of late ; but whether here or whether elsewhere, let me assure you that the memory of the past of Essex and Middlesex have always been and always will be my pride.
NOTES ON THE EXHIBITION.
The Exhibition of fruits, Domestic Manufactures, &c., in the Hall, was concedeul to be of the highest character, and that of stock in the pens was very satisfactory, though not so birge. Or of so decidedly superior character as it is in the power of the farmers of the county to furnish, and as may reasonably be expected in response to the very liberal premiums offered in that department.
The show of Agricultural Implements and Machines was never surpassedl, probably not equalled, in Essex County:
The Ploughing Watch was well contested by a large number of teams, and was particularly voted for the trial of skill between seven boys under 19 years of age, in competition for the premiums amounting to fifty dollars, offered by the President of the Society.
The entries of Stock numbered 103—animals, 175.
Entries for ploughing 24 teams, comprising double and single, ox, horse and mule teams.
Entries in the Exhibition IIall, 737. comprising 1000
plates of Fruit, and a great variety of Vegetables, Dairy Products, and articles of Domestic Manufacture.
The description of the Exhibition in the Hall, which follows, was written by WARREN ORDWAY, Esq., the efficient superintendent of that department, and is worthy of special attention.
The Exhibition in the Town IIall was superior to any other that the Society ever gave. The whole of this spacious and elegant building was generously given up by the town authorities to the Committee of Arrangements, which gave them ample room to display to the best advantage a great variety of products from the farms and work shops, the parlors and kitchens of this time-honored county. The broad halls upon the first floor of the building, were partly occupied by carriages and sleighs. The side hall upon the same floor was devoted to vegetables, of which there was a very creditable show, especially from the farms of Messrs. S. A. Merrill of Danvers, and Richard Webster of llaverhill. The large hall which is upon the second floor, with the side rooms adjoining, were overflowing with the greatest variety of the finer productions of nature and art. There were four tables spread lengthwise of the hall, filled with one thousand plates of most excellent fruit, comprising the most extensive assortment of apples, pears, peaches and grapes, that was ever exhibited in the State outside of the city of Boston. Two tables were devoted to fancy work, embroidery, and general merchandise, upon which also were show-cases containing silver ware, Jamps, and dry goods. In other localities were cooking