« PreviousContinue »
stoves and tin ware, sewing-machines and musical instruments, paints and paper hangings. The walls and the front of each gallery were hung with quilts, counterpanes, rugs, and asfghans. Many of them were very beautiful, and when taken together this part of the exhibition reflected great credit upon the industry, ingenuity, economy and taste of the fair contributors.One of the side looms was devoted to butter and cheese. One to bread, honey, domestic wine and preserved fruit. One to boots and shoes, doors, window sashes and blinds, and another to machinery and curious inventions. The rostrum in the hall was wisely selected for the floral display, and by the exertions of an efficient committee, three hundred boquets and floral designs with one hundred varieties of wild flowers were contributed by the ladies in the vicinity. These were arranged by Mr. West, the chairman of the committee, whose magical power in this department never fails to procluce the most beautiful effect. Last, but not least, came the crowd of delighted visitors filling the spacious hall, with the galleries to repletion. They were welcomed by the artistic music of the Haverhill Band to enjoy amidst the aroma of fruit and the perfume of flowers, the fairy scene that had been prepared for them, and the pleasure it afforded was duly acknowledged by the wniversal exclamation, “ It is beautiful."
The Committee on Fat Cattle, report an award of the
1st premium of $10, to Mrs. M. P. Little, of Bradford, for her off ox.
2d do. of $8, to lIls. M. P. Little, for her near ox.
3d do. of $5, to James H. Reynolds, of North Andover, for his near ox.
It will be seen by our award, that the first and second premiums are given to the same pair of oxen; as the offer was made, we felt bound to give them to the best animals; yet we have some doubt of its being the intention of the Society, to give two premiums to one pair of oxen.
To us, it appears more desirable to offer the premiums for the best pair of fat cattle, as most of the oxen that are fattened in this County, are those that are kept in part for their labor, and we wish to get all the information we can upon working and feeding oxen, so as to fit them for beef.
We think that there should be separate premiums given for fat cows, for we cannot expect them to compete with oxen, consequently we never see them at our exhibitions. As most
farmers are annually obliged to fatten some of their cows, it would be well to get what information we can about feeding them. Many farmers let their cows dry up their milk, and then put them to pasture, to fatten. Others, by high feeding, keep up the flow of milk in part, and make them gain, so as to dispose of them to the butchers. Where milk is in demand and pasturing scarce, this is perhaps the best method, but such cow's do not often get fat enough to compete for a premium.
In the statements given us we undoubtedly have the truth, so far as it goes ; but “ doing all the work upon the farm, and working out some by the day,” is rather indefinite. On some farms, we think the oxen would not gain much. We can not, in this County, raise cattle exclusively for beef, as they do at the West; but we need oxen, to some extent, to carry on our farms. On many farms the work may be done, and the oxen be continually gaining.
At the time we awarded the premiums, we were not aware that Irs. Little's ox took the third premium last year ; but since then we have learned that he did. If we could have known the entire amount of hay and grain consumed by them during the year, it would have been valuable information. Our impression is, that cattle that are in a high condition as these have been the past year, or, as we sometimes express it, “ well filled up inside with tallow,” do not consume so much fodder as poor cattle of the same size. The philosophy of this, we do not attempt to explain ; but our observation has led us to this conclusion,
It will be seen by the statement of Mr. Reynolds, that his oxen have gained rapidly. We have heard it stated, by those who have had good opportunities to know, that the live weight of an ox at different seasons of the year, is not a true index of his gain. They say an ox will weigh as much alive in March, as te will the first of June, yet be fed so as to keep him gaining all the time; or in other words, the shrinkage is more at some seasons, than at others. The condition of the stomach
at the time of weighing, will make probably two hundred pounds difference in the weight of a pair of large oxen. Hiy cattle had a very thrifty appearance, and we hope he will keep them another year, and show that they have continued to gain as fast as they have done since he has had them.
Committee — William R. Putnam, James T. Carleton, Wm. Foster, George W. Davis, Isaac Carruth.
STATEMENT OF J. H. REYNOLDS.
NORTH ANDOVER, Sept. 23, 1867. I present to your notice for premium, one pair of fat oxen, 5 years old, purchased by me in Cambridge, the 20th of last June; they then weighed on North Andover scales, 3710 lbs. Since that date have done all the work on the farm, besides working out some by the day.
Their feed has been common pasturing, until September 1st, since then, have each had two quarts corn meal, daily ; weight this day, Sept. 23d, on North Andover scales, 4250 lbs.
The Committee on Bulls report :
They award to Joseph Kittredge, of North Andover, for his Jersey Bull, 1st premium, $10.
To A. R. Fellows, of Ipswich, for his Jersey Bull, 2d premium, $5.
To William A. Russell, of Lawrence, for Dutch first premium Bull, in 1866, mileage.
Committee-George B. Loring, J. Longfellow, Jonas Holt George Cogswell, Stephen Nichols.