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COUNTERPANES, CARPETINGS AND RUGS.
The Committee on Counterpanes, Carpetings and Rugs, would respectfully report:
There were no Carpetings offered. For Rugs and Counterpanes the following gratuities were awarded, viz:
To Mrs. Frederick Knight, for a rich silk Quilt, $2.
ARTICLES MANUFACTURED FROM LEATHER.
The Committee were disappointed in not finding a larger display in this department, and did not feel justified in distributing the amount allotted them. After careful examination we award the following gratuities :
To J. H. Walton, for Light Harness, $5.
To E. P. Dodge & Co., for Ladies', Misses' and Children's Boots, $4.
To N. B. Dodge and Brother, for Ladies', Misses' and Children's Boots, $3.
To Crockett & Lakey, for Belting, $2.
Committee-Henry Hobbs, Farnham Stiles, George French, Aaron Sawyer.
The Committee submit the following awards :
GRATUITIES.—Amanda 0. Pearson, Newbury port, picture frame, $1; J. A. Allen, Newburyport, flowers, 50 cts.; Anna J. Peabody, pictures, $1.; Charles A. Minerth, insects, $1.50; Karl Minerth, photographs, $2; J. E. Clifford, shell work, $1; Lillie C. French, pictures, $1; Mrs. A. R. Jackman, edging, 75 cents; Miss A. E. Currier, sofa pillow, $1; Miss Tilton, pictures, $1; Mrs. Sarah Colby, knit shawl, 75 cents; Mrs. J. M. Spalding, wax flowers, 75 cents; Mrs. Curtis French, lace work, 75 cents; Robt. Babson, engravings, &c., $3; J. G. Silloway, ottoman covers, $1.50; Mrs. Jacob Johnson, masonic emblems, 75 cents; Mrs. Thomas Cutter, carpet bag, 75 cents; Eliza J. Trask, Peabody, ottoman cushion, $1.50 ; Mrs. P. H. Lunt, Newburyport, pictures, $2; Miss J. N. Balch, pictures, &c., $1 ; Lillie French, painting, (strawberries,) $1; Sarah F. Tilton, cross and wreath, (wax,) $2; Miss Kelley, game birds, $1.50; Lizzie Ireland, cushion, premium, $2; and
50 cents each to the following persons: Miss E. Spalding, ottoman cover ; Nellie C. Clark, slippers, &c.; Anna L. Knapp, tatting; Mary J. Ingraham, pictures; Frank N. French, insects; George Osgood, case of bugs; J. S. Gerrish, baskets ; Mrs. R. Jackman, insects; Hattie C. Bartlett, ottoman; Mrs. Mary Merrill, 89 years old, stockings; S. Carrie Nelson, tidy; Mrs. John Burrill, flowers; James Devereaux, picture ; Mrs. J. Johnson, Jr., wieath and frame ; Mrs. E. Lunt, embroidery; Miss H. Brown, watch case; Augusta Cook, shell frame; Mary C. Currier, cushion ; Mary L. Dockham, frame and basket of flowers; M. J. Brookings, tidy : Abbie E. Smith, sea mosses ; Mrs. Tristam Rogers, 94 years old, stockings; Nellie A. Pike, cushion ; Mrs. R. J. Lamb, blanket; Annie M. Little, husk frame; Carrie R. Lecraw, infant’s bibs; E. G. Cheever, shell boxes; Mrs. J. Lunt, cushion; John A. Addie, inlaid work; Lydia H. Ordway, 83 years old, stockings; Anna L. Currier, baby clothing; S. Sawyer, pictures ; Annie Rogers, lace col. lars; E. J. Roof, tidy ; Fannie E. Talbot, bead cushion.
Committee-H. G. Herrick, Geo. W. Chadwick, Sam'l A. Smith, Richard Tenney.
Notwithstanding the urgent calls of the committees, and the liberal offers of the Society for the last few years, the number of farms entered for premium is by no means increasing. The general business of farming which prevailed until a recent period, and which developed some of the finest specimens of mixed farming in the Commonwealth, is now displaced to a considerable degrec, by a special attention to particular crops, or by a tasteful improvement of valuable estates. duction of garden vegetables for the market, both early and
late, occupies the attention of most cultivators residing near our large cities. And as the wealth of our county increases, the number of elegant residences ornamented by landscape gardening, and surrounded by fields subjected to expensive culture increases also. Meanwhile the farms which were once managed by husbandmen, who took pride in their working ox
and dairy herd-in their ample fields of corn and grass and potatoes in their orchards bending beneath the weight of fruit -- and who sent beef, and hay, and pork, and butter and cheese, and apples and cider to the market, are fewer than they once were, and are not, in many instances, conducted with the industry and skill of former times. While this change in the condition of agriculture has been going on, agricultural emulation and rivalry have declined, and the business of horticulture has become more prominent.
The importance of encouraging this modern system of farming should not be lost sight of. The devotion of lands, in small parcels, to special crops, is especially necessary, where a large portion of the population is occupied in mechanical and manufacturing operations—and own no land, raise no vegetables and fruit for their own consumption, and should find a well-supplied market. Vegetables and small fruits are produced in such limited quantities that they are a luxury, beyond the reach of many of the laboring classes. This state of things should no longer exist. And we urge upon all owners of land special attention to those crops which are required in the markets of our manufacturing and commercial towns. moreover, that the competition among small farms devoted to this object, will increase, and that committees will, hereafter, be called upon to examine and report upon numerous entries of this description.
The only farm entered for premium this year is the estate of Dr. E. G. Kelley, of Newburyport. The careful management and cultivation of this tract of land, (about sixteen acres,) were a source of great gratification to the committee, as an illustration of the ample reward which a skillful cultivator of
trees and fruits will receive, even in a few years, and of the advantage to be derived from proper preparation of the soil, and from the destruction of weeds, and the appropriate use of fertilizers.
The following statement of Dr. Kelley gives a clear and admirable account of the processes to which we have referred:
STATEMENT OF E. G. KELLEY.
In presenting a farm for premium the following are the printed conditions :—" For the best conducted and most im
proved farm, taking into view the entire management and “cultivation, including lands, buildings, fences, orchards, crops, “stock, and all other appendages, with statements in detail, “relating thereto.”
Our management and cultivation of lands has been to underdrain about six acres with tiles, transported chiefly from Albany, N. Y., and laid more than three feet deep on an average :
: to surface drain five acres not admitting of tile draining: to subsoil two acres, twenty-two inches deep: to trench three feet deep, four acres in all, at different times as labor could be spared from other work; and for some years the trenching was being done nearly all winter.
Hundreds of loads of clay have been moved to divers places, and thousands of loads of sand and yellow loam have been carted on to, and mixed with, clayey soil, or used for top dressing, or for l»velling and grading. The land thus worked has been so much improved as to produce almost anything in perfection adapted to the climate.
Cultivation on this place having been decidedly bad for more than half a century, a change was of course made. Your Committee well know how a farm runs to waste and weeds when conducted by others than the owner.
The previous proprictor died in 1806, leaving the use of the estate for the support and maintenance of a daughter, who at length died in..