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have attended to their duties and submit the following report :

Chute & Parsons, Peabody, Refrigerator, Sanford's Patent, gratuity, $3 ; Starrett, Newburyport, Meat Chopper, gratuity, $1; Hale & Co., Newburyport, Clothes Wringer, and Egg Beater, $2; C. R. Smith, do., Washing Machine, $2; Mrs. S. Richardson, do., Bonnets and Millinery Goods, premium, $2; D. H. French, do., Stationary, gratuity, $2 ; Edward Donahoe, do., Horse Shoes, gratuity, $1; H. McGlue, do., do., $1; Thomas G. McGlue, do., do., $1 ; Brown Manufacturing Co., do., Fire Arms, gratuity, $1; Nathaniel Morse, do., Posts &c., for Stair Work, gratuity, $3 ; H. W. Hurd, do., Weather Strip and Door Bells, $1; Jordan D. Frost, do., Stoves, $2.

Signed by Committee - Warren Ordway, Charles G. Savory, Sidney C. Bancroft.

ROOT CROPS.

31

Your Committee, to whom were entrusted all the entries, in this most important branch of the Agricultural interests, of Essex County, would submit the following report. There were thirteen entries of crops as follows, viz :

3 of Potatoes by Messrs. Phelps, of North Andover ; Perkins, and Longfellow, of Newbury.

2 of Ruta Bagas by Messrs. Longfellow, of Newbury and Newhall, of Newburyport.

2 of Onions by Messrs. Ilsley, of Newbury, and Gregory, of Marblehead.

2 of Cabbages by Messrs. Newhall, of Newburyport, and Gregory, of Marblehead.

2 of Squashes by Messrs. Newhall, of Newburyport, and Gregory, of Marblehead.

1 of Mangle Wurzel by Mr. Newhall, of Newburyport.
1 of Carrots by Mr. Gregory, of Marblehead.
Representing the towns of North Andover, Marblehead,

Newbury and Newburyport, on the outskirts of the County, and leaving the great central farming towns not represented. The entries, though more numerous than for several years, are still far below in number what we could have wished, and what we have good reason to expect, when we take into account our County's fame abroad as one of the largest onion, cabbage and carrot growing counties in the United States.

Unlike many of our predecessors on this Committee, who have been content to examine statements only, we have visited and seen all the crops, with one exception, growing upon the land ; and there were never less than four of the Committee present, and can truly testify that the incidents and facts elicited, and the appearance of the crops well repaid us for our visits, - especially when we take into account the great drought, which prevailed throughout our County, during the most important part of the growing season, materially lessening the amount of most of our crops ; indeed, the only crop not so effected, was the crop of Early Goodridge potatoes entered by the Masters Phelps, which was planted early, and the most of them harvested by the first of August. Had this crop been planted later, it would have felt the drought more than any of the others, as it was planted upon a run-out piece of land, the most of which being a gravelly knoll, ploughed very shallow the previous autumn,-the last spot to have selected upon which to grow a crop for premium.

The young men (who are under 18 years of age) should have credit for the excellent appearance of the crop, they having performed all the work done upon it; and that for once at least, there has been entered upon our records for premium, a crop grown upon soil that so fairly represents in quality, a large proportion of the farming lands in this County.

The potato crop of Mr. Perkins, of Oldtown, was visited on the 29th of September, — this was upon soil almost directly opposite of the preceding, at least in regard to its present condition, if not naturally so, as it had been used for onions for over thirty years ; the excellent care it had, and being planted

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with the Harrison, a potato famous for its productiveness and good looks, both of vine and seed, (though for what else your committee are unable to state,) the yield was enormous, being at the rate of 410 bushels to the acre ; and even this yield would have been exceeded, had not the drought caused the formation of small potatoes above ground, on at least one-sixteenth of the vines ; thereby rendering unmarketable all the potatoes growing on the vines so effected, which was plainly visible to the Committee as they passed over the ground.

The crop of Early Michigan potatoes, a new and valuable variety, entered by Mr. H. F. Longfellow, of Byfield, was an excellent crop; it was grown on land in good condition, and well suited for such a crop. Mr. L. supposed when he entered it that there was a half acre as required by the Society's rules, but it was found after our visit to contain but 65 rods, thus excluding it from a premium. As it is a new variety of superior quality, as tested by your Committee, we feel that it deserves a notice here at this time, while there is such a rage for new potatoes. The piece was shaded on one side by six large apple trees, which would have been 14 trees to the acre, which affected the quantity of the crop reported by him as at the rate of 257 bushels to the acre.

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RUTA BAGAS.

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Mr. Longfellow's crop of these roots, in an adjoining field comprising three acres, was well worthy of entry, and of which he entered one acre, that in his report yielded at the rate of 56,580 pounds. The piece entered by Mr. Joshua L. Newhall, and visited by us a fortnight earlier, did not then promise so large a crop as the above, though its yield was large, at the rate of 39,840 pounds to the acre.

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ONIONS.

The acre entered by Mr. Paul M. Ilsley, of Oldtown, was visited on the 29th of September ; the onions were then pulled and spread over the ground, which was well covered and was the largest yield for the uniform quality, that most of the members of the Committee had ever seen, assuring us that

the crop returned by him, of 610 1-2 bushels to the acre, is a

true one.

CABBAGES.

Of these there were two entries, one by Mr. J. L. Newhall, the other by Mr. Gregory, they were both excellent crops and should not have been entered for the same premium, as they both excelled in the purpose for which they were raised. Mr. Newhall's for the market were as near together as they could possibly be and do well. Mr. Gregory's, on the other hand were grown at equal distances, with good space for them to perfectly develop, which they had well improved and were as handsome and uniform a crop as any one could have desired to look upon, all of a kind, with no mixture or cross in the different pieces, as there was some ten different pieces of as many different kinds; all to be put under ground for the winter, from which to raise seed the next season.

CARROTS.

There were four different varieties of carrots growing on one lot which was entered by Mr. Gregory, and was well worthy of the premium.

SQUASHES.

The two crops entered were both of the Marrow variety. Mr. Gregory's crop was seen at his squash house, and Mr. Newhall's was viewed upon the vines the 16th of September, a large and handsome crop and remarkably free from mixture. He had a piece of Hubbard's at some distance off, which we had not time to go and see.

MANGLE WURZELS.

The acre of mangle wurzels, entered by Mr. Newhall, was a remarkably large crop, especially for this year. There must have been great care taken in sowing and thinning out the crop, as there was none of those blank or barren spaces so noticeable in a patch of this kind of root, and we consider them fully worthy of the Society's diploma and premium of eight dollars.

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Before completing our report, we cannot but add that we have been well paid in our migratory rambles about the County, in viewing the various modes of cultivation and listening to the remarks, suggestions and facts that we have heard at our various meetings, and wish that more members of our Society could have been present, especially at our last meeting on the 6th of October, at the farm, or rather farms of Mr. Gregory at Marblehead, where all the crops are raised for seed, and all have a chance to fully develop on those rich, strong lands where the stable, factory and sea manure is used without stint, any one would have been convinced at the sight of the heap of 150 cords of manure that Mr. Wilkins had already got together on one of the lots of the Wyman farm.

The Committee would recommend that the Masters H. L. and W. W. Phelps, of North Andover receive the diploma and first premium of $8, for their crop of Early Goodridge potatoes, 320 bushels to the acre, and that Mr. Charles L. Perkins, of Newbury (Oldtown) of $5 for his crop of Harrison potatoes at the rate of 410 bushels to the acre.

To Mr. Joshua L. Newhall, of Newburyport, the diploma and $8 for his crop of marrow squashes.

To Mr. J. J. H. Gregory, of Marblehead, the diploma and premium of $8 for his crop of cabbages.

To Mr. Paul M. Ilsley, of Newbury (Oldtown) the diploma and $8 for his crop of onions.

To Mr. Gregory the premium of $8 and diploma for his crop

of carrots. To Mr. Joshua L. Newhall, the diploma and $8 for his crop of mangle wurzels.

To Mr. H. F. Longfellow, of Byfield, the diploma and first premium of $8 for his crop of ruta bagas, and to Mr. Newhall, of Newburyport, a second premium of $4 for his crop

of the same.

Committee — Andrew Nichols, W. W. Perkins, James Flint, John Stone, Barnard Stanwood.

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