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The attention of the reader is further called to two marked features of the Cyclopædia :

1. The italic letters a, b, c, d, etc. These refer to corresponding letters in the page, and enable any person to locate the proper passage with the least possible delay.

2. The asterisk * indicates that the quotation is from Shakespeare, and this will also save time and trouble. The selections from that master of English thought and language are much more numerous than in any other volume of this character.

It will be observed that no one standard of English orthography or composition has been followed. Each author's peculiarities have been respected, as this seemed to be the only safe way to avoid almost insuperable difficulties. In Shakespeare, Knight's text has been adopted, with some slight and seemingly justifiable variations, and in nearly all cases the latest edition of each of the several authors has been taken. The name “ Shakespeare ” has been given as it has been written for nearly three hundred years. When antiquarians and critics unite upon another orthography, we will use it in a future edition.

A few quotations have been purposely retained under more than one head, where they seemed especially adapted to do double duty, and might be of actual service. In the many thousands of others these would hardly be noticed, eren by the persevering critic, without this reference. For other things that may be discovered as actual faults--for sins of commission or omission--the editors beg kindly indulgence. With care and assiduity they have aimed at perfection-but to attain it, in the first edition of a work of this size, is next to an impossibility.

Thanks to those friends whose valuable aid has been a constant joy and sustaining power, through these long years of anxious labor. Their names would be gratefully mentioned, but for the reason that they are so numerous. The value to be set upon the work itself will determine our own and their honor.

NEW YORK, December, 1881.





ABILITY, Men who undertake considerable things, even in a regular way, ought to give us ground to presume ability. h. BURKE- Reflections on the Revolution

in France.

The self-same thing they will abhor
One way, and long another for.
BUTLER- Hudibras. Pt. I. Canto i.

Line 220.
Justly thou abhorr'st
That son, who on the quiet state of men
Such trouble brought, affecting to subdue
Rational liberty ; yet know withal,
Since thy original lapse, true liberty
Is lost.
b. MILTON - Paradise Lost. Bk. XII.

Line 79.

As we advance in life, we learn the limits of our abilities. i. FROUDE— Short Studies on Great

Subjects. Education.

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Every person is responsible for all the good within the scope of his abilities, and for no more, and none can tell whose sphere is the largest. j. GAIL HAMILTON- Country Living and Country Thinking. Men and Women.

Conjugal affection Prevailing over fear and timorous doubt, Hath led me on, desirous to behold Once more thy face, and know of thy estate, If aught in my ability may serve To lighten what thou suffer'st, and appease Thy mind with what amends is in my powerThough late, yet in some part to recom

pense My rash but more unfortunate misdeed.

k. MILTON-Samson Agonistes. Line 739.

He will come to her in yellow stockings, and 'tis a colour she abhors ; and cross gartered, a fashion she detests.

Twelfth Night. Act II. Sc. 5.

Shall they hoist me up, And show me to the shouting varletry Of censuring Rome ? Rather a ditch in

Egypt Be gentle grave unto me, rather on Nilus'

mud Lay me stark naked, and let the water-flies Blow me into abhorring! d. Antony and Cleopatra. Act V. Sc. 2.

Therefore I say again, I utterly abhor, yea from my soul, Refuse you for my judge; whom yet once

more, I hold my most malicious foe, and think not At all a friend to truth.

Henry VIII. Act II. Sc. 4. Whilst I was big in clamour, came there in a

man, Who having seen me in my worst estate, Shunn'd my abhorr'd society. f. King Lear. Act V. Sc. 3.

For, if the worlds In worlds enclosed should on his senses

burst, He would abhorrent turn. g. THOMPSON—The Seasons. Summer.

Line 313.

Whose skill was almost as great as his honesty ; had it stretched so far, would have made nature immortal, and death should have play for lack of work. 1. AU's Well That Ends Well. ActI.

Sc. 1.


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Rightness expresses of actions, what straightness does of lines ; and there can no more be two kinds of right action than there can be two kinds of straight line. a. HERBERT SPENCER-Social Statics,

Ch. XXXII. Par. 4, Theirs not to make reply, Theirs not to reason why, Theirs but to do and die. TENNYSONThe Charge of the Light

Brigade. Št. 2. A slender acquaintance with the world must convince every man, that actions, not words, are the true criterion of the attachment of friends; and that the most liberal professions of good-will are very far from being the surest marks of it. GEORGE WASHINGTON-Social Maxims.

Friendship Action is transitory, a step, a blow, The motion of a muscle—this way or that.

t. WORDSWORTH--The Borderers. Act III. All may do what has by man been done. YoungNight Thoughts. Night VI.

Line 606.

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Attack is the reaction; I never think I have hit hard unless it rebounds. SAM'L JOHNSON— Boswell's Life of

Johnson, An. 1775. I have always thought the actions of men the best interpreters of their thoughts. b. LOCKE- Human Understanding. Bk. I.

Ch. 3. Let us then be up and doing,

With a heart for any fate ; Still achieving, still pursuing, Learn to labour and to wait.

LONGFELLOW-Psalm of Life. - Trust no future howe'er pleasant !

Let the dead past bury their dead ! Act,-act in the living present!

Heart within and God o'erhead !

d. LONGFELLOW-Psalm of Life.
So much ono man can do,
That does both act and know.
MARVELL— Upon Cromwell's return

from Ireland. Awake, arise, or be for ever fall'n. MILTON- Paradise Lost. Bk. I.

Line 830. How my achievements mock me! I will go meet them. 9.

Troilus and Cressida. Act IV. Sc. 2. If it were done, when 'tis done, then 'twere

well It were done quickly. h. Macbeth. Act I. Sc. 7.

In such business Action is eloquence, and the eyes of the

More learned than the ears.

i. Coriolanus. Act lil. Sc. 2.
So smile the Heavens upon this holy act
That after-hours with sorrow chide us not!
J. Romeo and Juliet. Act II. Sc. 6.

Suit the action to the word, the word to the action. k. Hamlet. Act III. Sc. 2.

The blood more stirs To rouse a lion, than to start a hare. l Ilenry IV. Pt. I. Act I. Sc. 3.

Things done well, And with a care, exempt themselves from fear; Things done without example, in their issue Are to be fear'd.

Henry VIII. Act I. Sc. 2. We

may not think the justness of each act Such and no other then event doth form it.

Troilus and Cressida. Act II. Sc. 2.

We must not stint Our necessary actions, in the fear To cope malicious censurers.

Henry VIII, Act I. Sc. 2. Heaven never helps the men who will not act. P. Sophocles. Fraqment 288.

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ADMIRATION. No nobler feeling than this, of admiration for one higher than himself dwells in the breast of man. It is to this hour, and at all hours, the vivifying influence in man's life. CARLYLE-Ileroes and Hero Worship.

Lecture I. Green be the turf above thee,

Friend of my better days ! None knew thee but to love thee, Nor named thee but to praise. FrTz-GREENE HALLECK- On the death

of Joseph R. Drake. Few men are admired by their servants.

2. MONTAIGNE— Essays. Bk. III. Ch. 2.

We always like those who admire us, we do not always like those whom we admire. y ROCHEFOUCAULD- - Maxim 294.

What you do Still betters what is done. When you speak,

sweet, I'd have you do it ever.

Winter's Tale. Act IV. Sc. 3.

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ADVERSITY. And these vicissitudes come best in youth ;

For when they happen at a riper age, People are apt to blame the fates forsooth,

And wonder Providence is not more sage. Adversity is the first path to truth : He who hath proved war, storm or woman's

rage, Whether his winters be eighteen or eighty, Has won the experience which is deem'd so

BYRON-Don Juan Canto XII.

St. 50.






Be loving and you will never want for love; be humble, and you will never want for guiding.

D. M. MULOCK — Olive. Ch. XXIV. Be niggards of advice on no pretense; For the worst avarice is that of sense.

POPE- Essay on Criticism. Line 578. Direct not him, whose way himself will

choose; 'Tis breath thou lack'st, and that breath wilt

thou lose.

Richard II. Act II. Sc. 1. Here comes a man of comfort, whose advice Hath often still’d my brawling discontent.

p. Measure for Measure. Act IV. Sc. 1. I pray thee cease thy counsel, Which falls into mine ears as profitless As water in a sieve. 9. Much Ado About Nothing. Act V.

Sc. 1. When a wise man gives thee better counsel, give me mine again.

King Lear. Act II. Sc. 4.

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Adversity is sometimes hard upon a mn; but for one man who can stand prosperity, there are a hundred that will stand adversity. CARLILE - Heroes and Hero Worship..

Lecture v.
Aromatic plants bestow
No spicy fragrance while they grow ;
But crush'd or trodden to the ground,
Diffuse their balmy sweets around.

b. GOLDSMITH The Captivity. Act I.
Thou tamer of the human breast,
Whose iron scourge and tort'ring hour
The bad affright, afflict the best!

GRAY— Ode to Adversity. St. 1. In the adversity of our best friends we often find something which does not displease us. d. ROCHEFOUCAULD- Reflections. XV.

Bold adversity Cries out for noble York and Somerset, To beat assailing death from his weak legions. And whiles the honourable captain there Drops bloody sweat from his war wearied


Henry VI. Pt. I. Act IV. Sc. 4. His overthrow heap'd happiness upon him ; For then, and not till then, he felt himself, And found the blessedness of being little.

f. Henry VIII, Act IV. Sc. 2. Sweet are the uses of adversity ; Which, like the toad, ugly and venomous, Wears yet a precious jewel in his head. 9.

As You Like It. Act. II. Sc. 1. Then know, that I have little wealth to lose; A man I am cross'd with adversity. h. Tio Gentlemen of Verona. Act IV.

Sc. 1. They can be meek that have no other cause, A wretched soul, bruis'd with adversity, We bid be quiet, when we hear it cry.

i. Comedy of Errors. Act II. Sc. 1.

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The worst men often give the best advice : Our deeds are sometimes better than our

thoughts. j. BAILEY-Festus. Sc. A Village Feast. She had a good opinion of advice,

Like all who give and eke receive it gratis, For which small thanks are still the market

price, Even where the article at highest rate is.

k. BYRON - Don Juan. Canto XV. St. 29.

Let him go abroad to a distant country ; let him go to some place where he is not known. Don't let him go to the devil where he is known. 1. SAM'l Johnson, Boswell's Life of


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