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afterwards more fully developed, time our intimacy ripened into even then discovered itself: his closer friendship ; and I have subpowers of description and narra- sequently had the privilege of entive rivetted the attention of all joying his confidence to the sad who listened to him; and his moment of his departure from schoolfellows were willing to oblige among us. him in anything upon the condition As curate of Chelsea, his indefatithat he would thus amuse them. gable zeal, his attractive manners, Many still live who can attest the his persuasive, simple eloquence, accuracy
my present statement. and his scriptural fidelity, soon I lost sight of him for three years attracted the attention not only of before I went to the university; his parishioners, but of many others; there I found him, still the same and at length, in the year 1830, amiable, virtuous, and interesting greatly to the satisfaction of a nuperson-and likely to distinguish merous and attached people, he was himself in academic honours. This presented to the new church of the he did in 1817, when he took his Holy Trinity, Upper Chelsea. There degree as ninth wrangler, and bear- his character, his principles, and ing also a high character for clas- his peculiar talents fully displayed sical attainments. The following themselves : for five years he puryear he was admitted into holy sued a course of unrivalled usefulorders. Retiring to the country ness; drawing around him the village of Clare, in Suffolk, he de. most influential congregation in voted himself to the work of a London or its neighbourhood. No. parochial minister ; at the same bles, peers, commoners, tradesmen, time receiving a few pupils into his and the poor, alike hung upon his house. It was here, in the con- fascinating discourses. And what scientious pursuit of his spiritual was their peculiar charm? His duties, that a change passed over manner was calm and sedate; his his opinions and his heart; without voice was feeble, yet wherever it any human instructor, by the light reached it rivetted attention; there of God's own word and Spirit, he were no high flights of eloquence, was guided into those truly scrip- no rhetorical flourishes, no meretural, evangelical, and protestant tricious embellishments-certainly principles which he subsequently no puerilities, nor conceits-he maintained with so much stedfast- never stooped to such means to ness, and so much purity and talent. produce a momentary effect. The As these principles deepened in his charm of his preaching was its mind, he was impressed with an simple truth, its evangelical fidelity: earnest desire to devote himself he preached the truth in love; he more exclusively to the blessed was affectionate, earnest, persuawork of an evangelist; and, though sive ; his style was chaste- I might the most flattering prospects open- almost say elegant-and he had a ed before him in the way of pupils, singular power of adapting the word and several persons of distinction of God to the peculiar habits, feelwere anxious that he should educate ings, and circumstances of his their sons, he declined all these auditors. Abstract truth by the tempting offers, and entered on one touch of his pen became a living of the most extensive and laborious and practical principle, compreparochial cures in the vicinity of the hensible and individual, so that metropolis. This was in the
open- each man felt himself addressed. ing of the year 1824. From that Wonderful, certainly, was his success at that period; and few men I may creep through the winter ; could have sustained the weight of but the disease in the lungs is con. applause which was laid upon him, sidered by the medical men too far with such unaffected modesty and established to allow them to speak humility, as he did. But how in- confidently of any lengthened pescrutable are the ways of God! riod ; the symptoms having now, Just when hundreds of the great without a single day's intermission, and the noble were crowding around lasted since this time twelvemonth, him-not only in his church, but in I merely mention this because you his more private and domestic in- desire to know exactly how I am structions (for no one despised the -and yet, after all, it does not tell character of a mere popular preacher you; it says how the body is, but, more than he did, and no one took thanks be to God, the body is not a higher standard of parochial and I. I can truly, and I trust gratedaily labour)—just then it was that fully say, that I never was better ; it pleased God, in his inscrutable that in the fullest enjoyment of providence, to suspend him in the Chelsea work (and you know somemidst of his usefulness. His frame, thing of what that feeling means) I always feeble and delicate, gave way never experienced such unbroken to his incessant labours ; and the peace and uninterrupted comfort. seeds of that fatal disease which I do not even want to be up and has at length carried him off, then doing, which for me is wonderful, made their too evident appearance. but I am content to be laid aside, I rejoice that I have preserved a and to be taught what I have been most beautiful letter which I re- long teaching ceived from him at that interesting “ It was an often expressed de. period; a letter which displays his sire of mine to die in the midst of mind and spirit, his glowing love my work, but I now feel glad that and faith and hope, his ineffable the choice was not left to me, and peace, and his profound humility, am truly thankful for the quiet seafar better than any language, how- son which I hope by God's mercy ever eulogistic. It was dated from
lies before me. Brighton, Nov. 7, 1835, when he “I trust that both you and I, was on the eve of seeking the milder my very dear friend, have long climate of Devonshire, for the win- known something of the value and ter. I give it here almost entire. of the strength of the promises, but I force the privacy of Christian even you can, I think, hardly tell friendship for the good and comfort what adamant I find them now: I of the church of God.
think of death, and for a moment
tremble; and then of him in whom “MY DEAR FRIEND, -I feel your we are made more than conquerors; very kind and affectionate letter and really I am almost surprised much. I assure you I did not need to find how entirely the sting of you to remind me of your valued death is drawn. I am afraid of promise, for it has been often, and presumption; and, perhaps when I more especially of late, upon my come into close quarters with the mind. My state of health, how- great enemy, I shall find him more ever, is probably what would be powerful than I feel him now. And called not one of immediate danger; yet I cannot think it: to be in that is, by God's blessing, upon the Christ-0, the blessed reality !-is mild climate of Devonshire (we and must be the strong tower;' hope to go to Torquay next week) and, seeking all in him, I am perfectly satisfied that I shall find my dear friend's last momentsall in him, all both in time and “ He has entered into peace. They eternity.
shall rest in their beds, each one “But I have written more than walking in his uprightness." On my medical advisers allow me, and Wednesday, July 19, he became yet I could write sheets on my suddenly worse : he laboured unpresent feelings; however, they are der great bodily suffering then, only what you have witnessed in which was not generally the case hundreds, as I have myself, and during his long illness. At the often in the weakest men, women, close of that day he exclaimedand children in our Redeemer's “Great bodily suffering, sometimes family, so entirely is it ‘not by agony, yet all is peace, perfect might, nor by power, but by my peace, remember that; I am enjoySpirit, saith the Lord of hosts.' ing it now, I know I shall through
Pray for me, that my present out eternity ; there is no cloud, no feeling may be maintained; more doubt on my mind-God is allI do not ask on this side heaven. sufficient.” And then he repeated
“I have been so entirely inter- with great fervour, “ This is a dicted from letter-writing, as too faithful saying, and worthy of all exciting, that few things but the acceptation, that Christ Jesus came affectionate and urgent kindness of into the world to save sinners, of the oldest of my friends could, I whom I am chief.” Yes,” he believe, have drawn forth a reply. added, “ this is a faithful saying,
“ Believe me ever, my very dear or what should I do at this hour ?” friend, yours faithfully and affec- On Thursday morning early, he tionately,
was so feeble that he could not “ HENRY BLUNT, speak, but he waved his hand in “26, Regency Square, Brighton. token of farewell to his friends ; “Noy. 5, 1835.”
and drawing his breath heavily
twice, his spirit departed. So calm Such was this good man's pre- was his departure, that the hand paration for death eight years ago;
which was beneath his head never during that chequered period of his moved. He fell asleep in Jesus. life which has since elapsed, he has “ He rests in his bed ;" his only at times been able partially to winding-sheet is wrapped around resume his labours. But his Lord him; the habiliments of death are has showed that he had not forgot- upon him; the coffin has not yet ten his faithful servant; for then it closed over him; but I have heard was that a distinguished nobleman, that his manly countenance never unsought and unasked, presented looked more calm, more benevolent. him with the rectory in which he He will soon sleep in the grave, and has spent his declining years, and there will he remain until the last drawn his last breath.
He is now
trumpet sounds, and then he shall no more! And how did he die ? leap forth from his prison-house, at How interesting to the Christian the joyful summons of his Lord ! are the dying moments of a good His“ spirit now walks in its upman ! That little cloud of fear rightness ;” sweet, high, and holy which he seemed to anticipate in is the intimacy he enjoys; he holds the nearer approach of death, was converse with Abraham, Isaac, and entirely dissipated, and the words Jacob, and all the dead who have of my text are a perfect picture of died in the Lord.
In resuming the subject of our sented to the human mind; that it Justification before God, by lies at the root of the whole system Faith, I proceed to develope a se- of morals and religion; and that cond observation, viz.: that this instead of being discussed and setvery mode of justification was ne- tled by a few smart cross-questions, cessary both for the glory of God it presents to the most acute inteland the restoration of man. Of lect large considerations which may course the term necessary” is be followed out in almost endless used in a subordinate and limited ramifications, and from which the
I do not mean to imply or most deeply-philosophic mind will to lay myself open to the charge of rise humbled and improved. incautiously assuming, that, in the In the first place, it would seem illimitable range of the Almighty's consistent with sound reason, that unknown powers, there could be in a world of perfect moral beings, no other mode by which he could under the government of an infilift up a fallen creature to holiness nitely wise, powerful, and benevoand happiness. All that is meant lent Creator, the true principle of is this: that taking all the elements conduct must be implicit faith, of the case into consideration—the an entire conviction of the wisdom revealed character of God, the and goodness of that powerful soveequity of his government, the due reign, and a full and unreserved vindication of it, the natural char- reliance
upon him in every moment, acter and relations of man, the and under every circumstance and motives that are likely to work phase of existence.
Any other effectually on him, and the way state of mind would be rebellion. in which they do work—there is The entrance of mistrust towards no other way; and it is impossible
the moral character and governfor the sound reason and ingenuity ment of God is essentially the enof man to point out any other
trance of sin, and sin of the deepest in which the full restoration of the dye; a conception entertained and sinner can be readily and satisfac- cherished and acted on, of the want torily accomplished but through a of perfect justice and kindness, of justification by faith.
the absence of that equitable imIt is the common and flippant partiality and of a pure outgoing language of superficial thinkers, of all necessary care and tenderness whether they are Pharisees or Sad- towards the creature. So to think, ducees, self-righteous or infidel is to undeify the Deity, is to rob
Why so much talk about him of his glorious attribute of faith? Why give so much pro- perfect goodness, is to bring down minency in this matter to believ- a gloom over the creature's own ing?” and such objections may faith, and to veil in the mists of appear very weighty to the shallow, uncertainty and doubt those countundisciplined theologians of the less paths of God's wide-acting day. But if the wide range of the providence, which should be ever question, and its various elements sunny, shining, and distinct. It are considered, it will be found to is impossible, after the establishbe one of the deepest and the most ment in the mind of the true deeply interesting that can be pre- thought of God, to conceive there
after of the justifiable entering in once to understand the nature of of the idea of the partiality, way
the evil which has entered into and wardness, neglect, or undue sever- ruined the human race. ity of that God. If it arise, it mistrust—the failure in implicit must be the fomes of revolt, the confidence
the introduction of the nucleus of a future hell. No! element of doubt as to the pure, Surely it is essential to the very disinterested benevolence of the nature of the rule of a perfect be- Creator. When the Almighty ing, that when the highest amidst placed his new-formed creature in all the varied range of created in- the Garden of Eden, surrounded telligences speeds forth to the least with every tree that was beautiful to explicit and most mysterious of all look upon and good for food-with biddings, he must go with the full,
every needful and ample natural enfilial, and affectionate assurance of joyment—he associated with those the purity, wisdom, and kindness enjoyments, naturally and almost of the purpose and the plan. It necessarily, a test of real obedience ; must be so in a world of light; and and when the fallen and wicked even in the regions of penal inflic- spirit, who kept not his first estate, tion, in the dark and devious paths desired to seduce man to an act of of this wilderness to which fallen disobedience, he saw sagaciously man has been driven out, the obe- that the true preliminary to it dience and happiness of the agent must be an act of mistrust. He will be in proportion to his trust. misrepresented, therefore, the yet So Joshua swept from the earth untried experience of evil, and its the Canaanitish nations, till “he difference from good, as if God left not one that breathed.” So
were in fact withholding from man the angel waved the wand of in- that which it would be profitable stant death over the Assyrian host, and elevating in the scale of being and over the myriails of the Egyp- to know; and he endeavoured to tian first-born, or the 70,000 of produce the impression that it was the inhabitants of Jerusalem, when in the nature of God to depress their sovereign, in a moment of his creature, and keep him back royal caprice, numbered the peo- from a wider knowledge and a lofple. Let the objector look, then, tier exaltation. “God doth know at the outset, on this fact-All that in the day ye eat thereof ye worthy obedience in the whole shall be as gods, knowing good range of moral creation, is by faith. and evil.” He evidently succeeded ; Instead of faith being a secondary the temptation told; the falsehood principle—a by-play motion which was admitted; the child-like conmay or may not be called into ac- fidence in the Creator's benevolence tionit is that implicit reliance, had vanished. The moment of that unshaken and unshakeable mistrust was the moment of revolt. confidence which lies at the root of Had there never clouded the creaall subordinate and creature good. ture's mind the gloomy and disDuty lives in it and by it; so tressing suspicion of the Creator's that on the entrance of the faintest kindness, there would have been shade of any other feeling, it would no other view entertained of his wither and die. The cheerfulness prohibition but the assurance that of obedience is nothing but an it must be equally wise and kind emanation of the heart-enshrined with the most liberal of his permisprinciple of filial trust.
sions: but the instant that the We are enabled, therefore, at prohibition was imagined to origi