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fore we find occupation for all who are most rejoicing, and give him can work; and it requires much great encouragement. thought to contrive work for so many. thing is to get them out of the place Everything used in the establishment they have lived in, otherwise their is made by the inmates. There are bad acquaintances soon draw them tailors, joiners, shoemakers, &c., &c. back into what they had been removThey break stones to mend the roads, ed from, and situations are very diffiwork in the garden, &c., so that they cult to obtain. There is a lying-in are always usefully employed, and ward, where they are kept for a month, learn a great deal beneficial to them- and provided with everything requiselves afterwards. I know much is site for the mother and child, and said and written against the New after that time they can remain in the Poor Laws, but, for my part, I con- house with the others. There is a sider it the most admirable and well- nursery for the children, schools for designed plan that was ever devised. the elder children, in short, it is a For the governor it is most laborious; perfect colony: A clergyman attends the books require so much time and the sick, and has a service every attention; and often I am so com- Sunday; but every one is allowed to pletely puzzled and confused, that I have the minister of whatever denoam obliged to go and work an hour mination he belongs to. We asked in my garden before I car. arrange the governor if he had the satisfacthem. But, notwithstanding, they tion of knowing that some of the inare most excellent; and now I will mates had experienced the needful show you over the establishment, change since they had been under and you shall then judge for your

his care.

Oh, yes!' he replied, selves of this alleged cruel system.'. ‘many. I have been here ten years,

“We were very much struck with and have witnessed 180 deaths; and the beautiful order and cleanliness, many have called me to their bedside as well as the comfort which they en- and said, “Oh, sir! I never knew I joy; and constant occupation, the had a soul till I saw you, and now I great secret of contentment, is always die in peace, believing in the Lord provided for them. There are print- Jesus Christ;" and those four young ed cards put up in several parts, “A girls you saw, I have reason to think, place for everything, and everything are all dying in the Lord; and one in its place, and this is truly the old woman of 104 years of age, has case; and it must be most beneficial been brought to the foot of the cross to those who have never known any- since she turned her hundredth year. thing but disorder, idleness, and And there are many, many that I misery, to feel the comfort which hope and trust are Christians, and I such a system produces; and it is to can indeed thank the Lord for his be hoped, that many, on returning to goodness, when I look back and their own homes, will have reason to think what this house was when I be thankful for what they have learnt came to it. My wife and I sat down here. The establishment combines upon this sofa and wept, and I said, everything-wards for the sick, the

“We cannot possibly live in such a young and old in separate rooms, and place." There was singing profane there were four young girls all going songs in one room, dancing in anooff in consumption, they have com- ther, swearing, and every vice pracforts which the rich only can procure

tised without restraint. After think-whatever the doctors order, how- ing over what was to be done, I went ever expensive, they are authorized to them and said, “I have never in to get it for the patients. There is a my life witnessed any thing like this Penitentiary also. Seven young wo- before, nor do I intend ever to see it men were there, and the governor again. To-morrow morning at six said he had very great hopes that o'clock (God willing) I shall meet some of them were under religious you


prayers, and to beg the Lord impressions, and several had left and will pardontheiniquities of this night." gone into families, and their letters The bell was accordingly rung, and ten persons came, and so we went on rather beg about the streets. or die in gradually increasing in numbers. I misery, than come here, such is the then said, “I have forbidden your prejudice against the Union Houses. singing profane songs, but I do not And if you advise a poor person in see why we should not sing the great distress to go into the House, praises of God. To-morrow I will they seem to consider you the most try to get some hymn-books, and we cruel and hard-hearted person imawill begin.” This attracted others, ginable, and void of all feeling of huand so by degrees they all joined; manity. Would they see for themand now we can all meet and worship selves, and not take the prejudices of together as a family. When I came others, how thankfully would they here there was not a whole Bible in accept the blessing so amply and the house. The Bible Society heard liberally supplied for them, and what of this, and sent us a packet. The benefit they might derive from the Society for Promoting Christian excellent Christian instruction, and Knowledge sent us also a packet. the habits of order and regularity reThe Tract Society sent tracts, and quired there. We had a friend from now each person has a Bible, and, the Continent on a visit with us, who what is more, I trust they feel the expressed the same opinion as we had value of it.'

done, pitying the poor, and thinking “The matron is a most kind per- them hardly dealt with. We advised son. She seems to take a motherly him to go and judge for himself; and interest in all the inmates, and, her on his return he said, he had not seen husband says, bears all their burdens. anything in England which had given And yet, though we saw such kind- him so much pleasure and satisfacness, such plentiful provision, for tion. He had imagined that the inboth their temporal and spiritual good, stitutions abroad were very far supethe nurses told us that the people are rior, but he found he was quite misvery ungrateful, and often very dis- taken, for he had never before seen contented; but she herself knew that anything so well arranged, and such they were so comfortable that she

very great attention pain to both the only wished thousands of the poor souls and bodies of the inmates. and destitute could have such bless

“ L. H. P. ings, but there are many who would July 22nd, 1845.”





last, aged sixty-two, give the most

satisfactory proof of having been From Dr. Bonavia, Catechist.-"At taught by the Spirit of truth to disour service to-day, I read and ad- cover the errors in which they were dressed the people from the 18th brought up. They live in different chapter of Matthew. While applying parts of the island, and indefatigably verses 11, 12, and 13, to the conver- attend from a distance to hear the sion of the sinner, and showing that word of God. pardon can be obtained only through “ A remarkable circumstance octhe blood of Jesus, three women and curred to-day. Returning into the a man by their tears excited similar room in which we had been holding emotion in myself and others, and we our service, some minutes afterwards, wept together for our sins. The three I observed a man in tears kneeling in women, aged fifty-eight, seventy, and a corner. On my enquiring the reaseventy-two, with the husband of the son of this, he declared that he was

weeping at the thought that he had stood, the bells were ringing to call passed sixty years of his life without the people, or the monks, to worship, knowing how to love and serve God, or for some other purpose, continuand keep his commandments, and ally. When Dr. H. recently stated, because in his necessities he had never that they were ringing from morning made use of the name of Christ, re- to evening, he might have added, ferring me to the 13th, 14th, and 15th with perfect truth, from the beginverses of the 14th chapter of St. John, ning to the end of the year ; and it is which I had been reading, but, added really no small comfort to find a home he, “As I was ignorant of the way, beyond the reach of them. because no one showed it me, I hope As you pass along the streets, you to find mercy for my great error.' see at every corner, almost, some This is truly wonderful, and we may image, with an inscription offering exclaim that the word of God is in- this or that indulgence, for a pater deed quick and powerful, and pierces noster, or an ave Maria, said to the like a two-edged sword to the divid


Over the doors of all the ing of the joints and marrow.

churches you see inscribed in large “ After prayer and a hymn at our letters - " PLENARY INDULGENCE accustomed meeting, I read and com- FOR THE LIVING AND THE DEAD." mented on the entire 17th chapter of Individuals are employed to pass St. John. As soon as I had finished, along the streets, at particular times, a person, who came to our service with a little box to receive the collecfor the first time, said to the others, tions, who sing at the doors of the • Never did I hear words so beautiful houses, or ask as they pass along, and consolatory as those of to-day. “ What will you give to pay for masses I have been especially comforted in for the poor souls in purgatory?" and hearing the Gospel in my own here


will see a poor woman droptongue.'”

ping a little something into the box,

and there a little boy, and there a poor From H. Innes, Esq.-“ It gives me man, &c., &c.; and that the people pleasure to say, that Dr. Bonavia is may not forget or neglect the matter, going on very satisfactorily. I am there are images and pictures on the happy to perceive in him a consis- walls of the churches in all directions, tency and subdued firmness which

representing souls in purgatory,writhassures me of the progress of grace ing in agony, surrounded by flames, in his soul, the best security of his and in the posture of earnest supplifitness to promote, instrumentally, cation for relief. the kingdom of God in that of others.”

وو و


Malta. -I arrived at Malta in March, and there saw the genuine nature and legitimate effect of Papacy; for that little island is one of the most affectionate and obedient daughters of the Pope. The number of ecclesiastics in the island is about one to every fifty or one hundred of the people. On


first arrival there, I was greatly struck, at receiving on board the ship a card from a taverner, stating that his establishment was situated where its inmates would not be annoyed by the ringing of bells. What, thought I, can this man be an infidel! I soon, however, under

THE Greek Church believe that baptism by water regenerates the soul. The baptism is performed in this way. Some water is prepared, sufficient for the purpose, when the priest puts salt into it, and reads the prescribed prayers over it, when the Holy Ghost is supposed to descend into it. He then takes the child, perfectly naked, and immerses it three times, saying, “The servant of the Lord is baptized in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.” This child is then regarded as having all his original sin washed away, and as being made holy, because he has been bapTOLERATION OF CHRISTIANITY IN CHINA.


tized, literally, as they suppose, in the Holy Ghost.

When they are assembled for public worship, and are engaged in prayers, it is not uncommon to see them whispering and laughing with each other, particularly the women, who are secluded from the rest of the assembly by a kind of lattice work. But the moment that the priest begins to read the Gospels, although they are read in the original tongue, which very few of them understand, they are all perfectly still, and stand, gently leaning forward, supposing that some invisible and indescribable influence comes forth with the words read, and enters into the tops of their heads and thence


down into their hearts. It pains and grieves me to say what I am obliged in truth to say, respecting the character of the priesthood. Generally they have no education. Not one of them understands the liturgy which he reads; or can take a passage from the Septuagint and give it a correct translation into the modern tongue. To show how they are introduced to office, I will state a case that came under my own observation. The individual was a cook, and he wished to become a priest. The first thing was to let his beard grow, and his hair become long, and to learn to chant the liturgy. This done, he went to the bishop for ordination. As usual, when addressing the patri

arch, he said, "May it please your holiness, I have come to be ordained.” The bishop replied, “Very well, my son; you must pay me two thousand piastres.” The cook was poor, and said he could not. “ But," said the bishop, “ I have purchased my office, and have so many thousands (naming them) to pay the Sultan ; how shall I do it?” The cook asked if the forefathers did so, and if it were not simony to require such payment for induction to office. “Yes,” said he, “ but what shall I do?” The bishop at length agreed to ordain him for five hundred piastres, instead of two thousand. By the aid of a sister, he paid it, was ordained, and went to take charge of a small parish as a Christian pastor.

The priests are often called to exorcise evil spirits. Nervous persons suppose themselves often to be possessed of evil spirits, and they get the priest to read certain prayers over them, and often the poor creatures imagine they are delivered from them. Every year the high patriarch of Constantinople reads a solemn anathema in the Greek church, of all other churches. The Archbishop of Canterbury, if he were to go there, would have to go into the water in which the Holy Ghost is, and be re-baptized, or he, as much as any other, would be regarded as still an unregenerate man, and dead in trespasses and sins.

THE Directors have received the most other part of the heathen world been gratifying intelligence from China, as already completed, the claims of this to the unexpected and enlarged facili- vast empire, and the facilities for reties afforded by a recent edict of the sponding to them, would be sufficient Emperor, for the propagation of the at the present juncture to engross thé Gospel in that vast empire. At no whole of their resources. By an enformer period in the history of the lightened act of His Imperial MajesSociety has any event occurred de- ty, China is become a land of religious manding more exalted gratitude, or freedom-the profession of Christianinvolving higher responsibilities; and ity by its myriads is no longer prothe following intelligence will doubt- scribed. Our importunate supplicaless be read by all the friends of Mis- tions, continued through years of sions with thrilling interest. Had anxious watching and eager hope, the work of the Churches in every have at length reached the ear the Lord of Hosts, and are answered from the interior, have made long answered to an extent beyond our journeys to obtain from our brethren most sanguine expectations. It is instruction in the knowledge of the not possible that an event could occur true God, and the way of salvation, more calculated to animate the heart concerning whom they entertain good of Christian love, and impel it to the hope. highest exercises of zeal and generos

It cannot but be an occasion of huity. He, who turneth as he will the miliation to Protestant Christians that hearts of the children of men, and by this act of Imperial favour towards whose power this wondrous change the Chinese Christians was obtained, has been wrought, now looks from at the instance of the Ambassador of heaven to see how his people will France, on behalf of the converts to meet the crisis. May they be ena- Popery, rather than by any interferbled to act worthy of the solemn and ence of our own Government in favour momentous occasion which his gra- of a purer and more Scriptural faith; cious providence has brought to pass! but we trust the zeal and ardour ex

It will be observed, that, although hibited by the advocates of Romanism European Missionaries are, by the will serve as an additional stimulus to terms of the Edict, restricted, in their our Churches to send forth their direct Christian labours, to the Five faithful messengers in numbers someCommercial Cities, yet in those cities what proportionate to the magnitude they have free access to many hun- of the object, and with that promptidred thousands of the people; while, tude which the urgency of the occaby means of well-trained Native Evan- sion demands. gelists, and the distribution of religi- Indistinct reports of this signal ous tracts, they may extend the know- event reached England several weeks ledge of salvation through the length since; but, until authentic communiand breadth of that vast empire. It cations arrived, the Directors felt it will be seen, also, by our letters from would be premature to present any Shanghae, that, for several miles official statement on the subject. The around that populous city, our Mis- delay is amply compensated, since the sionaries have had access to the intelligence now communicated may numerous towns and villages without be received by our friends throughthe slightest hindrance, where they out the country with entire confidence have found the people peaceable and and satisfaction.—From the Report of well disposed. Individuals, also, the London Missionary Society.




“ Nov. 1844.—I thank God the work is prospering here beyond my most sanguine hopes. Nineteen Romanists have come out within the last six months, now regularly attending public worship. We want help. All the assistance I have is my own schoolmaster, who devotes all his leisure time to furthering the great

We want pecuniary aid—not

for bribes, but to relieve the poor, wretched converts from that persecution which invariably follows. I do believe that there is nowhere in the world such a promising field as Epresents at this moment; and the recert conversion of the Rev. George M‘Namara, at Achill, lately Roman Catholic priest in this parish, adds a still more cheering fact, for he was and is a man to whom the people of this place were devotedly attached.”


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Christian Guardian, may be sent to Messrs. Seeley, Burnside, and Seeley's, or to the Printer, not later than the 20th of the month preceding.

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