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Revivalists in the United States, Great, S. P. Cadman, Chaut.
Rome Fifty Years Ago, Philip Schaff, HomR.
Russia :

Russia and England, Canon MacColl, CR.
Moscow in 1893, R. G. Burton, WR.

The Young Czar and His Advisers, Charles E. Smith, NAR.
Rubinstein, Anton, Adolph Kohut, Men.
Sabbath Reform, Practical, W. F Crafts, OD, Nov.
Sabbaths and Weeks, On the Origin of, A. B. Ellis, PS.
Salvation Army, Social Anarchists and the, Joseph Cook, OD,

Salvation Army Work in the Slums, Maud Ballington Booth,

Saghalin, Island of, ScotGM, Dec.
Sailors in Port, Commander Dawson, SunH.
St. Andrews and Andrew Lang, M. L. Addis, FrL.
Schiller and His Works, GT.
School Board of London :

Future of Religious Education in the School Boards, RC.

The Struggle for Healthy Schools, J. J. Davies, WR.
Schoolroom Ventilation as an Investment, G. H. Knight, PS.
Sea-Wall at Key West, Construction of a, J. A. Smith, JAES,

Secularism: The New Secularism, Walter Walsh, CR.
Servant Question : Do Servants Marry: OFM.

Shakespeare and Furitanism, W. Hales, CR.
Shakespeare's Piscine Lore, C. Cordley, GM.
Shakespeare's Flower Language, Phil Robinson, MP.
Shakespeare's Americanism3, Henry Cabot Lodge, Harp.
Sharpshooters of the Alps, HC.
Sherman's Great March, W. Hemstreet, HC.

Shall We Have Free Ships ? Edward Kemble, NAR.
English Seamen in the Sixteenth Century, J. A. Froude,

Shipping and Shipbuilding in California, Evolution of—I,
Shopping, Ethics of, Lady Jeune, FR.
Shorthand: See contents of Sten ; SJ.
Shrine, A Tuscan, Edith Wharton, Scrib.
Simplon Hospice in Winter, C.
Sinai, E. N. Buxton, NC.
Singapore, The City of: In the Golden Chersonese, R. Wild-

man, OM.
Sirius in Ancient Times, T.J. J. See, PAst.
Skepticism : Wanted, a New Skepticism, S. Dewey, WR.
Ski, A. Conan Doyle, Str, Dec.
Slave-Traders, New York, Thomas A. Janvier, Harp. .
Social Purity: The Problem of Purity, W. S. Lilly. NewR.
Society, The Inertness of, M. H. Richards, LuthQ.
Sociological Field Work, S. M. Lindsay, AAPS.
Spain : The Romance of Spain, C. W. Wood, Arg.

The Hunters of the North Pacific, M. R. Davies, Mac.

A Day with Xenophon's Harriers, Mac. Stevenson, Robert Louis :

In Memoriam-Robert Louis Stevenson, William Archer,

Stevenson's Books, S. R. Crockett, Bkman.
In Memoriam-R. L. Stevenson, Ian Maclaren," Bkman.
Robert Louis Stevenson, A. Small, Scots.

Robert Louis Stevenson, D, Jan. 1.
Supernatural, Natural and, B. P. Bowne, MR.
Star Chamber, The Court of-XI, J. D. Lindsay, GB.
Synagogue in Bevis Marks, F. Montefiore, Str.
Taste, Good, Augustine Birrell, Scrib.
Tatra Mountains, E. L. Gerard, M.
Taxation :
Is the Income Tax Constitutional ? D. A. Wells, F.
An Argument for the Single Tax, I. Feinberg, AMC.
Telegraph Cables: The World's Cables, Moses P. Handy,

Telegraph: The Nerves of the World, J. Munro, LH.
Telepathy, Experimental, T. E. Allen, A.
Telescope, Pleasures of the, Garrett P. Serviss, PS.
Tenement Street, The Anatomy of a, A. F. Sanborn, F.
Tennyson, Lord :

Tennyson at Aldworth, F. G. Kitton, GM.
Tennyson's Handwriting, J. H. Schooling, Str, Dec.

Tennyson and Holmes : A Parallel, Helen M. Sweeney, CW.
Thanet, Octave, at Home, Mary J. Reid, MidM.
Theatre and the Drama :

The Theatrical Season in New York, J. S. Metcalf, Cos.
The Drama in Semitic Literature, D. B. Macdonald, BW.
Theosophy, Max Müller's, R. F. Sample, HomR.
Tree, Herbert Beerbohm, Gilbert Parker, Lipp.
Trusts, Abuses and Remedies, Jerome Dowd, AAPS.
Tuscan Shrine, A. Edith Wharton, Scrib.
Elizabeth A. Sharp, Ata.

Through Northern Tunisia, W. Sharp, GW.
Turkey, Sultan Abd-ul-Hamid of, CR.
University Extension Lay Lectures, E. E. Edwards, UE, Dec.
Virtue, The Teleology of, Walter Smith, IJE.
Wales : The Church in Wales, Black.
Weeks and Sabbaths, On the Origin of, A. B. Ellis, PS.
Wellington, Duke of, Lord Roberts, PM
Westminster, Walter Besant, PMM.
West Point, Cadet Life at, B. F. McManus, G.
Whist, Black.
Wind Instruments, The Story of Brass, E. O. Heyler, Mus.
Winthrop's Reminiscences, AM.
Why New Zealand Women Got the Franchise. WR.
A Defense of the Modern Girl, WR.
Women Under Islam, NO.
Fair Women-II, Lena M. Copper, G.
The Hindu Woman, B Nagarkar, MidM.
Concerning Nagging Women, Cyrus Edson, NAR.
Writing Materials of Olden Days, Tighe Hopkins, LA
Yorkshire : Charlotte Brontë's Country, Ata.
Yucatan, Alice D. Le Plongeon, FrL.
Zola, Emile, WR.


The second volume for the year 1894 being complete, we would urge our readers to bind not only this, but also all back volumes, thus giving permanent form to a magazine which is in the highest sense an illustrated history of the times.

Complete unbound volumes delivered to us, postage or express prepaid, and in good condition, with covers on, will be bound and returned, charges prepaid by us, for 75 cents a volume. Back numbers, for filling out volumes, can be supplied as far back as April, 1892. For this specific purpose we charge 20 cents a number.

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...... 294






318 319

292 The Meeting of Scott and Burns.....Frontispiece. Anti-Toxine Cure for Diphtheria....

By the Editor of the London Star. The Progress of the World

American Stock in Foreign Markets..........

259 A Cold Winter and its Victims..... Loss of the Elbe .......

By Rev. F. E. Clark, D.D. Collisions and Rules of the Road....

260 Safety of Oceanic Travel.......

260 John Clark Ridpath: A Typical Man of the Ohio A Third Government Loan...


Valley and the Old Northwest. Buying Gold from the Rothschilds...

261 What's in a Word ? $16,000,000.....

With portrait.

262 A Record of Incapacity ....................

262 What of the Future?...........


Francesco Crispi : A Character Sketch of Italy's The Future of Gold Production.

262 Foremost Statesman....... The Confidence of the American People..


By G. M. James. Engineers and Public Works ........

263 Our Governmental Architecture..........

With portraits of Signor Crispi at different ages.

264 What Might Have Been........


Lord Randolph Churchill: A Character Sketch ... 304 Some New Edifices at Home and Abroad.... 265 Decorative Art in Boston...


With portraits and other illustrations.
Col. Waring and the New York Streets .. 266
New York's Transformed Administration.. 266

Leading Articles of the Month-
Street Railways and the Public....
The Brooklyn Strike.....

Mr. Gladstone on the Tariff.
The Economists and the Public...

314 The Companies' Responsibility...... The Real Issue...................

Penology in Europe and America........ 315 Street Railway Finances .....

The New Pulpit....

316 The Victorious Japanese......

Have the Hebrews Been Overrated ?........ 316 Trying the Hawaiian Conspirators..


What is Judaism ?................. A Successful Arbitration..

“Social Evolution"..

316 A British Arbitration Apostle.......

Immigration and Naturalization.........

317 British Politics...

Ethics of Co-operative Production...

318 The London Council Elections.......

Why Gold Is Exported. ........ French Affairs......

A Graduation Budget...... The Late M. de Giers......

Politics and the Farmer.. The Absolutism of Nicholas.......

The New Remedy for Diphtheria...

320 Crispi and His King ...

The Outlook for Decorative Art in America..
Municipal Cleansing.....

322 Three Englishmen of Note.......... The American Obituary Record .....

Where Shall Americans Study Art!........... George Peabody............

The Paris Exhibition of 1900........ Perpetuating the Memory of Putnam ....

The Evolution of Orchestral Conductors .... Quabang's Awakened Pride of History......

Mr. Steinway's Recollections of Rubinstein. With portraits of Capt. Von Goessel, Capt. Baudelon,

Recollections of Steve son... August Belmont, Nathan Mayer de Rothschild,

Stevenson and His Samoans..... George S. Morrison, Col. Craighill, E. A. Abbey,

How Marion Crawford Became Famous....... George E. Waring, Jr., the late Marshal Canrobert,

How Stanley Weyman Writes Romance.. M. Ribot, the late M. de Giers, Rev. A. J. Gordon,

Mr. Froude as Man of Letters......... Prof. J. R. Seeley, Roy. Henry M. Taylor, Dr. Alfred

The Grimm Brothers... L. Loomis, Douglas Putnam, and illustrations of

Reminiscences of Dickens.... the steamer La Gascogne, City Halls of Vienna and Philadelphia, New Boston Public Library, the Put

Realism versus Romance.

330 nam House at Rutland, Mass., and Rufus Pu nam's

Dr. Pusey the Ascetic...

331 houses at North Brookfield, Mass., and Marietta, Ohio.

Dr. McCosh as a College Lecturer...

The Mongol Triad... Record of Current Events.................... 275

332 The Architecture of Municipal Buildings.

334 With portraits of Charles A. Gayarré, Dr. Cyrus Fal

Fighting the Locusts in Cyprus..........

334 coner, Hon. Isaac Pusey Gray, Prof. Arthur Cayley,

Councils of Women......

335. and Mr. George Clausen, A.R.A.

The United States Geological Survey..
Current History in Caricature............... 279

The Dutch Prototype of Tammany...
Life Aboard an Ocean Flyer........

336 With reproductions from American and foreign cartoon

Concerning Our Cooks and Dinners.......

337 papers.

How to Buy a Horse...,....

338 The State Legislatures...................... 283

The South of Coal and Iron.... The Electric Street Railways of Budapest:

The Periodicals Reviewed.... .....
An Object Lesson for American Cities.......... 287

The New Books ..........
With illustrations.
The Service of an Invalid Aid Society. .......

000 · Contents of Reviews and Magazines..........
By C. F. Nichols, M.D.
Index to Periodicals......


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JAMES HUTTON (Geologist).

From the painting by Mr. C. M. Hardie, exhibited in the Royal Academy 1805


No. 3




The effects of the great storm were most Loss of

e severely felt at sea. Many casualties oc

curred along the Atlantic seaboard, and many transatlantic steamers were delayed long enough to occasion deep anxiety for their safety. The most terrible catastrophe of the month with which our present record deals was the loss at sea of the well-known passenger ship Elbe, of the North Ger

The months of January and February, A Cold Winter

and 1895, will be memorable for the severity Its Victims. and wide extent of their storms, which took the form of great cyclonic disturbances accompanied by heavy snowfall and by almost unprecedentedly low temperature. Earlier storms had spoiled the prospect of the orange crop in Florida, and the later visitations of King Boreas completed the work. The “balıy” resorts of the Sonth-European as well as American-have for once known something of the rigors of a northern winter, without being equipped with northern means of protection. In certain portions of the West the suffering from long weeks of extreme cold and of heavy snow has been the more intense on account of the failure of the last season's crops, and the consequent lack of means to buy sufficient supplies of winter clothing, fuel and food. The precise truth regarding the amount of suffering in western Kansas, western Nebraska, and parts of the Dakotas, has been hard to obtain. Suffice it to say, we are assured that those states deem themselves entirely able to cope with their own local emergencies and to provide adequate relief. In Kansas and Nebraska, if not in other western states, the immediate demands for relief have been met by gifts from all directions. Georgia and other parts of the South responded with quick sympathy to the reports that food was needed in the sparsely settled counties of Nebraska. Chancellor Canfield, of the Nebraska State University, has informed the country that Nebraska as a whole is in no stricken condition, that the state has a vast area, and that the suffering on account of last season's drouth has been confined to a few counties which are very scantily inhabited and whose people are for the most part recent comers from the East. Seed grain will be provided in the spring through the agency of the state and county governments. Fortunately, the industrial conditions in our great population centres are much improved in comparison with last year, and while public and private charity has a heavy task devolving upon it, there is no such appalling demand for emergency relief as existed one year ago. It has been a good winter for the experiment of helping one's poorer neighbors in the items of fuel and rent. The plan may be safely continued in March.

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or Chicago suburban resident who employs cable cars, elevated lines, or ordinary suburban railway trains to go back and forth between his office and his home, incurs larger risk of accident in the course of seven or eight consecutive days than the man who takes passage from New York to Europe. The dan

ful. Only one boat availed anything for rescue purposes. Twenty people by means of this boat reached the British coast in safety, only one of these being a woman, and nearly all of them being members of the ship's crew. Although harsh criticisms have been called out by the fact that seamen rather than passengers escaped, it should be remembered that practically the whole force of officers and sailors went down with the brave captain. It does not appear from the testimony of survivors that Captain Von Goessel came short of his duty in the few moments that remained after the collision, or that the sacrifice of the few that escaped would necessarily have resulted in the saving of any other lives. Collisions and

If the collision had taken place in a dense the Rules of fog it would have seemed nevertheless to

the Road. have been avoidable with the proper use of sirens, fog-horns, and fog-bells, and with the reduction of speed that prudence always requires when lights are not clearly visible. But this accident seems unquestionably to have occurred when there were no exceptional conditions of fog or storm, and when each of the colliding vessels must have been perfectly aware of the approach of the other. So far as now appears, the accident was solely due to a misunderstanding as to the rights of the road, or to an unwillingness on the part of one navigator to alter his course for the accommodation of the other. The facts as to these matters must all come out in the admiralty courts in connection with suits at law for the recovery of damages. It happens that a new treaty which has been signed by the United States and a number of the principal European countries, –although not yet signed by Great Britain,-goes into effect on the first day of March, and deals with signaling at sea and with many matters affecting what may be called the rights and usages of the road. In view, however, of the frightful object lesson presented by the loss of the Elbe it is evident that public opinion will demand a more exacting code than has ever yet been devised, in order to reduce to the lowest possible minimum the chances of collision at sea. Safety of

But for the possibilities of collision, which Oceanic under existing rules it should be rememTravel.

vel. bered are exceedingly remote, oceanic travel would now be considered as the safest by far of all existing modes of transit. The New York

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gers involved in stormy weather at sea are no longer considered by experienced navigators as particularly formidable, in the case of well-built modern ships. The experience of La Gascogne of the French line has given a fresh illustration of the staunchness of the typical transatlantic liner. La Gascogne left her French port on January 26 and was due at New York on February 3. Owing to the exceptional storms which had prevailed, her tardiness excited little anxiety for two or three days. But her pro. tracted failure to put in an appearance, and the lack of any information about her from vessels which in going one way or the other might have been expected to sight her, at length created a feeling of uneasiness that grew more intense from day to day and from hour to hour. Finally, however, on the afternoon of February 11, La Gascogne came slowly within sig. naling distance of Sandy Hook, and a few hours later was safe in the shelter of New York Bay. The enthusiasm in New York over her arrival surpassed all precedents. She had broken an essential part of her machinery of propulsion, and her engineers had experienced great difficulty in maintaining a sufficient state of repair to enable the engines to

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