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Revivalists in the United States, Great, S. P. Cadman, Chaut.
Rome Fifty Years Ago, Philip Schaff, HomR.
Russia :

Russia and England, Canon MacColl, CR.
Moscow in 1893, R. G. Burton, WR.

The Young Czar and His Advisers, Charles E. Smith, NAR.
Rubinstein, Anton, Adolph Kohut, Men.
Sabbath Reform, Practical, W. F Crafts, OD, Nov.
Sabbaths and Weeks, On the Origin of, A. B. Ellis, PS.
Salvation Army, Social Anarchists and the, Joseph Cook, OD,

Nov.
Salvation Army Work in the Slums, Maud Ballington Booth,

Scrib.
Saghalin, Island of, ScotGM, Dec.
Sailors in Port, Commander Dawson, SunH.
St. Andrews and Andrew Lang, M. L. Addis, FrL.
Schiller and His Works, GT.
School Board of London :

Future of Religious Education in the School Boards, RC.

The Struggle for Healthy Schools, J. J. Davies, WR.
Schoolroom Ventilation as an Investment, G. H. Knight, PS.
Sea-Wall at Key West, Construction of a, J. A. Smith, JAES,

Nov.
Secularism: The New Secularism, Walter Walsh, CR.
Servant Question : Do Servants Marry: OFM.
Shakespeare:

Shakespeare and Furitanism, W. Hales, CR.
Shakespeare's Piscine Lore, C. Cordley, GM.
Shakespeare's Flower Language, Phil Robinson, MP.
Shakespeare's Americanism3, Henry Cabot Lodge, Harp.
Sharpshooters of the Alps, HC.
Sherman's Great March, W. Hemstreet, HC.

Shall We Have Free Ships ? Edward Kemble, NAR.
English Seamen in the Sixteenth Century, J. A. Froude,

Long.
Shipping and Shipbuilding in California, Evolution of—I,
Shopping, Ethics of, Lady Jeune, FR.
Shorthand: See contents of Sten ; SJ.
Shrine, A Tuscan, Edith Wharton, Scrib.
Simplon Hospice in Winter, C.
Sinai, E. N. Buxton, NC.
Singapore, The City of: In the Golden Chersonese, R. Wild-

man, OM.
Sirius in Ancient Times, T.J. J. See, PAst.
Skepticism : Wanted, a New Skepticism, S. Dewey, WR.
Ski, A. Conan Doyle, Str, Dec.
Slave-Traders, New York, Thomas A. Janvier, Harp. .
Social Purity: The Problem of Purity, W. S. Lilly. NewR.
Society, The Inertness of, M. H. Richards, LuthQ.
Sociological Field Work, S. M. Lindsay, AAPS.
Spain : The Romance of Spain, C. W. Wood, Arg.
Sport:

The Hunters of the North Pacific, M. R. Davies, Mac.

A Day with Xenophon's Harriers, Mac. Stevenson, Robert Louis :

In Memoriam-Robert Louis Stevenson, William Archer,

NewR.
Stevenson's Books, S. R. Crockett, Bkman.
In Memoriam-R. L. Stevenson, Ian Maclaren," Bkman.
Robert Louis Stevenson, A. Small, Scots.

Robert Louis Stevenson, D, Jan. 1.
Supernatural, Natural and, B. P. Bowne, MR.
Star Chamber, The Court of-XI, J. D. Lindsay, GB.
Synagogue in Bevis Marks, F. Montefiore, Str.
Taste, Good, Augustine Birrell, Scrib.
Tatra Mountains, E. L. Gerard, M.
Taxation :
Is the Income Tax Constitutional ? D. A. Wells, F.
An Argument for the Single Tax, I. Feinberg, AMC.
Telegraph Cables: The World's Cables, Moses P. Handy,

NSR.
Telegraph: The Nerves of the World, J. Munro, LH.
Telepathy, Experimental, T. E. Allen, A.
Telescope, Pleasures of the, Garrett P. Serviss, PS.
Tenement Street, The Anatomy of a, A. F. Sanborn, F.
Tennyson, Lord :

Tennyson at Aldworth, F. G. Kitton, GM.
Tennyson's Handwriting, J. H. Schooling, Str, Dec.

Tennyson and Holmes : A Parallel, Helen M. Sweeney, CW.
Thanet, Octave, at Home, Mary J. Reid, MidM.
Theatre and the Drama :

The Theatrical Season in New York, J. S. Metcalf, Cos.
The Drama in Semitic Literature, D. B. Macdonald, BW.
Theosophy, Max Müller's, R. F. Sample, HomR.
Tree, Herbert Beerbohm, Gilbert Parker, Lipp.
Trusts, Abuses and Remedies, Jerome Dowd, AAPS.
Tuscan Shrine, A. Edith Wharton, Scrib.
Tunis:
Elizabeth A. Sharp, Ata.

Through Northern Tunisia, W. Sharp, GW.
Turkey, Sultan Abd-ul-Hamid of, CR.
University Extension Lay Lectures, E. E. Edwards, UE, Dec.
Virtue, The Teleology of, Walter Smith, IJE.
Wales : The Church in Wales, Black.
Weeks and Sabbaths, On the Origin of, A. B. Ellis, PS.
Wellington, Duke of, Lord Roberts, PM
Westminster, Walter Besant, PMM.
West Point, Cadet Life at, B. F. McManus, G.
Whist, Black.
Wind Instruments, The Story of Brass, E. O. Heyler, Mus.
Winthrop's Reminiscences, AM.
Women:
Why New Zealand Women Got the Franchise. WR.
A Defense of the Modern Girl, WR.
Women Under Islam, NO.
Fair Women-II, Lena M. Copper, G.
The Hindu Woman, B Nagarkar, MidM.
Concerning Nagging Women, Cyrus Edson, NAR.
Writing Materials of Olden Days, Tighe Hopkins, LA
Yorkshire : Charlotte Brontë's Country, Ata.
Yucatan, Alice D. Le Plongeon, FrL.
Zola, Emile, WR.

Shipping:

The second volume for the year 1894 being complete, we would urge our readers to bind not only this, but also all back volumes, thus giving permanent form to a magazine which is in the highest sense an illustrated history of the times.

Complete unbound volumes delivered to us, postage or express prepaid, and in good condition, with covers on, will be bound and returned, charges prepaid by us, for 75 cents a volume. Back numbers, for filling out volumes, can be supplied as far back as April, 1892. For this specific purpose we charge 20 cents a number.

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CONTENTS FOR MARCH. 1895.

The Meeting of Scott and Burns.....Frontispiece.
The Progress of the World-
A Cold Winter and its Victims....

259 Loss of the Elbe

259 Collisions and Rules of the Road.

260 Safety of Oceanic Travel..

260 A Third Government Loan...

261 Buying Gold from the Rothschilds.

261 What's in a Word ? $16,000,000.

262 A Record of Incapacity.

262 What of the Future ?.

262 The Future of Gold Production.

262 The Confidence of the American People.

263 Engineers and Public Works ..

263 Our Governmental Architecture.

264 What Might Have Been...

264 Some New Edifices at Home and Abroad.

265 Decorative Art in Boston.

266 Col. Waring and the New York Streets

266 New York's Transformed Administration.

266 Street Railways and the Public..

267 The Brooklyn Strike....

267 The Companies' Responsibility

267 The Real Issue..

268 Street Railway Finances

268 The Victorious Japanese.

268 Trying the Hawaiian Conspirators..

269 A Successful Arbitration..

269 A British Arbitration Apostle.

269 British Politics....

269 The London Council Elections.

270 French Affairs....

270 The Late M. de Giers..

271 The Absolutism of Nicholas.

271 Crispi and His King ...

271 Three Englishmen of Note.

271 The American Obituary Record

273 George Peabody.

273 Perpetuating the Memory of Putnam

273 Quabang's Awakened Pride of History

274 With portraits of Capt. Von Goessel, Capt. Baudelon,

August Belmont, Nathan Mayer de Rothschild,
George S. Morrison, Col. Craighill, E. A. Abbey,
George E. Waring, Jr., the late Marshal Canrobert,
M. Ribot, the late M. de Giers. Rev. A. J. Gordon,
Prof. J. R. Seeley, Rav. Henry M. Taylor, Dr. Alfred
L. Loomis, Douglas Putnam, and illustrations of
the steamer La Gascogne, City Halls of Vienna and
Philadelphia, New Boston Public Library, the Put-
nam House at Rutland, Mass., and Rufus Pu nam's

houses at North Brookfield, Mass., and Marietta, Ohio. Record of Current Events.....

275 With portraits of Charles A. Gayarré, Dr. Cyrus Fal

coner, Hon. Isaac Pusey Gray, Prof. Arthur Cayley,

and Mr. George Clausen, A.R.A. Current History in Caricature.....

279 With reproductions from American and foreign cartoon

papers. The State Legislatures....

283 The Electric Street Railways of Budapest : An Object Lesson for American Cities.......... 287

With illustrations. The Service of an Invalid Aid Society. ....... 290

Anti-Toxine Cure for Diphtheria...

292 By the Editor of the London Star, American Stock in Foreign Markets....

293 By Rev. F. E. Clark, D.D. John Clark Ridpath: A Typical Man of the Ohio Valley and the Old Northwest.

294 With portrait. Francesco Crispi : A Character Sketch of Italy's Foremost Statesman.

297
By G. M. James.
With portraits of Signor Crispi at different ages.
Lord Randolph Churchill: A Character Sketch ... 304

With portraits and other illustrations.
Leading Articles of the Month-
Mr. Gladstone on the Tariff..

312 The Economists and the Public.

314 Penology in Europe and America.

315 The New Pulpit...

316 Have the Hebrews Been Overrated ?..

316 What is Judaism ?..

316 “Social Evolution”,

316 Immigration and Naturalization.

317 Ethics of Co-operative Production.

318 Why Gold Is Exported...

318 A Graduation Budget.

319 Politics and the Farmer.

319 The New Remedy for Diphtheria..

320
The Outlook for Decorative Art in America.. 321
Municipal Cleansing..
Where Shall Americans Study Art!..

322 The Paris Exhibition of 1900.

322 The Evolution of Orchestral Conductors

323 Mr. Steinway's Recollections of Rubinstein.. 324 Recollections of Steve son...

325 Stevenson and His Samoans.

326 How Marion Crawford Became Famous..

327 How Stanley Weyman Writes Romance.

327 Mr. Froude as Man of Letters.

328 The Grimm Brothers..

329 Reminiscences of Dickens. Realism versus Romance.

330 Dr. Pusey the Ascetic...

331 Dr. McCosh as a College Lecturer.

332
The Mongol Triad..
The Architecture of Municipal Buildings.
Fighting the Locusts in Cyprus.
Councils of Women.
The United States Geological Survey.

335
The Dutch Prototype of Tammany.
Life Aboard an Ocean Flyer...
Concerning Our Cooks and Dinners.
How to Buy a Horse...

338 The South of Coal and Iron.

339 The Periodicals Reviewed....

340 The New Books

351 Contents of Reviews and Magazines..

357 Index to Periodicals...

365

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By C. F. Nichols, M.D.

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BURNS.

SCOTT.
ADAM FERGUSSON.

FERGUSSON, Jr. JOSEPH BLACK (Chemist).
DUGALD STEWART. ADAM SMITH. JOHN HOME.

JAMES HUTTON (Geologist).
THE MEETING OF BURNS AND SCOTT IN SCIENNES HOUSE, EDINBURGH, THE RESIDENCE OF PROFESSOR

ADAM FERGUSSON.
From the painting by Mr. C. M. Hardie, exhibited in the Royal Academy 1805

THE REVIEW OF REVIEWS.

VOL. XI.

NEW YORK, MARCH, 1895.

NO. 3

THE PROGRESS OF THE WORLD.

A Cold Winter
The months of January and February,

The effects of the great storm were most and 1895, will be memorable for the severity The Elbe. severely felt at sea. Many casualties ocIts Victims. and wide extent of their storms, which

curred along the Atlantic seaboard, and took the form of great cyclonic disturbances accom- many transatlantic steamers were delayed long panied by heavy snowfall and by almost unprece- enough to occasion deep anxiety for their safety. The dentedly low temperature. Earlier storms had spoiled most terrible catastrophe of the month with which the prospect of the orange crop in Florida, and the our present record deals was the loss at sea of the later visitations of King Boreas completed the work. well-known passenger ship Elbe, of the North GerThe “ balmy" resorts of the Sonth-European as well as American-have for once known something of the rigors of a northern winter, without being equipped with northern means of protection. In certain portions of the West the suffering from long weeks of extreme cold and of heavy snow has been the more intense on account of the failure of the last season's crops, and the consequent lack of means to buy sufficient supplies of winter clothing, fuel and food. The precise truth regarding the amount of suffering in western Kansas, western Nebraska, and parts of the Dakotas, has been hard to obtain. Suffice it to say, we are assured that those states deem themselves entirely able to cope with their own local emergencies and to provide adequate relief. In Kansas and Nebraska, if not in other western states, the immediate demands for relief have been met by gifts from all directions. Georgia and other parts of the South responded with quick sympathy to the reports that food was needed in the sparsely settled counties of Nebraska. Chancellor Canfield, of the Nebraska State University, has informed the country that Nebraska as a whole is in no stricken condition, that the state has a vast area, and that the suffering on account of last season's drouth has been confined to a few counties which are very scantily inhabited and whose people are for the most part recent comers from the East. Seed grain will be provided in the spring through the agency of the state and county govern- Photograph by Falk. ments. Fortunately, the industrial conditions in our great population centres are much improved in com- man Lloyd line, plying between New York and Gerparison with last year, and while public and private many. She was crushed in the North Sea by a small charity has a heavy task devolving upon it, there is British steamer on the morning of January 30. The no such appalling demand for emergency relief as ex- colliding vessel struck the Elbe amidships and drove isted one year ago. It has been a good winter for the so great a hole in her side that she went to the botexperiment of helping one's poorer neighbors in the tom after a very few minutes, carrying down with items of fuel and rent. The plan may be safely con- her 335 men, women and children. The attempt to tinued in March.

launch her lifeboats was particularly unsuccess

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THE LATE CAPT. VON GOESSEL.

the Road.

ful. Only one boat availed anything for rescue or Chicago suburban resident who employs cable purposes. Twenty people by means of this boat cars, elevated lines, or ordinary suburban railway reached the British coast in safety, only one of these trains to go back and forth between his office and being a woman, and nearly all of them being mem- his home, incurs larger risk of accident in the course bers of the ship's crew. Although harsh criticisms of seven or eight consecutive days than the man who have been called out by the fact that seamen rather takes passage from New York to Europe. The danthan passengers escaped, it should be remembered that practically the whole force of officers and sailors went down with the brave captain. It does not appear from the testimony of survivors that Captain Von Goessel came short of his duty in the few moments that remained after the collision, or that the sacrifice of the few that escaped would necessarily have resulted in the saving of any other lives. Collisions and

If the collision had taken place in a dense the Rules of fog it would have seemed neverthe'ess to

have been avoidable with the proper use of sirens, fog-horns, and fog-bells, and with the reduction of speed that prudence always requires when lights are not clearly visible. But this accident seems unquestionably to have occurred when there were no exceptional conditions of fog or storm, and when each of the colliding vessels must have been perfectly aware of the approach of the other. So far as now appears, the accident was solely due to a misunderstanding as to the rights of the road, or to an unwillingness on the part of one navigator to alter his course for the accommodation of the other. The facts as to these matters must all come out in the admiralty courts in connection with suits at law for the recovery of damages. It happens that a new treaty which has been signed by the United States and a number of the principal European countries, although not yet signed by Great Britain,-goes into effect on the first day of March, and deals with signaling at sea and with many matters affecting what may be called

CAPT. BAUDELON, OF “LA GASCOGNE." the rights and usages of the road. In view, however, of the frightful object lesson presented by the loss of

gers involved in stormy weather at sea are no longer the Elbe it is evident that public opinion will demand

considered by experienced navigators as particularly a more exacting code than has ever yet been devised, formidable,

in the case of well-built modern ships

. in order to reduce to the lowest possible minimum the

The experience of La Gascogne of the French line chances of collision at sea.

has given a fresh illustration of the staunchness of But for the possibilities of collision, which the typical transatlantic liner. La Gascogne left her Safety of Oceanic under existing rules it should be remem- French port on January 26 and was due at New Travel.

bered are exceedingly remote, oceanic York on February 3. Owing to the exceptional travel would now be considered as the safest by far storms which had prevailed, her tardiness excited of all existing modes of transit. The New York little anxiety for two or three days. But her pro

tracted failure to put in an appearance, and the lack of any information about her from vessels which in going one way or the other might have been expected to sight her, at length created a feeling of uneasiness that grew more intense from day to day and from hour to hour. Finally, however, on the afternoon of February 11, La Gascogne came slowly within sig. naling distance of Sandy Hook, and a few hours later was safe in the shelter of New York Bay. The enthusiasm in New York over her arrival surpassed all precedents. She had broken an essential part of her machinery of propulsion, and her engi

neers had experienced great difficulty in maintaining THE FRENCH LINER.

a sufficient state of repair to enable the engines to

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