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Stuart, Prince Charles, Andrew Lang, Scrib.
Sugar: American Beet Sugar Industry, H. S. Adams, CasM.

The Case for Sweden. NewR.
War Clouds in the North, Lieut. Kuylenstierna, USM.
Tatian's Diattessaron, W. R. Cassels, NC.
Tammany-I, E. J. Edwards, McCl.
Taxation : The Single Tax Upon Land, James A. Quarles,

Taxidermy as an Art, Frank M. Chapman, FrL.
Telescopes : Giant Telescopes, J. Ellard Gore, GM.
Temperance and the Liquor Traffic:

Some Aspects of the Liquor Problem, Henry 0. Ward, AMC.
Should We Drink in Moderation : N. Kerr, YM.
Thames Palaces, E Oliver, Ata.
Theatres and the Drama :

Schiller's "Jungfrau von Orleans, J. N. Willan, PL.
Moral Proportion and Fatalism in “Hamlet," Ella A.

Moore, PL.
Tristan and Isolde, Annie B. Mitchell, M.
The Scottish Stage in the Last Century, GM.
Twenty-five years of the Munich Court Theatre, NatR.
Theosophy in Relation to Hinduism and Buddhism, BW.
Thinking, Some Curiosities in, M. A. Starr. PS.
Torpedoes : The Future of the Torpedo in War, P. H. Colomb,

Translation, The Neglected Art of, D, April 1.
Trout: Home of the Trout in Winter, R. Slee, G.
Tunnels of the World, The Great, Robert Jamison, Chaut.
Turkey: American Treaty Rights in Turkey. OD
Turkistan : A Trip to Turkistan, Capt. H. Bower, GJ.
Unclaimed Fortunes : The Great Unclaimed, Black.

United States History in the Last Quarter Century, E. B. An

drews, Scrib. Venice in Easter : Impressions and Sensations, A. Symons,

Victoria, Queen, and Her Children, S. P. Cadman, Chaut.
Volcanoes : The Krakatoa Eruption, J. T. van Gestel, Cos.
Walking Sticks : Insects, I. N. Badenoch, GW.
War Correspondent, The Modern, MM.

The American Capitol, E. Porritt, LH.
Our National Capital, Julian Ralph, Harp.
London and the Water Companies, Sir John Lubbock, NC.

Filtration of Water, Dr. S, Rideal, K.
Water Supply for Liverpool, T. M. Drown, JAES, Feb.
Water Supplies, Notes on European, Allen Hazen, JAES, Feb.
Water Powers of the Western States, A. G. Allen, EngM.
Weather Forecasts, Commercial Value of, E. B. Dunn, Eng M.
Westminster, Walter Besant, PMM.
Women :

The Evolution of the Sex, A. G. P. Sykes, WR.
Women who Work, Marion Leslie, YW..
Some Young Women Sculptors, Polly King, AI.

Women in European Universities, Alice Zimmern, F.
Women among the Early Germans, Louise P. Bates, Chaut.
Woman's Lot in Persia, W. von Schierbrand, Lipp.
The Womanliness of Literary Women, J. W. Abernethy,
Nagging Women-A Reply, Cyrus Edson, NAR.
British Beauties, G.
Yachting in France, C. Geard, PMM.
Yamagata, Count, Teiichi Yamagata, FrL.


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Prince Bismarck in His Home. .......Frontispiece Chicago Newspapers and Their Makers .... 646

By Willis J. Abbot.
The Progress of the World-
The Cuban Patriots.....


With portraits of James W. Scott, Joseph Medill, Henry

W. Hawley, William Penn Nixon, H. H. Kohlsaat, Conditions of the Struggle.....

619 Melville E. Stone, Victor F. Lawson, Martin J. RusAmerican Sympathy with Cuba..


sell, Horatio W. Seymour, Slason Thompson, Wash

ington Hesing, Eugene Field, and Henry D. Lloyd, England's Invasion of Nicaragua

620 any other illustrations. The Moral Bearings of the Case..

621 American Feeling Against England.

665 621

College Oratory in the West... The True Policy for Britain


With portrait of Otto A. Hauerbach. Need of an Anglo-American Understanding. 622

622 Peace in the East

This Year's Passion Play at Höritz, and

Kindred Spectacles. Russia's Protest.... 623

671 The Outcome for Japan.


With illustrations. New York's Reform Measures


Leading Articles of the MonthThe New Police Board

624 Civil Service Reform...

“ Coin's Financial School”. 625

675 The Campaign for “Honest Money"


The Secrecy of the Legislation Against Silver.... 679

The Case of the Bimetallists.. The Better Policy.... 627

680 No Change Possible for Three Years .....

An Object Lesson for the Voter... 627


The South Carolina State Dispensary.. Stick to International Bimetallism


President Low on Capital and Labor. The Question in Australia .. 627

682 Mexico and its Silver Money.

Chicago and the Fire......


How Joseph Parker Would Rebuild London. California for Both Metals.. 628


Atlantic Coastwise Canals... Progress in California.... 628

685 South Carolina's Perplexities.

Why Canadians Do Not Favor Annexation.. 629


The Truth About the New Czar.... Income Tax Finally Annulled. 629

687 Utah's Approaching Statehood.

England and Russia, Limited...

688 The Pamir Agreement...

The Repeopling of the Land.


On Spain of To-day... The Relief of Chitral.. 631


The Powder Mills of the Du Ponts .... The Opium Commission.. 632


Crowded Schools as Promoters of Disease. Does Prohibition Prohibit ? 633

691 Issues in British North America..

Elementary Education.... 633

692 Politics in Germany and Austria.

Is Oxford a University ?..... 634


Arthur Cayley... France and the Nile..... 634

693 General Booth on the Sacraments..

694 The New English Speaker..

634 Ministers and the House..

General Booth's American Campaign.. 634


The Parliament of Religions.... Disunion of the Unionists.. 635


Fair Play for Catholic Christians.. The I. L. P. Conference..

696 635 Arbitration in Trade Disputes.....

The Pope's Early Letters...... 635

697 Catholic Heroism in Japan and Corea.

697 General Elections in Greece and Denmark. 635 Earthquakes in Central Europe..

The Young Man and the Church.

698 636 The Miracle Book of the World....

699 The Pope to the English People...

636 The Significance of the Pope's Encyclical

Democracy and Charity.

700 636

The World Several Millions of Years Hence..... The Obituary Record.... 636

701 President Seth Low's Gift of $1,000,000...

The Age of the Earth : 400,000,000 or 4,000,000,000 637

Years... With portraits of J Santos Zelaya, Maj. Gen. Oshima,

702 Marshal Oyama, Vice-Admiral Ito, the New York Po

Professor Dana as a Teacher of Geology lice Board, Hon. John B. Harlow, Col. W. G. Rice, w.

The Honey Bee and His Work......

703 H. Harvey, Moreton Frewen, Gov. John G. Evans, Justice Jackson, Judge Goodwin, Maj.-Gen. Sir R. C.

The Physiological Effects of Bicycling.

704 Low, Dr. Robertson, H. J. Wilson, Pope Leo XIII, ExPresident J. H. Seelye, and maps of Nicaragua, the

The Periodicals Reviewed....

705 territory ceded to Japan, and Central Asia.

The New BooksCurrent History in Caricature.......


Our London Letter About Current Literature.... 718 With reproductions from American and foreign cartoon

Recent American Publications...... papers.

720 Record of Current Events...... 641 Contents of Reviews and Magazines..

725 With portraits of Admiral Meade, and the late Ex-Senator James F. Wilson.

Index to Periodicals....



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No. 6


of the

In proposing to suppress the Cuban rebel- from 1868 to 1878 is said to have been 140,000. The The Cuban

lion, it was plain at the very outset that precise number who survived to return to Europe is Patriots.

Spain would have upon her hands either a not known to us; but certainly the need for transport comparatively light and brief task or else a very des- ships was small in comparison with the crowding of perate and protracted struggle. There could be no the trenches in Cuban military cemeteries. The inhalf way ground. The insurrection had to be stamped surgent leaders therefore are not reckoning upon any out before the flames had spread very much; other- imaginary ally when they assert that their reliance for wise a conflagration of magnitude would surely en- the present summer is to be chiefly upon yellow fever sue. Three months ago we were inclined to the opin- and other deadly maladies. ion that the revolutionists were so lacking in resources and in effective organization that they would


Cuba's agricultural resources are of a be borne down in the early stages of their patriotic

highly varied sort, but sugar is the preprogramme. The opinion was based upon such


vailing crop. The sugar plantations give meagre information as could be secured at that time, abundant work for a portion of the year. The emand also upon the ground thạt Spain's frightful sacri- ployment ceases in May. Thousands of men then fices in suppressing the last Cuban rebellion had become idle. The revolutionists have not sought to taught the Spanish government the necessity of call these workers to their camps until the sugar crop promptness at any cost. This judgment regarding was harvested and the mills were closed for the Spanish policy was strengthened by the appointment season. Meanwhile they have been directing their of Gen. Martinez Campos as Captain-General in Cuba, energies toward the acquisition of repeating rifles with large supplies of men and money and with ab- and other military supplies, and have been harassing solute authority. But the uprising has not been the Spanish troops by a guerilla warfare which has quelled ; and the season of the year has come when thus far proved to be anything but insignificant. the insurgents, having held their ground thus far, Several of the insurgent leaders have carried out very must feel that for several months hence the climate successful ambuscades and strategies, and in most of itself will serve their cause as unfailingly as a great the encounters between the Spanish troops and Cuban army. By the middle of May the summer heat be- rebels the patriot bands have come off victorious. As comes oppressive in Cuba, and epidemic diseases are the possibilities of ultimate success begin to improve, prevalent. If these conditions cause a high rate of the rebellion gains more adherents from the influenmortality ainong the natives themselves, it must tial class of Cubans. Spain is in danger of bringing be remembered that for new comers from a climate upon herself a horrible punishment for her unbroken like that of Spain.-particularly where such new record of misrule. All sorts of material and govcomers are exposed to the daily hardships of com- ernmental improvements were promised at the close mon soldiers in active campaign,—the climatic con- of the last rebellion, but they have not been forthditions are almost equivalent to a signed death coming. For the fact that Cuba has never been warrant. It is said that in the first five years of opened up either by railroads or good wagon roads, the struggle which began with the Cuban revolt the Spanish authorities are solely responsible. One of 1868 there were sent from Spain to Cuba not less motive in keeping Cuba undeveloped has been the than 80,000 fresh soldiers, and that only 12,000 of fear lest Cuban progress might lead to independence. these men were alive to begin the campaign of the Of course this argument must prove fallacious in the sixth year. Of the 68,000 men who had died, only a long run. Great Britain holds her chief colonies small per cent. had been killed in battle. The deadly through the great liberty that she bestows upon them, Cuban climate had almost exterminated the Spanish and also through her wise and bountiful promotion army. This struggle which began in 1868 continued of their material development in all respects. If ten years, when the Cubans were at last worn out. Cuba had been provided with railroads and wagon The number of troops sent from Spain in that decad roads and had been developed in other similar regards, the military problem of suppressing revolts

It seems now to be conceded in most quarwould now be a comparatively simple one. But it is


Invasion of ters that England did not intend to keep her precisely because Cuba is undeveloped that mere Nicaragua. flag flying indefinitely on Nicaraguan soil handfuls of insurgents, untrained and ill-provided and that the seizure of Corinto on April 27 had no with weapons, can defy many regiments of the best ulterior motive behind it. As soon as Nicaragua gare Spanish troops. The insurgents are able to carry on guarantees for the prompt payment of the $75,000 deoperations in large districts of country where it is manded by Great Britain as a reparation for alleged next to impossible to transport and sustain a regular indignities against Vice-Consul Hatch at Bluefields, army. General Campos is obliged to use ships, and must waste several days in transporting troops from one part of the island to another, whereas if a railroad had been built the movement would not require more than two or three hours. It is now the policy of General Campos to encourage railroad building ; and franchises and subsidies are an easy thing to get. The Spaniards hope that by putting idle labor at work at good wages on railroad building they may keep the men from taking up arms and joining the camps of the insurgents. But it is somewhat late in the day to begin this policy. Its vigorous prosecution fifteen years ago might well have made this last rebellion impossible.

American It is evident that the sympathies of Amer. Sympathy ican private citizens are strongly with the with Cuba.

Cuban patriots. There is no reason whatsoever why we Americans should feel otherwise. We may doubt whether the Cubans have reached the social and political stage where they could carry on a very satisfactory government of their own. But J. SANTOS ZELAYA, PRESIDENT OF NICARAGUA. we may also indulge freely in the opinion that they could govern themselves in a way that would con- the British marines evacuated Corinto and the flag duce far better to their own advantage and progress of Nicaragua was restored. We cannot help feeling than the Spanish way has ever conduced. Moreover, that our British friends are making a very serious we would violate our uwn traditions if we did not mistake in placing so little value upon American pubhold stoutly to the view that no European country lic opinion with regard to the policies of the British has any business to retain political control in any por- foreign office toward Latin-American countries. Let tion of the Western hemisphere, against the delib- us recapitulate briefly,-and we desire to be perfectly erate desire of the inhabitants. Our own grievances impartial, --some of the facts as they appear from the against England were quite sufficient to justify our American point of view. The Nicaraguan coast line assertion of independence ; but Cuba's grievances on the Gulf of Mexico has long been known as the against the greed, rapacity, and misrule of Spain are Mosquito Coast, because of the Mosquito Indians, who a hundred times more serious than our causes of com- have held certain reservation rights of local jurisdicplaint against the rule of England. It is not for us tion, subject, however, to the national sovereignty of at present to consider the question of Cuban annexa- Nicaragua. Obviously such an arrangement could tion. If the island should gain independence there only be temporary. England some decades ago would naturally be a high degree of commercial inti- claimed a sort of protecting interest as regards these macy and also a good political understanding between Indians. But England had absolutely no territorial the governments of Cuba and the United States. If rights or real authority on Nicaraguan soil. Indeed, the war should be pushed by Spain to the extent of her serious right to intermeddle on the Mosquito the struggle of twenty years ago, it would be en- Coast was no greater than Nicaragua's to intermeddle tirely proper for our government to instruct Spain on the coast of Wales. The anomalous political conthat our commercial relations and interests with dition of the Mosquito Coast, of which Bluefields Cuba were of more serious importance than Spain's is the chief port, has been much to the advantage of political claims ; and that under certain conditions it certain American and English traders. It became might be our duty to recognize Cuban independence necessary from the point of view of the Nicaraguan and if necessary to assist Cuba in maintaining her government to bring the government of the Mosquito position. There is nothing noble or commendable in Coast, including the custom-house administration, the history of Spanish efforts to coerce the Cubans, into full assimilation with the government of the rest and good Americans from the Arctic Ocean to Terra of the country. To our own authorities at Washdel Fuego should be glad rather than sorry to see ington, as to all disinterested American citizens, this Cuba gain her liberty.

seemed both reasonable and righteous. The Mos

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