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Chief Seaport of the French Colonial Dependency of Tonkin, Indo-China.

war. The letter was written in the first part of April, about a month and a-half after hostilities began, and it is full of interesting impressions as to the war.

The port of Haiphong, Mr. Chodyko describes as a river harbor, the deepening of which is not yet finished. Steamers and cruisers drawing not more than 24 feet of water, can secure safe anchorage. Big men-of-war and transports stay at the mouth of the river in a deep

means of powerful hydraulic cranes, lifting half a car load of briquettes at a time.

Saigon, the capital of Cochin-China, is 10° south of Haiphong. It has a fine harbor, deep and large enough to receive any sized steamship or boat. At present there is a fleet of warships, cruisers, torpedo-boats, destroyers, and six submarines lying at anchor. Mr. Chodyko relates the following interesting fact:


ast month Korea got left. Before the war, and this shows they were expecting it beforehand, it appears that the Korean Government, under the name of some private concern, ordered in France a lot of 75,000 oldstyle army rifles at a good bargain, as they

The dining saloon, in upper deck house. is a beautiful room. The finish is mahogany from deck to ceiling, and paneled in various shapes—staff ceiling, diamond forms, in the center of which




were still new. Before the transport reached Haiphong, war was declared; and, upon her arrival in Haiphong, the ship was loaded with a cargo that had become war contraband, the 75,000 guns having been sent with a good lot of ammunition. The matter was put into the hands of the English Governor, who had the guns and the ammunition put ashore and locked up: Korea will have to wait until the war is finished to obtain her guns."

(every alternate one) is an opening for ventilation. Between these, in same line, are electric lights.

The vessels are twin-screw, and have two sets of engines, one on port, one on starboard side. The engines are vertical, triple-expansion, direct-acting, surfacecondensing; high-pressure cylinder, 29 inches in diameter; intermediate, 51 inches diameter; low pressure, 89 inches diameter ; stroke 57 inches ; 16 boilers, 8 on each side, in sets of four. Steam pressure, 250 lbs.

Shipbuilding at New London, Conn.
N THE YARDS of the Eastern Ship

Company, New London, Conn., two large steamships, the Minnesota and the Dakota, to run on the Pacific Ocean for the Great Northern Railway, are nearing completion.

Both ships are built the same size: Length, 630 ft.; breadth, 73 ft. 6 in.; depth to upper deck, 56 ft. All of the works and houses on the upper deck are shown white in the accompanying photograph. The gross tonnage of each ship 9.21,000 tons. Both vessels will be fitted

th all modern improvements-electric ghts, and bathrooms with hot and cold

esh and salt water. All plumbing is pen work, with nickel-plated pipes. The ood finish in passageways and around air wells is very handsome. Oak, erry, mahogany, birdseye maple, and Press are among the woods used.

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culated through the pipes. By this means be too happy to impart any information the air is cooled before being forced to those of our graduates, students, and around the openings. The pipes for readers who contemplate a visit to this heating and ventilation are concealed as beautiful “Island of Springs." much as possible. The openings supply. There are several points of interest ing heat are placed near the deck; and which will delight the visitor, during his those for ventilating are near the ceiling. tour. He probably lands in Kingston

The ventilation is both natural and (the capital), where he can be accommomechanical. One particular feature in dated at Myrtle-Bank or Constant Spring the heating and ventilation, is that no Hotel. He is then at liberty to have a stateroom is supplied with heat directly. pleasant ride in an electric car, in any The lower portions of the doors are made section of the town, for twopence. of slat work, similar to blinds, but sta- He will naturally be anxious to visit tionary. As every room has an opening the country, which he can do by rail, cutfor ventilation, the exhaust fans are ting obliquely across the island from drawing the air out of the rooms, and, to Kingston to Montego Bay, a distance of supply the deficiency in these rooms, the 114 miles. The scenery is extremely warm air from outside flows in through wild, especially that viewed while runthe slat work in the doors and results in ning through the Cockpit mountains. a continual movement, or circulation, It is necessary to take a buggy from keeping the rooms comfortably heated. Montego Bay, in order to visit the north

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Openings are covered with brass-wire side of the island. The next town in netting, or with face plates, like a regis- order is Falmouth, which was well laid ter face. The difficulty of heating and out but is now in a state of comventilating and at the same time having mercial depression. It is hoped that there no pipes in sight, can be appreciated only will be a larger percentage of trade in a after taking a trip through these ves- short time, as the harbor (which was sels.

very dangerous) has been very much imThe immense amount of work in the proved by blasting and dredging, which heating and ventilation of these steam- is still in the hands of American engiships is shown by the fact that about neers. forty tons of sheet iron was used on each A few small towns of minor imporvessel.-H. W. WASHBURN, American tance come next in order. until one School Student.

reaches St. Ann's Bay, which is built on

a decided slope to the sea. Four miles A Letter from Jamaica

from this town, flows the Roaring river, IT MAY BE of interest to our readers, with its beautiful falls resplendent with

to learn something of my "Island spray and white with foam. home”—Jamaica. Though far away T he tourist will very likely be anxious from the American School of Corre- to visit Port Antonio, center of the spondence, of which I am a student, I banana industry, the “American town” of have its interest at heart; and should only Jamaica. This port has shipped thou


It is a sure source of revenue, as well as a most desirable

The violin is not played accomplishment.

nearly as much as it should be in this country. There is always a de

mand for violin players,

Free and in order to contribInstruction

ute toward the increased

use of the violin we are

giving free instructions for a short time. A performer upon the violin of even ordinary ability has at command a ready Make Money source of income-$3.00 to $5.00 an evening is easily obtained

Easy without interference with one's regular daily occupation, and in the largest cities thousands of persons, both men and women, make their livelihood with the violin, and make splendid incomes. We have been nearly a year arranging a plan of instruction by which each student Free Instruction can have the benefit of instruction from experienced and com

By Mail petent teachers. To every purchaser of one of our Student's Violin Outfits we furnish a full course of instruction free. It is not difficult; certainly anyone who has a conception of time and pitch can Almost Anyone learn with application and ordinary intelligence. The violin is

Can Learn the least mechanical of musical instruments, and it can be learned by the student with less personal instruction. With our illustrated course of lessons, finger-board chart and hundred-page book containing simple, clear and concise instructions, beautiful exercises and tunes, we are enabled to teach and interest the student in a way never before possible. Personal letters of instruction from our teachers is part of the course, and the entire course is free.

Complete Student's Outfit, $12.50

Consists of the following, with all express charges prepaid: Root Orchestra Violin,

Box of Rosin,

Extra Bridge, Violin Bow, Violin Case,

Tuning Pipe,

100-Page Instruction Book, Extra Set Root Special Strings, Finger Board Chart, Full Course Letter Instruction. Total retail value of above is $23.75. We offer one thousand outfits at only $12.50 each. THE VIOLIN-The Root Orchestra Violin, specially made for us in Germany, is a scientifically constructed instrument, its model an exact copy of the Stradivarius, the greatest of all violins. The neck, back and sides are handsome curly maple, well seasoned; the top is made of very old, close-grain spruce, carefully selected for its resonance. The violin is lined and blocked throughout; has perfect fitting bass bar and sound post; pegs, fingerboard and tail piece, etc., are of best ebony. Fine yarnish and the natural wood beautifully shaded make this violin very handsome. The tone is smooth and sweet, with good power and carrying quality, Before leaving our hands it is newly strung, carefully adjusted and put in perfect playing order by an expert and artist. Thousands of these violins, bearing the old reliable, honorable and widely known name of Root & Sons, are in use all over the country. Our

| COUPON. Cut out and mail to us. house has been established almost fifty years, and our name on

T.W. these violins is a safe guarantee of their excellence and value. E. T. ROOT & SONS, 353 to 361 Wabash Ave., Chicago: THE BOW-Very fine quality of Brazil wood; full German Please send me by express your Complete silver lined and trimmed and well filled with our finest Student's Violin Outfit, for which I enclose French hair.

$12.50. After I receive outfit if it is not satisTHE CASE-Black wood violin case, well made and finished factory you are to return the $12.50. with hooks and lock and key. If you prefer to do so you may send $1.00 and we will ship

Name...... the Student's Outfit C. O. D. for the balance, which you may pay the express agent. If not fully up to our claims return to

Street Address...... us at our expense.

If you wish further particulars before ordering, write us. We refer you to any bank or express company in Chicago

....... State................ as to our standing and reliability." Illustrated Catalogue of Violins, Mandolins, Guitars and Musical Merchandise of all kinds and at

very low prices. Sent Free on request. Violins from $3.50 upwards.

City..... ....--

E. T. ROOT & SONS, Chicago

Musical Instruments

Established 1857

Mention The Technical World.

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Chemistry of the Household | The Honse; Its Plan, Decor.
Honsehold Racteriology

ation, and Care
Food and Dieteties

Personal Hygiene
Principles of Cookery

Ilome Care of the Siek
Household Management and Study of Child Life

Care of Children
House Sanitation

Textiles and Clothing
The Instruction is under the direction of proini-

nent teachers in Columbia University, Univer-
sity of Chicago, University of Illinois, Simmons
College, Lewis Institute, etc.

If you will send us the names of three friends whom you know to be interested and two 2-cent stamps for postage, we will mail you the first lesson on Chemistry of the Household,' an illustrated 64-page booklet, especially prepared for our students by Margaret E. Dodd, S. B.,Grad. Mass. Inst. Technology, containing interesting non-technical treatise on Chemistry of Water, Air, Fire and Fuel; Chemical Composition and Changes; Food and its Functions; Starches and Sugars; Chemistry of Bread Making; Com position and Use as Food-of Carbohydrates, Fats, Proteids, Casein, Gluten, etc., Chemistry of Digestion, Chemistry of Cooking, etc., etc.

Recently Graduated

THE FOLLOWING STUDENTS Practical Lessons by Mail in

: have been graduated from the Amer

ican School of Correspondence since the last number of The TECHNICAL WORLD was issued :

Adams, G. C., Winthrop, Me.—Course: Electrical.

Beerbower, Clyde, Salem, Va.—Course:

Sample Lesson Booklet

Clifford, James A., Billings, Mont.—Course :
Electrical Engineering.

Davison, C. H., Lyme, Conn.—Course, Stationary.

Dunn, J. Howard, Vanderbilt, Pa.—Course: Electrical.

Erskine, Harry, Johannesburg, South Africa—Course: Mechanical.

Fogg, Jos., North Adams, Mass.—Course:

Electrical. We will also send our 48-page iliustrated Cata

Friedman, E. M., Bronson, Mich.—Course . logue A giving full synopses of all subjects.

Mechanical Drawing.

Fullmer, Geo. M., Saugerties, N.Y.—Course : American School of Household Economics

Electrical 3309 Armour Avenue : : : : CHICAGO, ILL.

Hauser, George, Milwaukee, Wis.—Course:

Mention The Technical World.

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