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there is $600,000 in their sinking fund; and a surplus of $340,000.
There is no reason whatever why our
be employed to great advantage in set tling up our vast areas of vacant land. I am able to say this after a practical experience of some six years in dealing with this class of settler. We have now three colonies, including about 3,000 acres of land, with some 530 men, women, and children settled upon them. Out of an expenditure of some $300,000, about $45,000 has been repaid. Some of the colonists have paid for their land in full: others have more than kept up their installments; while others, again, are somewhat in arrears, but will ultimately work their way through.
We have, of course, been limited by the amount of capital at our disposal. The work is in no sense a charity, the colonists being charged for all the money expended upon them, and having to pay interest as well. It seems to me, how ever, that the time has now come when it should be taken up on a larger national basis. The Government of New Zealand has set an admirable example in this re
During my recent visit to London I should be issued for the purpose of makdiscussed the question with the Righting advances to desirable families, in the I onorable Earl Grey and other leading same way as has been done in New Zeastatesmen, as to the possibility of intro- land. I may mention that the British ducing a similar measure in Great Brit- Chartered Company of South Africa, of ain with a view to the unification of the which Earl Grey is Vice-President, is British Empire, and the establishment of very desirous that the Salvation Army colonies in South Africa, Australia, and should assist in the colonization of Canada. My suggestion was that bonds Rhodesia, and plans are now under con
Army, contributing to its funds, visiting in the field, why should not a reasonable our colony near the mouth of the amount be expended in settling the Thames, and purchasing some of our worthy poor of our great cities under prize poultry for his South African farm. conditions which will make them into
There is no reason at all why armies of colonists should not be marched ten
Ruins of Hadleigh Castle.
citizens, who shall furnish strength and SOME COLONY Poultry.
stability to the institutions of our coun
try? I am sure that this can be done thousand, twenty thousand, fifty thou- on a scientific basis, which shall absosand at a time, carefully selected, thor- lutely secure a reasonable return for the oughly prepared, trained for the object, money invested. The New Zealand Govand settled upon the land in happy, self- ernment has proved its practicability.
Our own farm colonies have proved that per cent on some works which are of a similar efforts are applicable to this coun- purely precautionary character, to guard try. The Indian Government has also against famine and failure of crops. shown that such plans can successfully be During nine years, no less than 800,000 put into operation. With an expenditure people have been settled upon these lands of $125,000,000 on their Irrigation and by the Indian Government.
IMPOSSIBILITIES REALIZED BY DILIGENCE AND THRIFT.
San Francisco. He has been about four years on the colony. Last year his income was
land and the herd of cows here shown.
Colonization works, not only have they I t is now proposed gradually to bring been able to pay 372 per cent interest on 100,000,000 acres of land under irrigathe capital invested ; but the Government, tion in the United States. Here then in addition to this, has made a net profit, is a magnificent opportunity for settling according to recent figures, of no less these lands on the lines indicated, with than 3.04 per cent, or a clear annual multitudes of happy and prosperous profit of something like three and one- home owners. half million dollars. The rate of profit I trust that THE TECHNICAL WORLD may has varied in India, from 23 per cent on play a leading part in helping forward the East Jumna Canal, to as low as 2.12 this greatly to be desired enterprise.
A UNIQUELY Decorated AUTOMOBILE.
decoration. It consisted of the head of an elk joined to the vehicle in such a way that it would appear as if the little girl standing on the seat were guiding the animal by the white ribbons attached to its horns. The design was arranged by Mr. A. C. Bennett, of Mankato, Minn., the owner of the carriage.
The other picture represents May Day festivities with automobiles in California. The vehicles are shown in what was called a “ribbon quadrille.” One was placed in the center, and the other motors circled around it in such a way as gradually to wind the ribbon into a colored rope, the vehicles pausing when massed around the center one. The evolutions required very skillful steering and con
The Ribbon QUADRILLE.
miles, and an additional 600 gallons can be carried in the front part of the first wagon. As many tanks as desired can thus be added, but, as their weight detracts from the hauling power, it is considered advisable to replenish the water