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the path of the hurricane stood a massive enal popularity that the gasoline launch brick machine shop used by a railroad has attained. One of the most remarkcompany for making repairs to its cars. able of these new motors comes from It was literally filled with heavy boring Buffalo, N.Y., where it is manufactured tools, power lathes, power hammers, and by the Buffalo Gasoline Motor Company. other equipment. The building was con- All the four cylinders of this motor are structed of a framework of hardwood fed with a carburettor through one inlet beams 18 inches square, and the outer casting. With all the motors, are furbrick walls were nearly three feet thick. nished a float-feed carburettor, which is Within actually five minutes after the attached directly to the motor and contornado struck the building, this scene of tains a throttle for gauging the amount ruin was presented, the portion in the of gasified vapor admitted to the cylpath of the storm being literally cut out, inders. Attached to this is a lever of leaving the ends of the building intact, neat design, located near the sparker
lever, so that the sparking and throttling are conveniently and easily operated.
The new motors contain solid, onepiece, steel-forged crank shafts and mechanically operated inlet valves. This insures a regular supply, which in turn gives a steady, measured impulse and regular speed. This is a wonderful improvement over the troublesome cranking motor which would not start because the inlet valves were stuck to the seats. All motors of this new type are equipped
Five MINUTES' Work OF A HURRICANE.
with their equipment uninjured. The picture shows how the brick and stone were torn apart, and how the framework was crushed to pieces, while every machine was thrown from its foundations.
New Marine GASOLINE Motor.
New Type Marine Motors KARINE MOTORING has sprung WV into unexpected prominence recently as the result of improved machinery that makes the diversion more enjoyable and safer than its early advocates ever anticipated. What the automobile is to the land, the motor launch now is to the water. But the danger is no greater and the sport is declared to be more healthful and exhilarating than automobiling, while the cost of outfit and supplies is less.
New style motors, doing away with the many inconveniences of the old-type machines, are responsible for the phenom
with metal-enclosed bases, with sufficiently enlarged detachable panels, so that access to all parts is easy. Solid steel-forged valves are used, and are accurately ground to a good seat. Five heavy bearings in the base of the motor assure firm journals for the crank shaft. Double-lock nuts and split keys hold these bearing caps in proper place, and consequently there is no trouble from lost nuts and loose bearings. The motors are completely water-jacketed, including head and valves. There is no packing except on the water-jacket plate; there is never any trouble with this because there is no pressure to blow it out. The sparker plugs on top of the motors have two triangles, and supplies in addition double-seated ground joints, absolutely several valuable requirements. It is compression tight. The steel-forged primarily a square of large range and cams, operating inlet and outlet valves, light weight, in thorough control from are all on one shaft, and are pinned on a knob located near its center of gravity. in order to insure opening of the valve Its arms are secured at right angles to at absolutely the right time. The valve each other under an aluminum plate, and plugs are just above the valves in the are thus easily adjusted, repaired, or recenter. Should any valve leak, it can be placed. As usually made, it has transtaken out immediately, reground, re- parent celluloid edges, but, if desired, the placed, and made ready to run in a very inner edges are provided with accurate short time.
scales turned down to meet the paper The illustration shows a two-cylinder with a very slight thickness of ruling 71/2 horse-power balanced motor of this edges, thus rendering practical a large type. It has a bore of 412 inches; stroke, proportion of the petty measurements of 5 inches; weight, 395 pounds without re- a drawing without the use of a separate verse gear, or 545 pounds with bed and scale. reverse gear; diameter of fly wheel, 16 The drawing of square, hexagonal, inches; diameter of shaft, 138 inches. and wood screw heads is provided for The speed can be changed instantly at in the central portion of the instrument the will of the operator from, say, 600 which is a transparent celluloid plate normal to 1,000 maximum. The length having a large arc, bevelled on the edge of the motor over all is but 15 inches, ex- and graduated to degrees. clusive of 6 inches of shaft on both ends. The instrument measures all angles The foundation is but 1378 inches long, from horizontal or perpendicular lines and the width is 141/2 inches.
on the drawing, and also provides for laying them off. For the drawing of odd
angle work, including structural designs, Universal Square and Protractor
special projections, cams, etc., it is pe| MONG MANY DEVICES brought culiarly adapted by means of a base at
out in recent years for the specific re- tachment to which the square is clamped quirements of mechanical draftsmen, a by a few turns of the knob. This base form of square has just appeared that is has a vernier limb reading to 10°, and peculiarly adapted to the rapid and easy rides against the T-square on all parts performance of that class of work. Ma- of the board, providing for lines at any chine designers and structural draftsmen angle and their perpendiculars, at one will generally recognize that, except for setting. Angle work is thus made more bolt heads and short work, ruling edges of rapid and easy than square work. 60 degrees' and 45 degrees' slope are Another convenience of no small seldom required, but for this purpose amount is the avoidance of shadows they are in almost constant demand, when working by artificial light, as one while, on the other hand, the presence side or the other of each arm is always of the two ordinary 60- and 45-degree in more or less direct light. The polished triangles on the drawing board is a con- metal plates and trimmings give the intinual nuisance.
strument a substantial and pleasing apThe ingenious instrument referred to pearance, and its manipulation is as easy the invention of Mr. Duane J. Kelsey, as that of triangles of much smaller New Haven, Conn.-does away with the range.
Practical Talks by Practical Men
Thrift and Happiness
The Gospel of Saving Discussed by one of the Richest of American Millionaires
OR over twenty-five years Russell an article for the Saturday Evening Post, Sage has been known to the aver- on “The Gospel of Thrift," that is well age American as one of the worth the attention of every young man.
shrewdest of the many prominent We quote the following: business men in New York City, and for “Thrift is so essential to happiness in an equal term of years he has been the this world, that the failure to practice target for all manner of cheap newspaper it, is, to me, incomprehensible. It is such witticisms. All the same, when Russell an easy, simple thing, and it means so Sage expresses his opinion upon any sub- much. It is the foundation of success ject, there is so much sound common- in business, of contentment in the home, sense in what he says, that the reason of standing in society. It stimulates infor his business success is not difficult dustry. I never yet heard of a thrifty to understand. Some time ago he wrote man who was lazy. It begets independ
ence and self-confidence. It makes a man of the individual who practices it.
"I think the greatest fault that characterizes our education of the young today is the failure to teach thrift in the schools. From the very outset a child cught to understand the value of saving In some schools, I understand, penny savings funds are now established. Out of these funds, if they are administered with practical common-sense, will grow more sound teaching than out of any thing else in the curriculum. I mean teaching that will make for success; and that, after all, is what the mother hopes for for her child, and a nation for its citizens.
"This is a tremendously practical world, and that man is going to get the most out of it who is not hampered by a constant want of money. It is absurd to suppose that great riches always bring happiness, or even that the accumulation of great riches is essential to success. The man of moderate means is, on the whole, perhaps happier than the extremely rich man; and he who makes for himself a safe place in any field, can be set down as being quite as successful as the man who accumulates millions. But the man who is perpetually hard up cannot under any circumstances be happy, no matter what the foolish in the world may
say; and no man can win a safe place in the world if he is hampered with debts. Helpless poverty is the most crushing affliction that can come to a family, and is the affliction most easily avoided. The man who starts out right will never be poor in the extreme sense, no matter how limited his income or how circumscribed his opportunities.
“Every young man who wishes to succeed should study carefully the human race. There is even more instruction in the people who are about us than in the books that lie on shelves. All we want is the faculty to read the people as we read the books. And this faculty may, with patience and perseverance, be cultivated.
“Few things so well equip a man for competition with his fellows, as a thorough knowledge of human nature. It will teach him that men are not bad, but weak. He need but avoid their weaknesses to avoid their failures. Not that a negative character is desirable. But as matters stand, even such a character is almost sufficient to insure a reasonable degree of success. But to make this success certain, a positive character is necessary. The young man must not only avoid the vice and weakness of his neighbors, but he must practice the virtues that they do not possess or do not give evidence of possessing."
IN FORMER YEARS, grain smut consti- tain 100 per cent in the subjects pretuted a serious menace to the agriculture pared by the examining board. Prevention of
e of North Dakota and of
the Northwest in general. Grain Smut The disease is due to a OUT ON THE WESTERN PRAIRIE, the fungus parasite which attacks wheat, people frequently move from one town to oats, barley, rye, etc. Prof. H. L. Bolley,
another, taking along not the State Agriculturist, after various ex- Moving a Bank only their household periments, introduced what is known as
goods but even their the formaldehyde treatment, which has houses and stores. The accompanying proven a specific remedy and is worth
photograph is that of a bank which was millions of dollars annually to the farm- moved a distance of fifteen miles through ers of North Dakota alone. The treat- a portion of South Dakota. As will be ment consists simply in soaking the seed in a solution of formaldehyde just prior to planting. It has now become a general practice, entirely preventing smut.
The New YORK CENTRAL AND LAKE SHORE ROADS have inaugurated a plan From Fireman
on which may solve the prob
" lem of educating firemen
con to be competent engineers. Under the new plan, both roads will have examining boards. The New York Central's has already been organized, and will have its headquarters in Albany. The Lake Shore's will probably have its headquarters in Chicago.
The methods of the board are these: In the first year of his service, a fireman gets a book of rules, which pertain wholly to the mechanical and fuel phases of a locomotive. At the end of a year he is examined in the subjects contained in the book, and if he fails is dropped from the service altogether. A similar course is pursued the second year. At the end of the third year, he must attain an average of 80 per cent in the three years' course. Before he gets a diploma as a qualified engineer, however, he must at
Moving A BANK across the South Dakota Prairies. noted, the building is a two-story structure of fair size. The lower floor contains the bank proper with its safe, also the private office of the firm. The second story is devoted to storing merchandise. The bankers decided that it would be advisable to locate in another community, as a railroad had been built to it and the business prospects at the new point were better. So the building was lifted from its foundation by jack-screws worked by hand, placed on wooden