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Great Technical Schools
Sibley College of Mechanical Engineering
Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y.
IBLEY COLLEGE of Mechanical Engineering and the Mechanic Arts was founded in 1870, and received its name from the late Hiram Sibley of Rochester, who gave a large amount of money toward its endowment and equipment. Mr. Hiram W. Sibley has since given very liberally toward later additions and improvements. The College is organized, as its name suggests, as a technical and professional college; and its aim is to prepare young men who expect to follow mechanical engineering as a profession. It is recognized, however, that the modern engineer's success is measured in a great degree by his general culture as well as by his professional ability; and students in Sibley College are urged to acquire as broad and liberal a training as possible before taking up the strictly technical work, and to obtain as much culture as possible from the Academic Department during their four college years.
The general entrance requirements to Sibley College include History, English, Plane and Solid Geometry, Advanced Algebra, Plane and Spherical Trigonometry, French, and German. These requirements insure a liberal foundation on which to build a technical education.
The student of Sibley College is taught chemistry, pure mathematics, and physics in the corresponding departments of the general University. He is thus brought into close contact with the University teachers outside of his own college, and receives the benefit of the best instruction of these well-organized departments. He here receives the necessary mental training which fits him for the work in engineering mathematics which he receives in the College of Civil and Mechanical Engineering. Special attention is paid to the wants of engineering students in these various allied departments,
so that his energies are guided wisely in the direction of his own specialty.
Sibley College now includes seven departments partments namely, Mechanic Arts, Machine Design, Experimental Engineering, Steam Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Marine Engineering and Naval Architecture, and Railway Mechanical Engineering.
The Freshman, Sophomore, and Junior years are practically the same for all courses, including instruction in pure mathematics, physics, and chemistry, given, as already said, outside the College in corresponding departments of the University; and instruction in the Departments of Mechanic Arts, Machine Design, Experimental Engineering, and Electrical Engineering, which is prescribed for all students up to the Senior year. In the Senior year the student may specialize in either Electrical, Mechanical, Marine, or Railway Mechanical Engineering, taking, however, certain prescribed courses in the Departments of Experimental and Steam Engineering. The latter part of the Senior year is devoted to the preparation of a thesis, which each student must present for a degree. All of these departments are well equipped for the special work in teaching required of them, and this large equipment is being continually increased as the needs of teaching and the growth of the art require.
Department of Mechanic Arts
In this department, which represents the practical side of technical education, an effort is being made to impress on the student the great importance of a knowledge of shop processes and methods, not only as regards the actual working of metals, but also as regards general shop systems. The college shop of the past laid all stress on manual training; and
DYNAMO LABORATORY. Department of Electrical Engineering.
engines, and describes the general design of different types of steam engines, treating such subjects as valve gearing, crank effort, fly wheels, and other problems of detail connected with design and operation. In the senior year a course is given which takes up quite fully elementary thermodynamics, the theory of heat engines, heat engines and boilers, refrigerating machinery, air compressors, and pumping machinery. This course also includes consideration of the design of the modern power house, having in view the economics of the problem. The aim is to give the student a working knowledge.
engines and boilers of various forms and types. There is also a very finely equipped laboratory for testing strength of materials. A fine assortment of gas and oil engines furnish opportunity for testing and research in this line; and elaborate apparatus has been provided for making almost all other kinds of tests. Here students are instructed in the use of all kinds of measuring instruments used in commercial testing and in the making of actual test runs. Advanced students have many opportunities to go out on commercial tests made by the department for manufacturing concerns. The scope of the work in this department is of great importance to the engineer. Special attention is paid to research, and a very considerable output of this class of work has come from this department. Provision has recently been made for electrical experimental work on a much broader basis than heretofore, and this special line of work will be operated in conjunction with the regular courses which are offered in the Department of Electrical Engineering.
Department of Electrical Engineering
Since the art of Electrical Engineering has its greatest root in the science of physics, students in this course receive particularly strong instruction in this subject in the Department of Physics before taking up the engineering work proper. The facilities and instruction of the Department of Physics at Cornell, are of the very best, and particular attention is paid to the wants of the student in Electrical Engineering. The work in engineering proper, which is under the direction of Sibley College, is carried on by men who are experts in their various
departments; and close attention is given to the branches of engineering closely allied with the growth of the country. Special attention has been given to such matters as Electric Railway Engineering; and apparatus illustrative of this and similar branches of engineering has been provided in abundance.
The laboratories and class-rooms are equipped with a profusion of instruments and apparatus providing facilities for instruction in all branches of Electrical engineering.
A recent addition to the College, mentioned in connection with the Mechan
ical Laboratory, is the electrical-experimental work, which is expected to increase greatly the value of the course. There are many interesting power plants in the near vicinity of Ithaca which afford excellent opportunity for inspection. Among the best of these are the University power plant and the interesting and economical plant of the local lighting and railway company, where much of the waste heat of the exhaust steam is reclaimed in the manufacture of salt from brine pumped from the great salt bed underlying this region.
Advanced students here, as in Me
chanical Engineering, have ample facilities for obtaining experience in commercial testing, which forms a very important part of the curriculum; while research work is encouraged and provided for by the equipment of the Department.
Department of Naval Architecture
and Marine Engineering
The work in this department is of course intended for students who expect to specialize; and, while fully equal in value from an educational standpoint to that given in the regular Mechanical and Electrical courses, aims to familiarize the