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work was found to have been not even discolored—in fact it was apparently entirely unharmed. A facing of pressed brick is being substituted for most of the terra-cotta, but some of the latter will still be used on the lower stories. All of the floors must also be replaced.
The total damage to this structure was estimated at between 35 and 40 per cent of its entire cost. The photographs show it immediately after the fire (side view), and after the facing was removed and the brick work begun (front view).
A Unique Telegraph Office
ONE RESULT of the recent great fire in Baltimore was toburn all of the telegraph offices in the busiest part of the city. It was supposed that all of the wires extending to this section were also disconnected by the fire effects; but on the day after the conflagration, an electrician, making tests, found one wire which connected with New York City. A set of instruments was immediatelv secured. The wire ex
A Unioie Telegraph Station.
The first established in the "fire zone" at Baltta ore after the recent conflagration.
tended along the trunk of a fallen telegraph pole, and messages were sent from this novel telegraph station to the metropolis. This was the first office opened in the business district after the disaster. The accompanying photograph shows an operator sending a message.
Monster Circular Derrick.
is known as a circular derrick, and is operated entirely by electric power. It has actually raised a weight of over 150 tons, swinging it around a circle 147 feet in diameter. Loads weighing seventy tons have been lifted and swung in a circle of 207 feet. The derrick will lift the heaviest cannon to a height of 100 feet above the surface of the water, and yet its machinery is so simple that but two men are required to operate it.
This derrick is composed of a steel tower or framework carried on pile foundations. This tower, which is circular, is fitted with a track for the rollers that carry the movable or revolving portion of the derrick. The revolving portion consists of a heavily framed structure, circular in general form, and carry
Lifting Machine In Operation.
which engage with a circular rack fixed to the stationary tower or framework. Each of these pinions is driven by a General Electric motor, capable of developing 20 horse-power. The racking movement of the jib is effected by means of wire ropes leading over sheaves at the top of the jib, and wound on large drums, which are located in the revolving structure of the derrick. The inner and lower end of the jib has a pin connection to the revolving structure, so that, by winding up to the drum, the outer end is raised and is brought in toward the center, while unwinding the drum lowers the outer end and moves it out from the center. The hoisting blocks are carried, as before mentioned, from the outer end of the jib; and the leads from these blocks run clown the jib to drums, which, like the others, are operated by electric motors.
Dangers of Imperfect Insulation
THE USE of electrical apparatus is so prevalent that, as is well known, a large number of fires originate from the electric current. Investigations made by insurance men prove that much of the so-called insulation intended to protect inflammable material from the action of the electric current is so poor that it affords little or no protection, while some of the currents are of such voltage that ordinary insulation is no safeguard whatever. The accompanying photographs give an idea of the destruction caused by inadequate electrical work. The first photograph shows a number of fuse cut-outs which were placed on a 500-volt circuit. These were constructed with a porcelain base, but the insulation was not sufficient to prevent the current from communicating with wiring and woodwork about the cut-outs, with the result that a fire ensued which caused a loss of $25,000. While investigating the cause of the fire, the ex
Yerkes Builds World's Greatest
AN AMERICAN — Charles T. Yerkes—is building for the city of London the greatest power plant in the world. It is now nearing completion, and in less than a year will be driving trains all over the city. The plant is being erected on the south of the Thames, near Chelsea, and is to supply electricity to the District Railway, the Baker Street & Waterloo line, and the Great Northern, Brompton & Piccadilly Railway. For emergency purposes it will also be connected with the "Tube" from Shepherd's Bush and Mansion House and with the Metropolitan District Railway.
The plant will be about twice the size of that at Niagara, and will cost over $10,000,000. The building is a rectangle
is one of the wonders of London. They are 19 feet across at the top, and are ascended from the interior by means of iron "dogs" let into the brick work.
The building is divided lengthwise into two portions. On the side nearest the
Charles T. Yerkes.
river are to be found the 64 great Babcock & Wilcox boilers. They are laid in two tiers, and the floor above is occupied by the coal bunkers. The furnaces are supplied with mechanical stokers, and the steam from the boilers will be superheated. The boilers represent about 1,200 horse-power each.
In the north side of the building are the turbine and generator sets. There will be eight turbines working eight generator sets in all, and space will be left for two more to be put in later. They have a capacity of 5,000 kilowatts each, and are by far the most powerful in England. These 40,000 kilowatts, together with an auxiliary plant for condensers and exciter sets, will represent in all in driving power some 600.000 horse-power. The electric pressure at the station will be 11.000 volts, alternating current, which will be subdued by rotary converters and transformers to 400 volts, direct current, at the different substations.
The enormous stators in the generating sets weigh 50 tons each. All were built by the Westinghouse Company. Four were made at Fittsburg and four at Trafford Park, Manchester. Inside the stators, motors revolve at a tremendous pace, and the current is collected on three slip rings. Above the turbine level are switchboard galleries for high tension, and at the east end of the turbine level similar galleries for "exciter" sets and station lighting and for low-tension stators and motors.
In the construction nearly 20,000 tons of steel have been used. The foundations have been sunk to 40 feet below the land level, and consist of brick lying on concrete, which in its turn lies on the blue clay.
Outside the building is a large basin constructed beside the river especially for^ barges bringing coal to the station. The basin accommodates eight of these barges. A temporary conveyor will carry the coal from the barges to the great conveyor built of laced steel against the main building, which will take the coal to the bunkers in the roof of the station. By means of these same conveyors, all ashes will be taken back to other barges. Close by the docks arc water filters in brick towers, their object being to treat the water used and thus prevent "furring" of boilers.
Mr. Yerkes is a Chicagoan. and it was in Chicago that he received his schooling
in municipal railway affairs. He built most of the Chicago street-car lines, and he is adopting the same system of avoiding congestion of traffic in London which he so successfully employed in the western metropolis.
Proposed Endless Street-Car
A CONTINUOUS TRAIN OF **■ SEATS on a moving sidewalk has been suggested as the method of solving the transportation problem of New York and Chicago. The device is something of an endless street-car which the passenger can enter anywhere he desires. It is proposed to use the system in New York in connecting the Manhattan terminals of the three great bridges over the East River with one another, and with the subway and elevated railroads, as well as with the principal surface lines running north and south. The moving seats are simply an improvement on the moving sidewalks and continuous trains of the Chicago World's Fair and Paris Exposition. Two "stepping" platforms run alongside the train platform. The first moves at a rate of about three miles