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LIFE OF IGNOBLE EASE, a to be the ultimate goal after which
life of that peace which springs they strive ?
* * * You work yourselves, and or of power to strive after great you bring up your sons to work. If you things, is as little worthy of a nation as are rich, and are worthy your salt, you of an individual. I ask only that what will teach your sons that though they every self-respecting American man de- may have leisure, it is not to be spent in mands from himself, and from his sons, idleness; for wisely used leisure merely shall be demanded of the American na- means that those who possess it, being tion as a whole. Who among you would free from the necessity of working for teach your boys that ease, that peace is their livelihood, are all the more bound to be the first consideration in your eyes to carry on some kind of non-remuner
e who, of worke bou
ative work in science, in letters, in art, never wrongs his neighbor; who is in exploration, in historical research prompt to help a friend; but who has work of the type we most need in this those virile qualities necessary to win in country, the successful carrying out of the stern strife of actual life. It is hard which reflects most honor upon the to fail; but it is worse never to have tried nation.
to succeed. In this life we get nothing We do not admire the man of timid save by effort. Freedom from effort in peace. We admire the man who em- the present merely means that there has bodies victorious effort; the man who been stored up effort in the past.
+ admire the man of them
the presend up effort in th
Science and Art
OLD ALEXANDER, the porter of the ward and ordered Alexander to buy a
Royal Institution in London, was new pair. “Vera guid scissors, Sir Willquite a distinguished character in his iam,” persisted Alexander, and, picking way, and from his long experience was up the scissors from the table and placon terms of more than ordinary famili- ing his thumb and forefinger into the arity with the professors and visitors. handles, he stepped forward and asked One day he was assisting Professor Hux- Huxley how he wanted the paper cut. ley to hang the diagrams for his lecture. “Cut it there,” said Huxley somewhat The screen on which the diagrams were tartly, at the same time indicating the hung was not very large, and Huxley, do place with his forefinger. as he would, could not succeed without Alexander took hold of the paper, and, the blank corner of one diagram overlap- inserting the scissors, pressed the blades ping the illustration of another one on together and cut off the required portion which he placed great importance. What as neatly as if he had used a straightwas to be done? The professor asked edge; then, turning to the professor with Alexander to bring a pair of scissors. a rather significant leer and twinkle of The scissors were brought; but, as the the eye, said: “Seeance an' airt dinna joint was somewhat loose the professor aye gang thegither, Professor." Huxley was not able to cut the paper, and he and all present collapsed. Huxley put threw the scissors down in disgust, add- his hand into his pocket, and, taking out ing that they were useless. “Vera guid a sovereign, gave it to Alexander, adding shears, Professor,” said Alexander. "I at the same time, “You have done me.” tell you they won't cut,” said Huxley. The same evening Alexander related the "Try again,” said Alexander. “They will story with great gusto to a friend. When cut.”
asked how he dared make so free with The professor tried again, and, not suc such a distinguished man, he replied with ceeding, said somewhat angrily: "Bring great emphasis: “Lord, mon, they bits me another pair of scissors.” Lord (then o' professor bodies ken naething at a' Sir William) Armstrong stepped for- except their buiks."
THE AMERICAN TOURIST and at the same time hear the thunders of
visiting London for the first time, an underground train just above your is almost certain to leave the city, head. Deep down beneath where you
which Englishmen believe is the stand, are other passages through which heart of the world, without knowing that run enormous gas and water mains; and another London, in many respects more between, at different levels, is "the most wonderful than the one he sees, lies be- wonderful network of underground railneath his feet. In this buried city are ways in the world.” In this buried Lonhundreds of miles of streets; a river fed don are hundreds of miles of sewers, the by a score of streams flows quietly along exploration of which is by no means a between its shadowy banks; baths, bak- pleasant task, as rats are there in thoueries, and restaurants carry on their work sands. The old Fleet River, about which where daylight never enters, and safely we read in the doings of bygone cenremoved from the dust and bustle of the turies, flows to the Thames through a traffic above them. In a certain district channel over twelve feet in depth, and, are wine vaults, which, if ranged in a after heavy rains, thunders along in great line, would extend over thirty miles. volume. Beneath St. Paul's churchyard
If you doubt the existence of a subter- is a large, well-equipped restaurant where ranean London, inquire of some English- hundreds take their meals every day. To man who has explored this buried city, gain an entrance to this restaurant, you and he will tell you of clean, well-paved, must walk under a large block of warewell-ventilated, well-lighted subways, houses. along which you may walk for hours. While on this subterranean trip, you At your side run high pipes carrying the will be shown many interesting historical electric wires, pneumatic tubes, etc., for relics—for example, an arch and doorway the use of the millions of human beings built about the time Pompeii was dein the London above. In your walk you stroyed, and the bath in which the Roman may stop and look down through a grat- Emperor Severus took his morning dip ing on a railway station far beneath you, seventeen centuries ago.
The Outlook for Trained Men
HATEVER CRITICISM may ation is likely to find the graduate engibe directed against the courses neers in full control, from highest to of engineering study given bylowest.
our American schools, there is The technically trained engineer is no escape from the fact that their gradu- to-day exerting a mighty influence in ates now fill a very large proportion of the development of the country and its the most important and best paying posi- resources, and in the future will perhaps tions open to engineers. Such a condi- play an even more important part. Our tion cannot result from chance or mere engineering schools may well feel proud good fortune; on the contrary, it has of the results of their labor, and he will come about because employers have be foolish, indeed, who, in the light of found it to their advantage to employ what their graduates have accomplished such men in preference to others who and are accomplishing, will say that the have not received similar training. As training which they have given is far these graduates themselves become em- wrong in its conception or its attainment. ployers, they turn naturally to the schools - Proceedings of the Society for the Profor their assistants, and the next gener- motion of Engineering Education.
Has “Success” an Age Limit?
NE OF THE COMMON “SAWS" of to-day is that “this is the age of young men." This
phrase we are constantly meet ing in the literature put forth by a certain class of magazines, and it has also become a part of the stock in trade of popular lecturers. Analyzed, it is meant to express the belief that in all the active pursuits of life, the young man is in the saddle; that the young man of this age has his hand on the throttle of the world.
to attain a certain end—no matter whether he be twenty-five or seventy, he will fail. The young man who starts out with the idea that in the active affairs of life the old men are on the shelf, makes a mighty big mistake.
What Old Men Have rone Doctor Johnson wrote his famous "Lives of the Poets" at seventy-eight. Galileo was seventy when he wrote on the "Laws of Motion.” Bismarck ruled Germany at seventy-five. General Grant was unknown at forty-two. In the active affairs of the world, it is not a question of How Old Are You? but What Can You Do? It is true, “A man at fifty is too old to run up and down on the icy top of a freight car in winter;" but as a man with an active, productive brain, he should be at his best. If he has profited by his opportunities, he should be even better off and more useful at sixty than at fifty.
Youth Successful in All Ages And yet young men play no greater, no more prominent part in this generation than they did in others. Luther in the sixteenth century, Newton in the seventeenth, Napoleon and Pitt in the eighteenth, and thousands of others-dating from the present back to Alexander the Great, who conquered the then known world before he was thirty-bear witness that the young man of ability, of initiative, is not the peculiar creation of this generation, but common to all time. In estimating the success of young men in past centuries, we must judge them by the achievements which meant success in their own age, not by what means success in ours.
The secret of success has never been a matter of age. A man may be old or young, and fail. Success depends upon the quality of a man's ability and the steadfastness of his purpose. Men of ability and moral strength have won success at 50 as often as have men of 25. It is simply a question of paving the price. If a man is unwilling to pay in time, skill, patience, the price demanded
Another Popular Fallacy It is said that youtli is the best time to study. Quite true. In youth the average boy's most important work is to attend school. Under ordinary circumstances there is nothing else for him to do. But the statement that youth is the best time to study does not mean that a grown man is incapable of being a good student. If the truth were told, we should discover that old men are among the best of students. Some people talk as if a man at forty were incapable of mastering a science, art, or trade; that to take up any serious study after thirty-five or forty, is only a waste of time and money. But
listen! Noah Webster mastered seven- tional advantages of youth ; but the man teen languages after he was fifty. James who sets earnestly to work to educate Watt, the inventor of the Condensing En- himself in something he knows that he gine, learned to speak and read German needs, will find such an education of inat eighty-seven. George Stephenson did finitely greater value than two-thirds of not learn to read and write until he had the information forced into him in youtin. reached manhood. Richard Baxter did not know a single letter at eighteen. "Men are like wine-age sours the bad
Ripened Genius and improves the good.
You will be surprised by the reading, more especially of literature, to see the
age at which many of the world's great Opportunities for Old and Young authors put forth their masterpieces. How many times will a mature man Sophocles was nearly ninety years old say to a younger friend or fellow-worker, when he produced the greatest of Greek “I wish when I was young I had had dramatic poems, “Antigone." While it your opportunities to get an education, is not certain, Dante is thought to have and I should have made something of been close on fifty-six when he finished myself.” He seldom, if ever, realizes his "mediæval miracle of song.” It was that the same educational opportunity is when John Milton, the blind Puritan, was waiting at his own door. There is a cer- fifty-six that he sat down to write lis tain excuse for a man of fifty-five or immortal epic. Wordsworth in his sixty feeling that it is little use at his time eightieth year was composing noble of life to start a course of study; but poems. The older men of this generwhen a man of thirty-five or forty delib ation are not receiving the credit they erately refuses to enter upon a course of cieserve for what they are doing. The study, the accomplishment of which young men of to-day make such a noise, would be certain to bring him promotion that the quiet, mature, experienced work in his trade or profession, such a man of the older men is too often passed commits a positive crime against himself. without notice; but look deeply into the A large number of the men whose names world's life, and you will find that sucare associated with some famous inven- cess has no age limit. The men who in tion or industrial development, received this generation are guiding the world's their education late in life. We would not work, cover a period from young manfor one moment depreciate the educa- lood to old age.
"Each petty hand Can steer a ship becalmed; but he that will Govern her and carry her to her ends, must
know Ilis tides, his currents; how to shift his sails: What she will bear in foul, what in fair
weathers; What her springs are, her leaks, and how to
stop them; What strands, what shelves, what rocks to
threaten her; The forces and the natures of all winds, Gusts, storms, and tempests; when her keel
plows hell, And deck knocks heaven-then to manage hir Becomes the name and office of a pilot.”