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The lord mayor whom he has immortal which his office was held—at least my friend ized in his last chapter, when he coupled Mr. thought that there would be no harm in giving Hawthorne's name quite unexpectedly with his lordship this little sugar-plum, whether a toast, with true civic address panegyrized quite the fact or no-was held by the dethe American consul's “ literary and com- if I liked, getting flexible with the oil of my
scendants of the Puritan forefathers. Thence, mercial attainments,” a compliment of which own eloquence, I might easily slidé off into Mr. Hawthorne very fairly makes good fun. the momentous subject of the relations beBut the lord mayor was not so far wrong. tween England and America, to which his Few literary men ever possessed a more envi- lordship had made such weighty allusion. able faculty of making capital out of small Seizing this handful of straw with a deathevents and putting it out to usury success- Frip, and bidding my three friends bury me fully,—which is, we suppose, a commercial honorably, I gut upon my legs to save both faculty, though it is used in literature. For bles roared and thundered at me, and sud
countries, or perish in the attempt. The tainstance, the aforesaid incident gives Mr. denly were silent again. But, as I have Hawthorne a most happy occasion for a hu- never happened to stand in a position of morous, stately, and even dramatic fall of greater dignity or peril, I deem it a stratthe curtain on these sketches. Let our read- agem of sage policy here to close these ers judge for themselves :
sketches, leaving myself still erect in so he
roic an attitude. " As soon as the lord mayor began to speak, I rapped upon my mind, and it gave And thus Mr. Hawthorne remains forever forth a hollow sound, being absolutely empty in our minds in the truly “statuesqe” attiof appropriate ideas. I never thought of tude which he denies to us poor Englishmen, beforehand in twenty repetitions from other facing Gog and Magog and the man in armor lips, and was aware that it would not offer a and the English nobility and the assembled single suggestive point. In this dilemma, I aldermen and his treacherous enemy, the lord turned to one of my three friends, a gentle- mayor himself, about to win one of the man whom I knew to possess an enviable flow great triumphs of oratory, but withholding of silver speech, and obtested him, by what- from us the secret of its glories. It is a ever be deemed holiest, to give me at least an available thought or two to start with, and, which will remain burned into our imagina
striking attitude and a memorable scene, once afloat, I would trust to my guardian angel for enabling me to flounder ashore tion almost as long as the Scarlet Letter again. He advised me to begin with some which his genius has so effectually branded remarks complimentary to the lord mayor, into it. and expressive of the hereditary reverence in
From a letter dated August 17th from Presi MESSRS. STRAHAN AND COMPANY are prepardent Lincoln to Mr. Hackett, the tragedian, we ing for publication “ Memoirs of the Life and glean the President's critical opinion upon some Labors of Dr. Andrew Reed,” by his sons ; of Shakspeare's plays. “Some of Shakspeare's “ Select Writings of Edward Irving" edited by plays,” he writes, “ I have never read; while his nephew, the Rev. G. Carlyle ; and “A Sisothers I have gone over perhaps as frequently as ter's Bye-Hours," by Miss Jean Ingelow. any professional reader. Among the latter are • Lear,' . Richard III.,' Henry VIII.' Hamlet,' and especially · Macbeth." I think none M. FELIX RIBEYRE, the editor of the Constiequals . Macbeth. It is wonderful. Unlike you tutionnel, has in press, “ Histoire Politique, gentlemen of the profession, I think the solilo- Militaire, et Pittoresque de la Guerre du Mexquy in • Hamlet' commencing, 'Oh, my offence ique,” compiled from official documents. It is rank,' surpasses that commencing, To be or will form a royal octavo volume of about three not to be.' But pardon this small attempt at hundred pages, and will be illustrated, by way criticism. I should like to hear you pronounce of frontispiece, with a steel engraving of the the opening speech of Richard III. "
portrait of the present Emperor of the French.
From The National Anti-Slavery Standard. among the list of that great company of noble THE REV. H. W. BEECHER AT MANCHESTER. Englishmen from whom we derived our doc
A MEETING was held on Friday, Oct. 9, in trines of liberty (cheers). For although I the Free Trade Hall, Manchester, according understand there is some opposition to what to announcement, “ to welcome the Rev. H. are called American ideas, what are these W. Beecher, on his public appearance in this American ideas? The seed-corn we got in country.” The hall was extremely crowded, England (hear); and if, on a larger sphere, and there were probably six thousand persons and under circumstances of unobstruction, present. It was supposed, from the paper we have reared mightier sheaves, every sheaf war of placards for the last fortnight, that contains the grain that has made old Engthe meeting might be disturbed by partisans land rich for a hundred years (great cheerof the Confederate States. Arrangements ing). I am also not a little gratified that my had, therefore, been made for the prompt first appearance to speak on secular topics in suppression of disorder; and notices to that England is in this goodly town of Mancheseffect were posted about the room. The chair ter, for I had rather have praise from men was taken at half-past six, by Mr. Francis who understand the quality praised, than Taylor. At the same time the entrance of from those who speak at hazard and with Mr. Beecher, accompanied by Mr. Bazely, little acquaintance with the subject (hear). M.P., and some prominent members of the And where else, more than in these great Union and Emancipation Society, was the central portions of England, have the docsignal for enthusiastic and repeated cheering. trines of human rights been battled for, and Padre Gavazzi was in one of the reserved where else, have there been gained for them seats below the platform. The first row was nobler victories than here? (Cheers.) It is oeeupied by forty of the students of the Lan- not indiscriminate praise therefore ; you know cashire Independent College.
what you talk about. You have had pracMr. Greening having read an address to tice in these doctrines yourselves, and to be Mr. Beecher on behalf of the Union and praised by those who are illustrious is praise Emancipation Society, the Rev. Mr. Beecher indeed (cheers). Allusion has been made by turned to the audience to speak, but for sev- one of the gentlemen—a cautionary allusion, eral minutes he was prevented by deafening a kind of deference evidently paid to some cheers, followed by a few hisses, which only supposed feeling-an allusion has been made provoked a renewed outburst of applause. to words or deeds of mine that might be sup
Mr. Beecher then said, Mr. Chairman, posed to be offensive to Englishmen (hear). Ladies, and Gentlemen : The address which I cannot say how that may be. I am sure you have kindly presented to me contains that I have never thought, in the midst of matters both personal and national (inter- this mighty struggle, which has taxed every ruption). My friends, we will have a whole power and energy in our land (“Oh,” and night session but we will be heard ! (Loud cheers)—I have never stopped to measure cheers.) I have not come to England to be and to think whether my words spoken for surprised that those men whose cause cannot truth and fidelity to duty would be liked in bear the light are afraid of free speech this shape or in that shape, by one or another (cheers). I have had practice of more than person (cheers). I have had one simple, twenty-five years in the presence of mobs and honest purpose, which I have pursued ever riots, opposing those very men whose repre- since I have been in public life, and that was sentatives now attempt to forestall free speech with all the strength that God has given me (hear). Little by little, I doubt not, I shall to maintain the cause of the poor and of the be permitted to speak to-night (hear). Little weak in my own country (cheers). And if, by little I have been permitted in my own in the height and heat of conflict some words country to speak, until at last the day has have been over sharp, and some positions come there when nothing but the utterance have been taken heedlessly, are you the men of speech for freedom is popular (cheers). to call me to account? (Hear.) What if You have been pleased to speak of me as one some exquisite French dancing-master standconnected with the great cause of progress in ing on the edge of a battle, where some Richcivil and religious liberty. I covet no higher ard Coeur de Leon swung his axe, and critihonor than to have my name joined as one cised him, by saying that it “ violated the
propriety of the dancing-room in the midst dled in the Revolutionary War of Indepenof battle?”' (Laughter.) When dandies fight dence, an almost universal feeling against the they think how they look, but when men Britishers as they were called, and I have fight they think about what they are doing seen that feeling little by little dying out; (cheers). But I am not here either on trial and, what with common commercial interests, or on defence (hear, hear). I am very will- with reciprocal blessings in civility and in ing to tell you what I think about England, religion, with multiplied interchanges of or anybody, but am not willing to tell you friendly visits, there has come to be a feeling what I think about myself (cheers). Let me in America most cordial and admiring of Engsay one word, however, in the beginning, in land. For when we searched our principles, regard to this meeting, and the peculiar grat- they all ran back to rights in English history ; ification which I feel in it. I have found—when we looked at those institutions of which and God is my judge, and bears witness to we were most proud, we beheld that the the truth of what I say—I can return to my foundations of them, and the very foundation countrymen, and bear witness to the cordial stones were taken from your history; when kindness of Englishmen toward America we looked for those men that had illustrated (cheers). There has been serious doubt. our own tongue, orators, or eloquent minisThe same agencies which have been at work ters of the gospel, they were English ; we to misrepresent good men in our country to borrowed nothing from France, but here a you, have been at work to misrepresent to us fashion and there a gesture or a custom ; but good men here ; and when I say to my friends what we had to dignify humanity—that made in America that I have attended such a meet- life worth having—were all brought from Old ing as this, received such an address, and be- England (cheers). And do you suppose that held such enthusiasm, it will be a renewed under such circumstances, with this growing pledge of amity (cheers). I have never love, with this growing pride, with this gladceased to feel that war between two such ness to feel that we were being associated in great nationalities as these would be one of the historic glory of England, because both the most unpardonable and atrocious offences you and we belong to a race-to the Anglothat the world ever beheld (cheers), and I Saxon race—do you suppose that it was with have regarded everything, therefore, which feelings of indifference that we beheld in our needlessly led to this feeling, out of which midst the heir-apparent to the British throne war comes, as being in itself wicked (cheers). (cheers). There is not reigning on the globe The same blood is in us (cheers). We are a sovereign who commands our simple, unyour children, or the children of your fathers pretentious, and unaffected respect as your and ancestors. You and we hold the same own beloved Queen in America (loud cheers). substantial doctrines (cheers, and cries of I have heard multitudes of men say that if “ Turn him out”). We have the same mis- there was nothing for the heir-apparent, and sion among the nations of the earth. Never it was their great joy and their pleasure to were mother and daughter set forth to do so pay respect to him that his mother might queenly a thing in the kingdom of God's know that through him the compliment was glory as England and America (cheers). meant for her (loud cheers). It was an unAnd if you ask why they are so sensitive, arranged and unexpected spontaneous and and why have we hewn England with our universal outbreak of popular enthusiasm ; tongue as we have, I will tell you why. it began in the columns of Canada, the fire There is no man who can offend you so deeply rolled across the border, all through New as the one you love most (loud cheers). Men England, all through New York and Ohio, point to France and Napoleon, and say he down through Pennsylvania and the adjacent has joined step by step in all England has States ; nor was the element quenched until done, and why are the press of America silent it came to Richmond. I said, and many said, against France, and why do they speak as The past of enmity and prejudice is now they do against England ? It is because we rolled away down below the horizon of memlove England (cheers). I have lived through ory, a new era is come, and we have set our a whole period and revolution of feeling. I hand and voices this week as a sacred seal to remember very
well in my boyhood the then our cordial affection and co-operation with recent war of 1812, before the embers kin- England (cheers). Now (whether we inter
preted it aright or not is not the question) | sume this position she had assumed. She has when we thought England was seeking oppor- for years acted u pon it and will not change tunity of going with the South against us of the it; and now all that we can ask is—let there North, it hurt us as no other nation's conduct be a thorough neutrality (loud cheers). I becould hurt us on the face of the globe ; and lieve there shall be one (resumed cheers). If if we spoke some words of intemperate heat, you do not send us a man, we do not ask for we spoke them in the mortification of disap- a man. If you do not send us another pound pointed affection (cheers). It has been sup- of powder, we are able to make our own posed that I have aforetime urged or threat- powder (laughter). If you do not send us ened war with England. Never (cheers, another musket nor another cannon, we have followed by a few groans, in reference to cannon that will carry five miles already which the speaker remarked, “I have spoken (laughter). We do not ask for material on the prairies where buffaloes bellowed be- help. We shall be grateful for moral symfore.” The observation provoked loud laugh- pathy (cheers), but if you cannot give us ter). This I have said—and this I repeat, moral sympathy we shall still endeavor to do now and here—that the cause of constitu- without it. But all that we say is, let tional government and of universal liberty as France keep away, let England keep hands associated with it in our country was so dear, off ; if we cannot manage this rebellion by so sacred, that rather than betray it we would ourselves, then it sha'n't be managed at all give the last child we had—that we would (cheers). The question of war, under the not relinquish this conflict though other circumstances in which war is now carried on States rose and entered into a league with the in our country, is simply a question of time South-and that, if it were necessary, we (cheers). The population is with the North. could maintain this great doctrine of repre- The wealth is with the North (cheers). The sentative government in America against the education is with the North (cheers). The armed world-against England and France right doctrines of civil government are with (great cheering, followed by some disturb- the North (cheers, and a voice,~"* Where's ance, in reference to which the Chairman the justice ? ”). It will not be long before one rose and cautioned an individual under the thing more will be with the North-victory gallery whom he had observed persisting in Cloud and enthusiastic rounds of cheers). interruption).
Men on this side are impatient at the long Let me be permitted to say, then, that it delay; but if we can bear it, can't you? seems to me the darker days, in so far as em- (Laughter.) You are quite at ease (as not broilment between this country and America yet”'); we are not. You are not materially is concerned, are past (cheers). The speech affected in any such degree as many parts of of Earl Russell (renewed cheering) will go our own land are now (cheers). But if the far toward satisfying our people. Under- day shall come in one year, in two years, in stand me: we shall not accept his views of ten years hence, when the old stars and the past, and the doctrines which he has stripes shall float over every State of Amerpropounded (cheers). But the statement of ica (loud cheers, and some disturbance from the present attitude of the Government of one or two)-oh, let him (the chief disGreat Britain, and its intentions for the fu- turber) have a chance (laughter). We will ture, coupled with the detention of those take a turn about; I will say the sentences, armed ships of war—that will take away the and you shall make the responses (laughter). sting from the minds of our people (hear, I am a Congregationalist, but I can make a - hear). And although we differ with you in very good Episcopal minister too (loud laughrespect to the great doctrine of belligerency, ter). I was saying, when interrupted by the time is past to discuss that, except as a that sound from the other side of the house, question of history and civil war. We have that, if the day shall come, in one or five or drifted so far away from the period in which ten years, in which the old honored and hisit was of any use to discuss that, and the toric banner shall float again over every State circumstances of the war, and your circum- of the South; if the day shall come when stances have so far changed that now we that which was the accursed cause of this can no longer stop to discuss whether it dire and atrocious war-slavery—shall be was or was not right for -Great Britain to as- done away (cheers)—if the day shall have
come when through all the Gulf States there then were, for slavery in the beginning was shall be liberty of speech, as there never has in New England, such as it now is in the been (cheers) ; if the day shall come when Southern States. But when the great strugthere shall be liberty of the press, as there gle of our Revolution came on, the study of never has been; if the day shall come when the doctrines of human rights had made such men shall have common schools to send their progress that the whole public mind began children to, which they never have had in to think it was wrong to wage war to defend the South; if the day shall come when the our rights while we were holding men in land shall not be parcelled in gigantic planta- slavery, depriving them of theirs. It is an tions, in the hands of a few rich oligarchs historical fact, that all the great and re(loud cheers), but shall be parcelled out to nowned men that flourished at the period of honest farmers, every man owning his little our Revolution were abolitionists. Washing(renewed cheers) ; in short, if the day shall ton was ; so was Benjamin Franklin ; so was come when the simple ordinances, the frui- Thomas Jefferson ; 80 was James Monroe; tion and privileges of civil liberty, shall so were the principal Virginian and Southern prevail in every part of the United States, it statesmen, and the first abolition society ever will be worth all the dreadful blood and tears founded in America was founded, not in the and woe (loud cheers). You are impatient;| North, but in the Middle and a portion of the and yet God dwelleth in eternity, and has an Southern States (cheers). After the Declarainfinite leisure to roll forward the affairs of tion of Independence and the adoption of our men, not to suit the hot impatience of those Constitution, slavery began to cease. It who are but children of a day, and cannot never had been a very abundant institution wait or linger for long, but according to the in New England, because the habits of the infinite circle on which he measures time and people and their conscientious convictions events. He expedites or retards as it pleases did not make them great friends of slavery. him; and if he heard our cries or prayers, It has been said they sold their slaves, and not thrice would the months revolve but preached a cheap emancipation to the South. peace would come. But the strong crying Slavery ceased in this wise in Massachusetts. and prayers of millions have not brought Suit was brought for the services of a slave, peace, but only thickening war. We accept and’"the chief justice declared the declarathe providence; the duty is plain (cheers tion of the equality of all men and their and interruption). I repeat the duty is plain right to life and liberty and the pursuit of (cheers). So rooted is this English people happiness was equivalent to the Bill of Emanin the faith of liberty, that it were an utterly cipation, and he refused to render back that hopeless task for any minion or sympathizer slave's services. At a later period New York of the South to sway the popular sympathy brought an Emancipation Act. It has been of England if this English people believed said that she sold her slaves. No slander that there was none other than a conflict be- was ever greater. The most careful provitween Liberty and Slavery. It is just that sion was made. No man travelling out of (loud cheers). I am here, to be sure, in the State of New York after the passing of some points to cite history, but for the most the Emancipation Act was permitted to have part I stand a witness to testify what I have any slave with him, unless he gave bonds for seen of things with which I have intimately his re-appearance with him. As a matter of mingled, which have been common to me fact the slaves were emancipated without since my boyhood—things which I do know, compensation on the spot, to take effect gradand which history will establish beyond all ually, class by class. But after a trial of peradventure or controversy. But let me go half a score of years the people found this back a little before my time, for I am not yet gradual emancipation was intolerable (hear, a hundred years old (laughter). Slavery hear). It is like gradual imputation. They was introduced into our country at a time, therefore met together, and by another act and in a manner, when England nor America of legislation they declared immediate emanknew well what were the results of that cipation (hear), and that took effect; and atrocious system. It was ignorantly received so slavery perished in the State of New York and propagated on our side ; little by little (cheers). Substantially so it was in New it spread through all the thirteen States that Jersey and in Pennsylvania ; substantially